Martin Lundstedt / Henrik Henriksson - Bioenergi

bioenergi.di.dk

Martin Lundstedt / Henrik Henriksson - Bioenergi

1

Anvendelse af biobrændstoffer

i tunge

køretøjer

Scania Experience 2011

25/9 2009


CO2-mærkning af forbrugsprodukter

25/9 2009


3

Fra én energikilde,

olie…… til mange

energikilder

25/9 2009


4

Source: GM MTZ Biofuels Conference

Hamburg Nov. 2007

25/9 2009


Renewable fuel alternatives

Ethanol

Biodiesel

Biogas

Synthetic

diesel

Methanol DME Hydrogen

Production

capacity + - - ? ? ? ?

Local

Emissions + ? + + ? + +

CO 2 /GHG

reduction + + + ? + ? -

In vehicle + + - + - ? -

Handling + + - + - ? -

Transport

Cost - + - ? ? ? ?

Commercially

available

Yes Yes Yes No No No No

25/9 2009


Ethanol Biodiesel Biogas

• 9 l dieselmotor

• 270 hk (1200 Nm)

• Euro 5 og EEV

• Kører på ED95

(ethanol med 5%

tændforbedringsadditiv)

• Alle Scania Euro 5 og

EEV motorer godkendt til

drift med op til 100%

biodiesel

• Brændstof skal opfylde

Europæisk standard

EN14214 og EN590

• Gas-motor (Ottomotor)

• 270 hk, 310 hk

• Kan køre på biogas

eller naturgas (fossilgas,

CNG)

• Scania tilbyder

komplet løsning med

komposit-tank system

25/9 2009


Fuel tanks volume & layout

• 640 Liter compressed gas at 200 bar

• 8 tanks at 80 liter each

• 4 tanks on both side of the frame

• Composite tank (414 kg lighter than steel gas-tank solution)

• 640 litres CNG = 110 litres diesel ≈ 140 to 300 Km

7

KTS \ Pierre Bousquet

25/9 2009

2010-02-20


Introduction of Biogas – The history

AB Storstockholms Lokaltrafik (SL)

• Contract between SL and Stockholm

Water, cooperation (2003)

• 21 biogas buses introduced inner city

traffic (2004)

• Initial technical issues resolved

• Step-wise introduction, Inner city first

• Contract with Käppalaförbundet

(2007)

• Contract with Stockholm Gas (2009)

• Fuelling equipment at several bus

depots

• Now 230 biogas buses

25/9 2009


December 2011

115 biogas buses (Söderhallen)

20 biogas buses (Lidingö)

27 biogas buses (Frihamnen)

34 biogas buses (Björknäs)

33 biogas buses (Gubbängen)

> 5 miljon Nm3 biogas

(Henriksdal)

ca 3 miljon Nm3 biogas

(Käppala)

ca 1 miljon Nm3 natural gas

• December

(Skarpnäck biogas plant –

2011

delayed!)

Biogas buses

Production

unit

Gas pipeline

25/9 2009


12 partners around the Baltic Sea

SL, Stockholm Public Transport, Sweden

Biogas East, Energy Agency Malardalen

Ruter, Public Transport for Oslo and Akershus, Norway

HOG Energy, the fuel interest organisation for Bergen region

Hordaland County Council, Skyss

VTT Technical Research Centre, Finland

Tartu city, Estonia

Riga City, Latvia

Buses of Kaunas city, Kauno Autobusai, Lithuania

MTI, Motor Transport Institute, Poland

ATI erc Education, Research and Furtherance of Cooperations,

Germany

ITC Innovations and Trendcenter

www.balticbiogasbus.eu 10

25/9 2009


Ethanol buses in Stockholm since 1989

25/9 2009


SL today: the worlds biggest ethanol fleet

Renewable fuel with a large volume

potential

All buses within Stockholm city are

fuelled with ethanol or biogas

SL experience since 1989

Present number: ca 780 ethanol

buses

50% based on waste from Swedish

paper pulp production

50% from sugar cane production in

Brazil

25/9 2009


Economics, Inner-City Bus-traffic

Cost comparison per km

april-08

Cost SEK/Km Diesel Biogas Ethanol

Fuel consumption 0,63 0,92 1,20

Fuel cost 6,65 6,13 7,44

Bus investment 3,75 3,88 3,59

Distribution 0,02 0,75 0,06

Service 0,77 1,32 1,05

SEK/km 11,19 12,08 12,14

% --- +8 % +8 %

25/9 2009


Economics, Inner-City Bus-traffic

Cost comparison per km

april-08

Cost SEK/Km Diesel Biogas Ethanol

Fuel consumption 0,63 0,92 1,20

Fuel cost 6,65 6,13 7,44

Bus investment 3,75 3,88 3,59

Distribution 0,02 0,75 0,06

Service 0,77 1,32 1,05

SEK/km 11,19 12,08 12,14

% --- +8 % +8 %

25/9 2009


Økonomi, dagrenovation v. 20.000 km/år (Feb. 2012)

Diesel RME biodiesel Biogas Etanol (ED95)

Ekstra

kapitalomk.

Ingen

+300.000 anskaffelse

= +48.996/år

+47.500 anskaffelse

= +7.758/år

Ekstra

vedligeholdelse

Brændstof

2 km/l v. 8,01 kr/l

= 80.100/år

Specielle

brændstoffiltre

+2.400/år

1,9 km/l v. 10,97 kr/l

= 115.474/år

= +35.374 ift diesel

Tændrørskift m.v.

+12.360/år

1,7 km/kg v. 9,93 kr/m3

= 118.922/år

= +38.822 ift diesel

Olieskift + dyser

+18.967/år

1,3 km/l v. 10,7 kr/l

= 164.615/år

= +84.515 ift diesel

Samlet meromkostning

Udgangspunkt +37.774 kr/år +100.178 kr/år +111.240 kr/år

CO2-

reduktion 27 ton/år Minus 62-70% Minus 73% Minus 71%

25/9 2009


Total vehicle cost 25.000 DKK/md

RME add. cost 37.774/12 = 3148 DKK/md = +11%

Veh. cost = 1/3 of total garbage collection cost

Increased cost for consumer = 11%/3 = 4%

Powered by RME bio-fuel

with 62% CO2 reduction.

Your cost = +4% = +5

DKK/month

Dagrenovation 20.000 km/år


København Kommune 2012 initiativ

• Opstart 4 vasketøjslastbiler, 20.000 km/år og ca. 1 kr ekstra pr. km

• Yderligere 16 lastbiler ventes tilføjet

• Desuden ca. 25 varebiler

RME biodiesel (100%)

Tankanlæg på Strømmen 1, Valby

25/9 2009


København Kommune 2012 initiativ

4 stk biogasdrevne

renovationsbiler

Projekt koordineret af

Økologisk Råd

25/9 2009


Induktionsfremdrift

25/9 2009


BACK UP SLIDES

25/9 2009


Emissionsværdier, Scania motorer

Emission

CO

(g/kwh)

HC

(g/Kwh)

NOX

(g/kwh)

Partikler

(g/kwh) ESC

European

Stationary Cycle

Partikler

(g/kwh) ETC

European

Transient Cycle

Røgtal

m-1

Euro 5 grænseværdi 1,5 0,46 2,0 0,02 0,03 0,5 -

CO2

EEV* grænseværdi 1,5 0,25 2,0 0,02 0,02 0,15 -

Scania 280 hk Euro 5

Diesel(DC938)

0,0 0,1 1,8 0,01 0,03 0,12 -

Scania 270 hk EEV

Ethanol

( DC9 E 02)

Scania 280 hk Euro 5

Diesel(DC938)

RME-brændstof

(Beregnede data)

0,0 0,06 1,8 0,01 0,01 0,04 REDUKTION-

Netto = 71%

0,0 0,033 1,98 0,01 0,02 - REDUKTION-

Netto = 63%

(Potentiale for

yderligere

reduktion)


Emissions

Your date here

22

EPA, US

Info class Internal

25/9 2009

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