Celebrating ability and disability: - AAEGT

aaegt.net.au

Celebrating ability and disability: - AAEGT

Celebrating ability

and disability:

Developing talents in the GLD

student with the assistance of ICT

Wendy Stewart


GLD Definition

• "GLD/2e students are those who possess

an outstanding gift or talent and are

capable of high performance, but who also

have a learning disability that makes some

aspect of achievement difficult."

(Montgomery County Public Schools. 2002)

• Potential incompatibility of extraordinary

talent with significant learning problems


GLD Identification

• Identification either gifted (possibly

frustrated when LD not recognised and

addressed)

• or LD (negative spillover effect, remediation

is frustrating)

• or "average" (unidentified)


GLD Characteristics - Strengths

• Good problem solving, reasoning and

critical thinking skills

• Superior ability in forming concepts,

abstract reasoning, using a large

vocabulary, creativity, spatial strengths

(80%)


GLD Characteristics - Deficits

• Deficit in understanding or using language

• Poorly organised

• Poor sequencing skills

• Poor visual or aural memory

• Untidy handwriting


GLD Characteristics - Affective

• Delayed social skills

• Low self esteem and low sense of efficacy

as a learner


ICT - General Issues

• Flexible learning environment, whole world of

knowledge, remove "glass ceiling" from learning

• Challenging, engaging or loss of motivation and

disengagement

• Teachers - computers for drill/practice or word

processing?

• Access and Gender issues, Software availability

• Students: self-directed, good time management

skills, actively engaged, highly motivated;

information managers (access, assess, organise

and present information)


ICT – On-line opportunities

• Internet availability - access homework

assignments

• Virtual Education - Distance and on-line

education, outside of teachers' abilities moe

knowledge, own pace, own time - Cost!

• On-line Mentors/subject specialists - face to face

for some areas e.g. hands on projects (web cams,

Skype)


Differentiation in the Gifted

Classroom using ICT

• Student oriented, more student choices

• Learning in the proximal zone, challenging,

engaging, intrinsically motivating

• Independent (own pace), individualised, interactive

(contact with peers or mentors), interdisciplinary,

intuitive (Barr, 1990) inquiry based, ceiling removed,

room to negotiate

• Less "chalk and talk", teacher as facilitator. Access

to Mentors and peers with similar interests and

abilities (Skype, Wikis, Blogs, Chat room)


Differentiation in the Gifted

Classroom using ICT

• Curriculum compacting, accelerated learning,

enrichment, open ended assignments and

products

• Emphasis on developing thinking abilities - Critical

and Creative Problem solving opportunities, use

of HOTS, synthesis of new information. Robotics,

Multimedia - problem solve, program, creativity,

new product

• Socratic principles, Team learning


Teaching the GLD student

• G&T instruction: areas of strength (interdisciplinary,

interactive {smart board = involving emotions}

complex, challenging, holistic, compact curriculum,

acceleration, enrichment, mentors, HOTS, abstract

ideas, rigorous high standards of thinking )

• Classroom organisation: flexible, collaborative,

group discussion, production of alternative

products

• Interest based independent studies, real world

problems, real audience for presentation of results,

variety of instructional strategies


Teaching the GLD student

• Teacher Identification and nurture of gifts =

Greater student effort, motivation and

perseverance = addresses socio-emotional

needs (Gifted first, learning disabled

second)

• Address social and emotional needs with

Counselling, personal support and

advocacy skills, establish a safe

environment for discussion of problems


Teaching the GLD student

• Explicit and targeted instruction in phonological

awareness, phonics and decoding, Multi-sensory

instruction

• Support or accommodations for areas of weakness -

specifically teach skills and compensatory strategies

e.g note-taking, test-taking skills, organisation, time

management, goal setting, persistence, selfdirection,

self-evaluation, social skills

• Strategies - mnemonics, visual imagery,

highlighters, teach others, emphasise what is

important to take from lesson


Teaching the GLD Student

• Structure assignments using a timeline for

each step

• Untimed tests

• Alternatives to writing

• Teacher models thinking aloud, promote

the use of HOTS, uses taxonomies


Teaching the GLD Student

Assist with organisation

• WRITE EVERYTHING DOWN!

• Use organisers, subject folders, study

buddy

• GRAPHIC ORGANISERS - writing an

assignment, revision notes, clarification of

knowledge, connect prior knowledge with

new information (re-visit)


Teaching the GLD student

• Avoid - generalised remedial instruction,

rigid task guidelines, withholding

organisational assistance, rote learning,

forced oral reading, text-based instruction,

only teacher directed activities


Other technology

• iPods, MP3 players, electronic spellers,

recorders, cameras, hand held organisers,

calculators,


ICT issues

• Teacher prejudice, emphasis on

remediation

• Flexible access

• Extra access time


Software

• Open ended, students go beyond the

classroom walls, demonstrating superior

mastery

• Multimedia!

• No challenges = lose motivation, disengage

• Electronic books

• VOIP

• Office suite


Software to improve writing quality:

grammar/spell check, outlining, word

prediction, mind-mapping

Citation version 9.0, Clicker - Version 5,

FreeMind, IHMC CmapTools v.4.0.3,

Inspiration - Version 8, LetMeType,

SuperNova 7.0.3,Talking Word Processor -

Version 8.0, Word Talk, Write: OutLoud,

WYNN Reading & Writing Software -

Version 3.0


Software to read the screen: screen

reader, text-to-speech, listen to text,

math reader

Second Speech Centre - Version 3.0, Ace Buddy - Version 3.0, AIMS

Reader 2.5, Clip & Talk 2.0, Connect Outloud - Version 2.0,

DSPEECH 1.5.9, HELP Read, Horloge Parlante 2000 - Version 5.30,

ICanEmail, Internet Explorer Page-Reader Bar, JAWS - Version 7.10,

Key2Speak, MathPlayer - Version 2.0, Narrator, NaturalReader, PDF

Magic Pro - Version 3.0, ReadingBar for Internet Explorer - Version

2.0, ReadPlease - Version 2003 , SimpleText, Speaking Calendar -

Version 6.6.8, Speaking Email Deluxe - Version 6.0.1, Speakonia -

Version 1.0.3.5, Speegle, Talking Calculator , Talking E-Mail - Version

4.06, Talking Word Processor - Version 8.0, Text-To-Audio - Version

7.0, TextAloud MP3 - Version 1.499 , TextAssist - Version 4.0,

Thunder 1.0.19, UK Speaking Clock - Version 10.4.1, WeatherAloud -

Version 1.36, WebbIE 1.2 , WordWeb Pro - Version 3.1, Window-Eyes

- Version 5.5, Write: OutLoud , WYNN Reading & Writing Software -

Version 3.0


Dictation software: writes what you

say, speech recognition, speech-to-text

• Dictation 2005 - Version 4.4

• Dragon NaturallySpeaking Version 9.0 – Standard

Edition

• IBM ViaVoice Personal Edition Version 10

• Microsoft Office 2003 / XP Speech Recognition

• Ultra Hal Assistant - Version 6.0

• VoiceAssist - Version 2.1

• Wave To Text - Version 4.0


Uses – Alternatives to writing

• communication, contact

• blogs

• wikis

• story boards

• construction of own graphic organiser (autonomous learning

promoted, deeper learning)

• web page

• 3D models

• design own computer game

• formulation of personal timetable

• rubrics


Assessment

• Accurate understanding of student

understanding of both content and process

• Provide objectives, study guides, glossary,

rubric, memory strategies, EXAMPLES OF

APPROPRIATE MASTERY

• Grade on current skill level and personal

improvement


GLD/2e children "must be

viewed as being 'at promise'

rather than 'at risk'.

Neilsen (2002, p. 93)


Dawson College,

Adaptech Research Network

3040 Sherbrooke West

Montreal, Quebec,

Canada H3Z 1A4

http://adaptech.dawsoncollege.qc.ca/fandi_enewwriting.php


Wendy Stewart

w.stewart@ignatius.sa.edu.au

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines