3 years ago

The Future - CGIAR Library

The Future - CGIAR Library

Centro Internacional de

Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT) Headquarters: Cali, Colombia | A Progressive Science Program for Sustainable Rural Livelihoods 16 The World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg signaled the return of agriculture to a central place in development programs. Despite debate on such contentious issues as the effect agricultural subsidies in industrialized countries have on trade opportunities for the developing world, the summit’s message was clear: Sustainable agriculture is vital for achieving food security, reducing poverty and protecting the environment, and it is closely linked to other high-priority issues such as conserving biodiversity and water resources. > EXPERIENCE SHOWS THAT IMPROVED CROPPING SYSTEMS DEVELOPED WITH SUPPORT FROM CGIAR CENTERS CAN SERVE AS ENTRY POINTS FOR BROADER ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT The International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT by its Spanish acronym) pursues a progressive program of research and development that helps farmers build sustainable livelihoods, based on competitive agriculture, healthy agroecosystems and rural innovation. In close collaboration with national institutions, nongovernmental organizations and the private sector, Center scientists employ participatory methods that offer farmers an active role in building rural agroenterprises, managing soil, water and pests, and improving cropping systems. By pursuing its progressive program across Africa, Asia and Latin America, CIAT also creates unique opportunities for South–South exchanges of technical and social innovations in agriculture. Experience shows that improved cropping systems developed with support from CIAT and other CGIAR Centers can serve as entry points for broader economic development. Through postharvest handling and processing, for example, farmers and local entrepreneurs can add value to agricultural produce and increase their income. To help farmers learn to compete more effectively in growth markets, CIAT has developed an innovative approach toward assisting agroenterprise development. In this approach, local interest groups are formed to identify and analyze new market opportunities, seize the most promising options through integrated projects, and reinforce the support services needed for agroenterprises to prosper. One of those services is timely access to information about prices, technologies, quality standards and so forth. To help build local capacity for creating knowledge and providing information services, CIAT is exploring the potential contribution of new information and communications technologies delivered through rural community telecenters, in combination with traditional media. As new agroenterprises emerge, farmers should have stronger incentives to invest in restoring the soil, water and biodiversity on which rural livelihoods depend. A central challenge is to devise new technologies and approaches that encourage and enable farmers to respond to these new incentives. One recent initiative to meet this challenge is the Alliance for Integrated Soil Fertility Management, jointly established by CIAT’s Tropical Soil Biology and Fertility Institute and the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF). By combining the research-and-development experience, networks and partnerships of these international institutions, the alliance offers farmers, especially in Africa, new hope for achieving sustainable rural livelihoods. CONSULTATIVE GROUP ON INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH

Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) Headquarters: Bogor, Indonesia | Dialogue Leads to Partnerships in the World’s Forests 17 The Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) has played a leading role in establishing two major partnerships that combine governments, businesses and civil society in promoting the sustainable development of the world’s forests. The Asian Forest Partnership and the Congo Basin Forest Partnership are new agreements sealed in 2002 that work to protect these forest regions and the people who depend on them. Asian forests continue to decline, ruining livelihoods and hampering economic growth. Illegal logging persists, fires spread in previously resistant areas, exotic pests impede natural regeneration, and degraded forests languish. Drawing on its long experience in working with forest people, CIFOR joined The Nature Conservancy and the governments of Indonesia and Japan to lead the new Asian Forest Partnership, which includes 12 governments, eight intergovernmental organizations, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the International Tropical Timber Organization, and several nongovernmental organizations. The Partnership aims to address the urgent issues of good governance and forest law enforcement, control of illegal logging and forest fires, and reforestation of degraded lands in Asia. It will operate by increasing cooperation among the governments and organizations involved. Much of the work under discussion will build on the foundations of CIFOR’s earlier work in the region. The tropical forests of the Congo Basin in Africa are among the last large areas of primary forest left in the world, second only to those of the Amazon Basin. These forests support rare and endangered animals and plants, as well as providing food, materials and shelter for millions of people in Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon. Bushmeat hunting, unsustainable logging and political instability threaten the forests of the Congo Basin, prompting CIFOR to join discussions in 2002 that led 29 governments, international organizations, and environmental and business interests to form the Congo Basin Forest Partnership. The partners are discussing a longterm plan to conserve the natural resources of the Congo Basin forests by monitoring and evaluating forest ecosystems, creating protected forest areas, strengthening human capacity and participatory management, assessing the worth of the environmental services offered by forests, and managing harvested forests. > THE ASIAN FOREST PARTNERSHIP AND THE CONGO BASIN FOREST PARTNERSHIP WORK TO PROTECT THESE FOREST REGIONS AND THE PEOPLE WHO DEPEND ON THEM Both partnerships are Type 2 outcomes (public–private collaborations) of the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development designed to maximize impact. As examples of words to action, they are major developments in their regions that also serve as global precedents showing how dialogue can generate augmented resources and higherlevel commitment from partners and donors. THE FUTURE HARVEST CENTERS OF THE CGIAR

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