Views
3 years ago

Distributed Renewable Energy Operating Impacts and Valuation Study

Distributed Renewable Energy Operating Impacts and Valuation Study

Distributed Renewable Energy Operating Impacts and Valuation

PREPARED FOR: ARIZONA PUBLIC SERVICE Distributed Renewable Energy Operating Impacts and Valuation Study January 2009

  • Page 4 and 5: Copyright 2009 by R. W. Beck, Inc.
  • Page 6 and 7: Contents 2.5 Deployment Analysis ..
  • Page 8 and 9: Contents 6.5 Qualitative Findings
  • Page 10 and 11: Contents 3-14 Summary of Commercial
  • Page 12 and 13: Contents 2-26 Residential Market Po
  • Page 14 and 15: ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The Study team grat
  • Page 16 and 17: Executive Summary APS Renewable and
  • Page 18 and 19: Executive Summary Once solar DE dep
  • Page 20 and 21: Executive Summary power supply. The
  • Page 22 and 23: Executive Summary Capital Cost Redu
  • Page 24 and 25: Executive Summary Solar DE Value Bu
  • Page 26 and 27: Executive Summary Moving Forward So
  • Page 28 and 29: Executive Summary consumer adoption
  • Page 30 and 31: Section 1 • Evaluate impacts on s
  • Page 32 and 33: Section 1 Table 1-1 RES Eligible Te
  • Page 34 and 35: Section 1 The number of installatio
  • Page 36 and 37: Section 1 Solar Hot Water Heating S
  • Page 38 and 39: Section 1 Currently, no daylighting
  • Page 40 and 41: Section 1 Table 1-6 Energy Consumpt
  • Page 42 and 43: Section 1 water applications as wel
  • Page 44 and 45: Section 1 engage a variety of inter
  • Page 46 and 47: Section 1 obstacles to value achiev
  • Page 48 and 49: Section 1 Scenarios and Cases To st
  • Page 50 and 51: Section 1 could better create insig
  • Page 52 and 53:

    Section 1 determined and then facto

  • Page 55 and 56:

    SECTION 2 — SOLAR CHARACTERIZATIO

  • Page 57 and 58:

    Solar Characterization Photovoltaic

  • Page 59 and 60:

    Solar Characterization PV System Co

  • Page 61 and 62:

    Solar Characterization warranties.

  • Page 63 and 64:

    Solar Characterization system data,

  • Page 65 and 66:

    Solar Characterization Residential

  • Page 67 and 68:

    Solar Characterization Figure 2-8:

  • Page 69 and 70:

    Solar Characterization Figure 2-10:

  • Page 71 and 72:

    Solar Characterization Heated water

  • Page 73 and 74:

    Solar Characterization Table 2-4 Sp

  • Page 75 and 76:

    Solar Characterization Methodology

  • Page 77 and 78:

    Solar Characterization 2.4 Daylight

  • Page 79 and 80:

    Solar Characterization Table 2-5 Ho

  • Page 81 and 82:

    Solar Characterization Baseline Mod

  • Page 83 and 84:

    Solar Characterization • 2007 Bui

  • Page 85 and 86:

    Solar Characterization Figure 2-16:

  • Page 87 and 88:

    Solar Characterization the total ro

  • Page 89 and 90:

    Solar Characterization Table 2-12 S

  • Page 91 and 92:

    Solar Characterization Table 2-15 C

  • Page 93 and 94:

    Solar Characterization however, ini

  • Page 95 and 96:

    Solar Characterization Table 2-16 D

  • Page 97 and 98:

    Solar Characterization Figure 2-21:

  • Page 99 and 100:

    Solar Characterization Figure 2-23:

  • Page 101 and 102:

    Solar Characterization Figure 2-25:

  • Page 103 and 104:

    Solar Characterization In the Low P

  • Page 105:

    Solar Characterization Figure 2-30:

  • Page 108 and 109:

    Section 3 The Study also looked at

  • Page 110 and 111:

    Section 3 The EPRI tool was also us

  • Page 112 and 113:

    Section 3 Feeder-All Distribution F

  • Page 114 and 115:

    Section 3 The DSS model did not res

  • Page 116 and 117:

    Section 3 As can be seen in Figure

  • Page 118 and 119:

    Section 3 Table 3-5 Summary of Scre

  • Page 120 and 121:

    Section 3 Table 3-8 Potential Targe

  • Page 122 and 123:

    Section 3 Figure 3-4: Thompson Peak

  • Page 124 and 125:

    Section 3 3.4 Extension of Service

  • Page 126 and 127:

    Section 3 Table 3-11 SHW Screening-

  • Page 128 and 129:

    Section 3 • In many cases, no dem

  • Page 130 and 131:

    Section 3 Figure 3-6: Solar Hot Wat

  • Page 132 and 133:

    Section 3 Figure 3-7: Chaparral Fee

  • Page 134 and 135:

    Section 3 Figure 3-9: Effects of Tw

  • Page 136 and 137:

    Section 3 3.6.3 Modeling Results Cl

  • Page 138 and 139:

    Section 3 Power Factor Power factor

  • Page 141 and 142:

    SECTION 4 — TECHNICAL VALUE - TRA

  • Page 143 and 144:

    Technical Value - Transmission Syst

  • Page 145 and 146:

    Technical Value - Transmission Syst

  • Page 147 and 148:

    Technical Value - Transmission Syst

  • Page 149 and 150:

    Technical Value - Transmission Syst

  • Page 151 and 152:

    Technical Value - Transmission Syst

  • Page 153 and 154:

    Technical Value - Transmission Syst

  • Page 155 and 156:

    Technical Value - Transmission Syst

  • Page 157 and 158:

    Technical Value - Transmission Syst

  • Page 159:

    Technical Value - Transmission Syst

  • Page 162 and 163:

    Section 5 its retail customers. Whe

  • Page 164 and 165:

    Section 5 to whether it adds storag

  • Page 166 and 167:

    Section 5 Figure 5-1: Coincidence o

  • Page 168 and 169:

    Section 5 Table 5-2 Percent Dependa

  • Page 170 and 171:

    Section 5 Table 5-3 Total Dependabl

  • Page 172 and 173:

    Section 5 the generating resource(s

  • Page 174 and 175:

    Section 5 Table 5-7 Comparison of A

  • Page 176 and 177:

    Section 5 Using the fixed costs des

  • Page 178 and 179:

    Section 5 One change that was made

  • Page 180 and 181:

    Section 5 Figure 5-4: Typical Summe

  • Page 182 and 183:

    Section 5 Table 5-13 Avoided Energy

  • Page 184 and 185:

    Section 5 However, discussions with

  • Page 186 and 187:

    Section 5 Figure 5-7: Typical Outpu

  • Page 189 and 190:

    SECTION 6 — DEVELOPING A WINNING

  • Page 191 and 192:

    Developing a Winning Business Case

  • Page 193 and 194:

    Developing a Winning Business Case

  • Page 195 and 196:

    Developing a Winning Business Case

  • Page 197 and 198:

    Developing a Winning Business Case

  • Page 199 and 200:

    Developing a Winning Business Case

  • Page 201 and 202:

    Developing a Winning Business Case

  • Page 203 and 204:

    Developing a Winning Business Case

  • Page 205 and 206:

    Developing a Winning Business Case

  • Page 207 and 208:

    Developing a Winning Business Case

  • Page 209 and 210:

    Developing a Winning Business Case

  • Page 211 and 212:

    Developing a Winning Business Case

  • Page 213 and 214:

    Developing a Winning Business Case

  • Page 215 and 216:

    Developing a Winning Business Case

  • Page 217 and 218:

    APPENDIX A — GLOSSARY AND ABBREVI

  • Page 219:

    Glossary and Abbreviations GW GWh I

  • Page 222 and 223:

    Appendix B owned utilities. The sha

  • Page 224 and 225:

    Appendix B Figure B-1. Annual Insta

  • Page 226 and 227:

    Appendix B Figure B-2. Average Inst

  • Page 228 and 229:

    Appendix B has been extracted from

  • Page 230 and 231:

    Appendix B Table B-4 Installed Cost

  • Page 233 and 234:

    APPENDIX C — NEW JERSEY PV PROGRA

  • Page 235 and 236:

    NEW JERSEY PV PROGRAM Figure C-1. N

  • Page 237 and 238:

    NEW JERSEY PV PROGRAM Figure C-4. N

  • Page 239 and 240:

    NEW JERSEY PV PROGRAM Figure C-8. A

  • Page 241 and 242:

    NEW JERSEY PV PROGRAM Figure C-12.

  • Page 243 and 244:

    NEW JERSEY PV PROGRAM Table C-1 New

  • Page 245:

    NEW JERSEY PV PROGRAM Figure C-18.

  • Page 248 and 249:

    Appendix D Figure D-2. E12 Resident

  • Page 250 and 251:

    Appendix D Figure D-6. ET-1 Residen

  • Page 252 and 253:

    Appendix D Figure D-9. E32 Extra Sm

  • Page 254 and 255:

    Appendix D Figure D-12. E32 Small C

  • Page 256 and 257:

    Appendix D Figure D-15. E32 Medium

  • Page 258 and 259:

    Appendix D Figure D-18. E32 Large C

  • Page 260 and 261:

    Appendix E E12 Residential Load Pro

  • Page 262 and 263:

    Appendix E E12 Residential Load Pro

  • Page 264 and 265:

    Appendix E E.2 ET-1 Residential Loa

  • Page 266 and 267:

    Appendix E ET1 Residential Load Pro

  • Page 268 and 269:

    Appendix E ET1 Residential Load Pro

  • Page 270 and 271:

    Appendix E E32 xSmall Commercial Lo

  • Page 272 and 273:

    Appendix E E32 xSmall Commercial Lo

  • Page 274 and 275:

    Appendix E E.4 E32 Small Load Profi

  • Page 276 and 277:

    Appendix E E32 Small Load Profiles

  • Page 278 and 279:

    Appendix E E32 Small Commercial Loa

  • Page 280 and 281:

    Appendix E E32 Medium Commercial Lo

  • Page 282 and 283:

    Appendix E E32 Medium Commercial Lo

  • Page 284 and 285:

    Appendix E E.6 E32 Large Commercial

  • Page 286 and 287:

    Appendix E Residential Load Profile

  • Page 288 and 289:

    Appendix E E32 Large Commercial Loa

  • Page 290 and 291:

    Appendix F F.2 Input Assumptions Tw

  • Page 292 and 293:

    Appendix F Figure F-2. SAM Input Sc

  • Page 295 and 296:

    APPENDIX G — CERTIFICATION FOR SO

  • Page 297 and 298:

    APPENDIX H — DAYLIGHTING PROGRAM

  • Page 299 and 300:

    APPENDIX I — SUMMARY USE CHARACTE

  • Page 301:

    Summary Use Characteristics and Tar

  • Page 305 and 306:

    DISTRIBUTED ENERGY ADMINISTRATION P

  • Page 307 and 308:

    DISTRIBUTED ENERGY ADMINISTRATION P

  • Page 309:

    DISTRIBUTED ENERGY ADMINISTRATION P

  • Page 313 and 314:

    Distribution System Impacts of Dist

  • Page 315 and 316:

    Scenarios Considered - Base case

  • Page 317 and 318:

    Circuit Modeling • Develop workin

  • Page 319 and 320:

    Working Electrical Model • 2007 p

  • Page 321 and 322:

    Circuit Diagram as Modeled in OpenD

  • Page 323 and 324:

    Basecase Measured vs Simulated Resu

  • Page 325 and 326:

    Solar Deployment • 8760 solar tec

  • Page 327 and 328:

    Sample Commercial/Industrial Solar

  • Page 329 and 330:

    Loss Categorization • Total losse

  • Page 331 and 332:

    Base Case Results: No Solar (Lower

  • Page 333 and 334:

    Case 2 Results: Greenfield 10000 80

  • Page 335 and 336:

    Loss Analysis Results Summary, cont

  • Page 337 and 338:

    Loss Analysis Conclusions • Busin

  • Page 339 and 340:

    Summary • This study was conducte

  • Page 341 and 342:

    Glendale_SAT: 1 Axis tracking PV sy

  • Page 343 and 344:

    PV Model Used for Analysis - SOL_De

  • Page 345 and 346:

    Greenfield Results 33

  • Page 347 and 348:

    Effect of PV Power on Total Power P

  • Page 349 and 350:

    Effect of PV Power on Voltage Profi

  • Page 351 and 352:

    Greenfield Results with Manually Ed

  • Page 353 and 354:

    Total PV Power Input of Edited PV P

  • Page 355 and 356:

    Effect of Edited PV Profile on Phas

  • Page 357:

    Conclusions • DM 04 included no L

  • Page 360 and 361:

    Appendix L Figure L-3. Residential

  • Page 362 and 363:

    Appendix L Figure L-7. Residential

  • Page 364 and 365:

    Appendix L Figure L-11. Residential

  • Page 366 and 367:

    Appendix L Figure L-15. Residential

  • Page 368 and 369:

    Appendix L Figure L-19. Commercial

  • Page 370 and 371:

    Appendix L Figure L-23. Commercial

  • Page 372 and 373:

    Appendix L Figure L-27. Grocery Day

  • Page 374 and 375:

    Appendix L Figure L-31. Commercial

  • Page 376 and 377:

    Appendix L Figure L-35. Solar Hot W

  • Page 378 and 379:

    Appendix L Figure L-39. Solar Hot W

  • Page 380 and 381:

    Appendix L Figure L-43. Solar Hot W

  • Page 382 and 383:

    Appendix L Figure L-47. Arrowhead A

  • Page 384 and 385:

    Appendix L Figure L-51. Deadman Was

  • Page 386 and 387:

    Appendix L Figure L-55. East Valley

  • Page 388 and 389:

    Appendix L Figure L-59. East Valley

  • Page 390 and 391:

    Appendix L Figure L-63. Indian Bend

  • Page 392 and 393:

    Appendix L Figure L-67. Mountain Vi

  • Page 394 and 395:

    Appendix L Figure L-71. Acoma Subst

  • Page 396 and 397:

    Appendix L Figure L-75. DE Impact w

  • Page 399 and 400:

    APPENDIX M — EMPIRICAL TESTING RE

  • Page 401 and 402:

    Empirical Testing Results Figure M-

  • Page 403 and 404:

    Empirical Testing Results Figure M-

  • Page 405 and 406:

    Empirical Testing Results Figure M-

  • Page 407 and 408:

    Empirical Testing Results M.2 Setup

  • Page 409 and 410:

    Empirical Testing Results Table M-4

  • Page 411 and 412:

    Empirical Testing Results Trigger R

  • Page 413:

    Empirical Testing Results • Energ

  • Page 417 and 418:

    APPENDIX N — EVALUATION OF ECONOM

  • Page 419 and 420:

    Evaluation of Economic Value of Sol

  • Page 421 and 422:

    APS Carrying Charges ion of APS Car

  • Page 423 and 424:

    Calculation of APS Carrying Charges

LOCAL IMPACTS OF RENEWABLE ENERGY
Renewable Energy 101 - Environmental and Energy Study Institute
Distributed Generation through Renewable Energy - Ministry of Power
APS Renewable Energy Overview
Renewable Energy Compendium Report - United States Energy ...
Energy efficiency and renewables - Euromedina
Meeting Renewable Energy Targets in the West at Least Cost
Economic Impacts of Renewable Energy Jobs in the Upper Midwest ...
Renewable Energy - TEP.com
“Renewable Energy in Albania
Economic Impacts of Renewable Energy Jobs in the Upper Midwest ...
Electricity Storage: Valuation and Use for Renewable Resource ...
Renewable Energy Breakthrough Scenarios
2011 Renewable Energy Data Book
Renewable Energy
Renewable Energy - Energy Development in Island Nations
renewable energy in germany & switzerland - EF College Study Tours
The Future of Renewable Energy - RSM International
5905 gp [eu rev]csfr4.qxd - European Renewable Energy Council
Texas Renewable Energy Texas Renewable Energy - Office of the ...
RENEWABLE ENERGY & AUDUBON CALIFORNIA
Smart Generation - Powering Ontario with Renewable Energy
EDP and Renewable Energies
feasibility study of a co-substrate renewable energy facility in ...
recent study by Commonwealth North - Renewable Energy Alaska ...
Renewable Energy - Economic Development Corporation Utah
Connecting to the Grid - Interstate Renewable Energy Council