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City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan Southwest Florida Regional ...

City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan Southwest Florida Regional ...

arely consider the

arely consider the contribution of working and other open lands, which‘s very important to rural economies. American Farmland Trust (AFT) developed COCS studies in the mid-1980s to provide communities with a straightforward and inexpensive way to measure the contribution of agricultural lands to the local tax base. Since then, COCS studies have been conducted in at least 128 communities in the United States. Southwest Florida has paid a high price for unplanned growth. Scattered development frequently causes traffic congestion, air and water pollution, loss of open space and increased demand for costly public services. This is why it is important for citizens and local leaders to understand the relationships between residential and commercial growth, agricultural land use, conservation and their community‘s bottom line. COCS studies help address three claims that are commonly made in rural or suburban communities facing growth pressures: 1. Open lands—including productive farms and forests—are an interim land use that should be developed to their ―highest and best use.‖ 2. Agricultural land gets an unfair tax break when it is assessed at its current use value for farming or ranching instead of at its potential use value for residential or commercial development. 3. Residential development will lower property taxes by increasing the tax base. While it is true that an acre of land with a new house generates more total revenue than an acre of hay or corn, this tells us little about a community‘s bottom line. In areas where agriculture and/or forestry are major industries, it is especially important to consider the real property tax contribution of privately owned working lands. Working and other open lands may generate less revenue than residential, commercial or industrial properties, but they require little public infrastructure and few services. COCS studies conducted over the last 20 years show working lands generate more public revenues than they receive back in public services. Their impact on community coffers is similar to that of other commercial and industrial land uses. On average, because residential land uses do not cover their costs, they must be subsidized by other community land uses. Converting agricultural land to residential land use should not be seen as a way to balance local budgets. The findings of COCS studies are consistent with those of conventional fiscal impact analyses, which document the high cost of residential development and recommend commercial and industrial development to help balance local budgets. What is unique about COCS studies is that they show that agricultural land is similar to other commercial and industrial uses. In every community studied, farmland has generated a fiscal surplus to help offset the shortfall created by residential demand for public services. This is true even when the land is assessed at its current, agricultural use. As more communities invest in agriculture this tendency may change. For Adaptation Plan Page 224

example, if a community establishes a purchase of agricultural conservation easement program, working and open lands may generate a net negative. Communities need reliable information to help them see the full picture of their land uses. COCS studies are an inexpensive way to evaluate the net contribution of working and open lands. They can help local leaders discard the notion that natural resources must be converted to other uses to ensure fiscal stability. They also dispel the myths that residential development leads to lower taxes that differential assessment programs give landowners an ―unfair‖ tax break, and that farmland is an interim land use just waiting around for development (American Farmland Trust 2007). In COCS studies in Florida the ratios of public revenues gained to public costs are 1: 1.39 for residential including farm houses; 1: 0.36 for commercial and industrial; and 1: 0.42 for agricultural and natural lands (Dorfman 2004). Carbon Markets and Land Use Florida is uniquely endowed to become a leader in greenhouse gas mitigation through the effective management of agriculture, forestry, and natural ecosystems, but realizing this potential requires that policy makers consider the consequences of competing land uses. Appropriate land management and sustainable development can be partly driven by the economic incentive provided by carbon markets. Land use approaches to mitigation must consider the implications for sustainability through comprehensive planning over a timescale of at least a century. To the extent that enhanced carbon sequestration is consistent with maintenance of ecosystem services, creation of carbon offsets through land use represents the first step toward reconciling the planet‘s living carbon economy with its monetary economy. Properly implemented, sustainable land management strategies for climate mitigation can be socially, environmentally, and economically viable, and can create jobs and opportunities for enhancing the wellbeing of Floridians for generations to come (Mulkey 2007). Florida can become a leader in mitigation of GHGs through effective management of agriculture, forestry, and natural ecosystems. Mitigation in these sectors can significantly offset the projected increase in fossil fuel-derived GHGs over this century. Such management will not be possible without comprehensive data on the carbon budgets and emissions of these systems. The state could develop the resources necessary to collect these data. Florida soils have the highest soil organic carbon content of all the states, and, with proper management, can sequester significant quantities of additional carbon. Agricultural lands can be managed to reduce methane (CH 4 ) and nitrous oxide (N 2 O) through conservation tillage and management of livestock wastes. Biofuel crops and biogas production can significantly reduce the use of fossil fuels (Mulkey 2008). Afforestation (the planting of trees or seeds in order to transform open land into forest or woodland) and management of industrial forests for both fuel wood and carbon sequestration provide the largest single land-use opportunity in Florida for climate mitigation over this century. To prepare for participation in carbon markets, the state could immediately begin to assess its Adaptation Plan Page 225

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    City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan

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    Charlotte Harbor National Estuary P

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    Acknowledgements This project has b

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    Algal blooms ......................

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    Source: FDEP 2009..................

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    Table 32: Potential Coastal Storm S

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    ADAPTATION: Explicitly indicate in

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    Summary Conclusion ................

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    8. Availability of Insurance. The C

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    City of Punta Gorda Comprehensive P

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    The Current Climate of Southwest Fl

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    type of rainfall event that causes

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    Figure 2: The City of Punta Gorda i

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    Figure 3: USGS TOPO Map of the City

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    Figure 5: Existing Land Use of the

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    Figure 6:- The City of Punta Gorda

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    The asset inventory is a way to ass

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    CHNEP/SWFRPC team was to take the l

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    Each participant had to pick and di

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    Figure 7: The Adaptation Game board

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    would ―park‖ the label in the c

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    Description of Specific Implementat

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    2. Increasing the flexibility of vu

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    Prioritized Vulnerabilities and Ada

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    Increases in global surface tempera

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    Climate-related changes in freshwat

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    marsh may be overgrown by other spe

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    Figure 12: Wetlands and Uplands of

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    Changes to phenology of anadromous

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    Air temperature increases will affe

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    Changes in freshwater releases from

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    own pelican populations were reduce

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    irds with water depth niche partiti

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    protection and preservation activit

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    The Rapid Stabilization Case (of gr

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    Probability (%) 2025 2050 2075 2100

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    Figure 15: Sea level rise in three

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    The elevations analyzed (0.5, 1.0,

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    Figure 18: Acres of habitat or land

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    Figure 19: Acres of freshwater wetl

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    Habitat and Species Changes The Sea

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    Habitat Initial Condition Percent o

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    Figure 22: SLAMM Predictions of Hab

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    Figure 23: Habitat Structure 2000 S

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    weeds threaten to crowd out native

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    Table 7: Adaptations to Address Fis

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    Habitat protection/rete ntion Regul

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    Property, Shell Creek, Integrated H

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    Establish living shorelines Restore

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    Preserve, Charlotte Harbor and Myak

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    Do nothing Stop unchecked commercia

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    Figure 25: Seagrass coverage map fr

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    Figure 26: Baseline seagrass covera

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    Persistence maps were also created

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    Figure 30: Seagrass persistence in

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    Having determined the extent of the

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    Upon approval by the Management and

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    1993 Acres Gains/Losses (Acres) Gai

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    County;• Pansy Bayou, No Entry Zo

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    Vulnerability 2: Inadequate Water S

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    enforced except during extreme cond

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    Consider climate change in water su

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    demands Use of reclaimed water for

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    Identify alternative sources Charge

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    Require use of xeriscaping Inadequa

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    Table 14: Adaptations to Inadequate

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    where one plant is known to thrive,

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    Vulnerability 3: Flooding Hurricane

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    Figure 33: Atlantic hurricanes pass

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    Figure 34: Number of Structures in

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    Source: Charlotte County Property A

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    Figure 38: City of Punta Gorda Crit

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    Figures 40-42-35: Values for Critic

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    POTENTIAL MINIMUM COASTAL STORM SUR

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    Tropical storm effects on historic

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    Tropical storm effects on repetitiv

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    Figure 49: Potential Storm Surge Lo

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    Effects of a Category 1 storm on hi

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    Effects of a Category 1 storm on re

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    Category 2 Event Under the minimum

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    Effects of a Category 2 storm on to

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    Effects of a Category 2 storm on cr

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    Effects of a Category 3 storm on hi

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    Effects of a Category 3 storm on re

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    Category 4/5 Event For a Category 4

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    Effects of a Category 4/5 storm on

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  • Page 185 and 186: Complete downtown flooding study Fl
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  • Page 229 and 230: Growth Use coastal management in la
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  • Page 235 and 236: . The Land Development Regulations
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  • Page 251 and 252: State-Wide Approach for Identifying
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  • Page 263 and 264: Solve insurance problem to encourag
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  • Page 267 and 268: Consider temperature when choosing
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    Redefine flood hazard zones Educati

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    ADAPTATION: Promote green building

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    these gases. When old units are bei

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    difficult to determine the amount o

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    does not take into account the mill

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    scientific disciplines, and should

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    effects of sea level rise on coasta

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    During these months, grass, leaves,

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    Limit development Fire Water Qualit

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    ADAPTATION: Drought preparedness pl

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    Vulnerability 10: Availability/Cost

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    of Punta Gorda. The weak tornado do

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    Figure 87: Number of Tornado Events

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    According to NOAA (2007), 60 signif

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    hurricanes. This high risk designat

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    Climate change may have a beneficia

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    Synergistic Risks Many other stress

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    $250,000 limit to NFIP, so either a

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    3) to restore oyster reefs, and 4)

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    design, building standards and land

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    Phase 1 (Monaco to Aqui Esta); Mult

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    explicit statements of how the indi

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    impeded implementation. More import

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    Adaptation Proximal Monitoring Phys

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    Explicitly indicating in the compre

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    Boyd, P.W., and S.C. Doney. 2002. M

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    Fields, P.A., J.B. Graham, R.H. Ros

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    Intergovernmental Panel on Climate

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    Ogden, J.C. 1978b. Roseate spoonbil

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    Sallenger, A.H., C.W. Wright, and J

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    Comprehensive Southwest Florida/ Ch

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    Wilson, C. 1997. Hurricane Andrew

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    Please attend . . . Tuesday, June 2

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    More wind 2 Change in summer rain p

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    20) Please let us know of any other

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    Increase research & formulate actio

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    Replace shoreline armoring with liv

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    Strengthen rules that prevent the i

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    Use native plants in landscaping Re

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    Use LED standards in building Use f

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    Use pure science/proven information

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    Reduce impervious surface allowed C

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    Channel water from impervious to pe

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    Appendix IV. City of Punta Gorda Cr

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    Clinic Clinic Clinic 100 Madrid Blv

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    Hazardous Sites Hazardous Sites Haz

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    Sewer Lift Or Treatment Sewer Lift

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    Appendix V. Presentations Presentat

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    Slide 9 Slide 12 Director: Lisa B.

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    Slide 7 Slide 10 North Captiva Isla

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    Slide 19 Slide 22 Objective 2.4.2:

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    Slide 31 Slide 34 Slide 32 Slide 35

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    Agricultural water reuse Allocate a

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    consider climate change in water su

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    Develop heat-health action plans Hu

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    Growth management and land use plan

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    incorporate sea level rise into pla

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    maintain shorelines w/soft measures

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    Plan vertical accretion of wetlands

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    purchase upland development rights

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    Research possible asthma increase d

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    Values might change as to what cons

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    Adaptation Plan Page 399

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    Adaptation Plan Page 401

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    Adaptation Plan Page 403

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    Adaptation Plan Page 405

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    Adaptation Plan Page 407

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    Appendix VIII. September 3, 2009 Pu

Overview of Canal Maintenance Ordinances - City of Punta Gorda
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2007 Annual Report - Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council
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2013 FDOT Mitigation Plan - Southwest Florida Water Management ...
2012 FDOT Mitigation Plan - Southwest Florida Water Management ...
Planning to Adapt – a regional approach - Our South West
City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan - Climate Adaptation ...
THE CITY OF PUNTA GORDA, FLORIDA
The City of Punta Gorda, FL
The City of Punta Gorda Comprehensive Plan 2025 p
WHR - City of Punta Gorda
Trabue Harborwalk - City of Punta Gorda
CAFR - City of Punta Gorda
Joan LeBeau, Chief Planner, City of Punta Gorda
Minutes - City of Punta Gorda
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here - City of Punta Gorda
Certificate of Competency Application - City of Punta Gorda
(CRA) Annual Report - City of Punta Gorda
Click to view the Parks & Recreation Master Plan - City of Punta Gorda