Andrea Cogliolo

newsfront.gr

Andrea Cogliolo

GREEN SHIPPING SUMMIT 2012

Reduction of fuel consumption and environmental impacts

Athens, November 13 th , 2012

Andrea COGLIOLO

RINA Services SpA

Head of Innovation & Research


Environmental impacts

Nitrous Oxides (NOx)

• 33% (25,8 million tonnes) from shipping

(*) (**)

• Responsible for acid rains and euthrophication

• Depends on engine design and engine operating conditions

• Presently regulated by MARPOL Annex VI [new post-2000 engines]

• Further reductions for

new engines [post 2011-2016]

and limits for existing

[1990-1999] engines

(*)

IMO Group of Experts, 2007

(**)

UN Environment Programme, 2007


Environmental impacts

Sulphur Oxides (SOx)

• 16% (16,2 million tonnes) from shipping

• Responsible for acid rains

(*) (**)

• Depends on the sulphur content of the fuel

• Regulated by MARPOL Annex VI

[for new and existing ships,

special requirements for ECAs]

(*)

IMO Group of Experts, 2007

(**)

UN Environment Programme,

2007


Environmental impacts



Responsible with other gases (CH 4 , N 2 O, CO) of greenhouse effect

and global warming

High priority item

[Governments, public, media]

CO 2


Reduction of fuel consumption

Regulatory Background

Amendments to MARPOL Annex VI

Energy Efficient

Design

EEDI

New Ships

Energy Saving

Oriented

Management

SEEMP

New & Existing

Ships


Reduction of fuel consumption

Eco design

means to fill shipyards’ empty slots ?

proved, innovative and reliable marine

technology ?


Reduction of fuel consumption

What about the young existing ships?

More than 16.000 ships delivered in the last five years

More than 3250 bulk, 1750 chem, 1580 oil delivered in the last five

years

No.

2007

GT x

1000

No.

2008

GT x

1000

No.

2009

GT x

1000

No.

2010

GT x

1000

No.

2011

GT x

1000

BULK

293

12.602

320

12.256

519

22.295

967

42.402

1.165

52.392

CHEM

322

4.460

461

6.404

419

5.808

324

4.529

230

3.218

G.C.

362

1.998

397

2.152

365

2.677

398

3.399

407

3.153

GAS

93

4.159

134

7.884

101

5.990

88

3.668

69

1.711

OIL

271

13.251

289

14.889

386

21.463

336

19.418

305

19.767

T. CONT

395

14.495

428

16.226

278

11.477

260

14.648

191

13.390

TP

52

860

44

1.039

55

985

45

1.257

38

544

TR

109

2.860

102

3.899

116

3.400

113

3.628

113

3.631

TR-TP

46

609

52

572

35

361

46

461

54

454

TOTAL

1.943

55.294

2.227

65.321

2.274

74.456

2.577

93.410

2.572

98.260

OTHER

839

2.006

1.015

2.369

1.280

2.617

1.207

3.023

1.036

3.240

GRAND TOTAL

2.782

57.300

3.242

67.690

3.554

77.073

3.784

96.433

3.608

101.500


Reduction of fuel consumption

Regulatory Background

Amendments to MARPOL Annex VI

SEEMP phases & EEOI

Fuel

types

Planning

Implementation

Monitoring

Self evaluation

(EEOI)

Improvement

Number

of

voyages

Emission

factor

(gCO2/t fuel)

Tons of

fuels used

Number

of

voyages

Carrie

d

cargo

Nautical miles

sailed


Reduction of fuel consumption

Regulatory Background

Amendments to MARPOL Annex VI

IMO MEPC 64 – Interpretations on SEEMP

not required to be on board before the first renewal/intermediate survey

of the IAPP certificate after 1 January 2013

not found on board during the first intermediate/renewal survey of the

IAPP Certificate on or after 1 January 2013, then the RO should seek the

advice of the Administration concerning the issuance of an IEEC and be

guided accordingly

not required for platforms (including FPSOs and FSUs) and drilling rigs,

regardless of their propulsion

written in a working language understood by the ship’s personnel


Reduction of fuel consumption

SEEMP

RINA view

Rule requirement

compliance

Improvement of ship’s

performance and fuel

saving / money saving

averageEEOI #

!!

i

( FCij " Cfj)

! ( mcargo,

i " Di)

i

j

[tonnes CO 2

/ (tonnes * nautical miles)].

Ship performance

monitored in each

operating condition


Reduction of fuel consumption


Reduction of fuel consumption

SEEMP (e.g. for Tankers)

RINA view

Identification of ship operating conditions (as an example only):

Port waiting

……………………………………………………………………………………

…………

KPI1

Port unloading

……………………………………………………………………………………

…… KPI2

Navigation with cargo

……………………………………………………………………………


Reduction of fuel consumption

How to achieve, maintain,

improve

Third Party Ship’s Energy Audit

SEEMP

developmen

t

On board

and ashore

ship’s

energy

governance

Output

Data

Analysis


Reduction of fuel consumption

Energy Saving and Energy

Conservation Analysis

Third Party Ship’s Energy Audit

Propulsion power &

consumption

DD/GG fuel consumption

(D/G)

Electrical power produced

Boilers’ fuel consumption

Distribution of electrical power

Electrical power absorbed by

consumers

Boilers’ operating parameters

(in-out temperature)

A/C system operating

parameters

In-office examination

of ship’s schematics

(energy flows and final

destination)

On-board survey: 24-

hours (2-3 days)

reading of energyconsuming

parameters

In-office analysis of

collected data

Identification of

operating conditions

Identification of the

more appropriate

efficiency improvement

actions

Survey of shipboard

personnel energy

awareness (training)

support to SEEMP

preparation


Reduction of fuel consumption

Fuel Consumption Data

Analysis and Decision Support

Solutions

On board and ashore ship’s energy governance

Definition of ship’s

hardware to collect

sensitive data for fuel

consumption analysis

Sensors

Machinery network

Bridge network

Data logger

On board and on shore

fuel consumption

indicators


Reduction of fuel consumption

Fuel Consumption Data

Analysis and Decision Support

Solutions

Output Data Analysis

Monitoring efficiency behaviour of

the ship in the time

Identify correlations between

parameters to improve ship

performance

Maintaining the attention to the

issue


All that’s part of RINA Green Plus Scheme !

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines