14 ERTR Aceh-Nias Livelihoods | 24-month Report ERTR Aceh-Nias Livelihoods | 24-month Report 15 Aceh Besar - The same programme was implemented in Aceh Besar, with ACDI VOCA as UNDP's implementing partner. The programme and DISPERINDAG Aceh Besar helped restart 806 small businesses in 52 villages and eight sub districts in Aceh Besar. Individual beneficiaries and groups received grants in the form of equipment. L a m c o k v i l l a g e i n Lhoknga, Aceh Besar, was one of the communities that benefiting from this project. It was famous for its rattan industry before the tsunami. Almost all the women in the village are skillful of making rattan products for sale. UNDP has assisted them through equipment grants and a building for use as a shop for all their products. Aceh Singkil - This is a district mostly damaged by the 28 March 2005 earthquake. This district is located in a remote area on Aceh's southwest coast. A similar process was implemented to assist the earthquake-affected businesses in this area. UNDP, PT. MLD Consultant, and DISPERINDAG Aceh Singkil successfully assisted 338 small businesses with productive equipment, tools and goods.This project will be finished by December 2006 and is expected to assist more than 700 beneficiaries. 5. AGRICULTURE AND LIVESTOCK Damages caused by the tsunami and earthquake were mainly concentrated on Aceh's western and eastern coastal areas, where most of the agricultural land was affected. In some places, the tsunami travelled up to 5 km inland. The west coast's agricultural areas were badly affected, especially those located up to 4 km inland from the coast line. It is estimated that 23,330 ha of rice fields and 22,785 ha of rain-dependent cultivated land were damaged. BAPPENAS reported that large job losses occurred in agriculture, where about one-fourth of cash crop areas and rice fields were damaged. A similar percentage of all farms are likely to be unoccupied – affecting an estimated total of around 320,000 people. UNDP livelihoods component, in collaboration with NGOs, has also taken serious action to revitalize tsunami-affected agriculture and livestock farms in Aceh. Projects were mainly located along the west coast of Aceh, where much of the agricultural land and livestock was hit hardest by the tsunami. At present, UNDP has assisted 1,773 farmers ranging from ginger, crops, rice, watermelon, mushroom and chilli farmers. In addition, 1,447 livestock breeders benefited through the distribution of cattle, goats, buffalos, ducks and chickens. UNDP, through its implementing partner Lambrineu Foundation, helped 196 ginger farmers in Aceh Besar to plant 70 tons of Elephant ginger seeds. This covers 35 ha, over 10 villages in Lhoknga sub district, Aceh Besar. UNDP also supported the farmers with bulb wire, ploughing/harrowing services and fertilizer. Before the tsunami, ginger from Lampaya Village, LhokNga, was popular in Banda Aceh and in the whole province of Aceh. At the same time, Project Concern International (PCI) supported 1,054 farmers to plant food crops such as rice and peanuts on 750 ha of land in Lhoong, Aceh Besar, Sampoiniet and Setia Bakti, Aceh Jaya. In addition, PCI also supported livestock recovery for tsunami-affected people in three sub districts in Aceh Jaya by giving goats, cattle and buffalos to 146 groups of farmers, or a total of 1,347 beneficiaries. Lessons Learned Two years after the tsunami, many programmes have been implemented in Aceh. Assisting small to medium businesses during the emergency period was mainly to give immediate support to people gaining back their livelihood. Grant systems, both cash and equipment, was very suitable during this period, even for those who started a different business than what they had before tsunami. Most of those who managed to establish get a business opened a small kiosk, and most continue to maintain them well. Failure has been caused by incidents such as grants that are too small, the wrong type of equipment, and/or project implementers lacking strategy or knowledge about market needs. Another problem surfaced when beneficiaries were only trained in how to manage their cash flow, while the businesses they started overlapped with many other businesses. There should be an orientation for beneficiaries to help them determine the needs around them, including the sustainability potential for their businesses. Recommendations Based on the lessons learned above, it is clear that the beneficiaries who have received grant distributions in the emergency period should be monitored to determine their further needs. Often, because of the small amount of funds received, additional assistance from UNDP is needed, this time in larger amounts and distributed through a different system. Those who continue their business, for example, and need assistance for expansion should be directed to a micro-finance programme. A farmer on a hand tractor ploughs a community-run's cultivation field for ginger farming in Lhoknga [left]. In Lhoong, Aceh Besar, two women are planting rice [right]. Mercy Corps Indonesia (MCI) assisted farmers through a community grants programme by giving 15 hand tractors to farmers' groups and community groups in 14 communities in four sub districts in Aceh Barat. This programme increased the work capacity and the productivity of the area's rice fields. UNDP, with Islamic Relief, supported 300 farmers with peanut seeds and fertilizer; 18 farmers in Aceh Jaya with a watermelon and mushroom project; and 182 households of rice and chilli farmers in Pidie. Islamic Relief also organized the distribution of 100 cattle to 100 households in Aceh Besar, Aceh Jaya and Aceh Barat. In Trienggadeng, Pidie, 1,610 ducks were distributed to 23 beneficiaries, as well as 230 kg of cattle fodder and 46 sachets of vitamins.
16 ERTR Aceh-Nias Livelihoods | 24-month Report ERTR Aceh-Nias Livelihoods | 24-month Report 17 Poultry assisted by Islamic Relief in Johan Pahlawan, Meulaboh [left], and cattle distributed in Krueng Raya, Aceh Besar [right]. IRD Community Capacity Building in Baitussalam and Leupung sub districts, Aceh Besar, [left]. Baitul Qiradh is a local partner of micro financing under ILO [right]. Lessons Learned and Recommendations It is difficult to see the results of the agriculture programme quickly because of challenges in the field, such as viruses in the soil and the long harvesting time for some crop varieties. For example, ginger takes nine months to harvest. Problems with cattle diseases should also be anticipated. Animal husbandry training is also crucial for new breeders to promote understanding of the local environment and climate conditions. 6 . T R A I N I N G Overview Due to the catastrophe, many survivors lost all their assets and became unable to resume their previous activities. Similarly, because of the nature of the disaster, former fishermen may not want to return to their previous income-generating activity. Therefore, new vocational skills training was needed. In collaboration with ILO and some INGOs as implementing partners, multiple training activities were made available. For example, vocational training activities, small business management, and other livelihoods-related training were all provided. These trainings were provided after consultations with the local authorities, the private sector, and the ILO-managed Employment Service Centres. Project activities/achievement UNDP has tried to encourage individuals to restart their livelihoods by giving them free training on how to start and how to manage cash flow in their new business activities. Some 18,960 people from tsunami-affected areas and community groups have been trained in a number of areas, including small grants, small businesses, micro finance, agriculture, fisheries and livestock. Other trainings have focused on management skills, vocational training and technical skills, life skills, cooperative management, micro enterprises, and labour-based intensive infrastructure development. These trainings were conducted throughout the affected districts in Aceh, all under one of four components: Employment Service, Vocational Training, Enterprise Development and Microfinance, and Labour-Based Infrastructure Rehabilitation and Reconstruction. Through the Employment Service Project for the People of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam (ESP- NAD), jointly supported by ILO, UNDP helped empower job seekers with English skills. This is part of an effort to improve the skills of Aceh's people, particularly in Banda Aceh, Calang, Meulaboh, Pidie and Lhokseumawe. This project is also an instrument to speed up the reconstruction and rehabilitation process through the placement of skilled job seekers. In total,6,086 people completed this training. Its effectiveness was implied by Dermawan, a graduate from the English training held in Meulaboh. After the training, Dermawan reported to his English teacher that he was recruited by Muslim Aid and is now working in Banda Aceh. Several UNDP drivers were also recommended by ILO after they attended the course. Another component is Vocational Training. In collaboration with ILO, UNDP supported 2,958 tsunami survivors in five tsunami-affected districts. Islamic Relief, a UNDP partner for Cash for Work Round 4, reported that 1,000 people were trained for income-generating activities in five tsunami-affected districts along the east and west coasts. Through Samaritan's Purse, UNDP provided a short sewing course for 82 women in Meulaboh. In addition, the Lambrineu Foundation helped improve understanding of ginger farming practices for 196 farmers in Lhoknga sub district, Aceh Besar. Also, Enterprise Development and Microfinance provided free training to individuals, groups, local NGOs and local government agencies. These groups are connected with UNDP in livelihood sectors such as fisheries, agriculture, livestock, and industry and trade. In 22 villages in Banda Aceh, 3,550 people were trained in small business management by International Relief Development (IRD). Of those trained, 1,150 people had their capacity increased for medium-level businesses and became ready to find job opportunities. At the same time, ILO had a clear strategy to provide more in-depth technical assistance to a limited number of Micro Finance Institutions (MFI), specifically to replicate the efforts to others in the future. It became important to identify a key financial partner, particularly with a focus on promoting micro leasing. Furthermore, in two sub districts in Aceh Jaya and one sub district in Aceh Besar, community health and education capacity was strengthened in 112 communities. This helped rehabilitate and reconstruct villages and communities after the huge disaster. Project Concern International (PCI), a UNDP implementing partner for Livelihoods Round I, continued to support livelihoods rehabilitation in 44 villages in Lhoong, Aceh Besar, Setia Bakti and Sampoinit, Aceh Jaya. During the project implementation process, 1,006 farmers were trained in various agriculture sciences. 1,339 small business owners were supported with a grant after being qualified through business management training. Also, 216 fishermen were strengthened with fishing capacity and equipment. Austcare delivered training to 69 people from two different professions: brick kiln owners and cooperative staff and managers. In the fishery sector, Alisei trained 53 fish-pond farmers during their Cash for Work programme, funded by UNDP. Similarly, 555 fishermen were trained in immediate skill needs. This knowledge could be used to restart their pre-tsunami profession, such as fisheries processing technology, mobile market device or cooperative management. Business and small industry management training sessions for beneficiaries, which were supported with IRD business inputs [left]. A workshop facilitated by ACDI/VOCA on management, leadership, business and database for Aceh Besar Industry and Trade Department staff [right].