Global Green Growth New paradigm in development and ...

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Global Green Growth New paradigm in development and ...

Green Growth in Indonesia:

Concept, Policies and Actions

Rachmat Witoelar

President’s Special Envoy for Climate Change/

Executive Chair – National Council on Climate Change


(+)

Economy

Energy

(incl. oil & gas)

(+)

(+)

Development

(-)

(+/-)

Impacts of

Climate Change

(+)

GHG Emissions


Indonesia emission projected to increase

from 2.1 to 3.3 GtCO 2 e between 2005 and 2030

Projected emission 1 , Million ton CO 2 e

23

23

60

2,052

96

129

110

760

2,534

45

103

143

222

370

650

31

3,260

75 38

105

151

442

810

590

Building

cement

Oil and gas

Agriculture

Transportation

Electricity

LULUCF 2

850 970 1,050

Peat

1 Only sector direct emission are included

2005

2020

2030

4.97% 5.0% 5.07% 5.1%

Share of global emissions

2 LULUCF emission based on clean emission approximation, including absorbtion

3


Indonesia emission projected to increase

from 2.1 to 3.3 GtCO 2 e between 2005 and 2030

Framework for Low-Carbon Growth Plan

Projected emission 1 , Million ton CO 2 e

Low-Carbon Growth Plan

23

23

60

Economic

development

CO2

Mitigation

2,052

96

129

110

760

Institutional

enablers

1 Only sector direct emission are included

Adaptation

2,534

45

103

143

222

370

650

3,260

75 38

105

151

810

850 970 1,050

2005

2020

2030

4.97% 5.0% 5.07% 5.1%

Share of global emissions

2 LULUCF emission based on clean emission approximation, including absorbtion

Key elements

Building

cement

Oil and gas

Agriculture

Transportation

CO2 Mitigation

▪ Estimate the size 442 of current and future emissions

▪ Assess

31

the technical abatement potential and

feasibility, and implementation cost of individual

mitigation initiatives

Electricity

Economic development

▪ Analyse existing competitive strengths and

weaknesses

▪ Explore potential 590 new sources LULUCF 2

of growth (requiring less carbon emissions)

Adaptation

▪ Analyse existing and future climate threats

▪ Explore adaptation measures and Peat estimate total

cost of realization

Institutional enablers

▪ Develop strategy for critical enablers (e.g.,

monitoring and evaluation, spatial planning,

community engagement)

▪ Estimate the total costs of realizing these

opportunities

4


Indonesia’s Development Strategy

• PRO-GROWTH

• PRO-JOB

• PRO-POOR

• PRO-ENVIRONMENT


26%

Emission rate

15%

2005

(Baseyear)

2020

(Baseline)

Time

7% economic growth & 26% emission reduction


East Kalimantan Environmentally

Sustainable Development Strategy

75% emission reduction potentials through :

– Enforcement of zero burning;

– Implementation of reduced impact logging;

– Reforestation and rehabilitation of forests that

have been partially degraded;

– Rehabilitation and water management of

previously opened peatland; and

– Utilization of degraded land for future expansion

of plantations and agricultures


Jambi and Central Kalimantan:

Emission Reduction Potentials

More than 85% reduction through:

– Prevention of forest & peatland fires;

– Reducing deforestation (land allocation policies

& improvement of agricultural productivity)

– Rehabilition of idle or degraded peatland;

– Sustainable forest management; and

– Reforestation


Opportunities in Oil and Gas sector ... (1)

• Mitigation:

– From mining including utilization of more advance

mining technology;

– From transport activities from mine-sites to

refineries;

– From refinery processes including utilization of

flare-gas;

– From transmission and distribution of refined

products;

– Rehabilitation and reclamation (post-mining)


Opportunities in Oil and Gas sector ... (2)

• Adaptation:

– Mining sites – preventing from extreme weather

– Transportation to refineries – anticipating of

extreme weather

– Refineries – anticipating of changing water

availability as well as extreme weather

– Transmission and distribution of products – interislands

as well as inland issues due to weather

condition


Opportunities in Oil and Gas sector ... (3)

• Under the UNFCCC & Kyoto Protocol:

– Technology cooperation – as part of technology

transfer and development between developed

and developing countries as well as among

developing countries

– Market – CDM and other market/offset

mechanism of emission reduction in developing

countries by developed countries


Saving People to Save the Planet Earth

• Indonesia has shown it’s leadership by walking

the talk

• Indonesia is committed to global solidarity


We have to save planet earth for our

future generations, however this can only

be done by saving the people to be able

to live wisely to save our planet earth

THANK YOU ...

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