WhyinPrague? Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic is situated in the heart of Europe. Prague is a city of European culture. It is hard to find as many architectural monuments, galleries, concert halls, nature preserves, or as much entertainment and relaxation in one place anywhere. Prague - the Capital Area: 496 sq km, population: 1 1730 000 inhabitants Highest elevation: 399 m (1,309 ft) More than 2 200 historical buildings, more than 100 theatres, concert halls, picture galleries and museums.