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Study on Renewable Energy Resources, Oman - authority for ...

Study on Renewable Energy Resources, Oman - authority for ...

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman 3.3.2 Market Structure The sector comprises three separate and distinct markets: Main Interconnected System (MIS), the Rural Systems (RAECO) and the Salalah Power System. Main Interconnected system (MIS) Production MIS has the generation facilities shown in Table 3.2. Table 3.2 Generation facilities in the MIS system, Ref /3/. Name No. of Units/ Technology Capacity MW Fuel Production 2005 GWh Production 2006 GWh Al Kamil 3 GT 290 Nat. gas 1 210 1,151 Barka* 2 CCGT / 1 ST 427 Nat. gas 2 747 2,624 Ghubrah* 4 ST/13 GT 523 Nat. gas 2 382 2,341 Manah Phase 1 + 2 5 GT 267 Nat. gas 1 046 1,188 Rusail 8 GT 688 Nat. gas 2 170 2,369 Wadi Al Jizzi 11 GT 295 Nat. gas 1 390 1,044 Sohar* 3 GT / 1 ST 585 Nat. gas 1,036 Other Nat. gas 97 29 Total 2865 11, 041 11, 782 *combined desalinated water and power production OPWP is the single buyer of electricity and power from the licensed production facilities. In 2005 OPWP purchased 10.8 TWh of electricity. MIS contracted capacity increased to 2,865 MW in April 2006 with the commissioning of a new Integrated Water and Power Production facility in Sohar. Sohar has been operating at its full capacity of 585 MW from 2007. OPWP will contract for a further 700 MW (IWPP) by 2009 from a plant located at Barka which will provide 350 MW of early power in 2008. Transmission The Oman Electricity Transmission Company (OETC) is monopoly provider of transmission services to the MIS. OETC own and operate the 220 kV and 132 kV interconnected transmission system in the north of Oman and as system operator is responsible for the central dispatch of generating and desalination facilities connected to the MIS. OETC manages its system operator functions from a recently commissioned load dispatch centre in Al Mawalleh. Information about the transmission system is provided in Table 3.3. Page 38 of 134 .

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman Table 3.3 Transmission System Data - 2006, Ref /4/ Item Value Service areas 129,334 km 2 220 kV Transmission lines 576 km 123 kV Transmission lines 2,631 km Sub stations 34 Peak demand Units transmitted 2,639 MW 10,821 GWh System Avaliability 98% Distribution Three licensed distribution and supply companies have monopoly rights to distribute electricity within Authorised Areas as provided for in the following licenses: • Muscat, corresponding to Muscat Governorate • Majan, corresponding to North Batinah, Dhahirah and al Buraimi regions • Mazoon, corresponding to Sharqiyah, Dakhliah and South Batinah regions Muscat is supplying the most densely populated area of the three Regulation of the Sector - MIS The MIS is organised according the Single Buyer Model with OPWP as the single buyer. The Fig.3.1 summarises the principal regulated transactions in MIS: Fig. 3.1 Regulatory overview MIS Page 39 of 134 .

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