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City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan Southwest Florida Regional ...

City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan Southwest Florida Regional ...

Table 53:

Table 53: Adaptations for Coastal Erosion, Sea Level Rise, and Storm Surge Flooding Recommended Against (from the public workshop) Shoreline hardening Flooding Fortify dikes Flooding Tyrell 25 County, NC (dikes primarily used to protect agricultur al land); Thames River Barrier, London, England (built during the 1970s) Raise elevation of Flooding 12.5 buildings Relocate structures Flooding 12.5 Retreat Flooding 12.5 Adaptation Plan Page 190

ADAPTATION: Explicitly indicate in local master plans, (Comprehensive Plans), which areas will retain natural shorelines. ―Explicitly indicate in local master plans, (Comprehensive Plans), which areas will retain natural shorelines‖ was the most popular adaptation measure proposed to address flooding impacts due to climate change in the City of Punta Gorda. This adaptation fits with the City of Punta Gorda‘s EAR review for the Comprehensive Plan. This policy would reduce infrastructure exposure to several flooding hazards including shortterm, intense rain storms, tropical and hurricane storm surge flooding, and long term inundation from a rising sea level, decreasing the amount of variable risk the City would experience in regard to disaster recovery and costs of clean up. In undeveloped areas, this practice will maintain existing habitats and increase habitat for fish and wildlife, enhancing sport and commercial fisheries and other recreational and conservation uses. The majority of wetlands in the City of Punta Gorda are part of 3,600 acres of public/private open space in the form of conservation, preservation and public park lands, comprising approximately 47.24% of the total area of the City. Much of this protected land provides a significant natural buffer between the urban development and the estuarine system of Charlotte Harbor. Approximately two-thirds of the City‘s shoreline remains in its natural condition - either mangrove forest or inter-tidal swamp. These areas are generally inaccessible to the inexperienced public and are nearly 100% are State-jurisdictional wetlands. Development in these private conservation and preservation areas would require permits from a number of state and federal regulatory agencies, including but not limited to, the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Southwest Florida Water Management District, and the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers. The City‘s current Land Development Regulations (LDR) encourage shifting development activity from these properties to less sensitive upland areas and require an applicant to provide appropriate permit authorization from the regulatory agencies prior to issuance of any development permits from the City. However, there always exists the potential for these lands to be subject to development given reduced state and federal protection of wetlands, especially when coupled with off-site mitigation mechanisms that allow valuable urban coastal waterfronts to be developed. Mitigation, creation, restoration or enhancement offsets at less economically lucrative, distant public conservation lands is often used to substitute for impacted coastal wetlands. The City supports the purchase of privately held environmentally sensitive lands by governmental or non-profit organizations for the purposes of permanent protection. The more than 4,000 acres of land within the Conservation, Preservation, and Public-Recreation future land use designations have considerable environmental significance. The City continues to acquire land along the waterfront, and such acquisitions will continue where possible and when funding is available. The fact that the City has 47.24% of its total land area in conservation should be applauded. This area will remain in conservation and will assist in the protection of the adjacent development. Adaptation Plan Page 191

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    City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan

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    Charlotte Harbor National Estuary P

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    Acknowledgements This project has b

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    Algal blooms ......................

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    Source: FDEP 2009..................

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    Table 32: Potential Coastal Storm S

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    ADAPTATION: Explicitly indicate in

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    Summary Conclusion ................

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    8. Availability of Insurance. The C

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    City of Punta Gorda Comprehensive P

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    The Current Climate of Southwest Fl

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    type of rainfall event that causes

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    Figure 2: The City of Punta Gorda i

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    Figure 3: USGS TOPO Map of the City

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    Figure 5: Existing Land Use of the

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    Figure 6:- The City of Punta Gorda

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    The asset inventory is a way to ass

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    CHNEP/SWFRPC team was to take the l

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    Each participant had to pick and di

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    Figure 7: The Adaptation Game board

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    would ―park‖ the label in the c

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    Description of Specific Implementat

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    2. Increasing the flexibility of vu

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    Prioritized Vulnerabilities and Ada

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    Increases in global surface tempera

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    Climate-related changes in freshwat

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    marsh may be overgrown by other spe

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    Figure 12: Wetlands and Uplands of

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    Changes to phenology of anadromous

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    Air temperature increases will affe

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    Changes in freshwater releases from

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    own pelican populations were reduce

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    irds with water depth niche partiti

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    protection and preservation activit

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    The Rapid Stabilization Case (of gr

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    Probability (%) 2025 2050 2075 2100

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    Figure 15: Sea level rise in three

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    The elevations analyzed (0.5, 1.0,

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    Figure 18: Acres of habitat or land

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    Figure 19: Acres of freshwater wetl

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    Habitat and Species Changes The Sea

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    Habitat Initial Condition Percent o

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    Figure 22: SLAMM Predictions of Hab

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    Figure 23: Habitat Structure 2000 S

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    weeds threaten to crowd out native

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    Table 7: Adaptations to Address Fis

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    Habitat protection/rete ntion Regul

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    Property, Shell Creek, Integrated H

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    Establish living shorelines Restore

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    Preserve, Charlotte Harbor and Myak

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    Do nothing Stop unchecked commercia

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    Figure 25: Seagrass coverage map fr

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    Figure 26: Baseline seagrass covera

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    Persistence maps were also created

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    Figure 30: Seagrass persistence in

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    Having determined the extent of the

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    Upon approval by the Management and

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    1993 Acres Gains/Losses (Acres) Gai

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    County;• Pansy Bayou, No Entry Zo

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    Vulnerability 2: Inadequate Water S

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    enforced except during extreme cond

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    Consider climate change in water su

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    demands Use of reclaimed water for

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    Identify alternative sources Charge

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    Require use of xeriscaping Inadequa

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    Table 14: Adaptations to Inadequate

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    where one plant is known to thrive,

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    Vulnerability 3: Flooding Hurricane

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    Figure 33: Atlantic hurricanes pass

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  • Page 145 and 146: Figures 40-42-35: Values for Critic
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  • Page 157 and 158: Effects of a Category 1 storm on re
  • Page 159 and 160: Category 2 Event Under the minimum
  • Page 161 and 162: Effects of a Category 2 storm on to
  • Page 163 and 164: Effects of a Category 2 storm on cr
  • Page 165 and 166: Effects of a Category 3 storm on hi
  • Page 167 and 168: Effects of a Category 3 storm on re
  • Page 169 and 170: Category 4/5 Event For a Category 4
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  • Page 175 and 176: ESTIMATED VALUES FOR STRUCTURES WIT
  • Page 177 and 178: In most cases, the damage from any
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  • Page 185 and 186: Complete downtown flooding study Fl
  • Page 187 and 188: Land acquisition for retreat/reloca
  • Page 189: Improve weather response plans Buil
  • Page 193 and 194: that reduces these effects is compl
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  • Page 199 and 200: Figure 80: Rolling easement step 2
  • Page 201 and 202: Figure 82: Rolling easement step 4
  • Page 203 and 204: first because suitable land uses wi
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  • Page 211 and 212: Approaches for maintaining shorelin
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  • Page 217 and 218: In an example of rolling easements
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  • Page 223 and 224: One way for decision makers to more
  • Page 225 and 226: example, if a community establishes
  • Page 227 and 228: Table 56: Adaptations to Address Un
  • Page 229 and 230: Growth Use coastal management in la
  • Page 231 and 232: planning Elevate land surfaces Esta
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  • Page 235 and 236: . The Land Development Regulations
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    Create regional sediment management

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    Control runoff through improved lan

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    PROVIDING RECOMMENDED EXEMPTIONS; P

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    approval. Non-compliant jurisdictio

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    Incorporating critical facilities i

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    State-Wide Approach for Identifying

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    No Shore Protection (light green) P

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    Table 62: Adaptations to address Ed

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    political schedules Change to energ

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    Use pure science/proven information

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    Provide rebates for installation of

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    Solve insurance problem to encourag

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    Obtain state/federal grants/loans N

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    Consider temperature when choosing

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    Implement land exchange programs Su

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    Additional insulation in buildings

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    All measures to reduce local GHG em

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    Redefine flood hazard zones Educati

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    ADAPTATION: Promote green building

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    these gases. When old units are bei

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    difficult to determine the amount o

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    does not take into account the mill

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    scientific disciplines, and should

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    effects of sea level rise on coasta

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    During these months, grass, leaves,

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    Limit development Fire Water Qualit

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    ADAPTATION: Drought preparedness pl

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    Vulnerability 10: Availability/Cost

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    of Punta Gorda. The weak tornado do

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    Figure 87: Number of Tornado Events

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    According to NOAA (2007), 60 signif

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    hurricanes. This high risk designat

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    Climate change may have a beneficia

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    Synergistic Risks Many other stress

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    $250,000 limit to NFIP, so either a

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    3) to restore oyster reefs, and 4)

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    design, building standards and land

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    Phase 1 (Monaco to Aqui Esta); Mult

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    explicit statements of how the indi

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    impeded implementation. More import

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    Adaptation Proximal Monitoring Phys

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    Explicitly indicating in the compre

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    Boyd, P.W., and S.C. Doney. 2002. M

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    Fields, P.A., J.B. Graham, R.H. Ros

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    Intergovernmental Panel on Climate

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    Ogden, J.C. 1978b. Roseate spoonbil

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    Sallenger, A.H., C.W. Wright, and J

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    Comprehensive Southwest Florida/ Ch

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    Wilson, C. 1997. Hurricane Andrew

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    Please attend . . . Tuesday, June 2

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    More wind 2 Change in summer rain p

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    20) Please let us know of any other

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    Increase research & formulate actio

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    Replace shoreline armoring with liv

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    Strengthen rules that prevent the i

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    Use native plants in landscaping Re

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    Use LED standards in building Use f

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    Use pure science/proven information

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    Reduce impervious surface allowed C

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    Channel water from impervious to pe

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    Appendix IV. City of Punta Gorda Cr

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    Clinic Clinic Clinic 100 Madrid Blv

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    Hazardous Sites Hazardous Sites Haz

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    Sewer Lift Or Treatment Sewer Lift

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    Appendix V. Presentations Presentat

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    Slide 9 Slide 12 Director: Lisa B.

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    Slide 7 Slide 10 North Captiva Isla

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    Slide 19 Slide 22 Objective 2.4.2:

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    Slide 31 Slide 34 Slide 32 Slide 35

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    Agricultural water reuse Allocate a

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    consider climate change in water su

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    Develop heat-health action plans Hu

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    Growth management and land use plan

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    incorporate sea level rise into pla

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    maintain shorelines w/soft measures

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    Plan vertical accretion of wetlands

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    purchase upland development rights

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    Research possible asthma increase d

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    Values might change as to what cons

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    Adaptation Plan Page 399

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    Adaptation Plan Page 401

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    Adaptation Plan Page 403

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    Adaptation Plan Page 405

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    Adaptation Plan Page 407

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    Appendix VIII. September 3, 2009 Pu

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