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Improving Access to HIV Services for Mobile and Migrant ...

Improving Access to HIV Services for Mobile and Migrant ...

Diagram 1. Antiguan

Diagram 1. Antiguan Remote Gambling Revenue, 1999-2012 5 a. Online gambling still represents an important element of business in Antigua. The industry is regulated by the Financial Services Regulatory Authority (FSRC) and is deemed as financial institutions under Antigua law. The tax rate is based on 3% of the net winnings and the online gambling operators have an entitlement to a maximum cap of US$50,000 per month on taxes. The Commissioner of Inland Revenue has no interest in the books of the operators who pay the taxes to the full cap. There is further regulation of the industry in terms of the Money Laundering (Prevention) Act, the International Business Corporations Act and the Proceeds from Crime Act and their amendments. 6 b. The size of the industry if 2012 was USD1m however, the possibility of further taxation within this industry seems remote. The government is currently locked in a trade dispute with the United States, which was taken to the Sixth Summit of the America is Columbia in April 2012 and where there were bi-lateral discussion between the two countries. Antigua is currently trying to find a settlement with the US on a WTO award 5 75_MethodlogyPaper_of_Antigua_and_Barbuda. United States – Measures Affecting the Cross-Border Provision of Gambling and Betting Services, WT/DS285 6 Doing Business in Antigua & Barbuda, Caribbean Export Development Agency, May 2007 28

of USD21m when the US lost a case of the Geneva-based global trade referee agency. There have been further attempts by the US in 2011 at shutting down external on-line gambling institutions and which is creating a political and economic dispute between the government of Antigua & Barbuda and the US. 7 7. Lottery. Although there is no state owned lottery in Antigua there is an Antigua lottery which operates under the brand the ‘Caribbean Lottery’ and a operates across multi countries of Antigua, St Kitts and Nevis, St Maarten, Anguilla, United States Virgin Islands and Barbados. 8 The lottery is run by the Leeward Islands Lottery Holding Company a subsidiary of GTECH Corporation which is a lottery and gaming company. a. In terms of revenues there is some financial information available from GTECH however the information is consolidated to the corporation as a whole and is not disaggregated by country. 8. Tobacco. The tobacco industry forms part of the retail sector in A&B. There is no domestic tobacco agriculture or manufacturing. Data on the size of the market is limited to reports generated by various international agencies which tend to focus on the OECS as an entity rather than individual countries such as Antigua & Barbuda. However, estimates of the size of the tobacco market and therefore estimates on potential revenue can be generated by making some general assumptions based on reliable data sources which describe the retail sector in the Caribbean. a. In a report generated by USDA which looked at the issue of food and beverage imports into the retail sector estimated the relative market share of respective Caribbean countries is: the ‘ …sizes of Trinidad and Tobago’s food service sector accounted for the largest percentage of food service sales in the eastern Caribbean, with a 62% market share, followed by Barbados’ sector, with a 15% market share. Together, the food service sectors in the BVI, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and Antigua and Barbuda accounted for approximately 17% of the total food service sales in the eastern 7 The reasons for the shut down date back to the passing of the Unlawful Internet Gambling Act which made all online gambling within the United States illegal and subsequently, violated World Trade Agreements whereby the US was targeting online gambling without equal application of the rules to American operators offering remote betting. In 2011, the US closed three of the largest sites operating in the US and accused them of illegal gambling, bank fraud and money laundering. The three organisations targeted were not US based but were based in the Isle of Man, Antigua and Channel Islands. Sourced from Various internet blogs on the subject. 8 http://www.gtech.com/ 29

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