European policy - Q-AGEING project

q.ageing.eu

European policy - Q-AGEING project

Ageing policy in the European Union

Demographic changes

Dr. Katalin Lévai

Member of the European Parliament


Positions in the European Parliament and the Civil Sector










PES Group Spokesperson for Roma and Sinti Affairs

Vice-chairwomen of the Association „Alzheimer Europe”

Chairwomen of the Association to the Friends for Remembrance of

Holocaust

Vice-chairwomen of MSZP Committee on the Children- and Human

Rights

Member of the Committee on Legal Affairs in the European Parliament

Member of the Delegation for relations with Switzerland, Iceland and

Norway and to the European Economic Area (EEA) Joint Parliamentary

Committee in the EP

Substitute of the Delegation for relations with Israel in the EP

Substitute of the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs

Representative of the Central Hungarian Region


My recent policy: Make chance from the crisis!







Decline and extinguish discrimination based on religion or belief,

disability, age or sexual orientation, racial or ethnic origin, concerning

underprivileged social groups and minorities

Making and keeping connection between the EU and Hungarian policy

even more between the citizen (civil organisations) and the politician

decision/law makers;

Making equal opportunity as priority in the work of European and

Hungarian politics, and civil societies

Supporting rightful social reforms

Fighting for the primary and individual rights in the Parliament or, if it is

necessary, in the field

My motto: there is no democracy without civil courage!


Introduction: Active old-ages

Problems we have to face in the old-age:

Health issues,

Declining productivity and activity at work and family

Lost social contacts

All day humiliation and lost reputation → Depression

In the European ageing policy, the human dignity, saving

activity and productivity play significant role due to the:

Decent work

Living social contacts

Numerous possibilities for activity → More self confidence

→ longer life


„Europe without barriers” - Programme of the Czech Presidency

3 „E” priorities of the Czech Presidency:

Economy: handling the recent crisis and preventing its occurrence in the

future

Energy: active involvement in the international negotiations about climate

protection after 2012, decreasing dependence on energy imports from the

surrounding world, territorial diversification of suppliers

External relations: making EU a significant global player in the

international policy

3 missing „E” priorities:

European citizen: better communication and civil involvement in the

European policy

Equality: making equal opportunity as priority in the work of the

European politics and civil societies

Education: 2009- Year of the Innovation and creativity, integration of the

minorities


European Social Model

Aim:

a social model being in accordance with both, competitiveness and social

security

Its difficulties:






national independence

multilingualism

cultural diversity

different economical level

missing European identity:1)common values - (freedom, solidarity,

equality) 2) common currency 3)common foreign policy 4) common

defence policy

Solution:


Lisbon Treaty


European Ageing policy

Main scopes:

Competitiveness and social security as key issues in the sustainable

pension system

Open coordinating method and common indicator as well as data base

system



Comparativeness of the national pension systems,

Modernisation and financial sustainability of the pension system to achieve

the common goals

Challenges




Employment changes

National budget deficit

Demographical challenges: European population is decreasing(34%↓), low

level of fertility, negative demographical tendencies are characteristic →

decreasing manpower (2030:20,8 million ↓), increasing old age population

(18%↑)

in Hungary: guaranteed minimal pension but not automatically,

supplementary help, payment in kind


Common goals of the European ageing policy

1. Adequacy of the pensions

It is the obligation of the Member States to ensure the adequacy of the pension

systems

a) Prevention of the social exclusion and poverty

b) Maintenance of the former living standard

c) Strengthening the solidarity between generations

2. Financial sustainability of the pension systems

It based on adequate employment and social policy as well as equal treatment

policy.

In Hungary, the main goal is to gain financial resources by:

necessary measures: annual rise of the pension rate, stricter terms of the

premature retirement, increase of the retirement age, rise of the term of the

average earnings, launch of the system of capital accumulation

a) High-level employment

b) Extension term on the labour market

c) Consolidation of the public financing

d) Balance between active and retirement population

e) PAYE systems


Common goals of the European pension policy

3. Modernization of the pension systems

The reform of the pension funds should meet the social, economical and

personal demands

a) Adjustment of the pension systems to the requirements of the modern

labour market

b) Equal opportunities between women and men

c) Transparency of the pension systems


Conclusion

European Initiatives

1) Programs and initiatives of the Ageing policy aiming active participation

of elder people

Life-long learning

Premature retirement

Active and efficient policy on the labour market

Healthy and safe workplaces,

Flexible working time, decent working conditions

Cooperation among the social partners

2) Special programs, supporting independent or needy people, demanding

social care

The main aim of the European Ageing policy is to achieve changes into the

approach of all generations: Old age is of value. Everybody has the

right to enjoy and experience it actively!


Concrete EU measures









European 'Social Package 2008‘(B6‐0429/2008)

Directive of working time (48 hours) (2003/88/EC) , Blue card

4 Directives of the equal opportunity (2000/43/EK;

2000/78/EK; 2004/113/EK; 2008/140/CNS)

European Pact on Immigration and Asylum

Return Directive, concerning illegal immegration

European Minorities (Roma) policy

Lifelong learning (Leonardo, Erasmus Mandus, Socrates,

Comenius Regio program), unification of the qualification

Regulation of the supplementary pension (2005/214/COD)


Questions

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