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monarch-esa-petition-final_61585

monarch-esa-petition-final_61585

Saunders, W. 1871. On

Saunders, W. 1871. On the swarming of Danais archippus. Canadian Entomologist 3:156-157. Sauer, D. and D. Feir. 1974. Population and maturation characteristics of the common milkweed. Weed Science 22(3):293-297. Schorger, A.W., 1973. The Passenger Pigeon: Its Natural History and Extinction. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman. Sciumbato, A.S., J.M. Chandler, S.A. Senseman, R.W. Bovey, and K.L. Smith. 2004. Determining Exposure to Auxin-Like Herbicides. II. Practical Application to Quantify Volatility. Weed Technology 18:1135-1142. Scott, R.C. 2009. Herbicide drift problem more complex. Delta Farm Press, 3/20/09. Available from http://deltafarmpress.com/management/herbicide-drift-problem-more-complex (accessed August 20, 2014). Scudder, S.H. 1889. The butterflies of the eastern United States and Canada with special reference to New England. Published by the author, Cambridge, Massachusetts. 1775 pp. Scudder, S.H. and J.A. Allen. 1869. A preliminary list of the butterflies of Iowa. Transactions of the Chicago Academy of Science 1:326-337. Seiber, J.N., L.P. Brower, S.M. Lee, M.M. McChesney, H.T.A. Cheung, C.J. Nelson, and T.R. Watson. 1986. Cardenolide connection between overwintering monarch butterflies from Mexico and their larval food plant, Asclepias syriaca. Journal of Chemical Ecology 12:1157–1170. Available from http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01639002 (accessed June 11, 2013). Shephard, J.M., J.M. Hughes, and M.P. Zalucki. 2002. Genetic differentiation between Australian and North American populations of the monarch butterfly Danaus plexippus (L.)(Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): an exploration using allozyme electrophoresis. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 75:437–452. Sinha, S.N., K.H. Lakhani, and B.N.K. Davis. 1990. Studies on the toxicity of insecticidal drift on the first instar larvae of the Large White butterfly Pieris brassicae (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Annals of Applied Biology 116: 27-41. Skerratt, L.F., L. Berger, R. Speare, S. Cashins, K.R. McDonald, A.D. Phillott, H.B. Hines, and N. Kenyon. 2007. Spread of chytridiomycosis has caused the rapid global decline and extinction of frogs. EcoHealth 4(2):125-134. Slayback, D.A., L.P. Brower, M.I. Ramirez, and L.S. Fink. 2007. Establishing the presence and absence of overwintering colonies of the monarch butterfly in Mexico by the use of small aircraft. American Entomologist 53:28–40. Smith, D.A., G. Lushai, and J.A. Allen. 2005. A classification of Danaus butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) based upon data from morphology and DNA. Zoological Journal of Monarch ESA Petition 138

the Linnean Society 144:191–212. Available from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1096-3642.2005.00169.x/full (accessed June 11, 2013). Smith, S. 2010. Testimony before the House Domestic Policy Subcommittee of the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform,” September 30, 2010. Available from http://oversight.house.gov/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/20100930Smith.pdf (accessed August 20, 2014). Smithers, C.N. 1973. A note on natural enemies of Danaus plexippus (L.) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) in Australia. Australian Entomological Magazine 1:37–40. Snell-Rood, E.C., A. Espeseta, C.J. Bosera, W.A. White, and R. Smykalskia. 2014. Anthropogenic changes in sodium affect neural and muscle development in butterflies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Early Edition. www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1323607111 Solensky, M.J. 2004a. Overview of Monarch Migration. Pages 79 – 83 in K.S. Oberhauser and M.J. Solensky, editors. The Monarch Butterfly: Biology and Conservation. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY. Solensky, M.J. 2004b. Overview of monarch overwintering biology. Pages 117 – 120 The Monarch Butterfly: Biology and Conservation. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY. Stark, J.D., X.D. Chen, C.S. Johnson. 2012. Effects of herbicides on Behr's metalmark butterfly, a surrogate species for the endangered butterfly, Lange's metalmark. Environmental Pollution 164:24-27. Steed, B., and B. Willhite. 2011. Diagnosis and evaluation of insect and disease activity, and forest health in the Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve, Final Report to IAT. Stevens, S. and D. Frey. 2004. How the other half lives: Monarch population trends west of the Great Divide. Biological Sciences Department, California Polytechnic State University. Unpublished report. 7 pp. Stevens, S.R., and D. F. Frey. 2010. Host plant pattern and variation in climate predict the location of natal grounds for migratory monarch butterflies in western North America. Journal of Insect Conservation 14:731–744. Available from http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10841-010- 9303-5 (accessed August 29, 2013). Stevens, S., and P. Jenkins. 2014. Heavy Costs: Weighing the Value of Neonicotinoid Insecticides in Agriculture. Center for Food Safety Available from http://www.centerforfoodsafety.org/files/neonic-efficacy_digital_29226.pdf (accessed August 20, 2014). Monarch ESA Petition 139

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