Views
3 years ago

# Study on Renewable Energy Resources, Oman - authority for ...

Study on Renewable Energy Resources, Oman - authority for ...

## 0.5 0.4 Levelized Cost

0.5 0.4 Levelized Cost of Energy vs. PV Capital Multiplier Fixed PV Slope = 25 deg PV Azimuth = 0 deg 0.3 0.2 \$ 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 PV Capital Multiplier The production of electricity from PV panels depends of course of the orientation and slope of the panels. The following graph shows the influence of this on the levelised cost of electricity. The reference is the red circle. For Oman a slope from 0 to 30 degree is optimum. The slope should never be less than 15 so that water can drain off and clean the panels. For this small slope the production is rather independent on the azimuth meaning that the PV panels can be oriented freely. Only through north there is an increased cost. For vertical PV (on facades for example) it appears that the cost of production (the solar output) is increased considerably, in particular on north facades. This calculation only consider the yearly production, the distribution over the year is also very dependent on the slope and orientation. Sloped PV panels tend to giver lower production in the summertime when demand is highest. Fig. A 12.2 Levelized cost of electricity from a 20 kW grid connected PV system as a function of the slope (Y-axis, 0=horizontal, 90=vertical) and the azimuth (y-axis, 0=south, -90=Vest, 180= north).

Appendix 13 Details on 10 kW PV/10 KW diesel hybrid pilot project Outline design and technology The demand is defined as an average of 10 kW over the year giving a total of 87600 kWh per year. The yearly load profile from Rural Area Electricity Company is used. There is no daily load profile available for rural areas and a load profile from the main grid on the 2nd of January and on the 25th of July has been used to represent the winter and the summer situation in rural areas. See below figure. In the summertime the peak is in night and late afternoon (air conditioning), in the "winter" time the much smaller peak is mid day and early evening (cooking). 18 Electric Load 16 14 Electric Load (kW) 12 10 8 6 4 2 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

• Page 1:

Authority for Electricity Regulatio

• Page 4 and 5:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 6 and 7:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 8 and 9:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 10 and 11:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 12 and 13:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 14 and 15:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 16 and 17:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 18 and 19:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 20 and 21:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 22 and 23:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 24 and 25:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 26 and 27:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 28 and 29:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 30 and 31:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 32 and 33:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 34 and 35:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 36 and 37:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 38 and 39:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 40 and 41:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 42 and 43:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 44 and 45:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 46 and 47:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 48 and 49:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 50 and 51:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 52 and 53:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 54 and 55:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 56 and 57:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 58 and 59:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 60 and 61:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 62 and 63:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 64 and 65:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 66 and 67:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 68 and 69:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 70 and 71:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 72 and 73:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 74 and 75:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 76 and 77:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 78 and 79:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 80 and 81:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 82 and 83:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 84 and 85:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 86 and 87:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 88 and 89:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 90 and 91:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 92 and 93:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 94 and 95:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 96 and 97:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 98 and 99:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 100 and 101:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 102 and 103:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 104 and 105:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 106 and 107:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 108 and 109:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 110 and 111:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 112 and 113:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 114 and 115:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 116 and 117:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 118 and 119:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 120 and 121:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 122 and 123:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 124 and 125:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 126 and 127:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 128 and 129:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 130 and 131:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 132 and 133:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 134 and 135:

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

• Page 136 and 137:

2. Mazoon Electricity Company Eng.

• Page 138 and 139:

4. Oman Waste Water Company Eng, Om

• Page 140 and 141:

6. Ministry of Regional Municipalit

• Page 142 and 143:

According to SQU studies, wind and

• Page 144 and 145:

9. Ministry of Transport and Teleco

• Page 146 and 147:

11. Supreme Committee for Town Plan

• Page 148 and 149:

13. Ministry of National Economy H.

• Page 150 and 151:

15. Petrol Development Oman (PDO) C

• Page 152 and 153: 16. Scientific Research Council H.E
• Page 156 and 157: ecause of missing DNA in Oman. Ener
• Page 158 and 159: Appendix 2 Site visits Photos from
• Page 160 and 161: Photo 5. View towards Masirah islan
• Page 162 and 163: Authority for Electricity Regulatio
• Page 164 and 165: Authority for Electricity Regulatio
• Page 166 and 167: Authority for Electricity Regulatio
• Page 168 and 169: Authority for Electricity Regulatio
• Page 170 and 171: Authority for Electricity Regulatio
• Page 172 and 173: Global solar radiation, 1987-1992,
• Page 174 and 175: Appendix 6
• Page 176 and 177: 6.2 Examples of applications at var
• Page 178 and 179: Fig. A 6.2 Example of rural system
• Page 180 and 181: Fig. A 6.5 Example of large scale s
• Page 182 and 183: Appendix 7
• Page 188 and 189: Appendix 8 and 9
• Page 190 and 191: • A 20 MW power converter to conv
• Page 192: Appendix 9 List of R&D references a
• Page 198 and 199: Appendix 10 Average production cost
• Page 200 and 201: Appendix 11 Examples of Tax Credit
• Page 204 and 205: 18 Electric Load 16 14 12 10 8 6 4
• Page 206 and 207: Fig. A 13.2 . Assumed fuel efficien
Distributed Renewable Energy Operating Impacts and Valuation Study
Renewable Energy Resources - ISNAP
Renewable-Energy
Case Studies - Renewable Energy Integration: Power to the ... - EERE
Energy storage and renewable resource estimation
recent study by Commonwealth North - Renewable Energy Alaska ...
NON-RENEWABLE AND RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES
chile - Observatory for Renewable Energy in Latin America and
2011 Annual Report - authority for electricity regulation, oman
Introduction to Wirsol Solar AG - Texas Renewable Energy ...
ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND RENEwABLE ENERGY ...
5905 gp [eu rev]csfr4.qxd - European Renewable Energy Council
A RATIONAL LOOK AT RENEWABLE ENERGY - Wind Watch
Renewable Energy Sources in Figures - Fes-japan.org
Renewable Energy - World Renewable Energy Congress / Network ...
RENEWABLE ENERGY - Holmes-Wayne Electric Cooperative, Inc.
Germany's Strategic Transition to a Renewable Energy ... - Heuersdorf
Andy Brydges Financing Options for Renewable Energy on ...
EEG â THE RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES ACT
Variable Renewables Integration in Electricity Systems 2016 How to get it right
Renewable Energy – policies and challenges
Meeting Renewable Energy Targets in the West at Least Cost
Renewable Energy
Evidence Base for the Provision of Renewable Energy in Allerdale.
Solar Energy Initiatives for Urban Areas - Local Renewables
Smart Generation - Powering Ontario with Renewable Energy
Challenges of training for renewable energy in ... - REENFOR–2013
Renewable Energy Handbook 2010 - Department of Finance - The ...
A 100% Renewable Energy Vision - RE-thinking 2050
Energy efficiency and renewables - Euromedina