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Study on Renewable Energy Resources, Oman - authority for ...

Study on Renewable Energy Resources, Oman - authority for ...

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman The OPWP purchases capacity and output from the licensed production facilities in accordance with the payment terms of power purchase agreements. These payment terms are established during competitions for market entry, and are not directly regulated by the Authority. The Authority has a duty to ensure the OPWP conducts competitions for new contracted capacity and output in a fair and transparent manner. OPWP provides bulk supplies of electricity to the distribution companies. These transactions are implemented through cost reflective electricity tariff approved by the Authority. The electricity Bulk Supply Tariff (BST) allows OPWP to recover its purchase costs and the direct costs of its procurement functions. Electricity is purchased by the OPWP at licensed production facility exit points and transported across the transmission system of OETC. The DC purchase electricity from OPWP and are responsible for the cost of transporting electricity across to the customers. The DC pays connection and use of system charges approved by the Authority for connection and use of the system. Fig. 3.2 Main Interconnected System monthly peak Demand, Ref /3/ 3,000 2,500 2,000 MW 1,500 1,000 2007 2006 500 0 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec MIS electricity demand has a distinct seasonal shape - demand in summer months is significantly higher than in winter. Air condition loads in summer rise in response to higher temperatures resulting in the strong positive correlation of monthly peak demand and maximum monthly ambient temperature. 2006 peak demand was 2,614 MW, and increased to 2,773 MW in 2007. Daily load profile is also distinct. Daily loads in June, with the highest loads, are almost double of February having the lowest loads. Peak hours are between 3 pm and 5 pm, and again between 11 pm and 4 am in the summer. In the winter there is a small peak hour at 8 pm. Page 40 of 134 .

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman MIS electricity Demand Forecast MIS Peak demand will increase from 2,773 MW in 2007 to an expected 4,634 MW in 2013. The annual growth rate is app. 9%. Peak demand is envisaged to continue increasing due to the accelerated growth in Oman. Fig. 3.3 Capacity Projections for the MIS, Ref /5/ MW 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 Peak Demand and Capacity Projections MIS 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Year Demand Forecast MW Contracted capacity Potential Capacity OPWP projection of the peak for the coming 7 years is shown above. The principal drivers behind the increase are population growth, industrial sector growth and growth in the tourism sector. The figure show the capacity forecast, the already contracted capacity and the potential known capacity that can be contracted. It shows that already from 2010 or earlier OPWP must contract new capacity. The forecast for electricity generation in 2014 is 24.0 TWh. Rural Systems RAECO is generating, transmitting and distributing power in its areas. RAECO is also responsible for electrification of rural areas and funds this through a special mechanism in the Sector law. Most of the electricity in RAECO is generated in diesel fuelled facilities. The total capacity is 447 MW. The electricity supply was 246 GWh in 2006, Ref /3/. Demand for electricity in RAECO areas will increase considerably when the development projects in the Duqum area and Masirah Island take off. The forecast for RAECO area is approximately 350 GWh in 2012. Page 41 of 134 .

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