3 years ago



Bilney, R.J., R. Cooke,

Bilney, R.J., R. Cooke, and J.G. White. 2009. Underestimated and severe: small mammal decline from the forests of south-eastern Australia since European settlement, as revealed by a top-order predator. Biological Conservation 143:52–59. Blackburn, L. G., and C. Boutin. 2003. Subtle effects of herbicide use in the context of genetically modified crops: A case study with glyphosate (Roundup®). Ecotoxicology 12:271– 285. Available from (accessed May 6, 2013). Blacquière, T., G. Smagghe, C.A. Van Gestel, and V. Mommaerts, 2012. Neonicotinoids in bees: a review on concentrations, side-effects and risk assessment. Ecotoxicology, 21(4): 973-992. Bohnenblust E. 2014. Biotechnology and insect management in field crop agroecosystems. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Entomology, The Pennsylvania State University. Bohnenblust E., J.F. Egan, D. Mortensen, and J. Tooker. 2013. Direct and indirect effects of the synthetic auxin herbicide dicamba on two lepidopteran species. Environmental Entomology 42:586–594. Bolger, D., W. Newmark, T. Morrison, and D. Doak. 2008. The need for integrative approaches to understand and conserve migratory ungulates. Ecology Letters 11(1):63-77. Boppré, M. 1993. The American Monarch: Courtship and Chemical Communication of a Peculiar Danaine Butterfly. Pages 29 – 41 in S. B. Malcolm and M. P. Zalucki, editors. Biology and Conservation of the Monarch Butterfly. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, CA. Borland, J., C.C. Johnson, T.W. Crumpton III, M. Thomas, S.M. Altizer, and K.S. Oberhauser. 2004. Characteristics of fall migratory monarch butterflies, Danaus plexippus, in Minnesota and Texas. Pages 97 – 104 in K.S. Oberhauser and M.J. Solensky, editors. The Monarch Butterfly: Biology and Conservation. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY. Bossard, C.C., J.M. Randall, and M.C. Hoshovsky. 2000. Invasive plants of California’s wildlands. University of California Press, Berkeley. Boutin C., and B. Jobin. 1998. Intensity of agricultural practices and effects on adjacent habitats. Ecological Applications 8:544 – 557. Boutin, C., B. Strandberg, D. Carpenter, S.K. Mathiassen, and P.J. Thomas. 2014. Herbicide impact on non-target plant reproduction: What are the toxicological and ecological implications? Environmental Pollution 185:295-306. Brooks, K.N., P.F. Ffolliott, H.M. Gregersen, and L.F. DeBano. 1997. Hydrology and the management of watersheds. Iowa State University Press, Ames. Monarch ESA Petition 116

Brower, A.V. Z., and M. M. Jeansonne. 2004. Geographical Populations and “Subspecies” of New World Monarch Butterflies (Nymphalidae) Share a Recent Origin and Are Not Phylogenetically Distinct. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 97:519–523. Available from 8746&volume=97&issue=3&spage=519 (accessed June 11, 2013). Brower, A.V.Z., N. Wahlberg, J. R. Ogawa, and Boppré, M. 2010. Phylogenetic relationships among genera of danaine butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) as implied by morphology and DNA sequences. Systematics and Biodiversity 8:75–89. Available from (accessed June 12, 2013). Brower, L.P. 1984. Chemical defence in butterflies. Pages 109 – 134 in Vane-Wright, R.I. and P.R. Ackery, eds. The Biology of Butterflies. London: Academic Press Brower, L.P. 1995. Understanding and misunderstanding the migration of the monarch butterfly (Nymphalidae) in North America: 1857-1995. Journal of the Lepidopterists Society 49:304–385. Available from (accessed August 20, 2014). Brower, L.P. (2001) Canary in the cornfield: the monarch and the Bt corn controversy. Orion Magazine 20: 32–41. Brower, L.P. 2009, April 9. Dr. Brower finds frozen milkweed in Florida. Available from (accessed August 20, 2014). Brower, L. P. and W. H. Calvert. 1985. Foraging dynamics of bird predators on overwintering monarch butterflies in Mexico. Evolution (1985): 852-868. Brower, L.P., G. Castilleja, A. Peralta, J. Lopez-Garcıa, L. Bojorquez-Tapia, S. Dıaz, D. Marmolejo, and M. Missrie. 2002. Quantitative changes in forest quality in a principal overwintering area of the monarch butterfly in Mexico, 1971–1999. Conservation Biology 2:346–359 Brower.L.P., L.S. Fink, R. Kiphart, V.M. Pocius, R.R. Zubieta-Hernández, and M.I. Ramirez. In press. The effect of the 2010 – 21011 drought on the lipid content of monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus L., Danainae) migrating through Texas to their overwintering sites in Mexico. In Oberhauser, K.S. and K. Nail, editors. Monarchs in a Changing World: Biology and Conservation of an Iconic Insect. Ithaca: Oxford University Press. Brower, L.P., L.S. Fink, A. Van Zandt Brower, K. Leong, K. Oberhauser, S. Altizer, O. Taylor, D. Vickerman, W.H. Calvert, T. Van Hook, A. Alonso-Mejia, S.B. Malcolm, D.F. Owen, and M..P.Zalucki. 1995. On the dangers of interpopulational transfers of monarch butterflies. Bioscience 45(8):540-544. Monarch ESA Petition 117

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