UNESCO GLOBAL NETWORK OF NATIONAL GEOPARKS - Geological Survey of ...

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UNESCO GLOBAL NETWORK OF NATIONAL GEOPARKS - Geological Survey of ...

UNESCO GLOBAL NETWORK OF NATIONAL GEOPARKS

Geological Heritage and Sustainability

Patrick J Mc Keever

Tuesday 20 October 2009


HERITAGE AND GEOLOGY: SOME CONSIDERATIONS

Geology - the memories of the Earth

Heritage - valuing our inheritance

Earth & Humanity - reconnection

Lack of recognition of geological heritage

Sterilisation of lands through designation

Related public perception

Link to sustainable development

GEOPARKS

Marble Arch Caves, Ireland

Tuesday 20 October 2009


UNESCO GLOBAL NETWORK OF NATIONAL GEOPARKS

A GEOPARK is not….

an area of outstanding geological

heritage alone

a small, single site of geological

interest

a fenced off area just for scientists

a geological theme park

an area with no local community

involvement

an area with no sustainable economic

development strategy

a formal, legislative designation

and, as such, carries no legal

obligations or restrictions.

Luberon, France

Tuesday 20 October 2009


UNESCO GLOBAL NETWORK OF NATIONAL GEOPARKS

A GEOPARK is an area with….

a particular geological heritage of

international significance

but also with….

a sustainable development strategy or plan

involving local communities.

NW Highlands, UK

A geopark must use its geological heritage as it’s primary promotional tool

but must also promote other aspects of it’s natural and cultural heritage.

Tuesday 20 October 2009


UNESCO GLOBAL NETWORK OF NATIONAL GEOPARKS

GEO = GAIA = EARTH

Geoparks are areas that hold the

amazing memories of our special planet

Geoparks bring culture, biodiversity &

the history of Earth together

Geoparks aim to re-establish the link

between humanity and our planet

Geoparks are about involving local

communities through sustainable

development

Geoparks are about protecting through

education and sustainability

SO WHERE ARE THE GEOPARKS?

Terra.vita, Germany

Tuesday 20 October 2009


UNESCO GLOBAL NETWORK OF NATIONAL GEOPARKS

Comprises all 35 members of the

European Geoparks Network plus 22

members of the National Geoparks

Network of PR of China, 3 in Japan plus

one each in Iran, Brazil, Malaysia &

Australia.

Regional Networks: For a European

territory to become a member they

must first become a member of the

European Geoparks Network

Yandangshan, China

Tuesday 20 October 2009


Tuesday 20 October 2009


UNESCO GLOBAL NETWORK OF NATIONAL GEOPARKS

How to create a geopark: pre-requisites

Significant geological heritage

Geoconservation activities

Sustainable tourism activities

Educational activities

Community involvement

Strong management structure

Secure financial basis

Network charter MUST be adhered to -

e.g. no selling of geological material

Cabo de Gata-Níjar, Spain

A territory must demonstrate at the time of application that they are already a

“de-facto” geopark, i.e. a geopark in everything but name.

Tuesday 20 October 2009


UNESCO GLOBAL NETWORK OF NATIONAL GEOPARKS

Geopark Application

Submission of application to Paris /

Digne-les-Bains (for Europe only)

Application is assessed by GGN

Bureau / EGN CC (for Europe only)

Possible request for further clarification

Evaluation mission & report

Assessment by GGN Bureau / EGN CC

Decision

Sierras Subbéticas, Spain

Tuesday 20 October 2009


UNESCO GLOBAL NETWORK OF NATIONAL GEOPARKS

Application Timetable

Applications can be submitted between

October 1 and December 1 each year

only.

Checking process completed by Dec 31

Desktop evaluation by Feb 28, including

a statement from IUGS on value of the

geological heritage by Feb 28

Applications assessed by GGN by Mar 31

Evaluation missions between May 1 and

July 31 only

Reports completed by Aug 31

Decision by September 30

Itoigawa, Japan

Tuesday 20 October 2009


UNESCO GLOBAL NETWORK OF NATIONAL GEOPARKS

Geopark Development

On approval, a territory is only

endorsed as a geopark for 4 years

A revalidation assessment is then

performed

•progress in geoconservation

•progress in education

•progress in sustainable tourism

•progress in community involvement

•progress in economy

•involvement in network

•continuing financial security

•visibility

RGHP, France

Green Card Yellow Card Red Card

Tuesday 20 October 2009


UNESCO GLOBAL NETWORK OF NATIONAL GEOPARKS

Partnerships

Geoparks are expected to form

partnerships with community and

tourism organisations in their areas, e.g.

•Schools

•Tour Operators

•Accommodation providers

•Visitor attractions

•Activity Operators

•Tourism Promotion Agencies

•Restaurants

•Agri-tourism producers

Langkawi, Madonie, Malaysia

Sierras Subbéticas, Spain Italia

Tuesday 20 October 2009


UNESCO GLOBAL NETWORK OF NATIONAL GEOPARKS

Networking

Geoparks form a network, not a list.

All members are obliged to work

with other geoparks, e.g.

•Website

•Exchanges - exhibitions, staff etc

•Geoparks Week

•Publications

•Ongoing email dialogue

•Nominate 2 representatives to EGN

•EGN meet twice a year - at least

•Establish geoparks as a global

brand

Gea Norvegica, Norge

Tuesday 20 October 2009


UNESCO GLOBAL NETWORK OF NATIONAL GEOPARKS

Position within UNESCO

Geoparks is an official initative of

UNESCO within the Division of

Ecological & Earth Sciences

Geoparks is not a programme within

UNESCO

Geoparks is not subject to an

international convention

Membership of the GGN / EGN is

voluntary

Use of the EGN, GGN & UNESCO

“temple” logos are strictly controlled

Langkawi, Malaysia

Tuesday 20 October 2009


UNESCO

GLOBAL GEOPARKS NETWORK

A Tool In Holistic Nature Conservation

Using 4, 500 million years of Earth history to

promote sustainable development for all

www.geoparks2010.com

Langkawi Global Geopark

Tuesday 20 October 2009

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