Views
3 years ago

Study on Renewable Energy Resources, Oman - authority for ...

Study on Renewable Energy Resources, Oman - authority for ...

• A 20 MW power

• A 20 MW power converter to convert the DC from the panels to AC voltage for the grid. • A connection to the grid including a power meter. With a panel of 200,000 m2 the land area will be more than 500,000 m2, corresponding to more than 700 x 700 m. Budget The following budget represents the market cost for the technology and does not include design, project management, monitoring, evaluation, reporting etc. Component Initial Capital USD PV Array including mounting 80,000,000 Converter and connections 8,750,000 Totals 88,750,000 Action plan A small PV plant can be demonstrated in Oman on the basis of imported components. A major demonstration project like a 20 MW PV plant should incorporate development of local production and build up of local capacity on the various expertises involved in such plant in some kind of international business set up. Oman has very many favourable locations for such PV plant which of course need to be located not too far from a sufficient grid connection. Analysis The analysis below has been made with the PC programme HOMER ( Version 2.19, refer to https://analysis.nrel.gov/homer/) with the following assumptions. • For the analysis of the performance the following has been used. • Cost of PV, 4000 USD per kW • Maintenance of PV, 0,5 % of investment per year. • Lifetime of PV, 25 years • Derating factor, 90% (10% losses due to high temperature, dust etc.) • Cost of converter, 350 USD per kW • Converter efficiency, 95 % • Life time of converter, 15 years, replacement cost 200 USD per kW. • Operation and maintenance cost of converter, 4 USD/year per kW • Scaled annual global insolation, 5.44 kWh/m2 • Calculation interest rate, 8 %. • Project life time, 25 years • Slope of panels, 25 degree. • Azimuth of PV, south facing. • Ground reflection, 20%

The cost break down is shown in below table. The major cost is the annualised cost of PV. Initial Capital Annualized Capital Annualized Replacement Annual O&M Annual Fuel Total Annualized Component ($) ($/yr) ($/yr) ($/yr) ($/yr) ($/yr) PV Array 80,000,000 7,494,302 0 400,000 0 7,894,302 Converter 8,750,000 819,689 124,859 100,000 0 1,044,549 Totals 88,750,000 8,313,992 124,859 500,000 0 8,938,851 The annual production of electricity with this system is calculated to 35850 MWh, corresponding to 1792 kWh per installed kW peak power. The production corresponds to about 0.3 % of the consumption in Oman. This lead to a unit cost of 8,938,851 / 35,850 = 250 USD per MWh.

  • Page 1:

    Authority for Electricity Regulatio

  • Page 4 and 5:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 6 and 7:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 8 and 9:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 10 and 11:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 12 and 13:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 14 and 15:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 16 and 17:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 18 and 19:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 20 and 21:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 22 and 23:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 24 and 25:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 26 and 27:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 28 and 29:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 30 and 31:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 32 and 33:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 34 and 35:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 36 and 37:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 38 and 39:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 40 and 41:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 42 and 43:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 44 and 45:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 46 and 47:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 48 and 49:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 50 and 51:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 52 and 53:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 54 and 55:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 56 and 57:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 58 and 59:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 60 and 61:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 62 and 63:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 64 and 65:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 66 and 67:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 68 and 69:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 70 and 71:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 72 and 73:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 74 and 75:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 76 and 77:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 78 and 79:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 80 and 81:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 82 and 83:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 84 and 85:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 86 and 87:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 88 and 89:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 90 and 91:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 92 and 93:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 94 and 95:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 96 and 97:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 98 and 99:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 100 and 101:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 102 and 103:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 104 and 105:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 106 and 107:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 108 and 109:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 110 and 111:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 112 and 113:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 114 and 115:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 116 and 117:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 118 and 119:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 120 and 121:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 122 and 123:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 124 and 125:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 126 and 127:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 128 and 129:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 130 and 131:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 132 and 133:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 134 and 135:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 136 and 137:

    2. Mazoon Electricity Company Eng.

  • Page 138 and 139:

    4. Oman Waste Water Company Eng, Om

  • Page 140 and 141: 6. Ministry of Regional Municipalit
  • Page 142 and 143: According to SQU studies, wind and
  • Page 144 and 145: 9. Ministry of Transport and Teleco
  • Page 146 and 147: 11. Supreme Committee for Town Plan
  • Page 148 and 149: 13. Ministry of National Economy H.
  • Page 150 and 151: 15. Petrol Development Oman (PDO) C
  • Page 152 and 153: 16. Scientific Research Council H.E
  • Page 154 and 155: B. Comments received General info E
  • Page 156 and 157: ecause of missing DNA in Oman. Ener
  • Page 158 and 159: Appendix 2 Site visits Photos from
  • Page 160 and 161: Photo 5. View towards Masirah islan
  • Page 162 and 163: Authority for Electricity Regulatio
  • Page 164 and 165: Authority for Electricity Regulatio
  • Page 166 and 167: Authority for Electricity Regulatio
  • Page 168 and 169: Authority for Electricity Regulatio
  • Page 170 and 171: Authority for Electricity Regulatio
  • Page 172 and 173: Global solar radiation, 1987-1992,
  • Page 174 and 175: Appendix 6
  • Page 176 and 177: 6.2 Examples of applications at var
  • Page 178 and 179: Fig. A 6.2 Example of rural system
  • Page 180 and 181: Fig. A 6.5 Example of large scale s
  • Page 182 and 183: Appendix 7
  • Page 188 and 189: Appendix 8 and 9
  • Page 192: Appendix 9 List of R&D references a
  • Page 198 and 199: Appendix 10 Average production cost
  • Page 200 and 201: Appendix 11 Examples of Tax Credit
  • Page 202 and 203: 0.5 0.4 Levelized Cost of Energy vs
  • Page 204 and 205: 18 Electric Load 16 14 12 10 8 6 4
  • Page 206 and 207: Fig. A 13.2 . Assumed fuel efficien
2011 Annual Report - authority for electricity regulation, oman
Renewable-Energy
NON-RENEWABLE AND RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES
Renewable Energy - Wind Watch
A RATIONAL LOOK AT RENEWABLE ENERGY - Wind Watch
Distributed Renewable Energy Operating Impacts and Valuation Study
Renewable Energy Resources - ISNAP
Renewable Energy
Renewable Energy Resource Assessment
Legal Frameworks for Renewable Energy - The Infrastructure ...
Case Studies - Renewable Energy Integration: Power to the ... - EERE
5905 gp [eu rev]csfr4.qxd - European Renewable Energy Council
Renewable Energy Policy Workshop - World Resources Institute
recent study by Commonwealth North - Renewable Energy Alaska ...
Energy storage and renewable resource estimation
Renewable Energy
chile - Observatory for Renewable Energy in Latin America and
Introduction to Wirsol Solar AG - Texas Renewable Energy ...
Renewable Energy 101 - Environmental and Energy Study Institute
The Status and Potential of Renewable Energy Technologies
Read More - American Council On Renewable Energy
Energy efficiency and renewables - Euromedina
primer on the technologies of renewable energy - Pollution Probe
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Technology - International ...
Progress with Renewable Energy Roadmaps - IEA
ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND RENEwABLE ENERGY ...
RENEWABLE ENERGY - Firelands Electric Cooperative
Renewal Energy Resources IV
2011 Renewable Energy Data Book
Productivity and Penetration of Intermittent Renewable Energy ...