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Distributed Renewable Energy Operating Impacts and Valuation Study

Distributed Renewable Energy Operating Impacts and Valuation Study

Distributed Renewable Energy Operating Impacts and Valuation

PREPARED FOR: ARIZONA PUBLIC SERVICE Distributed Renewable Energy Operating Impacts and Valuation Study January 2009

  • Page 4 and 5: Copyright 2009 by R. W. Beck, Inc.
  • Page 6 and 7: Contents 2.5 Deployment Analysis ..
  • Page 8 and 9: Contents 6.5 Qualitative Findings
  • Page 10 and 11: Contents 3-14 Summary of Commercial
  • Page 12 and 13: Contents 2-26 Residential Market Po
  • Page 14 and 15: ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The Study team grat
  • Page 16 and 17: Executive Summary APS Renewable and
  • Page 18 and 19: Executive Summary Once solar DE dep
  • Page 20 and 21: Executive Summary power supply. The
  • Page 22 and 23: Executive Summary Capital Cost Redu
  • Page 24 and 25: Executive Summary Solar DE Value Bu
  • Page 26 and 27: Executive Summary Moving Forward So
  • Page 28 and 29: Executive Summary consumer adoption
  • Page 30 and 31: Section 1 • Evaluate impacts on s
  • Page 32 and 33: Section 1 Table 1-1 RES Eligible Te
  • Page 34 and 35: Section 1 The number of installatio
  • Page 36 and 37: Section 1 Solar Hot Water Heating S
  • Page 38 and 39: Section 1 Currently, no daylighting
  • Page 40 and 41: Section 1 Table 1-6 Energy Consumpt
  • Page 42 and 43: Section 1 water applications as wel
  • Page 44 and 45: Section 1 engage a variety of inter
  • Page 46 and 47: Section 1 obstacles to value achiev
  • Page 48 and 49: Section 1 Scenarios and Cases To st
  • Page 50 and 51: Section 1 could better create insig
  • Page 52 and 53:

    Section 1 determined and then facto

  • Page 55 and 56:

    SECTION 2 — SOLAR CHARACTERIZATIO

  • Page 57 and 58:

    Solar Characterization Photovoltaic

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    Solar Characterization PV System Co

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    Solar Characterization warranties.

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    Solar Characterization system data,

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    Solar Characterization Residential

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    Solar Characterization Figure 2-8:

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    Solar Characterization Figure 2-10:

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    Solar Characterization Heated water

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    Solar Characterization Table 2-4 Sp

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    Solar Characterization Methodology

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    Solar Characterization 2.4 Daylight

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    Solar Characterization Table 2-5 Ho

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    Solar Characterization Baseline Mod

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    Solar Characterization • 2007 Bui

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    Solar Characterization Figure 2-16:

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    Solar Characterization the total ro

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    Solar Characterization Table 2-12 S

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    Solar Characterization Table 2-15 C

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    Solar Characterization however, ini

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    Solar Characterization Table 2-16 D

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    Solar Characterization Figure 2-21:

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    Solar Characterization Figure 2-23:

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    Solar Characterization Figure 2-25:

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    Solar Characterization In the Low P

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    Solar Characterization Figure 2-30:

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    Section 3 The Study also looked at

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    Section 3 The EPRI tool was also us

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    Section 3 Feeder-All Distribution F

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    Section 3 The DSS model did not res

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    Section 3 As can be seen in Figure

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    Section 3 Table 3-5 Summary of Scre

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    Section 3 Table 3-8 Potential Targe

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    Section 3 Figure 3-4: Thompson Peak

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    Section 3 3.4 Extension of Service

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    Section 3 Table 3-11 SHW Screening-

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    Section 3 • In many cases, no dem

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    Section 3 Figure 3-6: Solar Hot Wat

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    Section 3 Figure 3-7: Chaparral Fee

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    Section 3 Figure 3-9: Effects of Tw

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    Section 3 3.6.3 Modeling Results Cl

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    Section 3 Power Factor Power factor

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    SECTION 4 — TECHNICAL VALUE - TRA

  • Page 143 and 144:

    Technical Value - Transmission Syst

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    Technical Value - Transmission Syst

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    Technical Value - Transmission Syst

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    Technical Value - Transmission Syst

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    Technical Value - Transmission Syst

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    Technical Value - Transmission Syst

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    Technical Value - Transmission Syst

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    Technical Value - Transmission Syst

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    Technical Value - Transmission Syst

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    Section 5 its retail customers. Whe

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    Section 5 to whether it adds storag

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    Section 5 Figure 5-1: Coincidence o

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    Section 5 Table 5-2 Percent Dependa

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    Section 5 Table 5-3 Total Dependabl

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    Section 5 the generating resource(s

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    Section 5 Table 5-7 Comparison of A

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    Section 5 Using the fixed costs des

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    Section 5 One change that was made

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    Section 5 Figure 5-4: Typical Summe

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    Section 5 Table 5-13 Avoided Energy

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    Section 5 However, discussions with

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    Section 5 Figure 5-7: Typical Outpu

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    SECTION 6 — DEVELOPING A WINNING

  • Page 191 and 192:

    Developing a Winning Business Case

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    Developing a Winning Business Case

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    Developing a Winning Business Case

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    Developing a Winning Business Case

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    Developing a Winning Business Case

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    Developing a Winning Business Case

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    Developing a Winning Business Case

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    Developing a Winning Business Case

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    Developing a Winning Business Case

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    Developing a Winning Business Case

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    Developing a Winning Business Case

  • Page 213 and 214:

    Developing a Winning Business Case

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    Developing a Winning Business Case

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    APPENDIX A — GLOSSARY AND ABBREVI

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    Glossary and Abbreviations GW GWh I

  • Page 222 and 223:

    Appendix B owned utilities. The sha

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    Appendix B Figure B-1. Annual Insta

  • Page 226 and 227:

    Appendix B Figure B-2. Average Inst

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    Appendix B has been extracted from

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    Appendix B Table B-4 Installed Cost

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    APPENDIX C — NEW JERSEY PV PROGRA

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    NEW JERSEY PV PROGRAM Figure C-1. N

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    NEW JERSEY PV PROGRAM Figure C-4. N

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    NEW JERSEY PV PROGRAM Figure C-8. A

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    NEW JERSEY PV PROGRAM Figure C-12.

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    NEW JERSEY PV PROGRAM Table C-1 New

  • Page 245:

    NEW JERSEY PV PROGRAM Figure C-18.

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    Appendix D Figure D-2. E12 Resident

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    Appendix D Figure D-6. ET-1 Residen

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    Appendix D Figure D-9. E32 Extra Sm

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    Appendix D Figure D-12. E32 Small C

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    Appendix D Figure D-15. E32 Medium

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    Appendix D Figure D-18. E32 Large C

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    Appendix E E12 Residential Load Pro

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    Appendix E E12 Residential Load Pro

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    Appendix E E.2 ET-1 Residential Loa

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    Appendix E ET1 Residential Load Pro

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    Appendix E ET1 Residential Load Pro

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    Appendix E E32 xSmall Commercial Lo

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    Appendix E E32 xSmall Commercial Lo

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    Appendix E E.4 E32 Small Load Profi

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    Appendix E E32 Small Load Profiles

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    Appendix E E32 Small Commercial Loa

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    Appendix E E32 Medium Commercial Lo

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    Appendix E E32 Medium Commercial Lo

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    Appendix E E.6 E32 Large Commercial

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    Appendix E Residential Load Profile

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    Appendix E E32 Large Commercial Loa

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    Appendix F F.2 Input Assumptions Tw

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    Appendix F Figure F-2. SAM Input Sc

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    APPENDIX G — CERTIFICATION FOR SO

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    APPENDIX H — DAYLIGHTING PROGRAM

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    APPENDIX I — SUMMARY USE CHARACTE

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    Summary Use Characteristics and Tar

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    DISTRIBUTED ENERGY ADMINISTRATION P

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    DISTRIBUTED ENERGY ADMINISTRATION P

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    DISTRIBUTED ENERGY ADMINISTRATION P

  • Page 313 and 314:

    Distribution System Impacts of Dist

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    Scenarios Considered - Base case

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    Circuit Modeling • Develop workin

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    Working Electrical Model • 2007 p

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    Circuit Diagram as Modeled in OpenD

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    Basecase Measured vs Simulated Resu

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    Solar Deployment • 8760 solar tec

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    Sample Commercial/Industrial Solar

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    Loss Categorization • Total losse

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    Base Case Results: No Solar (Lower

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    Case 2 Results: Greenfield 10000 80

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    Loss Analysis Results Summary, cont

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    Loss Analysis Conclusions • Busin

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    Summary • This study was conducte

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    Glendale_SAT: 1 Axis tracking PV sy

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    PV Model Used for Analysis - SOL_De

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    Greenfield Results 33

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    Effect of PV Power on Total Power P

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    Effect of PV Power on Voltage Profi

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    Greenfield Results with Manually Ed

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    Total PV Power Input of Edited PV P

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    Effect of Edited PV Profile on Phas

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    Conclusions • DM 04 included no L

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    Appendix L Figure L-3. Residential

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    Appendix L Figure L-7. Residential

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    Appendix L Figure L-11. Residential

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    Appendix L Figure L-15. Residential

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    Appendix L Figure L-19. Commercial

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    Appendix L Figure L-23. Commercial

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    Appendix L Figure L-27. Grocery Day

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    Appendix L Figure L-31. Commercial

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    Appendix L Figure L-35. Solar Hot W

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    Appendix L Figure L-39. Solar Hot W

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    Appendix L Figure L-43. Solar Hot W

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    Appendix L Figure L-47. Arrowhead A

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    Appendix L Figure L-51. Deadman Was

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    Appendix L Figure L-55. East Valley

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    Appendix L Figure L-59. East Valley

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    Appendix L Figure L-63. Indian Bend

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    Appendix L Figure L-67. Mountain Vi

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    Appendix L Figure L-71. Acoma Subst

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    Appendix L Figure L-75. DE Impact w

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    APPENDIX M — EMPIRICAL TESTING RE

  • Page 401 and 402:

    Empirical Testing Results Figure M-

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    Empirical Testing Results Figure M-

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    Empirical Testing Results Figure M-

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    Empirical Testing Results M.2 Setup

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    Empirical Testing Results Table M-4

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    Empirical Testing Results Trigger R

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    Empirical Testing Results • Energ

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    APPENDIX N — EVALUATION OF ECONOM

  • Page 419 and 420:

    Evaluation of Economic Value of Sol

  • Page 421 and 422:

    APS Carrying Charges ion of APS Car

  • Page 423 and 424:

    Calculation of APS Carrying Charges

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