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Preface - kmutt

Preface - kmutt

KMUTT Annual Research

KMUTT Annual Research Abstracts 2005 This paper presents the influence of pulse width on hydrophillicity of crystalline titanium dioxide, TiO 2 , thin films deposited by DC pulse magnetron sputtering on glass substrates. A 99.995% metallic titanium target was reactively sputtered in a mixture of argon and oxygen. All sputtering parameters were kept constant except DC pulse width that was varied in the range between 500 and 4000 nanoseconds. XRD patterns showed that crystalline TiO 2 can successfully be developed on slide glass substrates without additional heating. In addition, it appeared that both rutile and anatase phases coexisted in the film layer. However, their intensities were dependent on sputtering pulse width. Anatase was more pronounced as pulse width was increased. This subsequently attributed to higher degree of hydrophillicity property after the films were irradiated by an ultraviolet light source. It was experimentally found that a contact angle can be as low as 2 (for the film deposited at DC pulse width of 4000 nanoseconds. This highly anatase TiO 2 film could then be applied for a self-cleaning glass application. IC-213 APPLICATION OF MICROBIAL CONSORTIUM TREATMENT TO WASTEWATER WITH HIGH OIL CONTENT DISCHARGED FROM A BIODIESEL FUEL GENERATOR Kato Susumu, Yoshimura Hideki, Takahashi Masaaki, Hashegawa Tomoko, Mana Amornkitbamrung, Sugahara Isao The 1 st International Water Association - Asia Pacific Regional Group Conference and Exhibition (IWA-ASPIKE), July 10-15, 2005, Pan Pacific Hotel, Singapore This paper proposes a simple consortium bioreactor for wastewater with high oil content from a BDF generator as a continuous-type reactor. The main component of this reactor is a bacteria-fixing ceramic material with high oil degradaing capability. A series of oil-decomposition tests were carried out using the consortium system in which the most important bacteria types were Acietobactor Bacillus, and Pseudomonas. The optimal condition for operation were confirmed by batch tests : air agitation. pH of around 6, and water temperature of 30°C. This reactor operated almost maintenance-free for one year. Field test results demonstrated that in the BDF-generator 149 wastewater, oil and grease concentrations decreased from an initial 120,000 mg/L to a treated range of 50-100 mg/L. IC-214 ENERGY SITUATION AND STRATEGIC PLAN IN THAILAND Janthana Kunchornrat The 19 th International Conference, “Learning Organization in a Learning World” (ICLORD 2005), April 18-22, 2005, King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi, Bangkok, Thailand, pp. 801-805 Energy demand in Thailand is increasing year by year. The indigenous energy sources such as oil, coal and natural gas are around 50% of the total energy supply so that the country is still dependent on the import of fossil fuels from abroad. Because of the process of economic development and industrialization, the amount of energy consumption is increasing especially in transport sector and industrial sector. In view of the insufficient energy resource potential of the country, the provision of supplies of energy in the future will not be an easy task. Consequently, it appears that many strategies are available to obtain a sustainable energy. Important strategies are introducing efficient energy utilization and conservation programmes, and introducing renewable energy sources. These measures would reduce the energy demand pressure on the hand and also increase the supply of energy on the other. IC-215 APPRAISAL OF VALUE ENGINEERING FOR ENERGY CONSERVATION IN INDUSTRY IN THAILAND Janthana Kunchornrat The 20 th International Conference of AIAER (EDUCON 2005), December 28-30, 2005, Punjabi University, Patiala, India, p. 83 The concept of value engineering has existed for more than half a century. Its application in industry is credited with some success notably in public contracts in the developed countries. Nevertheless, value engineering is rarely applied in Thai industry. A survey among industrial practitioners has been conducted to identify possible causes for the current status. Generally, there is a lack of understanding in value engineering concepts International Conference

150 among industrial practitioners and it is important for the government to take the lead in promoting value engineering practices in our country. Moreover, the scope of value engineering can be widened to address corporate-level systems and initiatives. IC-216 DEPOSITION VELOCITY OF SO 2 OVER DIFFERENT TERRAIN HEIGHTS Ponlakit Jitto, Pojanie Khummongkol The International Conference on Quantitative Methods for the Environmental Sciences and General Meeting of the International Environmetrics Society, August 22-26, 2005, Friendship Hotel, Beijing, China, pp. 89-96 Dry deposition velocity of SO 2 was evaluated based on the Bowen ratio technique over 4 different terrain conditions that were set along the cycle of rice growth. The cycle covered 4 different terrain heights: land irrigated into elevated rows of approximately 5 cm high (irrigated terrain), the water was filled into spaces between the rows and the rice seeds were sown (clay terrain), rice was growing into the full length (rice growing period) and the full grown rice before harvesting that the leaf area index of the plant was the greatest (full grown rice). One cycle would take 4 months and 3 cycles per year. The field data collection in this study period was from April 2003 to May 2004. The significant time to determine the SO 2 deposition velocity by Bowen ratio was during daytime (07:00 -17:00). The results showed that the deposition velocity of SO 2 varied with time of the day, season and terrain conditions. The highest deposition velocity was around noon and tended to zero after dark. For the seasonal variation, the evaluated value of SO 2 velocity was high in the winter and low in the rainy season. The mean deposition velocity value was high over the terrain covered with full grown rice (1.25 cm/s), followed by the period of rice growing period (0.86 cm/s), irrigated terrain (0.54 cm/s) and the least value in clay terrain (0.43 cm/s) in all seasons. The results indicated that the terrain condition affects the dry deposition velocity value. IC-217 EVALUATION OF SO 2 DRY DEPOSITION VELOCITY OVER A CASSAVA PLANTATION IN RAYONG, THAILAND Panjai Saueprasearsit, Pojanie Khummongkol KMUTT Annual Research Abstracts 2005 The 16 th International Conference on Quantitative Methods for the Environmental Sciences (TIES 2005), August 21-26, 2005, Friendship Hotel, Beijing, China, pp. 167-176 Recently, SO 2 has become a significant source of emission in East Asia region. The long term exposure to elevated SO 2 concentrations can affect vegetation, aquatic life, structural and ornamental materials, and, in some instances, even human health. Approximately half of the SO 2 is delivered to the earth by the dry deposition process. Thus, an assessment of SO 2 dry deposition is necessary for understanding its qualitative and quantitative effects. In this research, the SO 2 dry deposition was determined by SO 2 dry deposition flux and then dry deposition velocity. These were evaluated using the Bowen ratio technique. All necessary parameters were measured above the cassava plantation at the site in the province of Rayong, Thailand during the period from June to September 2004. The range of significant time for the Bowen ratio technique was from 8:00 to 17:00. The evaluated average transfer coefficient was determined to be 10.6 cm/s, the average dry deposition flux was 0.17 mg/m 2 /hr, and the average dry deposition velocity was 0.14 cm/s. In addition, the results confirmed that the climatology, in terms of the net radiation and the soil heat flux, affects the transfer coefficient in determining the value of dry deposition velocity. IC-218 EVAPOTRANSPIRATION EFFECTS ON SULFUR DIOXIDE DRY DEPOSITION OVER A CASSAVA PLANTATION IN RAYONG, THAILAND Panjai Saueprasearsit, Pojanie Khummongkol International Conference on Environmental Management (ICEM 2005), October 28-30, 2005, Jawaharlal Nehru Technology, Kukatpally, Hyderabad-72 (A.P.), India, pp. 1-8 Presently, SO 2 has become an important source of acid emission in East Asia region. The long term exposure to SO 2 concentrations can affect human health and environment. Approximately half of the SO 2 is delivered to the earth by the dry deposition process. Therefore, an assessment of SO 2 dry deposition is necessary for understanding its qualitative and quantitative effects. In general, the SO 2 dry deposition was studied in terms of SO 2 dry deposition velocity and dry deposition velocity International Conference

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    CONTENTS Page Preface International

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    National Journals

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    54 นอยกวาแบบต

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    56 (Least Square Matching Method)

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    58 อุณหภูมิ 30 แ

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    60 สเปกตรัม จา

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    62 ขอมูลดานทร

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    64 22.8 มาตรฐานเป

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    66 2545 NJ-033 EFFECTS OF ELEVATED

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    68 เปลือกที่ม

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    70 ของการดูดซ

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    72 การสกัดดวย

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    74 collection of authentic texts th

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    76 รอยละ 32 มีสา

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    National Conferences

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    210 จอมเทียนปา

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    212 การสกัดสาร

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    214 ไดแก อุณหภู

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    216 โดยกลไกของ

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    218 เคลือบเมื่

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    220 สําเริง จัก

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    222 ลดเวลาตลอด

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    224 อุณหภูมิสู

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    226 NC-043 การวิเคร

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    228 เกิดพฤติกร

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    230 เดียว เพื่อ

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    232 มากนอยเพีย

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    234 หลักที่พบใ

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    236 NC-073 การออกแบ

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    238 บทความนี้น

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    240 นําเอาเวคเ

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    242 งานวิจัยนี

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    244 การอบแหงลด

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    246 แยกเฟสต่ํา

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    248 กลบ โดยเปรี

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    250 นํามาใช คือ

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    252 วิเคราะหหา

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    254 NC-123 การวิเคร

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    256 NC-129 เครื่องผ

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    258 สามารถขยาย

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    260 ครั้งที่ 43, 1-

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    262 calculated with the use of the

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    264 Version 1.3.1 และ Softwar

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    266 ขนไกได จากก

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    268 โครงสรางขอ

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    270 การปลูกพืช

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    272 ระดับพึงพอ

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    274 ของแกสโซฮอ

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    276 1) สภาพทั่วไ

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    278 อนุปริญญา แ

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    280 อาชีวศึกษา

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    282 กระทบตอคุณ

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    284 ตั้งกลไกแข

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    286 นุชจรินทร เ

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    288 โดยรวมผูบร

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    290 แนนกระแสไฟ

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    292 NC-222 ผลงานตีพ

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    294 NC-227 เตาเผาไห

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    296 จําเพาะรวม

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    298 NC-238 จลนพลศาส

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    300 ทนงเกียรติ

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    302 ดีเซลนั้นม

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    304 NC-254 การใชเทค

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    306 อาคารศูนยก

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    308 กระบวนการร

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    310 บรรยากาศขอ

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    312 metal ions on 2-AP biosyntheis

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    314 total clones while the ethanol

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    316 การประชุมท

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    318 BioThailand (The 16 th Annual M

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    320 สูงที่สุดพ

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    322 นัยสําคัญท

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    324 ความเขมขนร

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    326 ปลูกแบบพรา

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    328 นี้ทําใหทร

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    330 ดุลชาติ มาน

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    332 ไมโครเมตร ส

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    334 In this study, we collected seq

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    336 กนกรัตน นาค

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    338 การพัฒนาสื

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    340 one of the causes of difficulty

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    342 ทวีรัตน วิจ

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    344 program, Cytoscape. This model

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    346 production demand. Nevertheless

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    348 อุลตราไวโอ

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    350 นี้อยูในชว

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    352 เพื่อนําสว

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    354 trichloroacetic acid (TCA) ม

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    356 ทรัพยากรที

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    358 ในประเทศสห

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    360 8-9 ธันวาคม 2548,

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    362 ซึ่งเกิดขอ

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    364 NC-391 การวิเคร

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    366 การประชุมว

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    368 2547) พบวามหาว

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    370 กนกพร ลีลาเ

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    Authors Index

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    376 จงจิตร หิรั

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    378 ธ ธนธร ทองส

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    380 พยุงศักดิ์

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    382 วรรณพ วิเศษ

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    384 สุดารัตน จิ

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    386 อุลาวัณย กุ

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    388 138, 141, 142 Jarunya Narangaja

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    390 Panida Kongsawadworakul 191 Pan

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    392 Sorakrich Maneewan 124, 136 Sor

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    394 KMUTT Annual Research Abstracts

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