(ERTR) Livelihoods Programme - UNDP


(ERTR) Livelihoods Programme - UNDP


ERTR Aceh-Nias Livelihoods | 24-month Report

ERTR Aceh-Nias Livelihoods | 24-month Report


In Setia Bakti, Aceh Jaya, the rehabilitation project for the mangrove forest provided 110,000

mangrove seedlings, which were planted in an area of 12 hectares. As many as 141 male and

female beneficiaries were hired on a contractual basis that paid workers a piecework rate, based

on the number of seedlings planted. This rehabilitation will protect the adjacent villages from

sea winds and recover the habitat for fish breeding, crabs and other creatures.

In Aceh Besar, Islamic Relief planted 1,400 coconut palms, mango and casuarina trees in strand

in the village areas in Lampuuk, Lhoknga. Also, in Pidie, UNDP recently planted 150,000

mangroves. This project was a direct request from the community to UNDP, as they felt there

was a strong need to have more shady trees planted in their village.

During field monitoring in May 2006, Mahdi, the coordinator of Flora and Fauna (UNDP

implementing partner) for Setia Bakti sub district, explained that they selected appropriate

mangrove species that are similar to those previously grown in the area. These species are

Soneratia Alba, Rhyzopora micronata and Rhyzopora apiculata.


The impact of this planting project will only be felt over a longer-term time period. For reasons

still to be ascertained, many of the mangroves in Aceh Jaya have died. However, rehabilitated

mangroves are predicted to give many benefits to the community living close to the area. The

community in Lampuuk, Aceh Besar, now has mango trees planted in their home yards, which

means they will have a much-needed shady area.

Lessons Learned

Some of the projects were based on community requests to UNDP. These requests were

forwarded to partners, some of which lacked the technical expertise on coastal plantations,

while having the budget to carry out the proposed activities. Time constraints given by donors

was another major issue faced. Time pressure caused last minute planning, last minute planting

and insufficient maintaining, which affected the plantation growth. Moreover, involving

communities in mangrove rehabilitation has been difficult. This is especially true before they

have their basic needs met, such as housing and a more settled lifestyle. Communities should be

involved in all planning activities to ensure a commitment for future care of the seedlings.


Women in a CfW programme planting mangroves for an FFI project in Aceh Jaya [left].

Islamic Relief, through Cash for Work, planting mangoes at houses in Lampuuk, Aceh Besar [right].

Any future project should have a clear initial assessment, utilize strategic planning, provide

adequate training to all workers involved, and include continuous monitoring and effective

evaluation. The hope of the community is reflected in the perspective from Bang Yung (local

community of Lhok Buya): “I was a fisherman. There were lots of mangroves here before the

tsunami. If I don't want to go to the sea, I just find fish and crab in the mangrove swamp. For

me, if there are mangroves here there will be more fish here. I used to get between IDR 100,000

and IDR 150,000 per day before the tsunami.”



The tsunami caused deep-rooted trauma among adults and children. A huge number of children

lost their homes and families, depriving them from the love, care and support they need. The

situation also resulted in no or limited access to education and health services. As a result,

intensive trauma-healing activities have been conducted for orphans, as well as representative

care centres opened for orphans and other vulnerable children.

UNDP, through the Aceh/Nias Livelihoods Recovery Programme Round I, worked in

collaboration with local NGOs to construct four childcare centres, which help orphans and

children who were directly or indirectly affected by the tsunami.


Samaritan's Purse constructed a child centre in Meulaboh, serving 19 children who play and

learn while their mothers receive sewing training. In Blang Krueng, Baitussalam, Aceh Besar,

Islamic Relief constructed a representative child centre, which supports 65 children. This fullyequipped

child centre is managed by Syiah Kuala University and UNDP. Islamic Relief also

participated by delivering equipment, such as computers, furniture and reading books. To cover

the operational and managerial needs, Islamic Relief contributed funding for the centre for one

year. Islamic Relief also built another child centre in Punge Blang Cut, Jaya Baru, Banda Aceh.

The centre is equipped with furniture and books for 100 children.

A well-equipped childcare centre in Blang Krueng, Aceh Besar [left], and a children's education centre

in Punge Blang Cut, Banda Aceh [right]. Both were constructed by Islamic Relief.


Finally, in Lamjabat village,

Meuraksa sub district, IRD

supported a local NGO's child

activity centre. This centre

serves 200 affected children

in Meuraksa by providing

continuous payment for

caregivers and teachers.

Meuraxa sub district is a

'ground-zero zone', heavily

damaged by the tsunami, and

with many affected orphans

and children. With activities such as games and studying, the reconstruction of the child centre

may result in trauma healing.

This is a collaboration project between UNDP ERTR and the Aceh Province Planning and

Development Agency (BAPPEDA ACEH), developed under a Letter of Agreement (LOA) titled

Supporting the Aceh Coffee Forum. This project was designed by UNDP and Bappeda to

facilitate a long-term, sustainable economic strategy for the Acehnese coffee industry.

Acehnese coffee has an established reputation for good quality and is well known, especially in

the Netherlands, other parts of Europe and North America. With the return to normality in postconflict

and post-tsunami Aceh, the forum is working to ensure that Acehnese coffee can

regain its formerly well-established place in the world market, and provide long-term income

generation for its growers.

Bappeda NAD has designed a new strategy for the long-term, sustainable development of Aceh

by zoning the local resources produced in certain areas. Coffee is a potential product in certain

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