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Improving Access to HIV Services for Mobile and Migrant ...

Improving Access to HIV Services for Mobile and Migrant ...

Chapter 5: Proposed

Chapter 5: Proposed Instruments or Mechanisms 4. In accordance with the Terms of reference the national consultant will identify the funding sources for each of the identified HIV/AIDS services and the suggested funding options included: a. Travel Tax b. Tourist Travel Insurance c. Property Tax d. CIN Taxes e. Remittance Tax f. Telephone Tax g. User Fees h. Debt Conversion. Debt for health swaps, in which external government debt is converted into domestic debt, thereby resulting in less pressure to generate foreign exchange for debt service. A debt-for-health swap also represents an opportunity for a foreign donor to increase the local currency equivalent of a donation i. Other possible methods How Much Can be Raised – Potential Sources of Innovative Financing Income. 5. Travel Tax. In table 1 the total number of Cruise ship arrivals and Tourist Stop Over arriving at Antigua and Barbuda for the period 2006 – 2011 is indicated. From 2009 the number of passengers has steadily declined from 947k in 2009 to 616k in 2011. a. However, Antigua & Barbuda already has a number of tourist related taxes and which include a US$20 pp airport departure tax, a room tax of 8.5 % and service charge of 10%. In addition, the embarkation tax at the airport was increased to 0.2% of GDP in 2010 following the stand by agreement with the IMF. 26

Table 1. Details of passengers arrivals, Antigua and Barbuda 2006-2011 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 Jan - Aug Jan - Dec Jan - Dec Jan - Dec Jan - Dec Jan - Dec Cruise Passenger Arrivals 399,490 546,635 712,792 580,853 672,788 471,623 Tourist Stop Over 217,261 188,189 234,410 265,841 261,786 Total 616,751 734,824 947,202 846,694 934,574 471,623 b. Based on the UNITAID rate of USD1 per passenger together with alternative rates of USD0.5 and USD0.1 estimates of additional revenue that can be raised through the inclusion of an additional tax charge per passenger has been calculated. Based on the USD1 charge an estimated USD616k could be generated from passenger arrivals. Table 2. Estimated Revenue that can be raised from passenger arrivals. Innovative Financial Instrument: Rate per passenger USD 0.1 USD 0.5 USD1 Cruise Passenger Arrivals and Tourist Stop Overs 2011 616,751 616,751 616,751 Additional Revenue Raised 61,675 308,376 616,751 On-Line Gambling. 6. CIN Taxes- On-Line Gambling. In 2000 61% of the worldwide global internet gambling industry was based from Antigua & Barbuda. By 2006 the percentage share had reduced to 7% as a result of the phenomenal worldwide growth of the industry, which brought in additional competition together with federal measures by the United States to limit online gambling. 4 4 Gambling with our future: A Call for needed WTO dispute resolution reform as illustrated by the US-Antigua conflict over online gambling. George Washington International Law Review 27

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