Freshman Cheat Sheet

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Freshman Cheat Sheet

Commonly used, prepositions .

^ aroard below

\br{rt beneatb.

-.'Ab.rre beside

ftcross : between ..

-Against Afrer

beymd

.but

Along

by

Amid

cmcerning

Among despite

Arouod. down

As

dr:ring

'At

except

Befcne fc

Behind from

Compound Prepositions

according to

alread of

.asidefrom

because of

bymeans of

Freshntan ched stu.#

in

inside

into

like

near

of

off

on

onto

out

outside

over

past

since

by w-ayof

in additicn to

in case of

in front.of

in place of

in regard to

Miller Hig! School was thefirsthigft school irr Corpus Christi.

According to the grammar book, a preirositicnr is a wcd fiat shows the relatiqrshiF

of a noun or pronoun to another word in a sentence.

.$-"o

Conjun.h.r.rs

wcds, pbrases, u clauses)

and, brif or, for,nctr, ydl9

either...or

neither,,.ncf

bottr...and

not (mly)...but (also)

whether...or

. Gonjuctiv.e adverbs thereforg

trror@ver, neverthel.ess, however,

consequently, thus

Luis andTami ae going !o the dance

togetha.

Comnion EelpingYerbs

Is

Am.

Are

\il'as

Were

Be

;Been

Being

Do

does

did

has

have

had

can

wiU

shall

could

would

should

might

'must

I should beleaving.

Could he have forgotten?

thnough

tbrorghort

to

towrd

rndq

underneath

uatil

uuto

up.

upotr

with

within

without

inspiteof ,

instead of

m. accountof

out of

pripr to

LinlcingVerbs

Is

Am

Are

'Was

Were

Be

Bem

Being

*aqrpear

fbecdme

*beiame

*feel

+gdw

*look

*remain

*seerB.

*smell

+sormd

*'stay

*taste

*turn

Theplayers areready.

*(sonetimes acticn

verbs dqrending on

sentence)

Use Substituticn Test

t

Adverbs ;

(Frequently intmupt verb pbnases)

Sometimes' ' certainly

'

nevetr

Evideirtly qot

hardly

Always scmcely usually

Se.ldom often freErea{y

Gradually suddenly quickly

Never swimalcnd.

Questicns

Adjectives answer:

'Whichone?

Whatkind?

Howmany?

Relative pronouDs

(inAoduce adjective ad norn clauses)

who

wtose

whom

which

what

that

whoever

rrhomever

whichever

whatcver

Whin md where are adverbs &at i

sornetirne{r iatroduce adjective claused. '

F nlqn that l sawin thev.earbook

bnorglt back many peromies.

Subordinating conJunetions

(intoduce adverb clauses)

after

althorgfo

as

as if

as mrchas

bcause

before

now

if

in cnder that

in asmrchas

provided

since

so that

thm.

though

that

rill

utrless

rmtil

when

wirenwer

wheths

where

wherever

while

Potatoe's grow in diffiorlt locatims where

other foods will not erow.

Ques{ons

# eAv"its answer:

'When?

Where?

To what extent?

Under.'xhat conditicn ?


Reflexive and Intensive Pronouns

Indefinlte

Pronouns

A rellqlve pronoun refuB to th€ sujbect of a sentence and functions as

a complement or as an object of a preposition. An Intenshr€ promun

prcnoun n emphasizes a rcrd and has no otherfunction in the

9entene,

FlEtPerson

myself, ouEelves

S€6nd Person lourself, youFelves

Third Pemn himsetf, hesetf, itself, themselves

ixample: :

Elena treated herselfto a snack-

Albert hlmseff mnted a bunAo.

An lndetrnlte prcnoun refe6 to one or morc perons, plaes, ideas, or thing

that may or may not be specifielly named.

all ech mo$ one

another either much other

any ereryone neither seEEl

rnybody ewrything nobody sore

tnYone few none sombody

lnYthing many noone something

loth moE nothing such

Demonstntire PrcnouG

{ demonstctftre pronoun is used to point out a speciftce

re6on, place, thin& or idea.

this that these tho*

Somples:

nterrogative Pronouns

Angelo has eventthing he will need to go mk climbing.

ts anybody home?

Mo6t of the birds had already flom south for the winter.

.;

\n Interogatiw ptonoun intbduces a question.

who whom whose which what

56mple:

That is gndy's favorite restauEnt in San Antonio.

The tacos I made taste better than those.

lr€mplei

l rhirh of the songs is your favq.te?

What is your pankeet's nare?

Cas Cases of Peasonal Prorouns

Nomlnativ€ Obiective po6B€$ire

Case Cas Case

STNGULAR

my,mine

lstPemn | re your,youE

PeMn you you his, he., heF, its

Petson he,she,it him,her,it

PTURAL

Petson re us our, ouE

Person you you your,youE

they them their, theia

Nomlnathre Case Pronouns are used as

OblecdE Case Pronouns are used as

Po$6s1re Case Pronoms are used how in s€trence3?

o

e,

o d-

I

.C

a-

? 3tU

stl,

d

,

_c

o-f

9

c,

-gL

A

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