Views
3 years ago

Study on Renewable Energy Resources, Oman - authority for ...

Study on Renewable Energy Resources, Oman - authority for ...

18 Electric Load 16 14

18 Electric Load 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 6 12 18 24 July 27 18 Electric Load 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 6 12 18 24 January 2 Fig. A 13.1 Load profile for analysis of 10 kW off grid system. The top graph show yearly distribution with monthly max and minimum value of demand. The middle graph the daily profile for July 27 and the bottom graph for January 2nd. The analysis is made on a number of assumptions listed below. PV Capital cost 6800 USD per kW Operation and maintenance 68 USD per year per kW Lifetime: 25 yr Derating factor: 90% (10% losses) Slope: 25 Azimuth: 0 deg (south facing) Ground reflectance: 20% Generators Capital cost 780 USD per kW Replacement cost 500 USD per kW Sizes to consider: 1) 0, 5, 10, 15, 20 kW, 2) 0, 7, 12 Lifetime: 25,000 hrs Min. load ratio: 50% Fuel used: Diesel Fuel curve intercept: 0.08 L/hr/kW Fuel curve slope: 0.25 L/hr/kW

Diesel Price: Lower heating value: Density: $ 0.38, 0.57, 0.76, 1.52/L 43.2 MJ/kg 820 kg/m3 Battery: Willard RT9d - 50% DOD Capital cost 200 USD per battery Replacement cost 100 USD per battery Quantities to consider: 0, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 Voltage: 2 V Nominal capacity: 254 Ah Lifetime throughput: 490 kWh Converter Capital cost 700 USD per kW Replacement cost 500 USD per kW Operation and maintenance 13 USD per year per kW Sizes to consider: 0, 2, 5, 10, 20, 30, 50 kW Lifetime: 15 yr Inverter efficiency: 90% Inverter can operate parallel with AC generator: Yes Rectifier relative capacity: 75% Rectifier efficiency: 85% Economics Annual real interest rate: 8% Project lifetime: 25 yr Capacity shortage penalty: $ 0/kWh System fixed capital cost: $ 0 System fixed O&M cost: $ 0/yr Generator control Check cycle charging: Yes Setpoint state of charge: 80% Allow multiple generators to operate simultaneously: Yes Grid Extension Capital cost: O&M cost: Power price: $ 70,000/km $ 1,200/yr/km $ 0.04/kWh For the operation of diesel systems it is important to consider that the fuel efficiency of the engine depends on the load. It is therefore important to run engines on full load and therefore often better to have two smaller engines or to include a battery storage wish will allow the engine to run on full load while charging the batteries. See Fig. A 13.2.

  • Page 1:

    Authority for Electricity Regulatio

  • Page 4 and 5:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 6 and 7:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 8 and 9:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 10 and 11:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 12 and 13:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 14 and 15:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 16 and 17:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 18 and 19:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 20 and 21:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 22 and 23:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 24 and 25:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 26 and 27:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 28 and 29:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 30 and 31:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 32 and 33:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 34 and 35:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 36 and 37:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 38 and 39:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 40 and 41:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 42 and 43:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 44 and 45:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 46 and 47:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 48 and 49:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 50 and 51:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 52 and 53:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 54 and 55:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 56 and 57:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 58 and 59:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 60 and 61:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 62 and 63:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 64 and 65:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 66 and 67:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 68 and 69:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 70 and 71:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 72 and 73:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 74 and 75:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 76 and 77:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 78 and 79:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 80 and 81:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 82 and 83:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 84 and 85:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 86 and 87:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 88 and 89:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 90 and 91:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 92 and 93:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 94 and 95:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 96 and 97:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 98 and 99:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 100 and 101:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 102 and 103:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 104 and 105:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 106 and 107:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 108 and 109:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 110 and 111:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 112 and 113:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 114 and 115:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 116 and 117:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 118 and 119:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 120 and 121:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 122 and 123:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 124 and 125:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 126 and 127:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 128 and 129:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 130 and 131:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 132 and 133:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 134 and 135:

    Renewable Energy Resources in Oman

  • Page 136 and 137:

    2. Mazoon Electricity Company Eng.

  • Page 138 and 139:

    4. Oman Waste Water Company Eng, Om

  • Page 140 and 141:

    6. Ministry of Regional Municipalit

  • Page 142 and 143:

    According to SQU studies, wind and

  • Page 144 and 145:

    9. Ministry of Transport and Teleco

  • Page 146 and 147:

    11. Supreme Committee for Town Plan

  • Page 148 and 149:

    13. Ministry of National Economy H.

  • Page 150 and 151:

    15. Petrol Development Oman (PDO) C

  • Page 152 and 153:

    16. Scientific Research Council H.E

  • Page 154 and 155: B. Comments received General info E
  • Page 156 and 157: ecause of missing DNA in Oman. Ener
  • Page 158 and 159: Appendix 2 Site visits Photos from
  • Page 160 and 161: Photo 5. View towards Masirah islan
  • Page 162 and 163: Authority for Electricity Regulatio
  • Page 164 and 165: Authority for Electricity Regulatio
  • Page 166 and 167: Authority for Electricity Regulatio
  • Page 168 and 169: Authority for Electricity Regulatio
  • Page 170 and 171: Authority for Electricity Regulatio
  • Page 172 and 173: Global solar radiation, 1987-1992,
  • Page 174 and 175: Appendix 6
  • Page 176 and 177: 6.2 Examples of applications at var
  • Page 178 and 179: Fig. A 6.2 Example of rural system
  • Page 180 and 181: Fig. A 6.5 Example of large scale s
  • Page 182 and 183: Appendix 7
  • Page 188 and 189: Appendix 8 and 9
  • Page 190 and 191: • A 20 MW power converter to conv
  • Page 192: Appendix 9 List of R&D references a
  • Page 198 and 199: Appendix 10 Average production cost
  • Page 200 and 201: Appendix 11 Examples of Tax Credit
  • Page 202 and 203: 0.5 0.4 Levelized Cost of Energy vs
  • Page 206 and 207: Fig. A 13.2 . Assumed fuel efficien
A RATIONAL LOOK AT RENEWABLE ENERGY - Wind Watch
Renewable Energy
Legal Frameworks for Renewable Energy - The Infrastructure ...
Renewable Energy Resource Assessment
Renewable Energy Policy Workshop - World Resources Institute
The Status and Potential of Renewable Energy Technologies
2011 Annual Report - authority for electricity regulation, oman
NON-RENEWABLE AND RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES
Read More - American Council On Renewable Energy
Progress with Renewable Energy Roadmaps - IEA
Productivity and Penetration of Intermittent Renewable Energy ...
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Technology - International ...
The 10th Annual Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Expo ...
Integration of Renewable Energy in Islands & Interisland Transmission
Renewable eneRgy - UNEP
EY-Renewable-Energy-Country-Attractiveness-Index-42-September-2014
Co-Generation and Renewables: Solutions for a low-carbon energy ...
Renewable Energy - Observatory for Renewable Energy in Latin ...
Issue 2 - Renewable Energy Coming of Age - IEA
Global markets and policies in the spotlight - Renewable Energy ...
Renewable Energy Outlook - WEO2012 - World Energy Outlook
EEG - The Renewable Energy Sources Act - Nordic Folkecenter for ...
Renewable Energy Services brochure - KBM Resources Group
Renewable Energy Breakthrough Scenarios