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Study on Renewable Energy Resources, Oman - authority for ...

Study on Renewable Energy Resources, Oman - authority for ...

0.5 0.4 Levelized Cost

0.5 0.4 Levelized Cost of Energy vs. PV Capital Multiplier Fixed PV Slope = 25 deg PV Azimuth = 0 deg 0.3 0.2 $ 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 PV Capital Multiplier The production of electricity from PV panels depends of course of the orientation and slope of the panels. The following graph shows the influence of this on the levelised cost of electricity. The reference is the red circle. For Oman a slope from 0 to 30 degree is optimum. The slope should never be less than 15 so that water can drain off and clean the panels. For this small slope the production is rather independent on the azimuth meaning that the PV panels can be oriented freely. Only through north there is an increased cost. For vertical PV (on facades for example) it appears that the cost of production (the solar output) is increased considerably, in particular on north facades. This calculation only consider the yearly production, the distribution over the year is also very dependent on the slope and orientation. Sloped PV panels tend to giver lower production in the summertime when demand is highest. Fig. A 12.2 Levelized cost of electricity from a 20 kW grid connected PV system as a function of the slope (Y-axis, 0=horizontal, 90=vertical) and the azimuth (y-axis, 0=south, -90=Vest, 180= north).

Appendix 13 Details on 10 kW PV/10 KW diesel hybrid pilot project Outline design and technology The demand is defined as an average of 10 kW over the year giving a total of 87600 kWh per year. The yearly load profile from Rural Area Electricity Company is used. There is no daily load profile available for rural areas and a load profile from the main grid on the 2nd of January and on the 25th of July has been used to represent the winter and the summer situation in rural areas. See below figure. In the summertime the peak is in night and late afternoon (air conditioning), in the "winter" time the much smaller peak is mid day and early evening (cooking). 18 Electric Load 16 14 Electric Load (kW) 12 10 8 6 4 2 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

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    2. Mazoon Electricity Company Eng.

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    4. Oman Waste Water Company Eng, Om

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    According to SQU studies, wind and

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    11. Supreme Committee for Town Plan

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    13. Ministry of National Economy H.

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    15. Petrol Development Oman (PDO) C

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