Water as the Historical Scene for the Alliance of Civilization
NORTHEAST AFRICA(3) ( from Öziş, Ü. 1994 modified) • (Acccording to History book of Heredoth) King Menes of Egypt 15m high and 450m crest length masonary dam to divert the River Nile to protect Memfis city • From 3000 BC Jawa city Jordan Small water bank as reservoir (dam) located at basalt desert of Jawa, max 5 m high
NORTHEAST AFRICA(4) ( from Öziş, Ü. 1994 modified) • From 3000 BC • SeddelKefere • 12m high, Garawi valley at about 30 km SE of Cairo, at E of Nile River, Egypt • From 2600 BC • Remains of small dams and channels to irrigate Fayyum Deppression Egypt • Construction started in the Era of Firavun Amenement III • From 1800 BC ( But the remains are from 300 BC the Era of Ptoleme) • (Acccording to History book of Heredoth) • A canal (like Ismailiye channel of today) but originally built in Firavun Sesostris I Era of about 2000 BC, but recorded ın the book connecting Nile and Red Sea in Nekos period ( 600 BC ), located at the eastern side of the River Nile used for more than 1000 years, • Water level recorders put on canal wall of Karnak temple, Elafantin İsland Assuan, Kom’ombo, Edfu Temples from Ptoleme period, Nilometers, not anymore in use but well proserved from 719 AC at Roda island Cairo, • Circular and Horse shoe shaped water storages built as the river banks for irrigation purpose from the period Kush State, at present at Numibia, Sudan • From 1000 BC.