ICAN’s goal is to outlaw and eradicate nuclear
weapons, via a comprehensive international treaty.
Our strategy is to generate a tide of irresistible
global public opinion: building on existing
opposition and encouraging new voices and ideas,
especially amongst the generation born since the
end of the Cold War.
This has been a highly successful year for ICAN Australia, as is
demonstrated by the achievements described in this report. We have
raised the profile of the campaign internationally and at home, involving
people from many walks of life, recruiting prominent Australians to help give
authority and immediacy to our message. We have engaged many young
Australians, providing tailored information and a range of exercises to help
them give voice to their concerns. We have continued to build strong links
with important organisations such as the Red Cross/Crescent societies and
helped refocus the discussion on human impacts.
One of our core projects has been to transform the debate from one based
on defence doctrines and geopolitics to one based on the catastrophic
effects of nuclear weapons on our health and our habitat. ICAN aims to put
the human consequences of any use of nuclear weapons at the top of the
agenda, in the minds of politicians and diplomats, as well as the public. Our
“kinship” with the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War
enables particular expertise in articulating the hopeless inadequacy of any
emergency response to the use of these weapons and the urgent need to
prevent their use once and for all.
A flourishing campaign provides new challenges almost every day, in
Australia and abroad, demanding flexibility, imagination and wit. Our
energetic and creative staff performs magnificently on a small budget across
a range of expanding projects; supported by a busy team of volunteers.
Our many partners continue to provide breadth and depth to this global
campaign, making it vibrant and effective. Similarly, the members of the
ICAN Australia board of management are an ongoing source of expertise
and inspiration. I thank all of these individuals and organisations for their
contributions. In particular, I wish to thank our many donors, and especially
acknowledge the generosity once again of the Dara Foundation, which has
enabled ICAN Australia to become a formidable creative force for change.
Ahead of us lies another busy year, with a major international governmental
conference on nuclear weapons in Oslo in 2013 at which ICAN will organise
and drive the civil society contributions. We will create an environment
where governments will feel the strength of public determination: ICAN will
continue to mobilise public opinion and make practical steps along the
road to total elimination. To turn the talk to the walk. To convert abstract
discussions into concrete achievements. To ban nukes forever.
ICAN campaigners hold a candle-light
vigil by the A-Bomb Dome in Hiroshima.
Chair, ICAN Australia
As a 10-year-old boy, Yami Lester was covered by a
cloud of radioactive fallout from a British nuclear test
conducted at Emu Junction, South Australia, in 1953.
Credit: Jessie Boylan
PROGRESS REPORT 2012
ACTIVITIES IN AUSTRALIA
It has been another big year for ICAN Australia. Our national campaign efforts have
focused on raising public awareness about the catastrophic consequences of any use
of nuclear weapons, and building Australian support for a global nuclear weapons ban.
HIROSHIMA AND NAGASAKI EXHIBITION
In partnership with the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, ICAN
Australia organised exhibitions in Melbourne and Adelaide to draw
public attention to the human toll of the atomic bombings in 1945.
More than 140,000 people were killed in Hiroshima and 74,000 in
Nagasaki. The physical and emotional scars persist to this day.
The exhibitions included artefacts from the atomic bombings,
such as burnt school uniforms worn at the time and melted bottles
and roof tiles. The accompanying panels described the effects
of the bombings and the continued existence of 19,000 nuclear
weapons. Former federal government minister Tom Uren AO, who
witnessed the Nagasaki bombing as a prisoner of war, spoke at the
Melbourne launch. Many school groups visited the exhibitions and
spoke via video-conference to survivors of the bombings.
Mihoko Sakamoto from the Hiroshima Peace
Culture Foundation views the exhibition.
“It was a very powerful exhibition. It
strengthened my resolve to support efforts for
the total abolition of nuclear weapons.”
Visitor to the exhibition in Melbourne
APPEAL TO THE PRIME MINISTER
On Australia Day 2012, ICAN launched an appeal
to the Prime Minister to support efforts to ban
nuclear weapons. Signed by 800 recipients
of the Order of Australia, it calls for Australian
leadership and initiative in global efforts to free
the world from nuclear weapons.
Signatories include past prime ministers, defence
ministers, foreign ministers and chiefs of the
armed forces, as well as some of our nation’s
most celebrated artists, authors and sports stars.
The appeal led to the adoption of a parliamentary
resolution on nuclear non-proliferation and
disarmament introduced by the Prime Minister
and supported by the Opposition Leader.
Excerpt from the appeal:
We call upon the Australian government
to adopt a nuclear-weapon-free defence
posture and to join other nations in working
to achieve a comprehensive, verifiable
treaty to abolish nuclear weapons.
ICAN volunteer Lily Gardener puts up posters in
Melbourne advertising the Hiroshima exhibition.
ACTIVITIES IN AUSTRALIA
BOMBS NO MORE ART ACTIVITY
ICAN Australia has created thousands of
“disarmed bombs” as part of its Bombs No More
art activity, which will be judged by a panel of
Nobel Peace Prize winners and featured at the
United Nations. This public engagement activity
involves people transforming a nuclear bomb
image into something peaceful. It has been
held in classrooms and the streets, as well as at
the popular Harvest music festival in Werribee,
Sydney and Brisbane.
Jessica, 8, disarms a nuclear bomb
by transforming it into a butterfly.
ENGAGING YOUNG PEOPLE
ICAN Australia hosted a youth action conference in Melbourne in
September 2011, where participants identified practical ways to
promote ICAN on university campuses. Many students from the
University of Melbourne and RMIT have subsequently volunteered
at the ICAN office in Melbourne, working on research projects and
helping with the day-to-day running of the campaign.
In 2011 ICAN revised and updated its activity book for primary
and secondary school students, Learn Peace. This resource is
designed to enhance students’ understanding of the nuclear
threat and allow them to contribute to the goal of total nuclear
disarmament. ICAN has also held workshops with teachers to
equip them to teach about nuclear disarmament in the classroom.
“Together, we have the power to decide
whether the nuclear era ends in a radioactive
holocaust or worldwide celebration.”
ICAN supporter Desmond Tutu
Australian Red Cross’ Dr Helen Durham
in Hiroshima for ICAN/IPPNW meetings.
COOPERATION WITH RED CROSS
ICAN Australia has worked cooperatively with
Australian Red Cross to highlight the catastrophic
humanitarian consequences of nuclear weapons
and their incompatibility with rules and principles
of international humanitarian law. We addressed
the 2011 Red Cross national conference, and
have contributed to Red Cross publications,
co‐hosted events and provided expert advice.
PLANNED SALE OF URANIUM TO INDIA
ICAN Australia has voiced strong concerns about the weapons
proliferation risks associated with the proposed sale of Australian
uranium to India. India is building up its nuclear arsenal and has
a poor non-proliferation record. International Atomic Energy
Agency safeguards are inadequate. Moreover, ICAN has obtained
independent legal advice that uranium sales to India would breach
Australia’s obligations under the South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone
Treaty, which requires full-scope safeguards to be implemented.
PROGRESS REPORT 2012
Children’s book author Junko
Morimoto on Hiroshima Day.
HIROSHIMA AND NAGASAKI DAYS
ICAN supported a concert by the Melbournebased
group Japanese for Peace to mark the
67th anniversaries of the atomic bombings of
Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The concert included
a performance by Hiroshima survivor Junko
Morimoto, who is a renowned author and artist.
Hans Kristensen Leading nuclear disarmament
expert Hans Kristensen, from the Federation of
American Scientists, visited Melbourne in August
2011 to highlight the continuing threat posed
by around 19,000 nuclear weapons worldwide.
ICAN Australia and Australian Red Cross
co‐hosted a public forum with Mr Kristensen and
former foreign minister Gareth Evans.
Steve Leeper ICAN Australia hosted Steve
Leeper, the chair of the Hiroshima Peace Culture
Museum, in October 2011. Mr Leeper is a driving
force behind the Mayors for Peace network,
which now includes more than 5,000 cities in 150
countries. ICAN organised two public meetings
while Mr Leeper was in Melbourne. More
recently, Mr Leeper has assisted with ICAN’s
Paper Crane Project.
Credit: Jon Clarke
CATASTROPHIC HUMANITARIAN HARM
In August 2012, ICAN Australia published a
booklet detailing the catastrophic effects of
nuclear weapons on our health, societies and the
environment. Topics covered include:
ICAN’S MEDIA PRESENCE
ICAN Australia’s Director Tim Wright
speaks to reporters in Melbourne.
ICAN featured prominently in the Australian media in 2011–12.
Opinion articles by ICAN experts appeared in The Australian,
The Age, the Canberra Times, the Daily Telegraph and various
online news sites. ICAN board members and visiting experts were
interviewed on ABC’s One on One, the 7.30 Report and several
other TV programs. Our Order of Australia appeal, divestment
work, legal advice on uranium sales to India, and Hiroshima
exhibition all attracted considerable media attention.
• The human toll of the Hiroshima and
Nagasaki atomic bombings
• The immediate effects of nuclear weapons –
blast, heat and radiation
• The global climatic and agricultural
consequences of a regional nuclear war
• The lack of any adequate national or
international response capacity
• The health and environmental legacy of
decades of nuclear testing
• The harm caused during the production of
• The diversion of public resources away from
meeting human needs
• The history of outlawing other categories of
particularly inhumane weapons
• The urgent need for a global treaty to outlaw
and eliminate nuclear weapons.
ICAN Australia continues to play a key role in the campaign’s global expansion
and coordination. With new staff employed in Europe and the Middle East, we are
strengthening our worldwide efforts to achieve a ban on nuclear weapons.
CAMPAIGN MEETING IN HIROSHIMA
More than 100 campaigners from 30 countries took part in an ICAN
campaigners’ meeting in Hiroshima in August 2012. Participants
focused on the need to reframe the nuclear disarmament debate in
humanitarian terms, and developed practical ideas for generating a
groundswell of public support – globally, regionally and in Japan –
for a treaty banning nuclear weapons.
The meeting built on the outcomes of the previous ICAN campaign
meeting in Vienna, and provided strategic direction leading up
to the Oslo conference on the humanitarian consequences of
nuclear weapons planned for March 2013. ICAN Australia and the
Japanese NGO Peace Boat were co-organisers of the meeting.
ICAN campaigners organise
an action in Hiroshima.
“We fear that unless governments
and individuals do more to rid the
world of these horrible weapons,
another city might one day suffer
the same fate as our own.”
ICAN youth campaigners in Hiroshima
With the support of ICAN Australia, youth in
Hiroshima launch ICAN’s Paper Crane Project.
PAPER CRANE PROJECT
ICAN Australia is coordinating and funding a
project with youth campaigners from Hiroshima
to deliver 1,000 hand-folded paper cranes to the
president or prime minister of every UN member
state – a total of more than 190,000 paper
cranes. In return for the cranes, the students
are seeking a message of support for a treaty to
outlaw and eliminate nuclear weapons.
Paper cranes are a Japanese symbol for a
nuclear-weapon-free world. Campaigners in more
than 80 countries are helping us to deliver the
cranes. Some have had the opportunity to meet
with their head of state or government to convey
the need to ban nuclear weapons.
PROGRESS REPORT 2012
Nuclear weapons divestment report
Positions on a nuclear weapons ban
ICAN campaigner Dr Daniel
Bassey from Nigeria.
ICAN published the first global report on the
financing of nuclear weapons producers.
The 180-page study, an initiative of ICAN
Australia, identifies more than 300 financial
institutions around the world that invest
in companies heavily involved in the US,
British, French and Indian nuclear weapons
programs. The report outlines the legal,
humanitarian and environmental cases for
divesting from nuclear weapons companies.
ICAN Australia has updated its detailed
guide to government positions on a treaty
banning nuclear weapons, which examines
the official statements at the United Nations
of 194 countries. It shows that 146 support
negotiations on a ban. Only 26 are opposed
to the idea and 22 sit “on the fence”. The
whole of Latin America, the Caribbean and
Africa are in favour, along with most nations
in Asia, the Pacific and the Middle East.
MAJOR INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCES
UN Conference on Disarmament Issues
Matsumoto, July 2011 ICAN Australia’s Director
Tim Wright participated in this conference, which
brought together disarmament experts and
government officials from across the world.
Asahi Shimbun Symposium
Hiroshima, August 2011 ICAN Australia’s
Chair Tilman Ruff presented on the health and
environmental effects of nuclear weapons. ICAN
supporter Yoko Ono gave the keynote address.
ICAN Campaigners Meeting
Geneva, September 2011 This was ICAN’s first
international campaigners meeting. Many of the
participants were from Africa and the Middle
East. Three people from ICAN Australia took part.
ICAN Campaigners Meeting
Vienna, April 2012 This meeting included
participants from more than 30 countries. Four
were from Australia. It identified key opportunities
to advance a ban on nuclear weapons.
NPT Preparatory Committee
Vienna, May 2012 At this Non-Proliferation Treaty
meeting, Tilman Ruff and Tim Wright presented
on the humanitarian imperative to disarm and
civil society’s contribution to a global ban.
World Conference Against A & H Bombs
Nagasaki, August 2012 Tim Wright presented
at this conference, which involved more than
10,000 people. It was organised by the Japanese
NGO Gensuikyo, which is calling for a ban.
UN Global Forum on Disarmament Education
Nagasaki, August 2012 Tim Wright participated
in this forum, which highlighted the importance
of awareness-raising campaigns as a means for
promoting a nuclear-weapon-free world.
IPPNW World Congress
Hiroshima, August 2012 Several ICAN Australia
representatives took part in the 20th World
Congress of International Physicians for the
Prevention of Nuclear War.
ICAN Co-Chair Tilman Ruff
addresses governments in Vienna.
OSLO CONFERENCE IN MARCH 2013
ICAN is now preparing for a major diplomatic
conference in Oslo in March 2013, which will
examine the immediate and long-term effects
of nuclear attacks and the impossibility of
administering proper humanitarian relief.
The Norwegian government has invited ICAN to
be the official civil society partner, responsible
for coordinating public engagement around
the conference. ICAN’s activities will include a
concert, forums, exhibitions and film screenings.
We will urge governments to use the conference
as a launch pad for negotiations on a treaty to
outlaw and eliminate nuclear weapons.
ABOUT ICAN AUSTRALIA
The International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) Australia is at the forefront
of global efforts to outlaw and eliminate nuclear weapons. With more than 60 diverse partner
organisations nationwide, we are working to raise public awareness about nuclear dangers
and put disarmament squarely on the Australian political agenda. Through our outreach and
education activities, we are highlighting the catastrophic humanitarian harm caused by nuclear
weapons and the feasibility – and urgency – of achieving a universal, comprehensive ban.
to our major
donors in 2012
Over $10,000 Over $1,000
Dr Jennifer Simons
Allan Myers AO QC Prof Fred Mendelsohn AO
Dr Nell Muirden
Dr Bill Williams
A/Prof Tilman Ruff AM
Dr Sue Wareham OAM
Dr Peter Karamoskos
Prof Fred Mendelsohn AO
Prof Richard Broinowski
Past Board Members:
Dr Mark Zirnsak
A/Prof Tilman Ruff AM – Australia
Akira Kawasaki – Japan
Dr Rebecca Johnson – United Kingdom
Ray Acheson – Canada
Arielle Denis – France
Beatrice Fihn – Sweden
Josefin Lind – Sweden
John Loretz – United States
Dr Robert Mtonga – Zambia
Thomas Nash – United Kingdom
Dr Andreas Nidecker – Switzerland
Susi Snyder – Netherlands
Tim Wright – Australia
G3/60 Leicester St
Carlton VIC 3053
Phone +61 (0)3 9347 4795
Fax +61 (0)3 9347 4995
Tim Wright – Campaign Director
James Norman – Media/Communications
Dianne Street – Bookkeeping/Administration