(ERTR) Livelihoods Programme - UNDP


(ERTR) Livelihoods Programme - UNDP


ERTR Aceh-Nias Livelihoods | 24-month Report

ERTR Aceh-Nias Livelihoods | 24-month Report


Aceh Besar - The same programme was implemented in Aceh Besar, with ACDI VOCA as

UNDP's implementing partner. The programme and DISPERINDAG Aceh Besar helped

restart 806 small businesses in 52 villages and eight sub districts in Aceh Besar.

Individual beneficiaries and groups received grants in the form of equipment.

L a m c o k v i l l a g e i n

Lhoknga, Aceh Besar, was

one of the communities

that benefiting from this

project. It was famous

for its rattan industry

before the tsunami.

Almost all the women in

the village are skillful of

making rattan products for

sale. UNDP has assisted

them through equipment

grants and a building for

use as a shop for all their


Aceh Singkil - This is a district mostly damaged by the 28 March 2005 earthquake. This

district is located in a remote area on Aceh's southwest coast. A similar process was

implemented to assist the earthquake-affected businesses in this area. UNDP, PT. MLD

Consultant, and DISPERINDAG Aceh Singkil successfully assisted 338 small businesses

with productive equipment, tools and goods.This project will be finished by December

2006 and is expected to assist more than 700 beneficiaries.


Damages caused by the tsunami and earthquake were mainly concentrated on Aceh's western

and eastern coastal areas, where most of the agricultural land was affected. In some places, the

tsunami travelled up to 5 km inland. The west coast's agricultural areas were badly affected,

especially those located up to 4 km inland from the coast line. It is estimated that 23,330 ha of

rice fields and 22,785 ha of rain-dependent cultivated land were damaged. BAPPENAS reported

that large job losses occurred in agriculture, where about one-fourth of cash crop areas and rice

fields were damaged. A similar percentage of all farms are likely to be unoccupied – affecting an

estimated total of around 320,000 people.

UNDP livelihoods component, in collaboration with NGOs, has also taken serious action to

revitalize tsunami-affected agriculture and livestock farms in Aceh. Projects were mainly

located along the west coast of Aceh, where much of the agricultural land and livestock was hit

hardest by the tsunami. At present, UNDP has assisted 1,773 farmers ranging from ginger,

crops, rice, watermelon, mushroom and chilli farmers. In addition, 1,447 livestock breeders

benefited through the distribution of cattle, goats, buffalos, ducks and chickens.

UNDP, through its implementing partner Lambrineu Foundation, helped 196 ginger farmers in

Aceh Besar to plant 70 tons of Elephant ginger seeds. This covers 35 ha, over 10 villages in

Lhoknga sub district, Aceh Besar. UNDP also supported the farmers with bulb wire,

ploughing/harrowing services and fertilizer. Before the tsunami, ginger from Lampaya Village,

LhokNga, was popular in Banda Aceh and in the whole province of Aceh.

At the same time, Project Concern International (PCI) supported 1,054 farmers to plant food

crops such as rice and peanuts on 750 ha of land in Lhoong, Aceh Besar, Sampoiniet and Setia

Bakti, Aceh Jaya. In addition, PCI also supported livestock recovery for tsunami-affected

people in three sub districts in Aceh Jaya by giving goats, cattle and buffalos to 146 groups of

farmers, or a total of 1,347 beneficiaries.

Lessons Learned

Two years after the tsunami, many programmes have been implemented in Aceh. Assisting

small to medium businesses during the emergency period was mainly to give immediate support

to people gaining back their livelihood. Grant systems, both cash and equipment, was very

suitable during this period, even for those who started a different business than what they had

before tsunami. Most of those who managed to establish get a business opened a small kiosk,

and most continue to maintain them well. Failure has been caused by incidents such as grants

that are too small, the wrong type of equipment, and/or project implementers lacking strategy

or knowledge about market needs. Another problem surfaced when beneficiaries were only

trained in how to manage their cash flow, while the businesses they started overlapped with

many other businesses. There should be an orientation for beneficiaries to help them determine

the needs around them, including the sustainability potential for their businesses.


Based on the lessons learned above, it is clear that the beneficiaries who have received grant

distributions in the emergency period should be monitored to determine their further needs.

Often, because of the small amount of funds received, additional assistance from UNDP is

needed, this time in larger amounts and distributed through a different system. Those who

continue their business, for example, and need assistance for expansion should be directed to a

micro-finance programme.

A farmer on a hand tractor ploughs a community-run's cultivation field for ginger farming in Lhoknga [left].

In Lhoong, Aceh Besar, two women are planting rice [right].

Mercy Corps Indonesia (MCI) assisted farmers through a community grants programme by

giving 15 hand tractors to farmers' groups and community groups in 14 communities in four

sub districts in Aceh Barat. This programme increased the work capacity and the productivity of

the area's rice fields.

UNDP, with Islamic Relief, supported 300 farmers with peanut seeds and fertilizer; 18 farmers

in Aceh Jaya with a watermelon and mushroom project; and 182 households of rice and chilli

farmers in Pidie. Islamic Relief also organized the distribution of 100 cattle to 100 households in

Aceh Besar, Aceh Jaya and Aceh Barat. In Trienggadeng, Pidie, 1,610 ducks were distributed

to 23 beneficiaries, as well as 230 kg of cattle fodder and 46 sachets of vitamins.

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