Views
3 years ago

Study on Renewable Energy Resources, Oman - authority for ...

Study on Renewable Energy Resources, Oman - authority for ...

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman If we estimate that there is 50 farms with 500 animals corresponding to an equivalent of 300 milk cows / camel, then the yearly production of biogas can be estimated to approximately 4,200,000 Nm 3 CH 4 per year or approximately 46,000 MWh. The potential biogas production can be increased by say 50% by adding other material as described above, but the total practical reachable resource is still very small in the total energy balance of Oman. It will probably be realistic that no more than 5 big farms, 2 sewerage treatment plants and 3 industries establish a biogas plant over the next 15-20 years. 4.3.3 Electricity generation By use of biogas in large gen-sets it is possible to convert about 35-40% of the energy content in the biogas to electric power hereof 10-20% is consumed by the process itself. It is not unrealistic to estimate a biogas production of 100.000 MWh at year 2020. From this about 35,000 MWh net power can be produced corresponding to a continuous power of about 4 MW. Summary: Biogas resources material for generation is primarily available in the northern part of Oman in the forms of waste water and agriculture waste and in the southern part of Oman in the forms of waste water, animal dung and agriculture waste. The theoretical potential for biogas generation from waste water is 1,000,000 Nm3 equivalent to 11,000 MWh and from animal dung 150,000,000 Nm 3 equivalent to 1,650,000 MWh. The total technical potential for electricity generation by biogas in Oman is 35,000 MWh/year corresponding to a continuous power capacity of 4 MW. Page 62 of 134 .

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman 4.4 Wave energy 4.4.1 Wave data Measurements of wave data along the Oman coast have not been performed and data on wave height, wave length and wave period from Oman was not available for this study. Instead information on wave energy along the Omani coast has been obtained from the European Directory of Renewable Energy, 1991, Ref /11/. 4.4.2 Wave energy resources An estimation of the wave energy in the world oceans has been made and presented in Ref /3/. According to this reference the wave energy flux in the world oceans varies from approximately 10 kW per m wave length and up to approximately 100 kW/m. A map showing the wave resources are presented in Fig. 4.7. The wave energy potential in the Arabian Sea is among the lowest in the world. The wave energy flux in the open sea is in the order of 17 kW per m wave length, corresponding to 150,000 kWh/m/year- Along the coast to the Arabian Sea the wave energy flux is lower than at the open sea. Compared to the world wide wave energy resources the wave energy resources at the coast of Oman are relatively small and it is assumed that wave energy can not contribute significantly to the energy generation in Oman. Fig. 4.7 Wave energy potential world wide, Ref /11/ Page 63 of 134 .

NON-RENEWABLE AND RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES
2011 Annual Report - authority for electricity regulation, oman
5905 gp [eu rev]csfr4.qxd - European Renewable Energy Council
A RATIONAL LOOK AT RENEWABLE ENERGY - Wind Watch
Energy efficiency and renewables - Euromedina
Renewable Energy
Renewal Energy Resources IV
Renewable Energy Resource Assessment
2011 Renewable Energy Data Book
Distributed Renewable Energy Operating Impacts and Valuation Study
Renewable Energy 101 - Environmental and Energy Study Institute
Renewable Energy Compendium Report - United States Energy ...
Renewable Energy Resources - ISNAP
European Commission renewable energy policy European ...
primer on the technologies of renewable energy - Pollution Probe
Renewable-energy-brochure_ACCESS
Case Studies - Renewable Energy Integration: Power to the ... - EERE
EY-Renewable-Energy-Country-Attractiveness-Index-42-September-2014
LOCAL IMPACTS OF RENEWABLE ENERGY
Renewable Energy An IEA Perspective
Legal Frameworks for Renewable Energy - The Infrastructure ...