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monarch-esa-petition-final_61585

monarch-esa-petition-final_61585

Wallander S., R.

Wallander S., R. Claassen, and C. Nickerson. 2011. The Ethanol Decade: An Expansion of U.S. Corn Production, 2000-09. EIB-79, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, August 2011. Wang, M. and D. Rautmann. 2008. A simple probabilistic estimation of spray drift - factors determining spray drift and development of a model. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 27(12):2617-2626. Wassenaar, L.I., and K.A. Hobson. 1998. Natal origins of migratory monarch butterflies at wintering colonies in Mexico: new isotopic evidence. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 95:15436–15439. Available from http://www.pnas.org/content/95/26/15436.short (accessed June 11, 2013). Wells, H., P.H. Wells, and S.H. Rogers. 1993. Is Mulitple Mating an Adaptive Feature of Monarch Butterfly Winter Aggregation? Pages 61 – 68 in S. B. Malcolm and M. P. Zalucki, editors. Biology and Conservation of the Monarch Butterfly. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, CA. White, D.S., and O.J. Sexton. 1989. The monarch butterfly (Lepidoptera: Danainae) as prey for the dragonfly Hagenius brevistylus (Odonata: Gomphidae). Entomological News 100:129–32. Wilcove, D.S. 2008. No way home. The decline of the World’s great animal migrations. Washington: Island Press/Shearwater Books. Winkler K., T.R. Gordon, A.J. Storer, and D.L. Wood. 2003. Pitch Canker. Integrated Pest Management for gardeners and Landscape Professionals. Pest Notes, University of California Davis Publication 74107. Woods, E.C., A.P. Hastings, N.E. Turley, S.B. Heard, and A.A. Agrawal. 2012. Adaptive geographical clines in the growth and defense of a native plant. Ecological Monographs 82:149– 168. Available from http://www.esajournals.org/doi/pdf/10.1890/11-1446.1 (accessed June 11, 2013). Woodson, R.E., Jr. 1954. The North American Species of Asclepias L. Missouri Botanical Garden 41:1 – 211. Available from http://www.jstor.org/stable/2394652 (accessed May 14, 2013). Wright, C.K., and M.C. Wimberly. 2013. Recent land use change in the Western Corn Belt threatens grasslands and wetlands. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110:4134– 4139. Available from http://www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1215404110 (accessed June 11, 2013). Wyatt, R. 1996. More on the southward spread of Common Milkweed, Asclepias syriaca L. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 123:68 – 69. Available from http://www.jstor.org/stable/2996307 (accessed May 23, 2013). Monarch ESA Petition 144

Wyatt, R., A. Stoneburner, S.B. Broyles, and J.R. Allison. 1993. Range extension southward in common milkweed, Asclepias syriaca L. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 120(2):177–179. Available from http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/2996947 (accessed June 11, 2013). Xerces Society. 2013. Western Monarch Thanksgiving Count Data: 1997 - 2012. Available from http://www.xerces.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/TC-Data-1997-2012-Updated-MBCG.pdf (accessed June 11, 2013). Xerces Society. 2014. Database of western monarch overwintering locations. York, H.A., and K.S. Oberhauser. 2002. Effects of duration and timing of heat stress on monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus)(Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) development. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society:290–298. Available from http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/25481789 (accessed August 29, 2013). Young-Isebrand, E., Oberhauser, K.S., Bailey, K., Charest, S., Hayes, B., Howard, E., Lovett, J., Meyers, S., Mollenhauer, E., Montesinos-Patino, E.B., Ryan, A., Taylor, O.R., Treviño Ulloa, R. 2015. Environmental education and monarchs: reaching across disciplines, generations, and nations. In Oberhauser, K.S., K.R. Nail, and S.M. Altizer, eds. Monarchs in a changing world: biology and conservation of an iconic insect, Chapter 1. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY. Zalucki, M.P. 1981. The effects of age and weather on egg laying in Danaus plexippus L.(Lepidoptera: Danaidae). Researches on Population Ecology 23(2):318-327. Zalucki, M.P. 1982. Temperature and rate of development in Danaus plexippus L. and D. chrysippus L.(Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Australian Journal of Entomology 21(4):241-246. Zalucki, M.P. 1993. Sex Around the Milkweed Patch: the Significance of Patches of Host Plants in Monarch Reproduction. Pages 69 – 76 in S. B. Malcolm and M. P. Zalucki, editors. Biology and Conservation of the Monarch Butterfly. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, CA. Zalucki, M.P., and A.R. Clarke. 2004. Monarchs across the Pacific: the Columbus hypothesis revisited. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 82:111–121. Available from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1095-8312.2004.00322.x/full (accessed June 11, 2013). Zalucki, M.P., and R.L. Kitching. 1982. Temporal and spatial variation of mortality in field populations of Danaus plexippus L. and D. chrysippus L. larvae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae)." Oecologia 53(2): 201-207. Zalucki, M.P., and J.H. Lammers. 2010. Dispersal and egg shortfall in Monarch butterflies: what happens when the matrix is cleaned up? Ecological Entomology 35:84–91. Available from http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/j.1365-2311.2009.01160.x (accessed May 31, 2013). Monarch ESA Petition 145

MONARCH CONSERVATION
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