LandUse - LGRC DILG 10

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LandUse - LGRC DILG 10

Land Use and Physical Framework

Provincial Development Plan

Guidelines

AG Corpuz

April 2006

1


LAND USE/

PHYSICAL FRAMEWORK

Population

Economic Activity

Planning Environment

Physical Resources/

Transport

Income &

Services

Land Use and Physical Framework

Vision

Development Issues, Goals, Objectives

Strategies and PPAs

Investment

Program

Objective: To describe the existing land uses in the province and to identify a framework for

future physical development.

Approach and summary: While the spatial characteristics of each sector are discussed as

integral parts of sectoral analyses, this section integrates them into a common physical

setting to provide a fuller picture of the way land and other physical resources are being

utilized in the province and to guide future developments.

7.1 Existing land use, trends

7.1.1 Existing land use

7.1.2 Trends

7.2 Physical framework

7.2.1 Demand

7.2.2 Supply

7.2.3 Demand and supply integration

7.2.4 Physical framework

2


LAND USE/

PHYSICAL FRAMEWORK

7.1 Existing land use, trends and potential expansion

7.1.1 Existing land use

Briefly describe the existing distribution of land uses--What are the areas (land and

water) and percentage shares of various land uses in the province?

a. Built-up/settlement areas

b. Protection areas: NIPAs, non-NIPAs, areas prone to natural hazards,

environmentally-critical areas (such as polluted areas), tourism areas.

c. Production (non-built up) areas: agriculture, production forest, mining operations,

tourism.

d. Other areas: Other large areas that are distinct from the above categories such

as major utility facilities, infrastructure, or military reservations may also be

classified separately.

3


LAND USE/

PHYSICAL FRAMEWORK

Example of Existing Land Use Map: Bulacan

Source: PPDO Bulacan

4


LAND USE/

PHYSICAL FRAMEWORK

7.2 Trends

If historical data is available (on previous land use distributions), note the land uses that are

increasing or decreasing. Compare the levels and rates of change with other

provinces, the host region or the country as a whole. Identify the areas where

significant changes (conversion) are taking place.

If data is unavailable, simply describe the trends and identify the areas based on local

knowledge. Try to explain the causes of the changes and trends.

If population is increasing and is expected to increase in the future, the trend should show increasing

built up areas. A decrease in the share of built up areas is unusual and needs to be explained.

Changes in land uses are inevitable and are often signs of a vibrant community and economy. But they

may also introduce new environmental threats or requirements. Some are the result of market-based

pressures that emanate from higher value land uses.

For the PDP, the focus should be on changes that are taking place on a medium-long term basis—

expansion of built up areas, conversion of agricultural, cultivation of forest areas—as well as those that

occur on an urban or regional scale, instead of changes dealing with specific parcels of land. The latter

are best addressed in individual city/municipal development and land use plans.

5


LAND USE/

PHYSICAL FRAMEWORK

7.2 Physical Framework

The framework is composed of several proposed general plans (settlements, production,

protection, transport/other infrastructure) that relate vertically to similar regional (RPFP) and

local (CLUP) plans.

The framework is the product of integrating and reconciling the previous components of the

plan environment. By definition, it sets the physical parameters by which future growth and

development, including identified PPAs, can take place.

6


LAND USE/

PHYSICAL FRAMEWORK

Demand (A)

DEMAND

SUPPLY

Assess future land

requirements starting with

the existing land use

(Section 7.1) and looking

at existing settlement

hierarchy and expansion

trends (Sections 2.3, 2.4).

Existing

Land Use

7.1

A

Potential

Settlement

Hierarchy

Existing

Settlements

Hierarchy/

Trends

2.3, 2.4

C1

Existing

Land Use

7.1

Potential

Growth/

Expansion

Areas

Existing

Protection

Areas

3.2

B

The objective is to

delineate approximate

future settlement/built up

areas (a potential

settlement hierarchy)

based on the demand for

land--how existing

settlements are expected

to grow and expand.

Settlements

Framework

C2

D

Existing

Existing

Transport/

Production

Infra

4.4

5.1, 5.2

Physical Framework

Protection

Production

Transport/Infra

Framework

Framework

Framework

Existing

Services/

Poverty

6.3, 6.4

Physical framework process

(Note: The numbers in the boxes indicate the relevant sections in the Planning Guidelines.)

7


LAND USE/

PHYSICAL FRAMEWORK

Supply (B)

DEMAND

SUPPLY

Assess the supply

requirements, integrating

existing land use (Section

7.1) and existing

protection areas (Section

3.2).

The objective is to

delineate areas of

potential growth and

expansion based on the

supply of land--the

characteristics (including

constraints) of the

physical resources of the

province.

Existing

Land Use

7.1

A

Potential

Settlement

Hierarchy

Existing

Settlements

Hierarchy/

Trends

2.3, 2.4

C1

C2

D

Physical Framework

Existing

Land Use

7.1

Existing

Transport/

Infra

5.1, 5.2

Potential

Growth/

Expansion

Areas

Existing

Production

4.4

Existing

Protection

Areas

3.2

B

Existing

Services/

Poverty

6.3, 6.4

Settlements

Framework

Protection

Framework

Production

Framework

Transport/Infra

Framework

Physical framework process

(Note: The numbers in the boxes indicate the relevant sections in the Planning Guidelines.)

8


LAND USE/

PHYSICAL FRAMEWORK

Integrate demand

and supply (C)

C1. Integrate the results

of A and B, matching

what is likely or desirable

from a settlements

development point of

view (demand) and what

is allowable from a

protection perspective

(supply).

C2. As part of this

integration process,

consider also production,

general transportation

and other infrastructure

requirements, and

requirements arising from

the assessment of

employment, income,

services and poverty

conditions.

Existing

Land Use

7.1

A

DEMAND

Potential

Settlement

Hierarchy

Settlements

Framework

Existing

Settlements

Hierarchy/

Trends

2.3, 2.4

C1

D

Physical Framework

Protection

Framework

C2

Production

Framework

Existing

Land Use

7.1

Existing

Transport/

Infra

5.1, 5.2

SUPPLY

Potential

Growth/

Expansion

Areas

Transport/Infra

Framework

Existing

Production

4.4

Existing

Protection

Areas

3.2

B

Existing

Services/

Poverty

6.3, 6.4

Physical framework process

(Note: The numbers in the boxes indicate the relevant sections in the Planning Guidelines.) 9


LAND USE/

PHYSICAL FRAMEWORK

Typical criteria for identifying

settlement/built up expansion areas as part

of the process of integrating and reconciling

the demand and supply for land:

• Areas along established growth directions.

Existing

Land Use

7.1

A

DEMAND

Existing

Settlements

Hierarchy/

Trends

2.3, 2.4

Potential

Settlement

Hierarchy

C1

Existing

Land Use

7.1

SUPPLY

Potential

Growth/

Expansion

Areas

Existing

Protection

Areas

3.2

B

• Areas that can be provided with basic

services and utilities.

D

C2

Existing

Transport/

Infra

5.1, 5.2

Existing

Production

4.4

Existing

Services/

Poverty

6.3, 6.4

• Ideally within the 0-3% (or 0-6% or 0-8%)

slope range.

Settlements

Framework

Physical Framework

Protection

Production

Framework

Framework

Transport/Infra

Framework

• Reasonably accessible from existing built up

areas and other employment centers through

existing or proposed roads and other

transportation facilities.

• Within A&D lands but not in environmentallycritical

areas.

• Not in other protection areas. 10


LAND USE/

PHYSICAL FRAMEWORK

Physical framework

(D)

Integrate and

reconcile all of the

above (A, B and C) to

derive an overall

physical framework

which may be

summarized in a

physical framework

map and plan.

Existing

Land Use

7.1

A

DEMAND

Existing

Settlements

Hierarchy/

Trends

2.3, 2.4

Potential

Settlement

Hierarchy

C1

C2

Existing

Land Use

7.1

Existing

Transport/

Infra

5.1, 5.2

SUPPLY

Potential

Growth/

Expansion

Areas

Existing

Production

4.4

Existing

Protection

Areas

3.2

B

Existing

Services/

Poverty

6.3, 6.4

D

Physical Framework

Settlements

Framework

Protection

Framework

Production

Framework

Transport/Infra

Framework

Physical framework process

(Note: The numbers in the boxes indicate the relevant sections in the Planning Guidelines.) 11


LAND USE/

PHYSICAL FRAMEWORK

Example of Physical Framework (Land Use Plan)

Source: PPDO Bulacan

12


LAND USE/

PHYSICAL FRAMEWORK

RECAP

Population

Economic Activity

Planning Environment

Physical Resources/

Transport

Income &

Services

Land Use and Physical Framework

Vision

Development Issues, Goals, Objectives

Strategies and PPAs

Investment

Program

Objective: To describe the existing land uses in the province and to identify a framework for

future physical development.

Approach and summary: While the spatial characteristics of each sector are discussed as

integral parts of sectoral analyses, this section integrates them into a common physical

setting to provide a fuller picture of the way land and other physical resources are being

utilized in the province and to guide future developments.

7.1 Existing land use, trends 7.1.1 Existing land use

7.1.2 Trends

7.2 Physical framework 7.2.1 Demand

7.2.2 Supply

7.2.3 Demand and supply integration

7.2.4 Physical framework

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END

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