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Hamilton - Climate Change and City Actions - Ontario Centre for ...

Climate Change and City Actions

June 16, 2011

Brian Montgomery

Air Quality & Climate Change Coordinator

City of Hamilton

climatechange@hamilton.ca


Municipalities & Climate Change

Canadian GHG Emissions Directly & Indirectly Controlled by

Municipalities Compared to Total National Emissions (2006).

Municipal Operations

1%

Canadian GHG

Emissions Outside

Municipal Control or

Influence

55%

Landfill Gas and Waste

Management

3%

Residential Buildings

10%

Commercial and

Institutional Buildings

(excluding municipal)

8%

Industry (excluding

primary industries)

4%

www.fcm.ca – Act Locally- The Municipal Role in Fighting Climate Change (2009)

Personal and Freight

Transportation (excluding,

rail, marine and off-road)

19%


Climate Change Linkages….


The beginning…

• FCM PCP – 5 milestones

• Vision 2020 –

sustainability

• Regional Emissions Plan

• Amalgamation = New City

Climate Vulnerability Study -

2004

• Worse smog day – 104 (2004)

• Individual community efforts

– eg. Tonnes for Trees


Hamilton Climate Actions

• Corporate Air Quality and Climate Change Strategic Plan (2006-

2008)

• Targets: 10% reduction of 2005 emissions by 2012, 20%

emissions of 2005 levels by 2020

• Mitigation and Adaptation

• Air Pollutants and GHG Inventory (2009)

• Corporate Working Group – IT, EMS, Fire, Energy, Waste, Water

& Wastewater, Planning, Sustainability, Forestry,

Transportation

www.hamilton.ca/climatechange


Hamilton Emissions Inventory

• Began Winter 2009

• Stantec/Jacques Whitford

• www.hamilton.ca/ghginventory

• Corporate Operations

– Energy- Buildings, City Housing, Streetlights, Water,

Fleets, Contracted Fleets, Small engines, Employee

travel.

• Community – Growth

– Steel (NPRI), Industrial, Commercial, Residential, Waste,

Transportation, Agriculture.

• Data gaps exist

• Focus on mitigation

• A starting point for community


Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions Corporate and Community

(2008) = 11.9M tonnes

Municipal

Emissions (1%)

Agriculture (0%)

Water &

Sewage (0%)

Waste (1%) Residential

(7%)

Commercial

(11%)

Steel

(58%)

Industrial

(14%)

Transportation

(8%)


Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions Corporate and Community

(2008) – Minus Steel = 5M tonnes

Municipal

Emissions

Agriculture 2%

1%

Transportation

19%

Water & Sewage

1%

Waste

2%

Residential

17%

Industrial

33%

Commercial

25%


Community GHG Emissions Changes

Agriculture

41,995

43,213

Waste

105,798

86,965

Transportation

964,590

992,563

Steel

Industrial (minus Steel)

Commercial

Residential

1,960,442

1,660,499

1,134,666

1,298,469

793,635

886,530

6,960,083

7,757,526

0 1,000,000 2,000,000 3,000,000 4,000,000 5,000,000 6,000,000 7,000,000 8,000,000

Tonnes CO2e

2008 Total CO2e 2006 Total CO2e


GHG Mitigation and Adaptation

Together

MITIGATION

ADAPTATION

Capture landfill gas

Expand transit use

Energy conservation

Green roofs

Better insulation

Permeable pavement

Reduce peak demand

Sewer upgrades

Heat alert system

Control of invasive

species

Active transportation

Expand tree

canopy

Etc.

Business continuity

planning

Source: Chiccotti, 2008 Upwind

Downwind Conference


Behaviour and Technology

Together

BEHAVIOUR

TECHNOLOGY

Active living – Biking,

Walking

Buy local/Reduce

Consumption

Plant Trees

Civic Engagement

Water

Conservation

Energy

Conservation

Sharing Resources –

Car, Bike, Tools,

Wastes

Telecommute

Green Energy – Solar,

Wind

Smart Grid

Hybrid, Electric

Vehicles

Green Infrastructure –

LEED, Better design,

Green Roofs/Walls


City of HamiltonClimate Actions

• Clean Air Hamilton -

1998

• Corporate Smog

Response - 2000

• Solid Waste MP – 2001

• Green Fleet

Implementation Plan –

2005

• GRIDS - 2006

• Transportation MP –

2006

• Water & Wastewater

MP- 2006

• Heat Alert – 2006

• Idling By-law – 2007

• Corporate Energy Policy –

2007

• LEEDing the Way CIP- 2008

• Official Plan - 2009

• Cycling MP – 2009

• Pedestrian MP - 2011

• AQHI - 2011

• Water Conservation

• Retrofits

• Green Roofs

• Green Energy

• Local Food

• Green Procurement

www.hamilton.ca/climatechange


Taking Stock…

• Released Discussion Paper “Taking Stock” in community - June 2010

• Seeks partnerships and input from citizens on taking further action to

reduce emissions.

• Survey consisting of 5 questions

• Over 25 meetings/presentations

• Held Climate Change Town Hall – March 2011

• Discussions on impacts and needs in Moving People, Moving Goods,

Buildings, Education & Skills, Consumption, Local Economy & Business,

and Food

• Results - www.hamilton.ca/climatechange


What would need to be in place to make your

involvement (community) worthwhile?

Unsure/ No

response

25%

No Action

5%

Specific Action

13%

General Action

13%

General

Commitment

from the City

41%

Financial

Commitment

from the City

3%

70% want action, 30% unsure or no action


City of Hamilton – Community Activity

• Clean Air Hamilton

• Green Venture

• Environment Hamilton

Hamilton Climate

Change Champions

• Dundas in Transition

Hamilton350

• Storm Event Response

Group

• Community Food

Security Committee

Hamilton ReLeaf

Network

Hamilton Cycling

Committee

Hamilton Car Share

• Open Streets Hamilton

• Smart Commute

Hamilton

• Community Energy

Collaborative

• McMaster Centre for

Climate Change

• Chamber of Commerce

– E&E Group

Hamilton Conservation

Authority

www.hamilton.ca/climatechange


July 26 th , 2009 – Storm Event

Green Roofs/Walls

• •

• McNabb Transit Terminal

• Jackson Square rooftop

• EcoHouse/Green Venture

• McMaster - Student Union

Building & David Braley Athletic

Centre (rainwater harvesting)

Photo submitted by the readers of the The Hamilton Spectator


Heat Vulnerability Mapping


Climate Change, Rainfall Precipitation – July 2009


July 26 th , 2009 – Storm Event

Flooding Streams

Photo submitted by the readers of the The Hamilton Spectator


Erosion & Channel Collapse

July 26 th , 2009 – Storm Event

Photo submitted by the readers of the The Hamilton Spectator


July 26 th , 2009 – Storm Event

Flooding Streets

Photo submitted by the readers of the The Hamilton Spectator


City of Hamilton

Tools for Integrated Watershed & Stormwater

Planning & Management

Public Information

& Involvement

GIS Systems

& Aerial

Imagery/ GPS

Coordinate

Systems

Engineering

Principles

Natural System Design

Modeling

Watershed & Stormwater

Planning & Management

Policies &

regulations

Database

Management

Systems

Project

Management

Utilities

Level of

Standards


City of Hamilton Climate Change Adaptation

Watershed and Flooding

• Infrastructure Capital Budget Upgrades.

• Flooding Investigations and Remediation.

• Flooding Procedure Development.

• Comprehensive Sewer and Overland Modeling.

• Watershed Planning & Management, Integration & Ecosystem

Conservation, Protection and Restoration.

Climate change effect and stormwater events (developing an

understanding of the storm events impact).

• Green Infrastructure and Low Impact Development

Policies/Standards/Technologies/ Adaptation (Urban and

Rural)

• Plumping Protective Program (3P Program)

• Public Awareness and Education.

• Coordination/ Cooperation/ Collaboration

• Networking and Benchmarking


Hamilton Climate Change Charter

We ……………the undersigned agree that:

A) Scientific evidence shows climate change is happening now. There is

consensus that greenhouse gas emissions caused by human activity

are seriously affecting Earth’s climate.

B) Climate change is having increasingly negative impacts on all of

Hamilton’s residents, environments, and economy.

C) We need to take responsibility and act to reduce greenhouse gas

emissions and prepare for climate change impacts in ways that

promote economic prosperity, health and environmental benefits for

all.

D) It is important for individuals and organizations to share ideas and

best practices and coordinate efforts to accomplish these goals as

effectively as possible.


Hamilton Climate Change Charter

We………………… commit to:

1) Keep informed of new information on climate change and its impacts in

order to understand risks and effects on us as individuals and

organizations.

2) Establish a baseline measurement of our current contribution to

climate change through our activities.

3) Set significant specific targets for reducing our greenhouse gas

emissions, identifying where we will focus our efforts to achieve those

targets.

4) Take personal responsibility for these climate change commitments,

and in the case of businesses or organizations assign responsibility to

a senior individual. Collaborate with other groups, individuals,

organizations, and businesses to address causes and consequences

of climate change.

5) Report annually to the community and celebrate successes in reducing

emissions and/or creating resiliency in response to climate change

impacts during Hamilton’s Climate Change Action Month in October.

6) Engage, educate, and involve individuals, families, groups, businesses,

organizations, and other entities to also commit to this Charter and

work collectively to address climate change.


THANK YOU

Brian Montgomery

Air Quality & Climate Change Coordinator

City of Hamilton

Brian.Montgomery@hamilton.ca

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