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Study on Renewable Energy Resources, Oman - authority for ...

Study on Renewable Energy Resources, Oman - authority for ...

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman Table 7.3 below shows the similar calculation for Solar Thermal Power (CSP). Table 7.3 Subsidy scenario for Solar Thermal Power Natural Gas Price USD/MMBtu Generation Cost per MWh Gas Turbine USD Generation Cost per MWh Solar USD Difference Subsidy per MWh USD Annual subsidy required to support 1450 MW Mill USD 1.5 28 207 179 453 3.0 43 207 164 415 3.0 with depletion premium 56 207 151 382 6.0 73 207 134 339 Total costs are sensitive to actual installed capacity. It is assumed that 1450 MW of solar thermal power capacity can be established with an annual production of 2,530 GWh. The annual subsidy to support this capacity is shown in the right hand column. It varies between USD 339 Mill and USD 453 Mill per year depending on the natural gas price. In comparison the annual subsidy to MIS licensed suppliers in 2006 was around USD 250 Mill. This subsidy is the difference between the economic cost of the companies and Permitted Tariff Revenue. Page 120 of 134 .

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman 8 Market for renewable energy in Oman 8.1 Barriers Developers of renewable energy projects face a number of barriers. These concern several factors, some of which relate to the underlying technology and associated cost structures others relate to the structure of the power market where their outputs is sold. The barriers include among others: • Cost competitiveness and cost structures • Intermittency • Scale • Legal Framework For each of these potential barriers the key issues are identified and commented in the following section. 8.1.1 Cost competitiveness Cost competitiveness is a barrier for widespread use of renewable energy in Oman. It has been demonstrated in the previous section, that all the renewable energy technologies analysed have higher cost than conventional power production in Oman with prevailing prices of natural gas of 1.5 USD/MMBtu. In the following paragraphs the cost competitiveness is analysed at two levels: production and end-user level. Cost at generation level Currently conventional generators are provided with gas at a low price from the Ministry of Oil and Gas. The price is low in economic terms, because it does not include all the external cost of production of power based on gas, i.e. the cost of emissions, as previously explained. The revenue is also lower than the alternative revenue that could be obtained from export of the gas. The spot LNG price is and has been much higher than the 1.5 USD/MMBtu for a long time and represents higher revenue for the society, which should be taken into consideration when comparing cost of conventional production and renewable production. Page 121 of 134 .

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