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SUMMER SCHOOL OF

GEOGRAPHY–

THE GEOGRAPHY OF

STARA PLANINA

(WESTERN BALKAN)

MOUNTAIN

dr Milan Radovanovic, dr Zeljko Bjeljac,

mr Vladimir Nikitovic

Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijic” of Serbian

Academy of Sciences and Arts


THE PROJECT BASICS

• SUMMER SCHOOL FOR STUDENTS, POSTGRADUATE

STUDENTS, AND POSTDOCTORAL RESEARCHERS, NOT ONLY

OF GEOGRAPHY

• INTEGRAL PART OF THE INTERNATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC

TRANS-BORDER PROJECT “RECREATIONAL POTENTIALS OF

STARA PLANINA (ZAPADNI BALKAN) MOUNTAIN”

• THIS BROADER PROJECT IS BASED ON THE REVITALIZATION

OF THIS PART OF SERBIA AND OF BULGARIA

• WHILE STUDYING THE CONCRETE PARTS OF THE PROJECT,

THE PARTICIPANTS (ATTENDEES) WOULD ALSO LEARN

ABOUT THE POSSIBLE MODELS OF REVITALIZATION OF THIS

MOUNTAIN

• IN ALL THE LECTURES THE EMPHASIS WILL BE PRIMARILY ON

THE METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH AND PROJECTIVE MODELS


THE LOCATION OF STARA PLANINA

(WESTERN BALKAN) MOUNTAIN


DETAILS FROM STARA PLANINA MOUNTAIN


DETAILS FROM STARA PLANINA MOUNTAIN


DETAILS FROM STARA PLANINA MOUNTAIN


DETAILS FROM STARA PLANINA MOUNTAIN


DETAILS FROM STARA PLANINA MOUNTAIN


DETAILS FROM STARA PLANINA MOUNTAIN


PANEUROPEAN ROAD CORRIDOR X


BRANCH C OF PANEUROPEAN CORRIDOR X

Ni{

N. Banja

Bela Palanka

Pirot

Dimitrovgrad


TOTAL POPULATION CHANGE OF BRANCH C

MUNICIPALITIES’ THROUGH 1948-2002

PERIOD

300000

250000

BELA PALANKA

DIMITROVGRAD

NIŠ

PIROT

200000

150000

100000

50000

0

1948 1953 1961 1971 1981 1991 2002


DYNAMICS OF INCREASE-DECREASE IN

NUMBER OF POPULATION IN SETTLEMENTS

OF BELA PALANKA MUNICIPALITY, FOR THE

PERIOD 1948-2002.

35000

30000

25000

MUNICIPLALITY

URBAN

OTHER

20000

15000

10000

5000

0

1948 1953 1961 1971 1981 1991 2002


DYNAMICS OF INCREASE-DECREASE IN

NUMBER OF POPULATION IN SETTLEMENTS

OF NIS MUNICIPALITY, FOR THE PERIOD

1948-2002

300000

250000

MUNICIPALITY

URBAN

OTHER

200000

150000

100000

50000

0

1948 1953 1961 1971 1981 1991 2002


RATIO OF POPULATION OF URBAN AND

RURAL SETTLEMENTS IN TOTAL FOR THE

MUNICIPALITIES OF BRANCH C FOR THE

PERIOD 1948-2002.

100%

80%

60%

40%

Urban

settlements

Rural

settlements

20%

0%

1948 1953 1961 1971 1981 1991 2002


DISTRIBUTION OF SETTLEMENTS OF THE

MUNICIPALITIES ON BRANCH C

ACCORDING TO NUMBER OF INHABITANTS,

2002

number of 35

settlements

30

up to 199

200-499

25

500-999

20

>1000

15

10

5

0

Bela Palanka Dimitrovgrad Nis Pirot


NATURAL DECREASE OF POPULATION (‰),

2000.

25

20

19.1 18.8

mortality

natality

15

10

8.6

7.8

11.7

9.8

12.8

8.7

13.4

9.5

5

0

Bela Palanka Dimitrovgrad Nis Grad Pirot Central Serbia


AGE-SEX POPULATION’S PYRAMID OF

POPULATION OF MUNICIPALITIES ON THE

BRANCH C OF CORRIDOR X

Males

Females

Urban settlements

Total population: 343777

Rural settlements


AGE-SEX POPULATION’S PYRAMID OF

POPULATION OF NIS MUNICIPALITY

Males

Females

Urban settlements

Rural settlements

Total population: 246184


AGE-SEX POPULATION PYRAMID OF BELA

PALANKA MUNICIPALITY POPULATION

Males

Females

Total population: 16447

Urban settlements

Rural settlements


THE “RECREATIONAL POTENTIALS OF

STARA PLANINA (ZAPADNI BALKAN)

MOUNTAIN” PROJECT

• THIS IS PROBABLY THE FIRST BALKAN INTERNATIONAL

GEOGRAPHIC PROJECT FOR THE LAST 60 YEARS.

• REALIZERS ARE GEOGRAPHICAL INSTITUTE “JOVAN CVIJIC”

SASA AND GEOGRAPHICAL INSTITUTE BAS.

• PROJECT SHOULD BE FINISHED IN THREE YEARS

THROUGHOUT THREE PHASES.


NEEDS FOR THIS KIND OF PROJECT

• EXTREMELY NEGATIVE TENDENCIES OF DEMOGRAPHIC

PROCESSES OF THIS REGION IN BOTH COUNTRIES.

• VERY BAD INFRASTRUCTURE BASIS, TOO.

• ON THE OTHER SIDE, THERE ARE WELL-KNOWN NATURAL

CONDITIONS FOR DEVELOPING OF TOURISM AS WELL AS

FOR AFFIRMATION OF NATURAL WEALTH AND CULTURAL

HERITAGE.


STRATEGIC GOALS OF THE PROJECT

• RETAINING OF POPULATION BY PLANNED SYSTEMATIC

ACTIONS.

• TOURISM AND ACCOMPANIED ACTIVITIES AS GOOD BASIS

FOR DEVELOPMENT OF STARA PLANINA REGION.

• PLANNED DEVELOPMENT OF COMPATIBLE ACTIVITIES THAT

WILL NOT BRING INTO DANGER NATURAL AND CULTURAL

VALUES OF THE REGION.


GENERAL ACTIVITIES AS BASIS OF

DEVELOPING PROCESS

• ACTUALIZATION OF FORMER RESEARCHES OF RECREATION

POTENTIALS (NATURAL, URBAN, INFRASTRUCTURE,

DEMOGRAPHIC, CULTURAL ETC.).

• CREATION OF GEOGRAPHIC (RECREATIONAL) INFORMATION

SYSTEM OF THIS BORDER REGION.

• REALIZATION OF THE PROJECT AS PREPARATION OF SERBIA

AND BULGARIA FOR FUTURE INTENSIVE SOCIO-ECONOMIC

DEVELOPMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF BALKAN AND EUROPE

REGIONAL INTEGRATION PROCESSES.


ECO-PATHS

• PROJECTING OF FUTURE TRANSBORDER ECO-PATHS

CONCERNING ACTUAL PROTECTING REGIME.

• ECO-PATHS HAVE TO BE DEVELOPED SIMULTANEOUSLY WITH

VILLAGE ECO-TOURISM.

• BUT FIRST, NUMBER OF ISSUES SHOULD BE SOLVED BY

PLANNED ACTIONS OF RESPONSIBLE MINISTRIES IN

GOVERNMENTS OF TWO COUNTRIES.


PRELIMINARY STEPS FOR PROJECTING

ECO-PATHS

• VILLAGES THAT ARE STILL DEMOGRAPHIC VITAL SHOULD BE

SUBJECTED TO INVESTMENTS IN THE FIRST ROUND.

• PROJECTING OF AUTOCHTHONOUS HOUSES FOR RECEPTION

OF TOURISTS.

• INFRASTRUCTURE PROBLEMS MUST BE SOLVED AS GOOD

AND QUICK AS IT IS POSSIBLE.

• EDUCATION (RE-QUALIFICATION) OF LOCAL POPULATION IN

REGARD TO TOURISM NEEDS.


HUNTING AND FISHING

• IT IS NECESSARY TO MODERNIZE EXISTING HUNTING

FARMS.

• ADEQUATE MANAGEMENT APPROACH CAN HELP IN MAKING

OPTIMAL LEVEL OF USING OF EXISTING RESOURCES.

• FROM THIS POINT OF VIEW IT IS NECESSARY TO MAKE BOTH

LEGISLATURES SERBIAN AND BULGARIAN ACCORDANT WITH

EUROPEAN.

• FISH CULTIVATION AND EXPORT CAN BE ONE OF ACTIVITIES

THAT DEVELOP WITH TOURISM COMPLEMENTARY.


EXTREME SPORTS

• OUR THOUGHT IS THAT SPECIAL ORGANIZATION SHOULD BE

AUTHORIZED FOR REALIZATION OF THIS KIND OF TOURISM.

• NATURAL PREDISPOSITIONS MAKE POSSIBLE ORGANIZING

THESE SPORTS: PARAGLIDING, BUNJI JUMPING, CLIMBING,

MOUNTAIN BIKING ETC.

• NUMBER OF ANALYTIC STUDIES MUST PRECEDE

POSITIONING OF CONCRETE LOCATIONS.

• ON THE BASIS OF THE SCIENTIFIC BIO-CLIMATIC

ELABORATE, IT IS POSSIBLE TO MAKE TRAINING OF

SPORTSMEN FAVORABLE.


CULTURAL COOPERATION

• DECLARATION OF PROCLAIMING BILATERAL PEACE PARK

STARA PLANINA, BETWEEN REPUBLIC OF SERBIA AND

REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA IS SIGNED IN DECEMBER 1996.

• PRESIDENTS OF SIX BULGARIAN AND FOUR SERBIAN

MUNICIPALITIES IN BORDER REGION PUT THEIR NAMES TO

DECLARATION TOO.

• BUT, MEDIA PROMOTION OF WEALTHY AND ATTRACTIVE

CULTURAL HERITAGE IS ALSO NEEDFUL.


RELATIONS TO OTHER PROJECTS

• ESTIA PARTNERSHIP CONSISTS OF REPRESENTATIVE

INSTITUTIONS FOR SPATIAL PLANNING AND OF EXPERTS

FROM SIX COUNTRIES, INCLUDING BULGARIA AND SERBIA

AND MONTENEGRO.


THE “GEOGRAPHY OF STARA PLANINA”

SUMMER SCHOOL

• EDUCATION (INDOOR AND OUTDOOR) OF STUDENTS AND

POSTGRADUATE STUDENTS.

• TOPICS WOULD BE NOT ONLY GEOGRAPHICAL BUT FROM

RELATED SCIENCES, TOO.

• ORGANIZATION OF THIS SCHOOL COULD BE AUTHORIZED BY

GEOGRAPHICAL INSTITUTES FROM SERBIA AND BULGARIA.

• SUMMER SCHOOL COULD BE ORGANIZED THREE OR FOUR

TIMES A YEAR.


THE AIMS OF THE PROJECT

SUMMER SCHOOL

• HIGH-EDUCATIONAL

• EXCHANGE OF EXPERIENCES

• INSTITUTIONAL CONNECTIONS

• EFFECTS OF THE HOLDING OF THIS SUMMER SCHOOL

- POSSIBILITY OF IMPROVEMENT TO SOME EXTENT THE VERY BAD

DEMOGRAPHIC STRUCTURE OF THE REGION

- THE FAMILIARIZATION OF THE PARTICIPANTS WITH SCIENTIFIC

RESEARCH AS WELL AS WITH THE APPLICATION OF GEOGRAPHIC

KNOWLEDGE TO SPECIFC PROJECTS


THE PROJECT DETAILS

• THE STRUCTURE OF THE PROJECT IS COMPLETED

• THE LOCATION OF THE SUMMER SCHOOL – “BABIN ZUB”

HOTEL

• THE PROJECT TIME SCHEDULE

• THE PROJECT TARGET GROUP

• EFFECTS ON THE MARKET


DETAILS FROM STARA PLANINA MOUNTAIN


Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts

Geographical Institute

“Jovan Cvijic”

Phone. +381-11-637-597

www.sanu.ac.yu

Email: gijcsanu@eunet.yu

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