PDF: 12866 KB - Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional ...


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BITRE • Australian sea freight 2008–09


Gross tonnage:


Major trading fleet:

Minor trading fleet:

NEC and NES:

Single voyage permit:





Transhipped cargo:

See deadweight tonnage.

Abbreviated ‘GT’, it is a quantity which serves as a measure of

vessel size. It is a function of the volume of all the enclosed spaces

of a vessel. Its precise definition is set out in IMO (1969). In July

1982 it became the standard measure for vessel size for new

vessels and between 1982 and 1994 was progressively phased in

for all older vessels. It is used as the basis for manning regulations,

safety rules, and registration fees, and may also be used to calculate

port dues.

See gross tonnage.

Vessels in the Australian trading fleet of 2000 DWT or more.

Vessels in the Australian trading fleet of less than 2000 DWT.

Abbreviations of ‘not elsewhere classified’ and ‘not elsewhere

specified’ respectively. These abbreviations are commonly used

in classification systems to indicate that a particular category

includes all the elements from a higher-level category which are

not specifically included in other categories at the same level. For

example, Table 2.8 contains an entry for the commodity gases,

natural and manufactured NES which excludes LPG and LNG

which are identified separately but includes all other natural and

manufactured gases that fall under the higher-level category of

mineral fuels, lubricants, and related materials.

See coasting trade permit.

Abbreviation of ‘single voyage permit’. See coasting trade permit

for more information.

See twenty-foot equivalent unit.

Unless otherwise stated, in this publication ‘tonne’ always means

metric tonne (t), equal to one thousand kilograms.

Abbreviated to ‘tkm’, it is a unit used to measure used freight task.

For maritime freight it is calculated as the product of the total

net weight of freight transported (in tonnes) and the sea route

distance it is carried (in kilometres), including pilotage.

Transhipped cargo refers to cargo that is unloaded at a port other

than its final destination in order to be loaded onto a different

vessel for the remainder of its journey. International cargo with a

foreign origin and destination is sometimes transhipped through

Australian ports.

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