Standard Report for Planning Applications - Comhairle nan Eilean Siar

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Standard Report for Planning Applications - Comhairle nan Eilean Siar

REPORTS/DC/ CLADDACH KIRKIBOST

ENVIRONMENT AND PROTECTIVE SERVICES COMMITTEE: 15 APRIL 2008

ERECT 2 HOUSES AT CLADDACH KIRKIBOST, NORTH UIST

APPLICATION FOR PLANNING PERMISSION (REF. NO. 08/00060)

Report by Director for Sustainable Communities

PURPOSE OF REPORT

Since representations have been made against the proposals,

this matter should not be dealt with under delegated powers

and is presented to the Committee for a decision.

COMPETENCE

1.1 There are no legal, financial or other constraints to the recommendations being

implemented.

SUMMARY

2.1 This is an outline application to erect two houses at Claddach Kirkibost. The sites

are situated to the west of the A865 and are close to the Westford Inn. Objections

have been received on various grounds including drainage, previous conditions not

being complied with, proximity to a listed building and impact on the existing access

road. It is considered that the objections can either be dealt with by conditions or

informatives or are not material considerations when determining a planning

application. It is therefore recommended that the application be approved subject to

conditions.

RECOMMENDATION

3.1 It is recommended that the application be APPROVED subject to the conditions

shown in Appendix 1.

APPENDIX 1. Schedule of proposed conditions

2. Location and any other relevant plans.

Contact Officer

Background Papers: 1. None.

Hannah Morrison Tel 01870 602425 Ext 837 e-mail:

HMORRISON@CNE-SIAR.GOV.UK


DESCRIPTION OF THE PROPOSAL

REPORT DETAILS

4.1 It is proposed to erect two houses at Claddach Kirkibost. The sites will be serviced

by an existing access road that currently serves 5 houses to the west of the A865.

One site is infill development between two properties the other site approximately 40

metres to the north the first plot and to the rear of Westford Inn. The application is

outline and therefore no further details are required at this stage. See plan(s) at

Appendix 2.

4.2 The application was submitted by Mr W J A Quarm, Sealladh Traigh, Claddach

Kirkibost, North Uist on 6 February 2008.

REPRESENTATIONS

5.1 Representations have been received from the following:

a) Mr W Marshall, Clova House, Claddach Kirkibost, North Uist

b) Mr A Smithyman, Willow Cottage, Claddach Kirkibost, North Uist

c) Mr A McKay, Westford Inn, Claddach Kirkibost, North Uist

5.2 The full terms of the representations can be read on file at the Department for

Sustainable Communities. However, they can be summarised as follows:

a) “The original outline consent, there was a condition that the area surrounding

the plots was to be landscaped and planted. This condition was never

implemented and no action was taken by the Planning Authority to enforce

this. I would ask that this original condition be reintroduced to all of the area

shown hatched in green on the new application.”

b) “A further condition to reinstate an existing dry stone dyke was similarly

ignored and no action was taken. I would ask that this original condition be

reintroduced.”

c) “The area shown as Plot 2 is badly drained. Any construction on the site will

result in an increase in hardstanding area and reduce the ability of the plot to

drain. This will have an impact on both plots 1 and 3. I would ask that you

add a condition that the open ditch shown in the plan between plots 2 and 3

from the dry stone dyke to the open drain at the access road be culverted.

As should the ditch at the boundaries of Plots 1 and 2 adjacent to the access

road.”

d) “At the moment the maintenance of the access road is shared between the

five houses which it serves. The possible construction of two new properties

may have an adverse effect on its condition. I would ask that a condition is

inserted that reinstatement of any damage will be the responsibility of the

applicant unless passed to the developer in future planning applications.”

e) “At present the junction of the access road and A865 is the site for our bin

collection point. There are already 6 bins deposited there. This has caused

sight line problems and has resulted in an accident resulting in the car being

written off. Further development as proposed would result in an increase in

the number of bins and an increased risk. I would ask that a hardstanding for

the bins should be constructed to the Comhairles satisfaction and in a

position which will allow safe entry and exit of the access road.”

f) “A great many new building developments are not sympathetic to the

environment. This is more profoundly so in the immediate area around the

Westford Inn and we are increasingly receiving adverse comments from

visitors to the islands in regard to their disappointment with the building

works. We take the Grade B listing of the Westford Inn very seriously and

any development or maintenance that we undertake is carefully considered.

However, over recent years new buildings appeared in the surrounding area

previously open land, that in their appearance, design and materials are

considered to be unsympathetic to the style of the Westford Inn.”


g) “In addition to this the Westford Inn is now starting to become enclosed by

new developments, two new houses have been built in the last three years

and a third is underway. Each new house is increasingly close to the

grounds of the Westford Inn. As a result of this we have now lost the view of

Eaval and two further houses proposed for the southwest of the Westford Inn

would remove the view over to the Atlantic and Kirkibost Island.”

h) “By continuing to enclose the Westford Inn the attractiveness of the property

to visitors is being eroded and reducing the assets of the business. In the

summer months we have a great many visitors who sit outside to be able to

enjoy the landscape. This will no longer be the case if further developments

in the area continue.”

i) “Further to this more building development in the immediate area surrounding

Westford Inn is likely to cause us problems in regard to complaints from

neighbours….and it is entirely likely that we will be receiving complaints in

regard to our having customers and the associated noise and human traffic

which running a pub entails. All of which can be avoided simply by not

building so close to the Inn.”

j) “Westford Inn enjoys mooring rights at the seashore and a right of access to

those moorings. We are currently engaged in the painstaking process of

trying to clearly establish where those rights are. It may well be that the right

of access is where one of the proposed developments would be built.”

k) “On one of the proposed development plots there is an existing septic tank. I

understand that the tank relates to previous structures that related to the

Westford Inn…It may well be that this area of land, proposed for a

development plot on which the septic tank sits, is therefore still attached to

the Westford Inn, as it would seem odd to not have included it in the main

grounds surrounding the building. As mentioned earlier this is something we

are engaged in confirming and establishing via our solicitors…”

l) “As a solution to any new building work in the area around the Westford Inn

that actually may be required, would it be useful to consider whether there

should be a minimum distance away from the Westford Inn that any new

developments should be built?”

RESPONSES TO CONSULTATION

6.1 The full terms of the comments that have been received in response to consultation

can be read on file at the Department for Sustainable Communities. The following

are those that are relevant to the determination of this application.

Building Standards

6.2 No comments.

Environmental Health

6.2 “Refuse bins must be taken to the verge of the A865 highway for collection at the agreed

intervals.”

Contaminated Land Officer

6.3 No adverse comments.

Conservation Officer

6.4 Awaited.


Roads

6.5 “Properties/sites served by an unadopted road which has fairly recently been

resurfaced. Would advise formation of a turning head at then end of the road to

cater for possible future use i.e bin wagon. Septic tank drainage should be taken

through road to discharge on west side...”

Scottish Water

6.6 Awaited.

Scottish and Southern

6.7 Awaited.

VIEWS OF APPLICANT

7.1 The full terms of the views of the applicant can be read on file at the Department for

Sustainable Communities. However, they can be summarised as follows:

a) “Former Planning Officer Mr Alastair Banks agreed to waive the landscaping and wall

repair conditions after it was explained that the proceeds of the sale of Plots 1 and

3…was all expended in forming the access road, fencing off this road, fencing the

plots and leading in mains water to both plots. I am able to demonstrate at my own

property that in order for trees to grow at such an exposed location as Claddach

Kirkibost, windbreak fencing has to be erected. The cost of enclosing the area

surrounding the plots with this type of fencing would be prohibitive. When in the past

part of the stone wall was demolished the stone was removed from the site (believed

to be used in the construction of the public bar at Westford Inn). In order to

reconstruct the missing part of the two metre high wall, stone would have to be

acquired and imported at further cost.”

b) “Plot 3 is badly drained as it has been used for the past 12/14 years by Mr Marshalls

sons and other local children as a football pitch. There is no reason why the drains

indicated by Mr Marshall cannot be culverted as he suggests. This requirement

could be passed on to the plot purchaser.”

c) “Damaged caused to the access road by future plot purchasers would obviously be

their responsibility and future maintenance costs for virtually the same length of road

would be shared by seven instead of five.”

d) “I do not recall any bins being at the junction the day Mrs Marshall had her accident,

in fact initially Mrs Marshall said our B&B notice board obstructed her view, this she

later retracted. For the past twenty years there have been bins at the road junction

once a week and more recently once a fortnight. If the waste disposal team were

agreeable there is an area behind the bus shelter which is also at the road junction

where bins could await collection.”

e) “I am a former proprietor of Westford Inn and in my view the more people you have

living within walking distance of the pub the better for business. The building was

built as a Doctor’s house in the 1870s and converted to an Inn in 1885. Westford Inn

is situated facing North East towards the main public road i.e away from Plot 4. The

only window with a view towards Kirkibost Island and the Atlantic is from the Kitchen

area. A building on plot 2 would be between those existing on Plots 1 and 3 and

would not affect any view from the Inn.”

f) “As regards complaints from neighbours to activities at Westford, it is agreed that the

Inn was there first but up until the 1960s the bars closed at 9.00pm and they did not

play loud amplified music. I am sure that if the Inn is operated within the legal

restriction of noise and behaviour as required of every pub and bar throughout the

country, there will be no justified complaints from neighbours.”

g) “There are no mooring rights. If Westford Inn enjoyed mooring rights at the seashore

they would be have been granted by Crown Estate Commissioners and as the Land

Owner of all the land between the Inn and the shore I would have been made aware

of this. Should Mr McKay wish to gain access to the shore he may do so through the

field gate to the South of my house down the track alongside my southern boundary.”


h) “Mr McKay has no claim on the former septic tank, it became obsolete when I

removed the Mobile Home from the Westford Site in 1986. The moving of the

Nissan Hut (an agricultural building) the same year is irrelevant.”

DECISIONS AFFECTING THE SITE

8.1 The following decisions relate to the site:

Ref. No. Description Decision Date

a) 91/26 Erect 3 Houses Approved subject to conditions 30/07/91

THE DEVELOPMENT PLAN

9.1 Section 25 of the Town and Country Planning (Scotland) Act 1997 says, “Where, in

making any determination under the planning Acts, regard is to be had to the

development plan, the determination shall be made in accordance with the plan

unless material considerations indicate otherwise.” Attention is therefore drawn

initially to any relevant policies or other elements of the development plan. This is

then followed by comment on any other material considerations before a conclusion

is reached.

9.2 Western Isles Structure Plan

Plan Ref Relevant Terms Implications For This Case

DM1 Development proposals that can be absorbed

without harming the local social, economic or

This proposal can be absorbed

without harming the local social,

environmental characteristics of the economic or environmental

Sustainable Community Area in which they are characteristics of the area.

located, will generally be supported.

The Local Plan will identify development The application site is within the

opportunity sites within settlements and settlement and therefore

townships based on the following sequential complies with this policy.

approach:

i) firstly, re-using vacant or underutilised

land/buildings already

developed (‘brownfield sites’) or

emerging re-development

opportunities;

ii) secondly, land available in or near

the middle of the settlement or

township; and

iii) thirdly, land available elsewhere in

DM7

the settlement or township.

In dealing with applications for development

the Comhairle will take account of the

requirements of other relevant Structure Plan

policies and will ensure:

i) quality siting, landscaping and

designs that incorporate sustainable

management techniques. (In this

regard the Comhairle will

encourage development that follows

the guidance contained in the

Scottish Executive publication

‘Designing Places’ as well as its

own Design Guidance);

ii) no undue harm to neighbouring

This is an outline application

and it is not necessary to submit

details of the design and siting

of the house at this stage.

There should be no undue harm

to neighbouring uses as a result


RM13

uses as a result of the

development;

iii) appropriate measures are in place

for the safe movement of traffic and

associated parking both on and off

site;

iv) there will be no pollution outwith

prescribed limits to air, land, fresh

water or sea;

v) there will be no likelihood of causing

harmful erosion;

The protection, maintenance and where

possible, enhancement of built heritage

resources.

The Comhairle will seek to conserve the

special architectural and historic interest of

Listed Buildings and their settings…

of this development.

The sites will be accessed from

an existing track that currently

serves five houses

There will be no pollution

outwith prescribed limits to air,

land, fresh water or sea.

There will be no likelihood of

causing harmful erosion.

By the use of conditions the

impact on the setting of the

listed building will be minimised.

It is considered that by the use

of landscaping conditions and

requiring a high level of design

for plot 4 the impact on the

setting of the listed building will

be minimised.

9.3 Finalised Western Isles Local Plan (Intention to adopt)

Plan Ref Relevant Terms Implications For This Case

LP/DM1

In assessing development proposals an appropriate In assessing the development

and acceptable quality of development and design proposal account has been

that relates to setting will be required. Account will taken of structure plan policy

be taken of Structure Plan policy DM7 and of the DM7 and the appendices

considerations set out in:

contained in the local plan.

a) Appendix 2: Development and Design

Considerations

b) Appendix 3: Car Parking Provision

c) Appendix 4: Roads and Access.

In assessing developments, potential cumulative

impacts will be considered on the area as a whole.

Appendi

x 2

In dealing with applications for development the

Comhairle will take account of any approved

national and local design guidance. It will seek

to achieve, particularly at the negotiation stage,

an appropriate and acceptable quality of

development and design especially in relation to:

i) location – appropriate and sympathetic

location in the landscape or townscape.

ii)

iii)

siting – careful placement on site, in

relation to existing landform, development

patterns, amenity and energy conservation

via solar gain and shelter.

levels – attention will be given to levels,

excavation and under-building with a view

to minimising impact. (Plans should show

an accurate representation of how the

The proposed location for the

house is in a sympathetic

location within the landscape.

Details of the siting of the

houses within the plots has not

been submitted as part of the

application.


proposed development would lie on the

site, for example on sloping or undulating

ground. In sensitive locations detailed

information, such as cross sections, may be

requested.)

This issue will be dealt with the

reserved matters stage as this

information is not necessary for

an outline application.

iv)

size and form – should relate to sky line,

landform and existing buildings.

v) density, layout and orientation – should

relate to character, amenity and privacy of

neighbouring properties.

vi)

materials, colour, proportions and

detailing – should take account of existing

setting and environmental impact. Use of

recycled materials and sustainable sourced/

manufactured building materials is

encouraged. The opportunity to maximise

energy efficiency via insulation, glazing,

heating systems and reduction in heat loss

should be taken. Waste minimisation

including provision for collection,

segregation, recycling and waste

composting should be considered.

vii) landscaping and boundaries –

landscaping and boundary treatments can

help integrate a site into its wider setting as

well as providing an attractive overall

development. Any cumulative impacts on

the wider area arising from individual

proposals should be assessed to ensure

significant detrimental effects are avoided.

iv)

ii)

iii)

iv)

In addition to the above, the Comhairle will take

account of the following considerations when

assessing and guiding housing development in

settlements. These draw together guidance

provided in Structure Plan (SP) and Local Plan

(LP) policies.

The relationship of the development to

existing settlement/built form should be

sympathetic in terms of pattern, density,

scale and appearance (SP/DM1; SP/DM7;

LP/DM1; LP/HCL1).

Any detrimental impact on neighbouring

uses/amenity should be minimised e.g. in

terms of proximity, privacy, orientation of

new houses (SP/DM7).

Proposals should not adversely affect the

overall character or crofting viability of

the township (SP/RM1).

Development should have regard to the

availability of supporting infrastructure

(SP/DM5; SP/DM6; LP/DM3).

v) Satisfactory access and parking

should be provided to avoid such problems as

congestion on single track roads (SP/DM7)….

Details of the size and form of

the proposed house shall be

submitted at the reserved

matters stage.

The proposed house will not

unduly affect the density of the

settlement.

The details of the materials,

colour and proportions will be

submitted at the reserved

matters stage.

By using landscaping

conditions the impact on the

setting of the listed building will

be reduced.

The application site is within the

settlement, details of the scale

and appearance have not been

submitted as part of the outline

application.

The impact on neighbouring

uses and amenity will be

minimal as a result of this


development.

LP/RM1

In assessing development proposals affecting

conservation areas and listed buildings or their

settings, account will be taken of Structure Plan

policies RM12 and RM13 as well as the

considerations set out in:

a) Appendix 5: Development affecting Listed

Buildings

b) Comhairle approved Conservation and

Thatched Buildings policies. …

The proposal will not adversely

affect the overall character or

crofting viability of the township.

The house sites can be

serviced by the public water

supply and will be served by a

septic tank.

The development should not

result in the congestion on the

access track.

It is considered that by the use

of landscaping conditions and

requiring a high level of design

for plot 4 the impact on the

setting of the listed building will

be minimised.

.

LP/HCL1

In addition to national and Structure Plan guidance,

the assessment of proposals for housing will take

account of:

a) location of the development within the

settlement;

b) scale, density* and appearance of the

development in relation to its surroundings;

c) need for housing and impact on the existing

settlement, including socio/economic factors.

More detailed requirements are set out in Appendix

2.

The application site is within the

settlement.

The scale and appearance of

the development will be

determined at a later stage.

The impact on the existing

settlement will be minimal

OTHER PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS

Compliance with Previous Consent

10.1 The time for enforcing conditions attached to the previous consent has expired.

Although the land which formed the site of the previous application is under the same

ownership as the applicant for this application the land that was subject to

landscaping conditions does not form part of this application site. Therefore it is not

possible to reinstate any previous conditions. It is considered that this issue does not

merit refusal of the application.


Drainage

10.2Drainage is a material consideration when determining a planning application. The

applicant has shown the siting of the septic tanks on the plan but at the time of writing

the report percolation tests had not been carried out. On plot 2 there is an open ditch

running along the length of northern boundary.

10.3To comply with the Building Standards Regulations, the septic tank and soak away have

to be a minimum distance of at least 5m from the site boundary and 10m from a water

course (including a ditch). It is considered that there is availability on the site for an

alternative location for the septic tank and soakaway.

10.4Although some of the objectors were wanting the open ditch to be culverted and the

applicant is in agreement, SEPA have verbally confirmed that open ditches can not be

culverted for land gain. However, they can be culverted through a vehicular access.

Both the issue of the septic tanks and the open ditch can be dealt with by conditions and

does not merit refusal of the application.

Access Road

10.5 The access road extends as far as Clova house, has recently been surfaced. It will

have to be extended to service Plot 4. Although a condition can not be used to

address this issue an informative can be added to the consent advising that any

damage done to the access road during the construction phase is repaired by the

applicant/ developer. This objection does not merit refusal of the application.

Visibility

10.6 It is acknowledged that the proposal will result in an increase in the number of bins

left at the junction on a weekly basis. However, the junction of the access road

serving the sites and the A865 does not form part of the planning application site and

is otherwise unaffected by the planning application. It is determined that this issue

does not merit refusal of the application.

Design

10.7 This is an outline application and the design of the properties has been left as a

reserved matter to be determined at a later stage. Although we can not use a

condition regarding design, an informative has been included requesting a high level

of design for plot 4 to help reduce the impact on the setting of the listed building.

Impact on setting of Listed Building

10.8 The eastern boundary of Plot 4 is approximately 13m from the boundary of Westford

Inn and approximately 43m from Westford Inn. The only view of Westford Inn when

travelling along the A865 where the development of this plot may have an impact on

the setting of the Listed Building is when you are outside the Westford Inn looking

west. It is considered by using landscaping conditions covering the eastern

boundary and asking for a high level of design will reduce the impact of the

development on the setting of the Listed Building.

Noise

10.9 An objector has objected on the grounds that having too many residential properties

close to Westford Inn could potentially result in noise complaints from local residents.

While it is acknowledged that this may happen it is considered that by landscaping

the eastern boundary of the site, this will help mitigate against any noise arising from

the Westford Inn.

Right of Access and Landownership

10.10 The issue of landownership and right of access to the shore is a legal matter and not

a planning consideration. Therefore, we cannot refuse the application on these

grounds.


Loss of View

10.11 Loss of view is not a material planning consideration when determining a planning

application therefore account of this issue cannot be considered when determining

the planning applications.

CONCLUSIONS

11.1 This is an outline application for two house plots within the township of Claddach

Kirkibost. Several objections have been received including, impact on the setting of

a listed building, increase in the number of bins being left at the junction with the

A865, drainage, and impact on the access road. It is concluded that the objections

can either be addressed by condition or are not a material planning consideration

when determining a planning application. It is therefore recommended that the

application be approved subject to conditions.


Appendix 1

SCHEDULE OF PROPOSED CONDITIONS

APPLICATION REFERENCE NO: 08/00060

Comhairle nan Eilean Siar has imposed the following legally enforceable conditions

on the grant of this planning consent for the reasons stated with each condition.

Condition 1 No part of the development to which this outline planning

permission relates shall commence until the following details

(known as reserved matters) have been submitted to, and

approved by the Comhairle as planning authority: the siting,

design and external appearance of the development, the means

of access to the development.

Reason To comply with section 59 of the Town and Country planning

(Scotland) Act 1997.

Condition 2 The reserved matters required by Condition No 1 above shall be

submitted to the Comhairle as planning authority within three

years of the date of this permission. (Note: After three years,

this permission will expire if reserved matters have not been

submitted)

Reason To comply with section 59 of the Town and Country Planning

(Scotland) Act 1997.

Condition 3 The development to which this planning permission relates shall

commence not later than five years from the date of this

permission, or not later than two years from approval of all

reserved matters, whichever is the later.

Reason To comply with section 59 of the Town and Country planning

(Scotland) Act 1997.

Condition 4 The houses to which this planning permission relates shall not

be used until the details shown on the access diagram, ref

08/00060 accompanying this planning permission have been

implemented. These shall then be retained throughout the life of

the development to the satisfaction of the Comhairle as planning

authority.

Reason In order to secure the satisfactory development of the site in the

interests of road safety.

Condition 5 Throughout the life of this development, hereby granted planning

permission, no drain or open ditch shall be culverted with the

exception of through a vehicular access.

Reason In order to define the permission and avoid doubt.


Condition 6 Details submitted in accordance with Condition 1 above shall

include a scheme for the landscaping of the eastern boundary of

the sites. No part of the development to which this planning

permission relates shall commence until the Council has issued

approval of the scheme in writing.

Reason In order to secure the satisfactory development of the site in the

interests of the visual amenity of the area.

Condition 7 The scheme of landscaping shall be carried out in accordance

with the scheme submitted and approved to comply with

Condition 6 above. All of the work relating to the approved

scheme shall be completed no later than in the first planting

season following the first use or completion (whichever is the

sooner) of the development approved by this planning

permission unless an alternative phasing for implementing the

scheme has been approved in writing by the Comhairle as

planning authority before the development starts in which case

the scheme shall be implemented in accordance with the

approved phasing. The approved landscaping scheme shall then

be retained throughout the life of the development.

Reason In order to ensure the implementation of the approved landscaping in

the interests of the amenity of the area.

Condition 8 Any trees, shrubs or other plants required to comply with

condition 6 and which die, or are removed or become seriously

damaged or diseased, within a period of five years from the first

use or completion (whichever is the sooner) of the development

shall be replaced in the next planting season with others of

similar size and species unless the Comhairle, as planning

authority, gives written consent to any variation.

Reason In order to safeguard and care for the landscaping in the long-term

interests of the appearance and amenity of the area.

Condition 9 Prior to the commencement of the development, details of the

method of surface water drainage of the site shall be submitted

to the Comhairle for approval. The approved scheme shall then

be implemented and shall be retained throughout the life of the

development.

Reason To ensure satisfactory drainage of the development site.

Condition 10 Details submitted in accordance with Condition 1 above shall

include details of an alternative siting of the septic tanks and

outfall systems (or other sewage disposal facility). Such

provisions shall be retained throughout the life of the

development unless agreed otherwise in writing with the

Comhairle

Reason In order to ensure that the sewage disposal facilities are sited and

constructed satisfactorily in the interests of public health.

In addition to the above conditions, please note that:


4 Refuse bins must be taken to the verge of the A865 highway for collection at the

agreed intervals.

5 Technical Services would advise the formation of a turning head at the end of

the road to cater for possible future use i.e. bin wagon. The septic tank drainage

should be taken through the road to discharge on west side.

6 To comply with the Building (Scotland) Regulations 2004 the septic tank and

outfall system must be a minimum of 5m from the site boundary and 10m from a

water course or ditch.

7 Surface water requires to be treated by use of a Sustainable Drainage system

(SuDS). For further information refer to Planning Advice Note 61 Planning And

Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems on

http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Planning/AdviceGuidance or visit the SEPA

website www.sepa.org.uk or the local SEPA office (01851 706477).

8 You are advised that due to the close proximity of Plot 4 to Westford Inn a high

level of design will be required. A copy of the Comhairles Design Guidance for

New Houses has been attached to the consent for your information

9 Any damaged caused to the existing access road during the construction of the

development shall be repaired by the applicant/ developer.


Appendix 2


07/08/2008

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