レイティング/フィルタリングシステムの高度化 ... - インターネット協会

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レイティング/フィルタリングシステムの高度化 ... - インターネット協会

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e-Japan


e-Japan2002











Internet Content Rating Association (

ICRA )


Web


18

18





SFS


Platform for Internet

Content Selection( PICS )


PICS Web

W3CWorld Wide Web Consortium

1996 1997


Platform for Internet Content Selection PICS

Web


Web

HTTP

PICS

Web

Web



URL

URL

ICRA

Internet Content

Rating Association ICRA 1998 10 IWF


ECO

RSAC


3

1999 5



ICRA


501 (c)(3)


ICRA


Web


Web



Web



Web


.

..


ISP







...1 ISP




1998 5

1999 4 1


2001 13 52

2001 4 1

ISP

ISP


ISP



38 8 5


(


)








30


31 7 1


(

)



)





2 8




18

18

18

18


31 8 2


31 8 4

(

)




31 10


1


18



2










...

18

18 (under 18)

18 (18 or over)







18



ID

31 8 4

1




2000 2

18

18

18





2000


JCB

AMERICAN EXPRESSVISAMasterCard

18

×××


ID


×××


×××






ISP



(1)


(2)

(3)


11


3 1998 2

ISP

ISP


(1)

(2)

(3)







4









12

ISP



-1


3 http://www.telesa.or.jp/guide.html

4






(1)


(2)


-1ISP

ISP



2001 3




5


Nifty 460 ? ?

BIGLOBE 363 ? ?

OCN 230 ? ?

DION 180

So-net 164 ? ?

ODN 137 ? ?

ZERO 101.7 ? ?

Panasonic Hi-Ho 93 ? ?

92 ? ?

70 × ?

AOL 50

47 ? ?


2285

ISP


5 http://www.nmda.or.jp/nmda/netchousa/net0103.html


ISP

12

ISP


-2


-2ISP

ISP


2001 3




Web

Nifty 460

BIGLOBE 363 ×

OCN 230 ×

DION 180 ?



WebSENSE

So-net 164 ×

ODN 137 ×

ZERO 101.7 ×

Panasonic Hi-Ho 93 ×

92 ×

70 ×

AOL 50 ?



47 ×


2285

ISP

2002 2

ISP


46%

3



AOL

6




Web





-3


6 http://www3.aol.co.jp/top/anzen/2_3.html


-3AOL

12

13 18


NO




×



× ?

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× ?


× ×


?

× ?

×

?


?


7

-4

-4



URL


Yahoo!Japan Yahoo! http://kids.yahoo.co.jp/



Google ×

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goo

goo

http://kids.goo.ne.jp/

http://www.goo.wnn.or.jp/cgibin/proc/searchdspk.cgi

LYCOS http://kids.lycos.co.jp/

×

×

So-net


http://www.so-net.ne.jp/kids/

















Web

8

Web

Web


...2



-5

-5


CYBERsitter II URL

+PICS

9,800


+


2,000



Web

3 800


URL

+


+


Cyber Patrol

85 2001 1 7,800

+

3,900



i-

URL

+

89 7,800


/

+ 2001 10 3,600


KidsGoGoGo


/

50 5,800




15


2001 11


SmartFilter

URL 26 1 50


37 19 8


4 2001

2

WebSENSE

URL

+ 16 160 1 25


/

URL2000 12

14 7,500







Bess


URL 18 430 59 8


2001 1

1

76 600



SFS2.0

URL

+

45

/

2002 2

+PICS


SFS3.0


Internet

URL

+PICS

Explorer3.0


PICS






PICS





...3 NPO


JAIPA 9


10

URL


10


1

URL


URL



11


TAO


TAO


4000


40000


SFS




12


9 http://www.jaipa.org/

10 http://www.jaipa.org/active/edu_index.html

11 http://www.schoolnet.gr.jp/

12


13


E


14


PICS

SFS


15 2001 4

SFS2.0 (2001

1 ) 1239

377 319

84 423 36

-6

-6SFS2.0


20014 40 31 9 17 0 97

20015 194 93 38 138 0 463

20016 234 142 44 212 4 636

20017 260 172 51 223 6 712

20018 275 192 58 233 7 765

20019 293 208 61 241 8 811

200110 323 249 70 275 14 931

200111 338 277 74 317 17 1023

200112 348 280 77 343 19 1067

20021 377 319 84 423 36 1239

1999 4

SFS1.0 (2001 4 ) 791

333 259

56 143


URL


2002 2

45 URL


PICS

2001 20


2002 1


13 http://www.edu.ipa.go.jp/E-square/

14 http://www.edu.ipa.go.jp/E-square/index.html

15 http://www.iajapan.org/rating/


Web

SFS

PICS

Internet Explorer3.0


PICS

SafetyOnline 16



17


PICS


18

2001 11 11


ICRA

19

ICRA

Web


PICS

PICS


PICS Web


Web SFS Internet Explorer

PICS





&

1999 3



1999 12



2000 7

NPO









16 http://www.nmda.or.jp/enc/rating/rating-standard.html

17 http://www.icec.or.kr/2001 10








PTA

18 http://211.253.9.170:8080/icec/front/english/center2.htm

19


20





ISP



IWFInternet Watch Foundation 21 NCMEC

National Center for Missing and Exploited Children

22


INHOPE 23 1998


2000 12


24

25








26 ...4



ISP


20


21

1996 12


1 22 NCMEC 1984


NCMEC


23 INHOPE

IWF FSM

Newswatch

Redd Barna



Meldpunt

Cyber Tipline NCMEC


1998 2

1999 INHOPE

24

25



26 http://www.iajapan.org/hotline/keywordlink.html


ISP






400

...5



13 3

27


31,638

-7


-7

31,638




24,888 78.7%

22,546 71.3%


7,666 24.2%


1,777 5.6


31,638


-8


27

2001 9 38,995

http://www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/kensaku/index.htm


-8

31,638




17,858 56.4%

28


2,750 8.7%


10,530 33.2%


500 1.6




...6


2001 5





ISP

PTA

13

2002 3




13


13

-9

29



19

2

28


-9

13 12

3,282 2,896 386

2,647 1,352 1,295

2,267 1,884 383


2,099 1,301 798


1,963 1,396 567



1,335 505 830

3,684 1,801 1,883

17,277 11,135 6,142

...7




ISP ISP


..

...1


13









Web



338


31




97 Web 94 71


30 42

23


31


32

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32


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5. 5

6. 30

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8. 2






Web

94

52

48

26

13


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62 43 60 40

-11



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4. 8

5. 2

6. 16

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9. 0


Web 84

42

35

16


13

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Web

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Web


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SFS



68

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48

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17


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3/4



































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58


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...2



Bertelsmann Foundation


Australian Broadcasting Authority, ABA

1999

6

18

3 34 1423 1003

1200 35


-18-19-20-21-22

-23

-18

18






63 91 79

2 3 9

35 6 12

-19






82 95 82

4 2 10

14 3 8


1999

3


80

95


2000 1

11 1999


2 36

1,000 957 95.7



34 Jens Waltermann,Machill Marcel (eds.) (2000): Protecting Our Children on the Internet: Towards a New

Culture of Responsibility: Bertelsmann Foundation Publishers.

35

605 698 718


34.9

63.1

2.0



2001 7 8

68.3%

84.4%



1000



65.6%

96.4%


17.5%

27.4%


37 -20





20 73

20 15

18 3

42 9








36 http://www.yusei.go.jp/pressrelease/japanese/denki/000413j601.html


-21






27 35 24

18 20 15


7 5


6 4 2


2 5 3

1 6 3

72 64 76

1 1


1999 3



-22






58 83 61

23 11 21

19 6 18


-23







68 86 68

23 11 21

9 3 11





E

2000 2001


38 3

-24




Web


-24






99.6 100.0 98.7 98.4 91.1

36.0 65.1 62.8 39.0 38.6


49.7 75.2 77.0 89.6 37.5


89.6 73.0 72.8 79.9 76.9



16.4 40.6 39.1 35.5 24.2


16.7 32.2 34.4 16.2 10.3


2.8 26.2 30.2 5.2 2.9


12.1 38.1 23.6 7.6 5.6

31.8 48.2 42.8 11.3 3.6


61.6 71.5 64.9 45.9 20.8


26.5 38.3 37.3 34.9 14.5


51.5 46.6 46.8 19.2 24.7


2.4 48.2 51.6 4.4 2.1


n=1236 n=1019 n=713 n=5897 n=798


..


"Protecting Our Children on the Internet" 39



-1

INCORE


1999 9



40 -1



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(1)

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(3)

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(5)


5


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URL


-2

-2


(2)

Web



Web


(3)

Web


(4)

Web






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Web




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(3)




(4)

100%


2




3









Web



ISP

Web


ICRA


ICRA

ICRA

ICRA

41




41 http://www.icra.org/_ja/ja_quest.html


URL

PICS


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?



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.

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Web W3CWorld Wide Web

Consortium

1995



PICS



W3C




3.0

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42 W3C


PICS

RSACi SafetyOnline ICRA SafeSurf 43 NetShepherd 44

PICS 2002 2 Ver1.1PICS-1.1


45

”Rating Services and

Rating Systems (and Their Machine Readable Descriptions) 46 ”PICS


”PICS Label Distribution Label Syntax and

Communication Protocols 47 ”

”PICSRules 1.1 48 ”


42

2001 3 43 Safesurf

44 NetShepherd


PICS




Web

PICS




-4

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PICS

2002 3


PICS ICRA

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49




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...1 PICS-2.0

W3C PICS

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W3C

W3C

XML 50 RDF 51

PICS-1.1 RDF

PICS-2.0

52

RDF

P3P 53 CC/PP 54

PICS


Web

50 XML Extensible Markup Language HTMLHypertext Markup Language


HTML

SGMLStandard Generalized Markup Language

HTML SGML


1997 12 W3C

RDF Resource Description Framework

RDF

52 Berners-Lee, Tim (1997): W3C Data Formats W3C NOTE 29-October-1997. http://www.w3.org/TR/NOTErdfarch

53 P3P



Platform for Privacy Preferences Project

W3C

Web


P3P


54 CC/PP Composite Capability/Preference Profiles


-6

55

-6W3C

W3C RDF

PICS-1.1

RDF

PICS-1.1 RDF


W3C PICS


RDF

W3C PICS Interest Group


56 ...2 PICS-NG

“PICS-NG Label Syntax Proposal”

57 PICS


PICS

S S-expressions


XML RDF

...3 PICS Extension Proposal to support text-based Metadata

“PICS Extension Proposal to support text-based Metadata”

58


RDF http://www.tom.sfc.keio.ac.jp/~torry/publications/docomo2001/slides/ccpp-p3p.html

55 Berners-Lee, Tim (1997): W3C Data Formats W3C NOTE 29-October-1997. http://www.w3.org/TR/NOTErdfarch

56 Berners-Lee, Tim (2001): Frequently Asked Questions about RDF. http://www.w3.org/RDF/FAQ

57 Lassila, Ora (1997): PICS-NG Label Syntax Proposal. http://www.w3.org/PICS/draft-lassila-pics-ng-labelsyntax.html

58 Renato Iannella (1997: PICS Extension Proposal to support text-based Metadata.

http://www.dstc.edu.au/Research/Projects/rdf/proposal02.html


PICS

string


PICS


PICS


XML RDF


. ICRA

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ICRA 2000 12 RSACi


ICRA

ICRA


5



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45 -27

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2002 2


(1)

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Web ICRA

59 2002 1


50,232

50




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1

2

3

4

5

6


7


8

9

10


11


12


13


14

15

16

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18


19


20

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22

23

24

25


26

27

28

29


30

31


32

33


34

35

36

37


38


39

40

41

42


43

44


45


..ICRA

ICRA 2001 10 ICRA

ICRA

Web

2002 2 ICRA

ICRA


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3


(1)ICRA

(2)

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(3)

(4)

(5)


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60


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-7




61

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61 ICRA


62

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63

-9



64

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63

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64 ICRA


(4) ICRA


-10





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65


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-11


65 ICRA


66

-11ICRA

..

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-12

2002 1


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66 ICRA


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2002 2 ICRAtct

2001 11


67 ICRA

2001 11 AOL-TWMSNYahoo!ICRA

68

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67 http://www.newsbytes.com/news/01/172539.html

68 http://www.gii.co.jp/press/fin2932_jp.shtml


.

..


...1




SFS

40

29

13

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90

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1. 9

2. 9

3. 8

4. 3

5. 2

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SFS


15

4

3

3

2

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58%


48

13


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SFS


SFS

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9

8

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3

1

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26

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69



AOL YoungTeen

AOL MatureTeen

Cyber Patrol 4

Cybersitter 2000

Cyber Snoop

Internet Guard Dog

Net Nanny4

Norton Internet Security

Family Edition

100

70

77

78

10

70

48

80


69 "Consumer Reports"2001 3


SFS


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