july 07-buyers guide for t series valtra - Brian Robinson Machinery

brianrobinson.co.uk

july 07-buyers guide for t series valtra - Brian Robinson Machinery

P19-23 Valtra T Series:Layout 1 12/7/07 09:42 Page 19

Valtra

Buyer’s Guide

T Series

2003–present

The T Series from the Finnish firm Valtra was a radical leap forward in terms of styling

and electronic sophistication. First seen at the end of 2001 as a replacement to the

HiTech 50 Series, it was produced alongside that brand for a short period in 2003.

Available in various colours, there are plenty to choose from in today’s market.

Howard Sherren looks at used examples of the seven-model range.

Tractor & farm Trader 19


P19-23 Valtra T Series:Layout 1 12/7/07 09:43 Page 20

Launched in 2003, the T series consisted of seven models from 125hp up to 189hp.

The T Series was the result of a

£7 million pound development

programme which had spanned

28 months. Production started in early

2003, although the last of the ‘HiTech’

tractors didn’t cease production until

July of that year. The seven-model

range replaced the 8050 right up to the

8950 flagship model. The T series was

described as having a combination of

cutting-edge technology, Valtra

knowledge and valuable customer

benefits at its launch. The six cylinder

models had lost the square and angular

styling of all the older ranges, and

benefited from smooth curves, rounded

lights and greater operator comforts.

A noticeable feature of the series was

the lack of model designation on the

bonnet. The only way to identify a

machine was either by the serial number

plate or from small badges positioned at

the bottom of each door. The range

started with the 110hp T120, moving

up to the ‘Sigma Power’ 210hp T190.

Both the range topping 180 and 190

models were powered by the same 7.4

litre SISU Diesel providing 180hp, but

fuel management provided extra power

for PTO and transport work. More

torque and lower fuel consumption

gave increased performance of the new

engines, and service intervals were

increased up to 500 hours.

Good weight distribution continued

thanks to the way Valtra mounted the

engine over the front axle on all of the

models. More sophisticated loadsensing

hydraulics, combined with

increased flow and oil capacity provided

better performance and an increased lift

capacity of 10 per cent. The gearbox

casing was re-designed to increase the

amount of oil available to the system,

and flow was increased to 75 litres per

minute from 63 l/min on the Hi-Tech 50

Series. Seat-mounted buttons and

joystick provided greater operator

comfort and the new lift-up bonnet

made servicing easier.

Production continued until January

2007 when the revised models were

launched. This new range included 21

changes, but was generally very similar.

The model designation received a ‘1’ at

the end, thus ranging from a 133hp

T121, up to a 210hp T191.

Engine

The T Series was fitted with a 6.6 litre or

7.4 litre SisuDiesel engine which gained

the reputation of being one of the most

fuel-efficient on the market. All featured

Electronic Engine Management (EEM)

which adjusted injection depending on

load, speed and temperature, and which

in turn, resulted in increased power,

improved emissions and lower fuel

consumption. The 6.6 litre engine

models included the smallest 125hp

T120, followed by the 135hp T130, the

145hp T140, 155hp T150 and 165hp

T160. The larger 7.4 litre engine models

were designated as the 175hp T170,

184hp T180 and flagship T190 at 189hp.

The Common Rail fuel system and four

valves per cylinder on the 7.4 litre

engines enabled a power-boost feature

which produced up to 22hp more

engine power on the T190 whilst in

a transport gear.

‘Sigma Power’ was a proven feature

which worked by comparing readings

from two sensors on the PTO driveline.

The long shaft from the flywheel direct

to the clutch pack could twist under

load, so the sensors detected this and

engine power was increased. So it

meant that the 189hp T190 was

effectively a 211hp tractor in tough

conditions, helping to reduce fuel

consumption. Similarly, the T180 could

achieve a maximum power of 193hp.

Another interesting feature of the

Common Rail engines was the unique

feature of a low idle speed: revs

dropped to just 600 rpm when the

handbrake was applied.

The engine’s advanced electronic

control of driving speed also enabled

a speed of 40 km/h at just under 1,800

rpm, saving more fuel in transport

operations. The EcoPower model, the

T140, had a maximum rev level of only

1,800 rpm and also intake air

intercooling. Smooth tractor operations,

excellent reserve torque levels and not

forgetting even lower fuel usage were

the benefits of an ‘EcoPower’ tractor.

All T Series models came with optional

Cruise Control, which allowed the driver

to choose either a set driving or engine

speed.

The reliability and cold starting of the

SisuDiesel engines is excellent and

hardly any issues have arisen with them

to date, with some of the tractors

reaching five figures without a glitch.

Check for a service history, as keeping

the engines maintained is very

important due to their high

sophistication.

The T series could be fitted with Valtra’s TwinTrack reverse drive system making the tractor a

little more versatile.

The beefy rear linkage could lift 7.7 tons on

all models.

20 Tractor & farm Trader


P19-23 Valtra T Series:Layout 1 12/7/07 09:43 Page 21

Check that the pick-up hitch bolts are tight

and that there are no cracks around the

brackets. Try to go for a standard hitch if

you don’t need hydraulic push-out.

Gearbox

There were three transmission options to

choose from on the T Series. The first

simple box was a 12F x 12R synchronised

transmission with a mechanical forwardreverse

shuttle. When this box was

chosen, mechanical hydraulic control and

73 litres per minute hydraulic output were

specified. The second option was a 36F x

36R Powershift transmission with three

programmable gears, with an electronic

shuttle and mechanical spools. The final

choice was a 36F x 36R Powershift

transmission, equipped with a

programmable forward-reverse shuttle,

including a fail-safe electronic parking

brake, electronic hydraulic control, loadsensing

and armrest control of external

hydraulics.

The Powershift was changed via

buttons on the gear lever which could be

set to shift, automatically, to a higher or

lower gear as necessary. You could let the

system shift according to the preprogrammed

factory settings, or

programme your own settings quite

easily, according to your experience and

needs, based on the RPM. Valtra’s HiShift

button-controlled clutch was standard and

50kph was available as an option on most

models. An additional useful transmission

feature was that the four-wheel drive

engaged when the tractor started off,

moving or changing with the driving

direction. This eliminated the wheel

slippage which could, all too often, break

the field’s surface.

The shuttle lever located on the left of

the steering column operated the parking

brake and the unique auto traction release

Up to four spools were available and could

be controlled on an armrest joystick on the

top electronic model.

system. This allowed the driver to stop the

tractor by pressing the brake pedal or by

letting the revs drop below 1,000 RPM,

and then to start off again by pressing the

accelerator or removing his foot from the

brake pedal. Many drivers appreciated the

straightforward mechanical gear levers,

but the range lever was a bit of a stretch

and the three powershift speeds could

have done with being four. The gearbox

was redesigned within the first year of

production to make more oil available to

the transmission. All the tractors originally

used a ‘650’ gearbox, but with the

redesign it became the ‘700’ and had uprated

gears and bearings to cope with the

extra power of the T140 and above.

Some early tractors will still have the

‘650’ transmission. No major problems

have been reported with the transmission

so far; just check that each gear engages

and drives.

Rear linkage

The Category III linkage was capable of

lifting 7700kg on all models, which meant

the smallest T120 could lift the same

load as the range-topping T190. This put

the smaller Valtra T series ahead of most

of the competition. A 3.5 tonne front

linkage and PTO was offered as a factoryinstalled

option and is now a useful extra

to be fitted.

The linkage was controlled by the

electronic ‘Auto Control’, either fitted to

the side console if the tractor had

mechanical hydraulics, or to the armrest if

the tractor had the electronic hydraulics

option. ‘Drive Balance Control’ was a

standard feature that provided linkage

damping when an implement was in the

Grammar air seat and integrated arm-rest

provided excellent operator comfort.

raised position. The linkage was a robust

design and the stabiliser bars were simple

and strong. The pick-up hitch was

regarded as weak point by a few users

who bought the tractor for transport work.

The standard hitch was Valtra’s own

simple drop-down affair which worked

extremely well and was one of the best

available in terms of strength and

reliability. It was perfect when the tractor

was used predominantly on trailer work,

as it was an integral part of the tractor and

around 75 per cent of tractors in the UK

had them fitted.

Unfortunately, it lacked a push-out

feature which many other manufacturers

had available and when bigger tyres were

specified it wouldn’t reach the ground.

The answer was to fit a Dromone

hydraulic hitch as an optional extra which

was considerably easier to use. It was

found that extra lugs were required to

strengthen it after problems occurred

with bolts coming loose. Later on it was

changed to a similar design from a

Scharmuller brand.

Do check the hitch bolts regularly

and look for cracks and wear while

checking it over.

Hydraulics

The original early 2003 tractors had a 90

l/min output when they were launched as

the latest sophisticated machine. But

when they offered different gearbox

options the pumps changed. The pump

depended on the gearbox option chosen,

either a mechanical or electrical hydraulic

system was fitted. An output of 73 l/min

was available depending on the model

and if the tractor had manual hydraulics;

those equipped with electronic hydraulic

Aires air front suspension provided a

smooth ride when the tractor was fitted with

a 50kph transmission or used for transport

work.

Tractor & farm Trader

Three wide steps were well positioned and

provided a trouble-free access to the flat

floor cab. The bottom step was easily

removable if damaged.

The T series cab was vastly improved over

previous tractor ranges and maximum noise

levels were as little as 70 db(A) on the T140.

21


P19-23 Valtra T Series:Layout 1 12/7/07 09:43 Page 22

The side console was practical and simple,

an array of dials and rocker switches.

A small flip-down panel reveals the settings

for each spool valve.

The joystick integrated into the armrest for

hydraulic spools was a radical new idea for

the T series.

Two gear-sticks provided three ranges and

four gears, with a three-speed powershift.

Parts

T130

Engine oil filter £10.75

Pre fuel filter £22.75

Fuel filter £22.75

Hydraulic filter £20.75

Inner air filter £53.00

Outer air filter £65.75

Fan belt £63.25

Starter motor £170.18

Alternator £160.00

Water pump £435.00

Hydraulic pump £300.00

Exhaust pipe £515.00

Exhaust silencer £246.00

Mirror glass £13.13

Rear window £164.00

(All retail prices excluding VAT from a Valtra dealer)

Narrow steering wheel, sleek bonnet and

side-mounted exhaust improved forwards

visibility, and simple dash dials were easy

to read and straight to the point. A small

digital display provided information such

as rpm, forward and PTO speed.

management produced 90 l/min from

a standard gear pump. This was later

changed for a 115 l/min swash plate

pump as demands increased. The T140

EcoPower had reduced outputs of just

70 l/min for manual and 82 l/min for

electrical, due the slower engine speeds.

The spool valves of the T Series used

only the required amount of oil from the

system; the rest remained available for

the other valves or linkage. Each of the

hydraulic blocks can be programmed for

the output and flow time by a series of

dials on the side console. The two, three

or four spools were controlled by either

manual levers or a joystick mounted on

the armrest, which also came in useful for

the control of a front loader for an

ergonomically-correct working position.

Occasionally hydraulic pumps can go, but

check the steering, spools and linkage to

assess the condition.

Axles and brakes

The front axle could be fitted with Aires

air front suspension if required, or when

the 50kph transmission was specified.

This improved the ride quality drastically,

whilst the addition of cab suspension

improved it even further. A 5.6m turning

radius was the same for all models when

fitted in combination with the front

suspension. The rear axle brakes were

multi-disc wet brakes, which weren’t

power-assisted and so required that little

extra effort to apply, more so than those

power brakes of the close competition. No

big problems to be found here if the

tractor’s trailer brakes have been effective

on road-work duties.

The brakes are fairly easy to replace

and they only warp in extreme conditions,

unlike some of the competition which

break up and contaminate the whole

system. The larger ‘700’ transmission was

fitted with bigger brakes, improving the

reliability on the higher-powered models.

In the middle of 2005, a new exhaust

brake option could be specified for

tractors with electronic hydraulics.

Exhaust brakes are a familiar option on

heavy trucks, helping to reduce speeds

without having to use the regular service

brakes. With many 50kph tractors bought

for transport work, brakes often took a

hammering and occasionally had the

tendency to overheat and fade.

Exhaust brakes are especially beneficial

when carrying heavy loads, on hilly

terrain and when using the tractor in

traffic. Exhaust brakes are used to reduce

speed on long downhill sections, reducing

the need to use the regular brakes and

maintaining their stopping power for

emergency situations. Exhaust brakes also

slow the tractor down more gently,

increasing driver comfort and safety.

Many of the 50kph tractors were fitted

with an exhaust brake prior to the

common rail engines; look for a switch

on the side console to see if it is fitted.

When testing the tractor be prepared for

a little braking effort due to the lack of

power brakes.

Cab

The T Series cab was an improvement

over the last range and had many

important updates. The maximum noise

level in the T140 was just 70 db(A), a good

selling point for Valtra. The side pillar

exhaust and the backwards-narrowing

bonnet helped forward visibility, although

the crossbar in the middle of the front

screen and wide ‘C’ pillars hindered it

slightly. Wide and deep steps provided

excellent access to the flat deck floor.

A well-known Grammar air seat was

standard equipment and the new armrestmounted

controls on the electronic

models provided a comfortable working

environment. The dashboard consisted of

three simple analogue dials, engine rpm,

fuel level and temperature, with a series

of warning lights located underneath. The

small trademark Valtra steering wheel

improved the visibility of the dash and

made steering from lock to lock faster. The

air-conditioning and heater controls were

mounted in the roof on the right-hand

side, along with the radio. The passenger

seat located in the rear behind the driver

was rather small and uncomfortable, but

was improved upon in later models. Valtra

offered the TwinTrack two-way driving

system on the range, allowing reverse

drive to be achieved. There are a handful

of machines fitted with TwinTrack, so

keep an eye out for them as they can be

a very useful option. In June 2004 the

expanded line of the series now featured

new mudguards, offering improved

protection for the cabin glass or steps.

The soundproofing of the cabin was

also enhanced.

For a long time, Valtra was famous for

being the most colourful tractor in the

world, offering a selection of paint

schemes which included six basic and

three metallic colours, and an additional

metallic silver and gold to offer that

extra customisation. Again, there is very

little to look out for in the cab, but due to

the amount of switches and dials it is a

good idea to check and test as much as

you can. The rear window is a common

weak point due to its bottom curvature,

so it has a tendency to smash easily.

Another interesting feature was that the

customer’s name was printed on the

top of the right-hand door when

purchased from new, so it is a good

indicator if you are the second owner.

22 Tractor & farm Trader


P19-23 Valtra T Series:Layout 1 12/7/07 09:43 Page 23

Verdict

The Valtra T Series has built up a

reputation for being extremely

reliable and fuel efficient, and built

like a tank. The integrated SisuDiesel

engine has yet to prove a problem

with tractors clocking 15,000 hours

plus. There are plenty of models to

choose from on the market, as the

range is only four years old. The

earliest tractors are on ‘03’ plates and

start in the late teens for high-houred

models. The majority of tractors

will fall into the £22,000 to £36,000

bracket, with the last ‘56’ plated

models fetching around the £40,000

mark. For example, a 2003 T120 with

4000 hours would be worth around

£22,500, while a 2003 T190 would be

about £25,000.

Acknowledgements

Our thanks to Brian Robinson for his

help in compiling this guide.

CONTACTS

John Bownes Ltd

Winsford, Cheshire

01606 592 639

www.johnbownes.co.uk

Brian Robinson

Agricultural Machinery Ltd

Northallerton, North Yorkshire

01325 378 552

www.brianrobinson.co.uk

HOW MUCH?

Model Year From Year To N 1 2 3

T120 2003 - £47,000 £30,750 £22,000 £18,000

T130 2003 - £50,450 £33,500 £23,500 £19,250

T140 2003 - £54,375 £35,000 £24,250 £20,000

T150 2003 - £56,375 £38,500 £25,500 £20,250

T160 2003 - £59,200 £39,750 £26,750 £20,750

T170 2003 - £61,400 £40,500 £28,000 £22,000

T180 2003 - £65,100 £41,750 £29,250 £22,750

T190 2003 - £66,500 £42,500 £31,000 £23,750

(Guide – N: New Price, 1: Excellent condition with no faults, 2: Tidy condition and usable,

3: Rough condition, high hours)

Ross Agri Services

Turriff, Aberdeenshire

01888 568 444

www.rossagri.co.uk

R C Setchfield

Grantham, Lincolnshire

01476 560 784

www.setchfield.co.uk

Christian Smith

Liskeard,Cornwall

01579 320 945

www.christiansmithagriculture.

SPECIFICATIONS

Model T120 T130 T140e T150 T160 T170 T180 T190

Engine 66ET 66ET 66ETA 66ETA 66ETA 74CTA 74CTA 74CTA

Engine power (hp) 125 135 145 155 165 175 184 189

Max power @ (rpm) 2200 2200 1800 2100 2100 2100 2100 2100

Max torque (Nm) 505 555 660 625 655 670 730 830

Max torque @ (rpm) 1400 1400 1100 1400 1400 1500 1500 1500

Number of cylinders 6T 6T 6T 6T 6T 6T 6T 6T

Displacement (cc) 6600 6600 6600 6600 6600 7400 7400 7400

Fuel tank capacity (Litre) 165 165 165 165 165 165 165 165

Auxiliary fuel tank 170 170 170 170 170 170 170 170

Standard transmission 36Fx36R 36Fx36R 36Fx36R 36Fx36R 36Fx36R 36Fx36R 36Fx36R 36Fx36R

Lift capacity (kg) 7700 7700 7700 7700 7700 7700 7700 7700

Turning radius 4wd (mm) 5600 5600 5600 5600 5600 5600 5600 5600

Length (mm) 5148 5148 5148 5148 5148 5148 5148 5148

Width (mm) 2338 2338 2338 2338 2338 2338 2338 2338

Standard weight (kg) 5650 5650 5950 5950 5950 5950 5950 5950

Std. tyre size front 14.9R28 16.9R28 16.9R28 16.9R28 460/85R30 460/85R30 460/85R30 460/85R30

Std. tyre size back 20.8R38 20.8R38 20.8R38 20.8R38 20.8R42 20.8R42 20.8R42 20.8R42

Cab Valtra Valtra Valtra Valtra Valtra Valtra Valtra Valtra

Tractor & farm Trader 23

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