UIC and the development of worldwide railway standards - Unife

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UIC and the development of worldwide railway standards - Unife

International Standards

16 April 2012

Emilio Maestrini , Director Rail System

Department


Contents

1. The Reasons for Standardisation

Fundamental Values

Characteristics

Context

Challenges

2. Railway Standardisation

Stakeholders’ Families

Stakeholders’ Roles

UIC Leaflets Development

3. UIC Standardisation

Specification Space

Activity

Guidelines and Products

394 UIC Leaflets in the Rail System Forum

4. UIC Agreements CEN/CNL Agreement , Revision and ISO proposal

MOU Unife for Tec Rec

MOU ERA and ECC for applications TSI

2 A Path towards Standardisation/16 April 2012


The Reason for Standardisation

for the market

Standardisation facilitates the free movement of people and goods.

Services

Network Interoperability

Means of Communication

Technological Development

Innovation

are the items that pivot around

Standardisation.

Standards

increase the competition,

lower output and sales

costs,

benefiting economy as a

whole and consumers in

Standards produce significant

particular.

positive economic effects, for

example by promoting

economic

interpenetration on the

internal market and encouraging

the development of new

and improved products or

markets and improved supply

conditions.

Standards may

3 A Path towards Standardisation/16 April 2012

- maintain and enhance

quality

- provide information

- ensure interoperability

and compatibility,

- increase safety and

value for consumers.


The Reasons for Standardisation

Characteristics

The Standardisation System should be a voluntary

system, organised under principles such as

• transparency

• openness

• impartiality

• consensus

• maintenance

• availability

• quality

• stability

• effectiveness

• independence of specific interests

• market relevance

• coherence

4 A Path towards Standardisation/16 April 2012


The Reason for Standardisation

Context

.........

5 A Path towards Standardisation/16 April 2012


The Reason for Standardisation

Challenges

Standards help in the major societal challenges

globalisation

economic and financial crisis

innovation

market weaknesses

climate change

sustainable resource use

ageing of population

integration of people with disabilities

consumer protection

It is necessary to ensure that the role

and the input of public and societal

stakeholders in the elaboration of

standards are strengthened.

workers’ safety and conditions

social inclusion

6 A Path towards Standardisation/16 April 2012


Railway Standardisation

Stakeholders’ Families

Right Roles in the field of Railway Standardisation

Stakeholders:

• Operators (Railway Undertak. & Infra. Manag.)

• Manufacturers

• Standardisation Bodies (NSB,Cen/Cnl…)

Service - Market - Essential Prerogatives of

Railway

+

(Multiform Geographical Reality)

+

(Specific Interests)

7 A Path towards Standardisation/16 April 2012


Railway Standardisation

Stakeholders’ Roles

Reestablish the ROLES of the

different Stakeholders

The focal point of Operators Transports shall be the Service to the

Market.

The role of the industry is to supply the instrumental tools by which the RUs (Railway

Undertakings) & IMs (Infrastructure Managers) supply the services. They are involved

in the Quality process .

The NSBs (National Safety Bodies) have a role of definition, verification and control of

the requirements which shall enhance safety.

The V&V process (Validation & Verification) is based on the Standard applied by NoBo

(Notified Bodies), thus Standards are a value for safety .

8 A Path towards Standardisation/16 April 2012


Railway Standardisation

UIC Leaflets Development

How?

Determine a STEP CHANGE in the Railway Transport:

‣ to unify processes and instrumental tools to answer to the new safety

requirements

‣ to define the minim level of quality of the services

‣ to analyse the sustainability to get the necessary resources

What?

Unify pre-competitive functionalities and their measurement through RAMS

parameters (Reliability, Availability, Maintainability and Safety) and LCC (Life Cycle

Cost).

Standardisation arrives to the processes and, at last, to the measurability indexes (Key

Performance Indicator - KPI) on which to build the business cases ( Asset

Management) and consequently offer products in a competitive manner.

9 A Path towards Standardisation/16 April 2012


UIC Standardisation

Specification Space

= LCC

P = Requiments

= RAMS

= Functionalities

10 A Path towards Standardisation/16 April 2012


UIC Standardisation

Activity

1. Need of Standardisation Activity for the new demands of the market .

2. Definition of International Railway Standards (IRS) specify requirements used in the whole world

3. International Railway Standards define and rely upon a description of the Railway System based

on Level Systems and Subsystems mutually linked by defined Interfaces.

4. Systems, Subsystems, Components and Interfaces are in the main interest of UIC Members because

they are the main entities in charge of the production of the Railway Service . The UIC G.A. asked

for the creation of a Working Group , named SWG (Standardisation Working Group) , charged to

find out the most effective Leaflets that are of interest to Members.

SWG

Standardisation

Working

Group

Classify UIC

Leaflets for

IRS

Consider

technology

progresses

Missing

standards

Answer to

needs of

UIC

Members.

11 A Path towards Standardisation/16 April 2012


To ensure a modern

Leaflets today .

UIC Standardisation

700 UIC Leaflets of which 400 in the Rail System Forum

state-of-the-art : a first step is to evaluate the development of UIC

Categories

Work

Program

0 Good as they are

A Direct global importance, sometimes they have to be updated with the

highest priority

B Important and in need of being updated

C Outdated and to be frozen

D The new themes asked by Market in the Structure of the Railway System

12 A Path towards Standardisation/16 April 2012


UIC Standardisation

394 UIC Leaflets in the Rail System Forum

Leaflets Groups 0 A B C D

Rolling Stock 53 3 80 136 3

Train Track Interaction 8 3 6 4 0

Track and Structures 30 1 20(^) 1 0

Signalling & Operations 0 14 0 19 0

Energy Management 0 4 9 0 0

Total 91 25 115 160 3

(^) Category B or C on the base of the decisions taken by the RSF Sectors

13 A Path towards Standardisation/16 April 2012


UIC Standardisation

394 UIC Leaflets in the Rail System Forum

Classification of the UIC Leaflets

The UIC Leaflets have been classified into 3 classes according to the goal

Railway System’s Structure.

of the

System

Requirements related to Operation and Traffic Management

Transverse Items

Requirements to ensure safety and interoperability of the Railway System’s

Components and Equipment

Components

Requirements of elementary items, groups of items, Subassemblies or Complete

Assemblies of Equipment incorporated into a Railway Subsystem; they generally are

the minimum unity of maintenance .

14 A Path towards Standardisation/16 April 2012


UIC Standardisation

394 UIC Leaflets in the Rail System Forum

Leaflets Groups Sy TI Co

Rolling Stock 25 105 145

Train Track Interaction 11 9 1

Track and Structures 7 11 34

Signalling & Operations 6 11 16

Energy Management 11 1 1

Total 60 137 197

15 A Path towards Standardisation/16 April 2012


Co-operation between the UIC and CENELEC and

between UIC and CEN

> Two « Memorandum of Understanding » (MoU)

One MoU is signed between UIC and the CEN (European Committee

for Standardisation)

One MoU is signed between UIC Regional Assembly Europe and the

CENELEC (European Committee for Electrotechnical

Standardisation). The MoU is limited to Europe due to the Dresden

agreement.

> The benefits expected from the use of this agreement include:

increasing transparency of work ongoing in UIC to ESB

(European Standardisation Bodies) members, and their

possibility to influence the content of EN standards;

avoidance of duplication of work and structures, thus

allowing expertise to be focused and used in an efficient

way for the benefit of international standardisation;

16 A Path towards Standardisation/16 April 2012


Revision agreement CEN/CNL and Proposal ISO

The Memorandum of Understanding signed in 2005 with CEN and CENELEC

needs to be revised to include new issues.

UIC has offered a huge

Standards.

number of Leaflets to be converted into European

We need to find a new agreement including the development of ENs and UIC

Leaflets and a better definition of the IP (Intellectual Property).

UIC cannot be an active Member of ISO because it is not a National

Standardisation Body (NSB) . However, it already is an associated Member of

this Organisation .

ISO has delivered a new TC (Technical Committee) for the Railway field, with

the participation of NSBs.

UIC offers a “world vision” for railways with a sole knowledge in the field, which

is fully supported by Oriental Countries .

The future of UIC is the standardisation of requirements and functions of the

Rail System more than standardisation of industrial components.

For this reason UIC is looking for new agreement with CEN/CNL and ISO .

17 A Path towards Standardisation/16 April 2012


Co-operation between the UIC and UNIFE

> UNIFE and UIC have agreed to work together and decided to jointly

publish Technical Recommendations (TecRecs).

> A TecRec is a UIC/UNIFE standard of which, the primary field of application

will be the European rolling stock domain and its interfaces with other

subsystems, and is the preferred solution by both partners for, in

particular:

Product and interface standards such as standardisation of

component interfaces

Publication of results of common research programs

Acceleration and better influence over the European Standardisation

works

Pending the publication of a European standard a TecRec will serve as a

common comprehensive standard, approved by UIC and UNIFE to improve

the competitiveness of the European railway systems.

TecRecs are managed by a joint UIC/UNIFE Co-ordination Group. Priorities

and resolution of conflicts are provided by a joint high-level TecRec

Steering Board.

18 A Path towards Standardisation/16 April 2012


Co-operation between the UIC and UNIFE

TECs-RECs

2 types:

1. The rail sector’s internal agreement on exchangeable spare

parts (without expiry time)

2. A technical recommendation that can be transferred to CEN

and CENELEC within 3 years (expiring after 3 years)

19 A Path towards Standardisation/16 April 2012


Co-operation between UIC and UNIFE

TECs-RECs

UNIFE

UIC

Interface

(type 1)

TecRec

Standard

(type 2)

European

Project

TEC-REC

CEN

/

CENELEC

20 A Path towards Standardisation/16 April 2012


Agreement between UIC and ERA

UIC and ERA have signed on 5 th October 2012 a MoU strengthening the

cooperation in the field of GSM-R Specifications.

• Main purpose was to review the requirements defined in the EIRENE

specifications and classify them in:

a) Requirements that are relevant for the Interoperability in Europe

b) Requirements that are needed to define together with a) a viable

working system and options.

• The MoU also defines the role of ERA, European ERTMS system authority,

and UIC – technical body for the European processes and developer of the

system for Europe and worldwide.

• The full set of requirements are defined in a new EIRENE version (FRS

7.3.0 and SRS 15.3.0), including the Interoperability requirements for

Europe, gathered in the so called “ERA GSM-R Baseline 0”.

21 A Path towards Standardisation/16 April 2012


Agreement between UIC and ECC

UIC and the ECC (Electronic Communication Committee) have signed in

October 2011 a MoU on changing information and seeking for a common

European approach concerning the use of radio frequencies, in

particular in the field of present and future wireless railway

communications.

• The working groups of the two parties contain now observers from each

other for a better information exchange and common support.

UIC may submit proposals to relevant ECC bodies.

• This MoU is seen as extremely usefull for the work on sensible issues like

for instance GSM-R interferences coming from public operators.

22 A Path towards Standardisation/16 April 2012


Thank you for your kind attention

cau@uic.org

23 A Path towards Standardisation/16 April 2012

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