WFP Food Security for the Ultra Poor (FSUP) Bangladesh - Shiree

WFP Food Security for the Ultra Poor (FSUP) Bangladesh - Shiree

WFP Food Security for the Ultra

Poor (FSUP) Bangladesh


• Specific objective: Improve the food security and nutritional wellbeing

of 150,000 ultra-poor beneficiaries through promoting

sustainable livelihoods.

• Funded by the European Union

• Cooperating partners:

Association for Socio Economic Advancement of

Bangladesh (ASEAB) – Pabna

National Development Programme (NDP) - Sirajganj

Gram Unnayan Karma (GUK) – Bogra

• Project duration - four years (2009 – 2012)




prone areas

of Pabna,

Sirajganj, and



Inclusion criteria:

• Chronic food insecure

• Woman headed households

• No regular source of income/ casual labours

• Asset poor household with less than 0.15 acres of land

Poor housing conditions (materials, sanitation facilities etc.)

Exclusion criteria:

• Women below 18 or above 49 years of age.

• Participating women cannot already be a participant or recent

graduate of a similar programme of food or cash assistance.

FSUP model

• Two cycles

• Self-help Knowledge Management Groups formed

• 500 taka monthly subsistence allowance over 2 year

cycle (doubled to 1000 taka during lean season – Sep

and Oct)

• 14,000 taka cash grant

• Business development planning

• Reinvestment and diversification support

FSUP model

• Linkage with private and public service providers

• Local resource mapping (veterinary station…)

• Risk coverage assistance fund

• Bank accounts opened for group savings

• Group savings for investment

• Apex committees formed at Union level and registered

under the Department of Women Affairs

FSUP model

• Trainings:

• Entrepreneurship mindset changing

• Income Generating Activities skills training

• Nutrition, hygiene and health training

• Disaster preparedness awareness training

• Life skills training

• Homestead gardening training

• IGA profile study

• Support given by local woman (Contact Woman)

FSUP result measurement

• Baseline survey in 2010

• Two outcome surveys (2011 and 2012)

• Difference-in-Difference (D-i-D) method used –

measuring the changes in both treatment and control

groups to see actual project impact

• Intensive monitoring by WFP

• Lessons learned documented in November 2012

FSUP 2012 Outcome Survey

Food Consumption Score (FCS)

Food security measurement based on the frequency of the consumption of

sixteen food types consumed over a seven day period.

Poor ≤ 28 Borderline 29 ≤ 42 Acceptable 43 ≤



FSUP 2012 Outcome Survey

Movements away from ultra-poverty

% of HH with ‘Acceptable’ food consumption levels (FCS)

FSUP 2012 Outcome Survey

Changes in Food Spending

Animal Based Protein


FSUP 2012 Outcome Survey

HH asset value

FSUP 2012 Outcome Survey

Income Generating Activities of Participants

2011 2012

FSUP 2012 Outcome Survey

Average Monthly Female Income

FSUP 2012 Outcome Survey

Average monthly HH income

FSUP 2012 Outcome Survey

Movements away from ultra-poverty

% of HH below the lower poverty line

FSUP 2012 Outcome Survey

Movements away from ultra-poverty

% of HH with an Income of $1.25 or more (per day, per capita)

FSUP Lessons Learned


• 2 cycles of implementation

• Regular sharing and adaptation

• Workshops

• Qualitative research

• Final report published November 2012

FSUP Lessons Learned

1. Participant Selection

• Allow sufficient time for the selection process

• Be careful of excluding the most vulnerable

2. Cash Grant and Monthly Allowance

• Use cash

• Ensure it is enough

• Provide a monthly allowance

3. Income Generating Activity Selection

• Undertake IGA profile study. Include an analysis of IGAs

most suited to different needs

• Consider push and pull factors

• Prepare for livestock

FSUP Lessons Learned

4. Nutrition and Food Security

• Capitalise on opportunities for nutrition behaviour


• Undertake nutrition baseline and outcome surveys

• Begin nutrition training early to maximise overlap with

the monthly allowance

5. Women’s Empowerment and Family Inclusiveness

• Involve families and communities

• Trainings - emphasize quality over quantity

• Support group initiatives

• Make empowerment an objective and measure it

FSUP Lessons Learned

6. Programme management and coordination

• Involve the government (local and central)

• Engage local women

• Prioritise staff

7. Shocks and protection mechanisms

• Encourage group formation and growth

• Include a risk fund

• Promote the diversification of assets

• Undertake disaster preparedness training

• Create a complaints mechanism for beneficiaries and


FSUP Lessons Learned

8. Reinvestment, Graduation, and Sustainability

• Encourage multiple investment cycles

• Look for opportunities for private sector collaboration

• Create a clear strategy for sustained support


• Plan for a follow-up impact assessment to measure the

sustainability of outcomes

Questions remaining:

How sustainable is the upward trend kick-started by the project?

What proportion of HH will eventually move out of ultra-poverty?

What is the ideal model (time, cost, contact, grant size) to

achieve the best sustained outcome?


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