Canadian immigration selection policy and trends in ... - COMPAS
Some reasons offered for decline • Business cycle effects – But expected rebound in late 1990s not seen in 2001 census data • Origins shift – But decline applies to most origins groups • Lack of language skills – Debate over measurement of language • Adverse conditions for all new labor market entrants – Not specifically an immigration problem • Changing emphasis on credentials – More credentialism, less value of foreign experience
Canadian policy options in response to decline • Upgrade selection, intensify skilled immigrant recruitment? • Labour market reforms toward skill utilization? • Abandon mass immigration? • Accept immigrant poverty and wait for second generation?