Orchidoideae 66 species, as well as some novelties that rep

ssbg.asu.ru

Orchidoideae 66 species, as well as some novelties that rep

Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

5

Summary.

Orchidoideae with

tribution, as well as list of studied voucher specimens for each species are provided. Mentioned species are illustrated

Key words:

Orchidoideae,

Mecosa (Blume) Aver., Amitostigma bidupense

Habenaria dentata var. parageniculata

Habenaria

calcicola Paphiopedilum canhii Platanthera

singgalangensis Bunnemeijer, N 2871).

The article continues serial publication of illus

type subfamily – Orchidoideae

66 species, as well as some novelties that represent

Vietnam,

provinces where species was reported from),

their host herbaria,

data about volume and distribution is reported for

clude short description, total number of species and

also provided.

Presented data for each species include:

name, district name, collectors name and collector


6 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

CBL

“Limestone Flora of Cao Bang Province of northern

Vietnam

illustrations were supported by -

“Orchids of Vietnam, work on monograph manuscript”,

2009–2010 and -

CPNP

DDS

DKH

HAL

Averyanov, Prof. Phan Ke Loc – collections in col

HLF – Henry Luce Foundation, collections of

sources of Vietnam Academy of Science and Tech

sian Academy of Sciences for comprehensive help

Field studies in Vietnam, the results of which

Foundation,

LX-VN

lectors),

NMC

NTH

P

VA

VH

WP

namese Side.

Modern administrative divisions of Vietnam

with names of administrative units have been used

– “Flora

of Highlands of the South Vietnam” 1993–2001

Limestone

Flora of Cao Bang Province of northern Vietnam

Botanical

Inventory of Unexplored Areas in Viet Nam: The

North

Exploration

province, northern Vietnam

in Lai Chau & Son La Provinces, north-western

Vietnam

“Exploration of

primary woods along constructed highway Hanoi –

Ho Chi Minh for their sustainable conservation (in

limits of Ha Tinh, Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Thua

Thien Hue, Quang Nam and Kon Tum provinces of

central Vietnam)”

– “Collaborative

Research: A Multi-Taxa Inventory of

Threatened Conservation areas in Viet Nam” 1999–

. 1999–2008.

“Preliminary updated checklist of orchids (Orchidaceae)

of Ba Be National Park Preliminary

updated checklist of orchids (Orchidaceae)

of Bach Ma National Park Preliminary

updated checklist of orchids (Orchidaceae) of Nui


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

Chua National Park Preliminary updated

checklist of orchids (Orchidaceae) of Bu Gia Map

National Park Preliminary Survey of the

Flora and Vegetation of Bi Doup– Nui Ba National

Park Preliminary Survey of the Flora and

Vegetation of Da Krong Nature Reserve and allied

areas Flora and vegetation of Pu Nat national

park and allied areas

Flora

and vegetation of Thuong Lo Municipality and allied

areas (Thua Thien – Hue Province)

“ ”,

national park

“Exploration of

endangered Vietnamese Paphiopedilums”, years

Exploration of endangered calcium

“Community-based Conservation of the Hoang Lien

Mountain Ecosystem, Vietnam, Flora and vegetation

survey of Van Ban district, Lao Cai province

of northern Vietnam “Preliminary survey of

orchids and gymnosperms in Trung Khanh district,

Cao Bang province northern Vietnam”,

-

“Pu Luong– Cuc Phuong Limestone Landscape Conservation

Project, Preliminary botanical survey of primary

vegetation in Pu Luong nature reserve”, 2003.

-

“Preliminary

survey of Orchids (Orchidaceae) in Phong Nha – Ke

Bang National Park”, 2005.

-


nary survey”, 2005.

7

ne areas of the North Vietnam

“Population studies of endemic Paphiopedilum species

in northern Vietnam

Disareas

of Northern Vietnam

lied to Laos territory”, years 2008–2009.

Ex-

-

“Threatened conifers and cycads

of Vietnam”, 2000–2002.

-

“The distribution of Paphiopedilum vietnamense

and its current status in the wild

Habenaria calcicola

into Latin and valuable advices in nomenclature.


8 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

Subfam. Ophrydoideae Burnett, 1835, Outlines Bot.:

”), nom. invalid.

Orchis L.

”) – HN (holotype), LE (iso

type).

Terrestrial herb with spherical, villose tubers

subtropical, temperate and boreal areas of all conti

Diurideae

Suppl. 2: 21. – Subtrib. Diurideae (Endl.) Benth. et

0.8–1.2 cm wide, with broad hooded acute to short

Diuris Sm.

subtropical Asia, Australia, New Zealand and Pa

Acianthus R.Br.

Acianthinae Schltr., 1911, Bot.

Corybas Salisb.,

1807, Parad. Lond., Tab. 83.

Salisb.

Miniature terrestrial, epiphytic or lithophytic

prominent roundish lateral lobes. Fruit erect, ellip

erect, slender, with 1 terminal, membranaceous, pli

cate, cordate, sessile leaf, often with white, yellow

supinate, terminal, at anthesis subsessile, with erect,

mid forests with Pinus dalatensis and ,

commonly in mossy cover on deep silicate soils rich

rare (EN).

The species is closely related to

lection.

100(1) species. Tropical and subtropical Asia

Cryptostylis R.Br.

Cryptostylidinae Schltr., 1911,

C. annamensis Aver.,

(“

Cryptostylis R.Br.,

1810, Prodr.: 317.

R. Br. (Malaxis subulata

Labill.).


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

9

Corybas annamensis


10 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

Terrestrial herbs with short vertical rhizome,

umn very short, with lateral auricles. Anther erect

cidium.

10(1) species. Tropical and subtropical Asia,

C. arachnites

Zosterostylis arachnites

Zosterostylis arachnites

1–2

Zosterostylis arachnites

Cryptostylis arachnites

wer, frontal view.

Ba, Sin Suoi river,

– L.

Floriferous stem 20–55 cm tall, with (1)5–30

(HN,

(HN,

HLF

1174 (HN, LE).

Very variable species in coloration of

lations of normal plants on the territory of Vietnam.

bracts cuneate, shorter than ovary. Sepals and pet

Chlorosa latifolia

Orchideae

Ophrydeae

Orchis L.

Ophrydineae”).

subtropical, temperate and boreal areas of all conti

Orchidinae


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

11

102. – Subtrib. Serapiadinae

Linn. Sov. Bot., 18: 288. – Subtrib.

Euo-

”). – Subtrib. Androcorydinae Schltr.,

Subtrib. Platantherinae Schltr., 1926, l.c.: 568 (sub

“ ”), p.p.– Trib. Schltr.,

toglossinae

nom. nud. – Subtrib. Ophryinae

858, nom. nud.

Orchis L.

subtropical and temperate areas of all continents,

Platanthera Rich.,

broad, erect with lateral staminodes. Thecas parallel

Pollinaria 2, each with sectile pollinium, short cau

short pedicel.

(L.) Rich. (Orchis bifolia L.).

50–100(3) species. Europe, Asia, N. America.

Mecosa (Blume) Aver.,

Mecosa

Platanthera angustata (Blume) Lindl.

(= Mecosa angustata Blume).

All three species reported from Vietnam form

Terrestrial, lithophytic or epiphytic sympodial

tuber. Floriferous stem sheathed at the base, leadless,

or with 1–2(3), lanceolate to ovate, petiolate radical

leaves and few sessile cauline leaves, much reduced

directed roots. Stem of last year (or radical leaves of

sterile abbreviated last year shoot) usually remains

petals shorter than sepals ................................................................................................................................ 2

P. epiphytica

P. angustata

......................................................................................................................................... 3. P. singgalangensis

P. epiphytica

mt.”). (“15 October 2005,

”) – HN (holotype), LE (isotype).


12 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

Epiphyte on mossy trees in primary

cloudy wet coniferous forest with Fokienia hodginsii

vember. Very rare (EN).

This species differs from closely related

Seidenf., described from Thailand

Mecosa.

P. angustata (Blume) Lindl.,

Mecosa angustata

(HN, LE),

Hue, Phu Loc, Bach Ma mt, HLF 884 (HN, LE), HLF

(HN, LE).

P. singgalangensis

Platanthera

angustata (Blume) Lindl. var. singgalangensis

5: 13.

98, 99 (sub Platanthera angustata).

Mecosa angustata

tab.21 (sub Platanthera pachyglossa

– L.

sessile leaves, often with 1 to few petiolate leaves

brush, common. (

2870 m. ( , April 1918). Laras Ta

, November 1918).”).

here: “Bunnemeijer 2871, 1 VI 1918”) – L.

Terrestrial herb with erect, more or less ro

few cauline sessile leaves, often with 1 to few peti

distant, sessile, narrowly ovate to ovate and cuneate,

silicate soils. 1000 – 2500 m. Fl. February – April.

Not common (VU).

Thailand, Malacca Peninsular, Indonesia, Philip

silicate soils. 1000 – 1800 m. Fl. February – April.

Not common (VU).

mar, Thailand, Malacca Peninsular, Indonesia, Phil


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

13

d – lip, e-g

Platanthera epiphytica ( type): a b c


Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

Platanthera angustata ( ): a b c d – lip,

e, f – column, frontal and side view, g – fruit.


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

15

Platanthera singgalangensis ( ): a b c

lip, d – column, frontal view, e – fruit.


16 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

(HN, LE), VH 5545

(HN,

Tamdao,

Brachycorythis Lindl.,

(HN, LE).

elliptic much smaller, cuneate. Lip spurred, entire

Brachycorythis ovata Lindl.

Terrestrial sympodial tuberiferous herbs with

leaves, rarely plants achlorophyllous saprophytic.

concave surface.

30(3) species. Tropical and southern Africa,

Taiwan.

B. galeandra

B. helferi

B. laotica

B. galeandra (Reichenb. f.) Summerh..,

Platanthera

galeandra Reichenb.f., 1852, Linnaea 25:

226. – Habenaria galeandra (Reichenb.f.) Benth.

var. annamica

6: 598.

Hayata 22

Jacquet

574b (P).

B. helferi (Reichenb.f.) Summerh.,

Gymnadenia helferi

Reichenb.f., 1872, Flora, 55: 276. – Brachycorythis

henryi (Schltr.) Summerh., 1955, l.c.: 235. – Phyllomphax

henryi Schltr., 1919, Repert. Spec. Nov.

Brachycorythis obovalis

Summerh., 1955, l.c.: 237.

Fortune 78”

Plants 20–25 cm tall. Leaves broadly lanceo

Brachycorythis henryi).

(“1837, Helfer 244

(isotype).

Plants 15–60 cm tall. Leaves numerous, broad

a, b.


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

17

Brachycorythis galeandra (Shaik Mokim 82, N. Myanmar): a

(Thorel 2145, c d

b

forests, sometimes with bamboo, open shrubs and

(EN).

Vietnam (Kon Tum). NE. India,

Myanmar, Thailand, Laos.

VH

(LE).

Sigaldi 248

Evrard 1211 (P).

(Reichenb.f.) Summerh. barely in small

Brachycorythis

henryi (Schltr.) Summerh. Such plants, closely al

lied to ,are not rare in northern Thailand

Vietnam.

B. laotica

Himalayan species – Brachycorythis obcordata

(Lindl.) Summerh. reported from Laos under

the name

tioned species.

Amitostigma Schltr.,

Habenaria

laotica

78: 71.

Phamh., 2000, Illustr. Fl. Viet

91. – Mitostigma

Amitostigma gracile (Blume) Schltr.

(Mitostigma gracile Blume).

rous sympodial herbs with few thin basal leaves

(“1866–1868, Thorel 2145”) – P.

white to purple. Sepals and petals free. Lip spurred,

c, d.

forward, rostellum small. Pollinia 2, sectile, with


18 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

Brachycorythis helferi ( ): a b


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

19

caudicle .................................................................................................................................. 1. A. keiskeoides

.................................................................................................................................................. 2. A. bidupense

A. keiskeoides

cylindrical, villose, tubers. Leaves ovate to broadly

Habenaria

keiskeoides

France 78: 71.

Phamh., 2000, Illustr. Fl. Viet

(“ ) – P.

ferous herb with 1–3 basal leaves and ovoid tubers.

small circular viscidium. Fruit ellipsoid capsule,

tall. Pollinarium clavate, with a short caudicle and

ests on silicate soils, commonly on mossy cliffs near

rare (EN).

(P?),

(HN, LE).

5258 (HN, LE).

VH 582

Hemipilia Lindl.,

(HN, LE), HLF

Hemipilia cordifolia Lindl.

Miniature lithophytic and terrestrial tuberif

A. bidupense (Aver.) Aver.,

Orch. Viet.: 10, comb. invalid. – Hemipilia bidupense

(“VH 4471”) – LE (holo

type), HN, MO (isotypes).

riferous herb with 1–2 basal leaves and narrowly

erect, ovoid, with small lateral auricles, anther loculi


20 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

tals, e – lip.

Amitostigma keiskeoides ( .): a b, c d

curved upwards. Pollinia 2, clavate, sectile, with

caudicle and viscidium, concealed by the incurved

10(2) species. Bhutan, Nepal, NE. India, S.

cuneate, acute .............................................................................................................................. 1. H. discolor

ovate to pyriform, shortly mucronate ..................................................................................... 2. H. calophylla

H. discolor Aver. et Averyanova,

ty ... at

elev. of 800–900 m a.s.l....”). (“HAL 4717”) –

HN (holotype), LE (isotype).

Lithophytic herb. Leaf 1(2), broadly ovate to

1.5–2mm wide.

a-f

baceous bracts. Floral bracts lanceolate, to 12 mm

Very rare (EN).

Vietnam (Bac Kan).

H. calophylla Parish et Reichenb.f.,


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

21

Amitostigma bidupense (VH 4471): a b c – lip, d – column,

side and frontal view, e – pollinarium.

(“

Lithophytic herb. Leaf 1(2), ovate to orbicu

limestone cliffs, particularly on travertine depos

its. 700–1200 m. Fl. September – November. Rare

(EN).

CBL

(HN,

ceous sterile bracts. Floral bracts cuneate, 5–12mm

HAL 11212 (HN, LE – photo).

Vietorchis Aver. et Averyanova,

Vietorchis aurea Aver. et Averyanova.

g, h

rous close broadly ovate short white scales. Floral


22 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

Hemipilia discolor (HAL 4717, type): a b c

d – lip, e – column, frontal view, f ( ): g h – column, side view.

V. aurea Aver. et Averyanova,

HN, LE (isotypes).

(“22 May 2002

”) –


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

23

Vietorchis aurea ( type): a b, c d, e

lip, f, g – lip base, h-j

k – pollinarium, l


Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

Philippines and Indonesia.

Vietnam (Ninh Binh).

H. lanceum

(Her

Ophrys lancea Thunb.

plant was not observed up to now anywhere out

21: 223.

Aceras angustifolia

nearest relative (also representative of monotypic

Silvorchis colorata

Herminium alaschanicum

1858, Fl. Ital. 3: 393 (sub “

Parl.,

102. – Trib. Gymnadenieae Endl., 1830, Fl. Poson.:

162. – Subtrib.

Subtrib. Herminiinae

R. Br.

subtropical and temperate areas of all continents,

est diversity in Africa.

Herminium L.,

1758, Opera Varia: 251.

Herminium monorchis (L.) R.Br.

Terrestrial sympodial tuberiferous herbs with

and petals ovate to lanceolate, petals smaller, free,

or connivent with dorsal sepal into hood. Lip entire,

parallel. Pollinia 2, each with short caudicle and

30(1) species. Europe, tropical, subtropical and

b

Herminium lanceum (

c

): a


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

25

(“Thunberg”)

– UPS.

Stem 20–120 cm tall with small ovoid tubers

5282 (HN, LE).

Peristylus Blume,

Petelot

(HN, LE), HLF

Floral bracts narrowly ovate to lanceolate, acumi

Peristylus grandis Blume

Terrestrial sympodial tuberiferous herbs with

1mm wide, connivent into hood, petals distinctly

0.8 mm tall. Fruit ovoid, sessile erect, 5–10 mm

with sessile lateral staminodes. Anther loculi small,

parallel. Pollinia 2, shortly clavate, sectile, each

Occasional (LR).

nodes. Ovary sessile.

75(13) species. Tropical and subtropical Asia,

1. Lip entire ................................................................................................................................. 1. P. chapaensis

apiculate .......................................................................................................................................................... 7

P. constrictus

P. prainii

P. parishii

P. goodyeroides

P. maingayi


26 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

9. Flowers pure white .................................................................................................................... 7. P. holttumii

P. holttumianus

P. lacertiferus

P. aristatus

or in rosette at the middle of the stem .......................................................................................................... 12

P. densus

P. aristatus

P. tentaculatus

broad incision ......................................................................................................................... 13. P. monticola

P. chapaensis

Habenaria constricta

Habenaria

chapaensis

France 78: 67.

Phamh., 2000, Illustr. Fl. Viet

”) – K.

(“

broadly lanceolate, acute, shortly petiolate leaves in

pa, 1550 m”). (“ ”) – P.

wers white, 2.5 mm across. Sepals and petals sub

Lip entire, narrowly ovate to broadly lanceolate,

a-c.

1mm tall. d.

Rare (VU).

of alone type specimen, which may represent abnor

mal peloric form of .

P. constrictus (Lindl.) Lindl.,

bian,

(P).

Pierre

cylindrocalyx

78: 68.

Herminium constrictum

Habenaria

P. prainii

Habenaria prainii


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

27

Vietnam (Thua Thien – Hue).

Bhutan, Nepal, India, Andaman Islands, Myanmar,

hima”). (“Prain 42”) – K.

acute, sessile leaves clustered at the middle of stem.

(P).

P. goodyeroides

Harmand

Habenaria goodyeroides

Herminium goodyeroides

e-g.

Bhutan, Nepal, NE. India, Myanmar, Thailand.

P. parishii Reichenb.f.,

71, 82

(HN).

107.

(“Nepal, Paspulnath, coll.

p.p

rishii

-

(“ ”) – K.

2–2.5 mm tall. Fruit erect, ovoid, sessile, 8–12 mm

b, c

Secondary open forests and shrubs,

a.


28 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

g

Peristylus chapaensis ( type): a – b c

( Thailand): d ( ): e f – ovary and


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

29

Peristylus parishii ( ): a ( ): b

plant, c ( ): d


30 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

Corybas annamensis:a ( Cryptostylis arachnites: b (HLF 1174), c ( Platanthera

epiphytica: d ( Platanthera singgalangensis: e ( Brachycorythis helferi:f (

Amitostigma keiskeoides Amitostigma bidupense: i ( ).


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

31

Amitostigma bidupense: a ( Hemipilia discolor: b (HAL 4717, : c, d

( Vietorchis aurea: e, f ( Herminium lanceum HLF 5282 Peristylus goodyeroides: h,

i ( ).


32 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

P. maingayi

Ormerod,

maingayi

(LE),

Peristylus candidus

(HN,

(HN, LE).

Habenaria

Habenaria geoffrayi

P. holttumii Seidenf.,

Habenaria

sumatrana (Schltr.) Schltr. var. major Holt

”) – K.

(“Corner

rosette. Leaves broadly lanceolate to ovate, acute to

narrowly cuneate, acuminate, distant sterile bracts.

France 78: 71. – Herminium australe

Peristylus

australis

white. Sepals and petals subsimilar, narrowly ovate,

than lateral lobes. Spur ovoid, shortly apiculate,

a-c

(sub Peristylus candidus

Peristylus

candidus

Peristylus candidus).

1–8 (sub Herminium anna-

5–11 (sub

mense

ber – October. Very rare (LR).

Malacca.

(“

”) – K.

Plant 25–35 cm tall with 2–3 radical leaves.

Leaves broadly lanceolate to narrowly ovate, to 8cm

, 23 Sept. 2003 (LE).

P. holttumianus Aver.,

Phamh., 2000, Illustr. Fl. Viet

d.

”) – P.

(“Phain-

September – November. Very rare (VU).

Malacca, Indonesia, Australia.

Poilane

(P),

(P),

(P).

d.


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

33

tumii

-

Peradeniam”). (“ ”) – K.

at the middle of stem. Leaves narrowly ovate, acum

P. lacertiferus

Coeloglossum lacertiferum

Orchid. Pl.: 302.

Habenaria tentaculata

h.

2001, Orch. Sumatra.: 108.

1933, (AMES).

Alone report of this species for French

voy”). (“ ”) – K.

Plant 10–25 cm tall with 2–3 narrowly ovate to

ovate obtuse, sessile leaves in radical rosette. Leaves

.

P. densus (Lindl.) Santap. et Kapad.,

about 1 mm tall.

e-g.

Coeloglossum densum

Pl.: 302. – Habenaria evrardii

Soc. Bot. France 78: 69. –

1932, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 79: 35. – Glossula

passerina

Habenaria passerina

tember. Very rare (LR).

Vietnam (Son La). NE. India,

Orient. 5, tab. 1702 (sub Habenaria peristyloides

acca, Sumatra.

., a. 1963 (LE).

P. aristatus Lindl.,

HAL

-

60, (sub Glossula passerina

(“ ”) – K?

Plant 50–120 cm tall with 3–11 distant, lanceo

late to narrowly ovate, acuminate leaves, 6–18 cm

aristata).

Habenaria

Sepals and petals subsimilar, narrowly ovate to ob


Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

wide. Spur fusiform to cylindrical, acute, 3–3.5 mm

i

Secondary open forests with bamboo,

P. monticola (Ridl.) Seidenf.,

Habenaria

monticola

Glossula calcarata Rolfe, 1913, Kew Bull.

Peristylus calcaratus (Rolfe) S.Y.Hu,

soils. 600–1800 m. Fl. September – November. Not

common (LR).

bian,

HLF 5484

Tixier

Mt. Ophir”). (“ ”) – K.

Peristylus calcaratus

Evrard 1225 (P),

(AMES),

Eberhardt 1741

.

to ovate, acute, sessile or shortly petiolate leaves in

P. tentaculatus

Glossula tentaculata

Kew.). (“Parks”) – K?

b-d

ovate, obtuse, sessile leaves in radical rosette. Leaves

ber – November. Rare (LR).

(HN, LE),

Evra-

, 23

(HN, LE).

Species is very close to ,

tall. a.

Habenaria

Bon 2 (P).

Terrestrial and lithophytic sympodial herbs with


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

35

Peristylus holttumii ( ): a – b, c ( type):

d– ( ): e – f – g (Thwaites

h ( ): i


36 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

Peristylus tentaculatus ( a – ( ): b –

c d –

to suborbicular, from 1 to many, radical or dis

ally connivent with dorsal sepal into hood. Lateral

Orchis

habenaria L.).

600–800(35) species. Tropical and subtropical


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

37

2. Lateral sepals with aristate or mucronate tips ................................................................................................ 3

3. Sepals with aristate tips usually drawn out into thread ...................................................... 1. H. pantlingiana

H. luceana

............................................................................................................................................. 3. H. falcatopetala

H. petelotii

H. calcicola

H. stenopetala

7(1). Lip side lobes deeply laciniate ........................................................................................................................ 8

H. limprichtii

H. godefroyi

................................................................................................................................................ 9.

H. myriotricha

H. commelinifolia

H. malleifera

H. ciliolaris

H. rhodocheila

H. reniformis

H. poilanei

18(16). Lip simple, entire or with very indistinct side lobes ..................................................................................... 19

H. malintana

........................................................................................................................................19. H. parageniculata

H. mandersii

H. praetermissa


38 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

.................................................................................................................................................... 22. H. dentata

side lobes very short, subulate, much shorter than median lobe .......................................... 23. H. lindleyana

H. lucida

H. khasiana

................................................................................................................................................ 26.

spur much shorter than ovary ................................................................................................... 27. H. rumphii

H. acuifera

H. linguella

H. apetala

sepals .................................................................................................................................... 31. H. rostellifera

H. rostrata

H. erostrata

H. pantlingiana Kraenzl.,

H. tonkinensis

H. harderii

39. – var. polytricha

taculata

hagiriana

-

-

Habenaria stenopetala

var. polytricha

Habenaria stenopetala var.

polytricha

na: 252 (sub Habenaria longidenticulata

Habenaria seshagiriana


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

39

(“Pantling 415

types).

Leaves elliptic or ovate, acute to acuminate,

Open dry Dipterocarpus forest and

Very rare (VU).

Very rare (VU).

only type collection.

(HN, LE).

Species closely allied to ,

Habenaria geniculata

ecalcarata

(Blanco) Merrill,

forms of

(Sw.) Schltr. However, bipartite

H. luceana Aver.,

2010, Taiwania, 55, 2: (in print).

MESE FLORA .

Species was discovered in locality closely al

be also certainly found.

H. falcatopetala Seidenf.,

(“

27 March


in lower part of stem. Tuber cylindrical, 1.5–2.5 cm

(“ ”) – K.

Terrestrial herb about 70 cm tall with 5 leaves


Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

tened tepals.

Habenaria pantlingiana ( ): a b c – column, half side view, d


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

Habenaria luceana ( type): a b c

view, d e f – lip, g, h – column, frontal and side view.


Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

? 1500–2000 m. Fl. September. Very

(P).

Present occurrence of this species in

Open secondary forests and shrubs

on alluvial slopes of limestone hills. 1000–1500 m.

H. petelotii

(HN, LE).

H. calcicola Aver.,

HAL

sokawae

-

Orch. Viet.: 38. –

auct. non Seidenf.:

Aver. et Averyanova, 2003, l.c.: 39.

MESE FLORA .

(“Petelot 5157”) – P.

Terrestrial herb to 50 cm tall with 3–6 clus

on erect scape. Leaves elliptic or obovate, acute to

slope and on cliffs”). (“

Habenaria falcatopetala ( type): a b – column, frontal view.


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

d – ovary, e

Habenaria petelotii ( ): a b c – column, frontal view,


Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

here: “

horizontally or upward directed spur.

H. stenopetala Lindl.,

-

-

-

Labium trilobum, lobis subaequalibus, linearibus,

(“ ”) – K.

Lithophytic or terrestrial herb 30–60 cm tall

with 3–6 radical leaves and several narrowly trian

ovate, acute, sometimes shortly petiolate, 6–16 cm

from base into narrowly lanceolate upper lobe 5–8

Very rare (VU).

Vietnam (Hoa Binh). Nepal, In

ippines.

HAL

(HN, LE).

The early mention of this species for

Vietnam is based on publication of N.T. Hop, who

(HN, LE),

NTH

(HN,

(HN, LE).

Species has probably relation to -

plexicaulis Lindl. and

Seidenf. but distinctly differs from

he hardly ever seen any material from Vietnam. The

record, obviously, is based on specimen cited by

) for -

giana Kraenzl. (Seidenfaden, 1977, 1992). Publica

tion both N.T.Hop, and Ho, 1972, 1993, 2000 con


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

Habenaria calcicola ( , type): a b

c d, e f – column, frontal view.


Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

frontal view, e

Habenaria stenopetala ( ): a b c d – column,

f – ovary.


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

now alone collection of this species in Vietnam was

made recently in Hoa Binh province. These plants

H. limprichtii Schltr,

1875”). (“ ”) – K, P.

and 2–3 minute bracts on scape. Leaves acute, liner

Habenaria

arietina

lifu”). (“

Terrestrial herb with fusiform tuber 2–3.5 cm

c, d.

sine n (P).

Pierre

Present occurrence of this species in

tions.

Turrill,

a, b.

(P).

Species is very close to Himalayan

Siam”). (“

(shorter than 2 cm). Its present occurrence in Viet

H. godefroyi Reichenb.f.,

shorter than median sepal. Lip orbicular in outline,


Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

Habenaria limprichtii ( a b -

defroyi ( NE. Thailand): c d – column, frontal view.

sible.

Rare (VU).

Laos.

Regnier

H. myriotricha

Poi-

(HN, LE).

(P).

Present occurrence of this species in

tions. Species should be compared with closely al

lied widespread species

Kraenzl.

H. commelinifolia

list Orch. Viet.: 38. – Orchis commelinifolia

(“ ”) – P.

Terrestrial herb to 60 cm tall with 5–6 leaves

in lower part of stem and bracteate scape. Tubers

(“Roxburgh”) – K?

Terrestrial herb up to 1.5 m tall with few leaves

in lower third and bracteate erect scape. Leaf blade


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

view.

( ): a b c – column, frontal


50 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

matra.: 102.

(“Blume”)

– L.

Habenaria myriotricha (

type):

curved up to width 8–10 mm. Petals small, trian

spheric.

900–1200 m. Fl. September – October. Very rare

(VU).

Vietnam (Kon Tum). NE.India,

mar, Thailand.

H. malleifera

26 Nov. 1995 (LE).

Pierre sine n (P).

Present occurrence of this species in Viet

N.T. Tich (l.c.) records this species from Binh Phuoc

Blume,

Senadah (Sonada)”, “India, Khasia Hills”, “India,

(“ .”, “Lobb

.”, “Hooker& Thomson 257

Terrestrial herb with cylindric or fusiform tu

leaves clustered on lower third of stem, with few

herbaceous acute bracts above. Leaves narrowly

ovate to ovate, acute to shortly acuminate, 7–25 cm


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

51

tepals, c

Habenaria commelinifolia ( , NE Himalaya): a b

d – ovary.


52 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

( ): a b c

f – ovary.


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

53

Vietnam (Bac Kan, Ninh Binh).

Bac Kan, Ba Be,

odorless. Median sepal broadly ovate to orbicular,

(HM, LE).

H. rhodocheila Hance,

ber. Occasional (VU).

silla

26: 518. –

-

Rolfe, 1913,

4788

HAL

HAL

(HN),

HAL

1584 (HN,

(HN), HAL

(“ ”) – BM?

Lithophytic herb 15–35 cm tall with 3–8 ro

Thanh Hoa, Thach Thanh,

(HN).

H. ciliolaris Kraenzl.,

side lobes obovate, indistinctly truncate, little lon

wide, obcordate, more or less deeply divided into 2

(“ ”) – K.

Species closely allied to

, from

valleys. 50–1500m. Fl. March – November. Not rare (VU).


Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

Habenaria malleifera ( ): a b c d

frontal view and column.


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

55

Habenaria ciliolaris ( type): a b – median sepal, side view.

Flower color in this species in Vietnam

Peninsula, Philippines.

Thai Thuan 475

Bai Ka, Thuathien, Ebergardt

nam,

HLF 5742

more common than others. Names –

and

whereas name

observation we feel that all these forms represent

normal variation of the same variable species. Very

Than Uyen,

Poilane

Balansa

from Thailand as

son (2003, Orchids 72, 2: 136) have not been re

ported yet from the territory of Vietnam.

H. reniformis

(HN),

Eberhardt

clovisii

Listera reniformis

Habenaria

Ninh, Regnier

HAL

HAL

(“ ”) – K.

Terrestrial herb 10–15 cm tall with 1–3 radical

LE),

(HN),

(HN,

with 3–5 minute bracts. Leaves ovate to suborbicu


56 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

and side view, f – fruits.

( ): a b,c d, e – column, frontal

(P).

Present occurrence of this species in Viet

H. poilanei


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

57

Phamh., 2000, Illustr. Fl. Viet

(“Poilane 12451”) – P.

Terrestrial herb 17–25 cm tall with 2 radical,

at the base with small transversal furrow at the base.

Open secondary forests, shrubs and

1500m. Rare (VU).

Hainan, Thailand, Philippines.

2421 (P).

Vietnam (Ninh Thuan).

Evrard

Lecomte, Finet Lemaire

Poilane Evrard

Pierre

VH 2447

a. 1989 (HN, LE).

. Very polymorphic species allied in its vari

ation to

H. parageniculata

1936, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. 7: 137.

sary for detailed study of variation of both men

tioned species.

H. malintana (Blanco) Merr.,

Salween Valley, ...”). (“ ”) – K.

berect leaves in lower part of stem and few narrow

bracts on erect scape. Leaves lanceolate to ovate,

Thelymitra

malintana

less. Median sepal ovate, acute, concave, 10–12 mm

not located.

stem, with few herbaceous acuminate bracts above.

Leaves narrowly ovate to broadly lanceolate, acute,

Open secondary forests and shrubs,

morphic. Sepals subsimilar, ovate, acute to shortly

silicate soils. 1000–1500 m. Fl. September – No

vember. Very rare (EN).


58 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

Peristylus holttumii: a ( : b, c ( Habenaria

pantlingiana : h, i ( , type).


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

59

Habenaria petelotii: a ( : b, c ( : d, e (

: h ( : i ( ).


60 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

Habenaria luceana (

epitype).


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

61

Habenaria calcicola ( epitype).


62 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

Habenaria reniformis ( NE. India): a b – ovary and lip, c

tened sepals and petals, d – column, frontal view.

Son La). Myanmar, Thailand.

Border of Son La and Lai

Lat, (HN, LE).

-

tata

with name – Habenaria dentata var. parageniculata

(Habenaria

parageniculata

Mem. Inst. Biol. 7: 137).

H. mandersii

feet”). T (“ ”) – K?

acuminate bracts. Leaves broadly lanceolate, acute,


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

63

Habenaria poilanei (Poilane 12451, type): a b – c – column, frontal

view, d – ovary.

(P).

H. praetermissa Seidenf.,

Phamh., 2000, Illustr. Fl. Viet

(“ ”) – P.


Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

Habenaria malintana ( ): a b – c, d – column, frontal

and side view, e – ovary.


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

65

Habenaria parageniculata ( ): a b – c – fattened tepals, d – ovary,

e – column, frontal view.


66 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

Habenaria mandersii ( a b –

c, d e


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

67

Open secondary forests and shrubs,

any soils. 50–1500 m. Fl. September – November.

Not common (LR).

Philippines.

of only type collection and its present occurrence

H. dentata (Sw.) Schltr,

Lac,

Couderc,

sine n

Habe-

38. – Orchis dentata

Acad. Nya Handl. 21: 207.

Habenaria geniculata

Habenaria geniculata

Bon

a.

Pierre sine n

Talmy sine n (P), Gabriac sine n (P), Har-

Mouret 422

a. 1989 (LE).

H. lindleyana Steud.,

Lindl., 1835,

(“ ”) – S.

Terrestrial herb with ellipsoid tuber 2.5–3 cm

macroptera

12–17 (sub Habenaria

Zeylona, Macrae” – sphalm.?). (“Lindley”) – K.

scape with 7–10 small adpressed acute bracts.

Leaves ovate to suborbiculate, obtuse, 5–10 cm


68 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

Habenaria praetermissa ( type): a b – c – fattened tepals.


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

69

Habenaria dentata ( ): a b – c – fattened tepals, d – column, frontal

view, e – ovary.


70 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

Ev-

with low rim around entrance to the spur. Median

Present occurrence of this species in Viet

H. khasiana

Orch. Viet.: 38. –

twice shorter.

Laos.

n (P).

Mt. de Baria, Pierre sine

Present occurrence of this species in Viet

– K?

berect, radical, linear leaves and slender scape

H. lucida

Rolfe

(“ ”) – K.

at the base of stem and erect scape with numerous

cies as close relative to

(“Very near

Report of this pecies for Vietnam is based on only

mens, probably, were not preserved.


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

71

frontal view.

Habenaria lindleyana (Thailand ): a b – c – fattened tepals, d – column,


72 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

Habenaria lucida (Thailand ): a b, c – d – fattened sepals and petals,

e – lip, f – column, frontal view.


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

73

Habenaria khasiana ( a b – fattened sepals

and petals, c – lip, d – column, frontal view, e – ovary.

Handl. 21: 206.

Habenaria tenuis

Floral bracts

cuneate, acuminate, twice shorter than ovary. Ovary

Kew.).

(“sine loc. Rottler

suberect leaves. Leaves narrowly lanceolate, 5–9cm


Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

( a b – fattened sepals

and petals, c – lip, d – column, frontal view, e – ovary.

Hue, Tourane, Lecompte,

H. rumphii

Truoi Thuathien, Eberhardt 2417 (P).

.

It may be also true for listed here Vietnamese plants.

rumphii

Platanthera rumphii

Rumphius, 1750, Herb. Ambon

Orchis amboinica minor

Platanthera


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

75

rowly cylindrical ovary. Flowers yellow. Median

Terrestrial herb 15–35 m tall with 1–3 linear to

narrowly lanceolate leaves in lower part of stem and

white. Median sepal and petals narrowly ovate

Pierre sine n

Grillet 117

Chevalier

Dipterocarpus

ferralite alluvial swampy soils. 5–50 m. Fl. Septem

ber – November. Rare (VU).

Thorel sine n

Pierre sine n

Harmand sine n (P).

Godefroy

(HN, LE).

The report of this species (Seidenfaden,

H. linguella Lindl.,

Evrard

H. acuifera

(“Millet sine n”)– K.

Species closely allied to

, but dif

Tavoy”). (“ ”) – K.

Hainan.

(K).

Ba-

ceolate leaves at the base. Upper part of stem with

H. apetala


76 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

Habenaria rumphii ( ): a b – c – fattened sepals, petals and lip,

d – column, frontal view, e – ovary.


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

77

Habenaria acuifera ( ): a b – fattened sepals, petals and lip, c – column,

frontal view, d – ovary.


78 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

Habenaria linguella ( a b – fattened sepals and petals,

c – lip, d – column, frontal view, d – ovary.


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

79

”) – P.

(“ -

fasciculate roots and 7 distant, narrowly obovate

Dipterocarpus

forests, Dipterocarpus

thin ferralite alluvial swampy soils. 5–50 m. Fl. Sep

tember – November. Rare (VU).

Thailand, Laos, Malacca Peninsula.

Tay Ninh, Tan Bien,

(HN, LE),

(HN, LE),

(HN, LE).

H. rostrata

Vietnam (Khanh Hoa).

var. rostrata

the base of alone type collection.

H. rostellifera Reichenb.f.,

(“ ”) – K.

Ridl.,

leaves and several narrow, acuminate erect bracts on

Raceme short, subdense. Floral bracts narrow, much

(“

sessile leaves and several erect, cuneate, acuminate

bracts on erect scape. Leaves acute, lanceolate, to

Vietnam (southern Vietnam, sine

hina, sine coll. 211

Present occurrence of this species in Viet


80 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

Habenaria apetala ( type): a b – fattened sepals, petals and lip,

c, d – column, frontal and side view.


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

81

Habenaria rostellifera ( ): a b – c – fattened sepals and petals, d –

lip, e – column, frontal view, f – ovary.


82 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

Habenaria rostrata ( type): a – fattened sepals and petals, b – lip, c – column, half side

view, d – ovary.

H. erostrata

on silicate soils. 50–200 m. Fl. September – Octo

ber. Very rare (EN).

Vietnam (Khanh Hoa). Laos?

Phu Khanh, Hon Tre, Kud-

(LE), 121 (LE).

H. tonkinensis Seidenf.,

”) – K.

acuminate bracts on erect scape. Leaves suberect,

broadly lanceolate to narrowly ovate, acute to

Phamh., 2000, Illustr. Fl. Viet

(“

Lithophytic or terrestrial herb with 6–11 radi

Floral bracts cuneate, acumi

mm wide. Flowers white, odorless, 6–8 mm across.


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

83

Habenaria erostrata ( ): a b – fattened sepals and petals, c – lip,

d – column, frontal view, e – ovary.


Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

callus at front of spur entrance and shallow medi

twice shorter.

Rare (EN).

(HN, LE),

H. harderii Aver. et Averyanova,

Orchideenfr. 13, 1: 72, nom. nud.

HAL

600m. Fl. September– November. Very rare (EN).

only type collection.

Pecteilis Raf.,

1837, Fl. Tellur. 2: 37. – Parhabenaria

Pecteilis susannae (L.) Raf. (Orchis susannae

L.).

Terrestrial sympodial tuberiferous herbs. Stem

erect, stout, leafy. Leaves several, distant, or in basal

(“12 September 2000, DKH

”) – HN (holotype), LE, MO (isotypes).

with 6–10 radical suberect, acute, narrowly lanceo

nate, white. Sepals free, elliptic. Petals much small

locules widely spaced, pollinia 2, clavate, sectile,

wide. Scape with 10–12 narrow, acuminate bracts

P. susannae

P. henryi

P. cambodiana

P. cochinchinensis

P. susannae (L.) Raf.,

Orch. Viet.: 50. – Orchis susannae L., 1753, Sp. Pl.: 939.


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

85

Habenaria tonkinensis ( ): a b – c – fattened sepals and petals, d –

lip, e – column, frontal view, f – ovary.


86 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

lumn, c –

Habenaria harderii ( type): a b –

d – lip.


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

87

Habenaria gigantea

Icon. Pl. India Orient. 3, 2, tab. 920 (sub Platanthera

susannae

b.

briatis” (Hermann, 1698, Parad. Bat., tab. 209).

na, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos.

Ev-

Tixier (P).

Very rare plant reported for Vietnam by

to available data this plant is closely allied to -

sannae

P. cambodiana

a

open Dipterocarpus woodlands on thin alluvial fer

ralite soils. 10–50 m. Fl. September – November.

Very rare (EN).

Vietnam (Tay Ninh). India, S.

Laos, Malacca Peninsular, Indonesia.

Tay Ninh, Tan Bien, HLF

(HN, LE).

Parhabenaria cambodiana

Phamh., 2000, Illustr. Fl. Viet

Kampot”). (“ ”) – P.

Stem 30–35 cm tall with distant narrowly

cies, which needs special protection.

P. henryi Schltr.,

Platanthera

lacei

Habenaria bassacensis

c, d.

Species was reported for Vietnam by

(“ ”) – K.

of

. Voucher specimens were not,

probably, preserved and their detailed analysis is

hardly possible. Occurrence of this plant in Vietnam


88 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

Pecteilis susannae ( ): a ( b -

diana ( type): c d – ( ): e

f –


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

89

Habenaria rhodocheila: a ( ), b ( : c, d (HAL

: e, f ( ).


90 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

Habenaria rhodocheila ( ).


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

91

P. cochinchinensis

Parhabenaria

cochinchinensis

Hist. Nat. (Paris) 2 ser. 22, 5: 633. – Pecteilis cambodiana

Diplochilos longifolium

Icon. Pl. Asiat. 3, tab. 338, 2 (sub Habenaria uni-

(“

”) – P.

Stem about 35 cm tall with 5 leaves. Leaves

(“ ) – K?

Lithophytic and occasionally terrestrial herb

e, f.

Almeida

compared with

which at the same time has very close relation to

Himalayan

(= (Lindl.) Schltr).

Diplomeris

1825, Prodr. Fl. Nepal.: 26

Diplomeris pulchella

.

wide.

1250m. Fl. September– November. Very rare (EN).

NE. India, Myanmar.

(HN, LE).

Ching-I Peng

NTH

rous sympodial herbs with 1–2 radical leaves and

sectile, with caudicle and viscidium.

D. pulchella

1825,

Diplomeris pulchella ( ): a –

b


92 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

Supplement includes novelties that were dis

into already published treatment. They are listed be

low as follow:

Paphiopedilum canhii

“Paphiopedilum canhii

MESE FLORA

(LE).

Son La prov.”). (“

nated here: “ 22 March

oblongis,

acutis, 5–7 cm longis, 1.5–2(2.5) cm latis, supra

-

(6)8–10 cm longa, pu-

6–8 -

sale ovatum, acutum, album, nervis 5–7

Petala patula, anguste cuneata, acuminata, dilute

viridia ad roseola, striis 7–9 purpureis, margine ci-

-

integrum, late ovatum vel ovato-ellipticum, planum,

album ad dilute virescentium, nervis irregularibus

about 1500 m a.s.l., shady places at the base of verti

cal limestone cliffs on deep soils rich in humus near

En demic.

Vietnam (northwestern part).

te between species of section Parvisepalum Aver.

Parvisepalum Karas. et

Saito) and section Barbata

Paphiopedilum). It may de

Hayata Aver.,

Paphiopedilum, sect. Barbata.

Hayata tabiyahanensis (Hayata) Aver.

(=Zeuxine tabiyahanensis Hayata).

Terrestrial, lithophytic or epiphytic sympodial

at the base, in lower half veined with 5–7 purple

nodes with well developed or short, rudimentary

roots densely cowered with root hairs. Floriferous


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

93

Habenaria rostellifera : d, e ( Pecteilis susannae HLF

Hayata glandulifera: h, i ( , type).


Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

, epitype).

Paphiopedilum canhii (

holotype and Phan


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

95

at the base, densely hairy above. Leaves convo

acuminate, more or less attenuate at the base, uni

are very characteristic for species of Hayata, which

conduplicate, acuminate, sparsely hairy at the base,

H. glandulifera Aver.,

to ovary, resupinate, sessile. Sepals free, sparsely

hairy at the base, all forward directed, parallel to the

(“

16 February 2009”) – LE.

dorsal sepal. Lip divided into hypochile, mesochile

mm broad, densely pubescent with soft simple hairs.

tile, with stipe and small viscidium. Fruits dry el

lipsoid capsules.

3(1) species. S. Bhutan, Taiwan, N. Vietnam.

Hayata has relation to such

Cheirostylis Blume, Goodyera R. Br.,

Rhomboda Lindl. and Zeuxine Lindl., but can not be

Goodyera

the dorsal sepal. Lip white, with yellow spot at the

From Cheirostylis

of hypochile and in not swollen succulent rhizome

Rhomboda

to Zeuxine

Hayata may be most close


96 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

Hayatia glandulifera

wall of hypochile.


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

97

Cheirostylis cristata


98 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

densely pubescent with simple multicellular hairs.

Vietnam (Phu Tho). Endemic.

Vietorchis and Zeuxinella it represents element of

limestone areas of northern Vietnam in prehistoric

ded into distinct hypochile, mesochile and epichile.

Cheirostylis cristata Aver.,

(“

16 February 2009”) – LE.

tile, with linear stipe and small viscidium.

Fl. February – March. Very rare (EN).

Vietnam (Phu Tho). Endemic.

Species may be close to

Aver. and

Rolfe, that has similar papil

lae structure inside hypochile, but distinctly differs

northern Indochina.

Averyanov L.


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

99

Acianthinae

Acianthus

17

bidupense 19

Barbata

Brachycorythis 16

16, 17

helferi 16

laotica 17

19

commelinifolia , 51

dentata 67

dentata var.

erostrata 82

falcatopetala 39, 42

galeandra var.

ovata

thorelii

bipunctata

chinensis

cristata 98

harderii

, 48

8

70

annamensis 8

arachnites 10

8

8

limprichtii , 48

lindleyana 67, 71

75, 78

91

pulchella 91

8

8

luceana 39

lucida 70, 72

malintana 57

malleifera 50

mandersii 62

Habenaria

acuifera 75, 77

acuifera var.

, 44

apetala 75

calcicola

ciliolaris 53, 55

myriotricha

myriotricha var.

38

57

petelotii

poilanei 56

praetermissa 63


100 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

50, 52

reniformis 55

rhodocheila 53

Paphiopedilum

canhii 92

rostellifera 79

rostrata 79, 82

rumphii

Parvisepalum

Pecteilis

cambodiana 87

stenopetala

stenopetala var.

sumatrana var.

thailandica

82

cochinchinensis 91

henryi 87, 88

susannae

Peristylus 25

aristatus 33

70, 74

Hayata 92

95

tabiyahanensis

Hemipilia 19

calophylla 20

cordifolia

discolor 20

Herminium

chapaensis 26, 28

constrictus 26, 28

densus 33

27

holttumianus 32

holttumii 32

lacertiferus 33

32

monticola

parishii 27

prainii 26, 28

tentaculatus

Platanthera 11

12, 14

angustata var.

lanceum

monorchis

subulata 8

Mecosa 11, 12

epiphytica 11

12

Rhomboda

Silvorchiscolorata

Orchideae 10

Orchidinae 10

Orchis 10, 11

Vietorchis 21

aurea 21


Turczaninowia 2010, 13(2) : 5–98

101

Amitostigma bidupense (Aver.) Aver., ................................................................................... 19

Habenaria dentata var. parageniculata

H. calcicola Aver.,

Mecosa (Blume) Aver., ............................................................................................. 11

Paphiopedilum canhii ........................................................................................... 92


102 Averyanov L. The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 2. Subfamily Orchidoideae

8

8

11

16

17

19

21

25

91

SUPPLEMENT 92

LITERATURE 98

99

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines