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Study on Renewable Energy Resources, Oman - authority for ...

Study on Renewable Energy Resources, Oman - authority for ...

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman 8.3 Awareness Presently solar energy is used for water heating purposes in households and for power supply of remote located equipment, primarily within the oil and gas industry. The awareness of other types of renewable energy resources is limited in Oman and large scale utilisation of renewable energy resources has not yet been considered as a serious supplement to the use of conventional energy resources. Research and development activities related to utilisation of renewable energy are carried out at the Sultan Qaboos University in Muscat. However the allocation of financial resources for these activities is limited. Several initiatives can be implemented in order to increase the awareness of renewable energy: • implementation of demonstration projects for testing of the most promising renewable energy technologies for Oman • increase the R&D activities related to renewable energy utilisation • integration of renewable energy systems (primarily solar PV) in public buildings where the technology can be presented for many people (i.e. power supply at public buildings and for lighting) • education of renewable energy in the schools The awareness by decision makers and the public regarding the potential of renewable energy resources in Oman is important for the development of the utilisation of these domestic energy resources. Page 126 of 134 .

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman 9 Renewable energy pilot projects 9.1 Criteria for recommendation of pilot projects The technologies for utilisation of solar and wind energy resources for electricity generation are commercially available and have demonstrated technical reliability in many countries. In order to demonstrate the technical and economical performance of renewable energy plants in Oman it is recommended to establish a number of pilot projects. One or several of the following types of projects are recommended as pilot projects. The criteria for selection of the recommended type pilot projects include: • demand for the type of project is expected in the future • the type of project is expected to be economically viable in the future assuming high conventional fuel prices in the future • the project shall contribute to the awareness of renewable energy in Oman • the project shall be based on well proven and reliable technology 9.2 Solar pilot projects Two types of solar energy systems are recommended as pilot projects. A 20 kW system for installation on a building in an urban environment and a 10 kW solar PV / diesel hybrid system. 9.2.1 PV pilot project, grid connected 20 kWp system Outline design and technology The 20 kW system consists of the following components: • 20 kWp solar PV panels (approximately 200 m2 conventional panels) mounted in an urban environment. • A 20 kW power converter to convert the DC from the panels to AC voltage for the grid. • A connection to the grid including a power meter. Page 127 of 134 .

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