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INTRO (7) NetBSD Miscellaneous Information Manual INTRO (7 ...

INTRO (7) NetBSD Miscellaneous Information Manual INTRO (7 ...

NLS (7)

NLS (7) NetBSD Miscellaneous Information Manual NLS (7) NAME NLS —Native Language Support Overview DESCRIPTION Native Language Support (NLS) provides commands for a single worldwide operating system base. An internationalized system has no built-in assumptions or dependencies on language-specific or cultural-specific conventions such as: • Character classifications • Character comparison rules • Character collation order • Numeric and monetary formatting • Date and time formatting • Message-text language • Character sets All information pertaining to cultural conventions and language is obtained at program run time. “Internationalization” (often abbreviated “i18n”) refers to the operation by which system software is developed to support multiple cultural-specific and language-specific conventions. This is a generalization process by which the system is untied from calling only English strings or other English-specific conventions. “Localization” (often abbreviated “l10n”) refers to the operations by which the user environment is customized to handle its input and output appropriate for specific language and cultural conventions. This is a specialization process, by which generic methods already implemented in an internationalized system are used in specific ways. The formal description of cultural conventions for some country, together with all associated translations targeted to the native language, is called the “locale”. NetBSD provides extensive support to programmers and system developers to enable internationalized software to be developed. NetBSD also supplies a large variety of locales for system localization. Localization of Information All locale information is accessible to programs at run time so that data is processed and displayed correctly for specific cultural conventions and language. Alocale is divided into categories. A category is a group of language-specific and culture-specific conventions as outlined in the list above. ISO C specifies the following six standard categories supported by NetBSD: LC_COLLATE LC_CTYPE LC_MESSAGES LC_MONETARY LC_NUMERIC LC_TIME string-collation order information character classification, case conversion, and other character attributes the format for affirmative and negative responses rules and symbols for formatting monetary numeric information rules and symbols for formatting nonmonetary numeric information rules and symbols for formatting time and date information Localization of the system is achieved bysetting appropriate values in environment variables to identify which locale should be used. The environment variables have the same names as their respective locale categories. Additionally, the LANG, LC_ALL, and NLSPATH environment variables are used. The NLSPATH environment variable specifies a colon-separated list of directory names where the message catalog files of the NLS database are located. The LC_ALL and LANG environment variables also determine the current locale. The values of these environment variables contains a string format as: language[_territory][.codeset][@modifier] NetBSD 3.0 February 21, 2007 1

NLS (7) NetBSD Miscellaneous Information Manual NLS (7) Valid values for the language field come from the ISO639 standard which defines two-character codes for many languages. Some common language codes are: Language Name Code Language Family ABKHAZIAN AB IBERO-CAUCASIAN AFAN (OROMO) OM HAMITIC AFAR AA HAMITIC AFRIKAANS AF GERMANIC ALBANIAN SQ INDO-EUROPEAN (OTHER) AMHARIC AM SEMITIC ARABIC AR SEMITIC ARMENIAN HY INDO-EUROPEAN (OTHER) ASSAMESE AS INDIAN AYMARA AY AMERINDIAN AZERBAIJANI AZ TURKIC/ALTAIC BASHKIR BA TURKIC/ALTAIC BASQUE EU BASQUE BENGALI BN INDIAN BHUTANI DZ ASIAN BIHARI BH INDIAN BISLAMA BI BRETON BR CELTIC BULGARIAN BG SLAVIC BURMESE MY ASIAN BYELORUSSIAN BE SLAVIC CAMBODIAN KM ASIAN CATALAN CA ROMANCE CHINESE ZH ASIAN CORSICAN CO ROMANCE CROATIAN HR SLAVIC CZECH CS SLAVIC DANISH DA GERMANIC DUTCH NL GERMANIC ENGLISH EN GERMANIC ESPERANTO EO INTERNATIONAL AUX. ESTONIAN ET FINNO-UGRIC FAROESE FO GERMANIC FIJI FJ OCEANIC/INDONESIAN FINNISH FI FINNO-UGRIC FRENCH FR ROMANCE FRISIAN FY GERMANIC GALICIAN GL ROMANCE GEORGIAN KA IBERO-CAUCASIAN GERMAN DE GERMANIC GREEK EL LATIN/GREEK GREENLANDIC KL ESKIMO GUARANI GN AMERINDIAN GUJARATI GU INDIAN HAUSA HA NEGRO-AFRICAN HEBREW HE SEMITIC HINDI HI INDIAN HUNGARIAN HU FINNO-UGRIC NetBSD 3.0 February 21, 2007 2

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