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City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan Southwest Florida Regional ...

City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan Southwest Florida Regional ...

ADAPTATION: Restrict

ADAPTATION: Restrict fertilizer use Restrict Fertilizer Use was the most popular adaptation measure proposed to address climate change impacts in the City of Punta Gorda to water quality. The following is a discussion on how this adaptation could be implemented for the City of Punta Gorda. A regulatory and public investment structure has evolved to manage water quality impacts from development in the southwest Florida region. The development resulting from this structure in the last four decades has raised issues regarding environmental quality, infrastructure costs, and quality of life. A structure of environmental regulation and presumptive water quality standard has been developed to protect the water quality of freshwater, estuarine, and marine waters of southwest Florida. Development continues to expand with southwest Florida watersheds, regulatory releases of polluted water are introduced from other watersheds, older water management systems age and degrade in function, and native and semi-native landscapes are converted to developed and intensive agricultural uses. Subsequently water quality has continued to degrade in natural and man-altered rivers, creeks, estuaries, and marine waters. These changes in water quality have contributed to significant negative environmental events in southwest Florida including but limited to loss of submerged aquatic vegetation, including sea grass, increased frequency and duration of harmful algae blooms, (red tide, blue-green alga, etc.), subsequent mortality of invertebrates (blue crabs, shellfish, etc.) sports and commercial fishes, water birds, and manatees, and imbalances in macro-algae diversity and abundance. These negative environmental events negatively affect the base of the City of Punta Gorda economy impacting tourism, property values, sports and commercial fisheries, municipal and agricultural water supply, and public health (respiratory, digestive, cardiac). Currently the largest recorded red drift algae strandings impair the winter tourist recreation season, stimulating negative media through the United States and the world, and creating enormous costs for its removal. Application of existing basis-of-review water quality standards did not prevent the water quality degradation experienced to date and will not prevent futures major declines in water quality. The subsequent environmental results can only be expected to become much worse. Therefore the Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council (SWFRPC) has formed the Lower West Coast Watershed Subcommittee (LWCWS) to develop recommended water quality guidance for staff review of Comprehensive Plans, Comprehensive Plan Amendments, Developments of Regional Impact, and other regionally significant developments and public infrastructure projects. The work plan of the committee included the gathering of existing successful water quality protection measures and the development of and creation of new standards that will arrest and ultimately improve water quality within the watersheds and subsequently the receiving waters of the southwest Florida region. The first resolution of the LWCWS of the SWFRPC was ―A RESOLUTION SUPPORTING THE REGULATED USE OF FERTILIZERS CONTAINING NITROGEN AND/OR PHOSPHORUS WITHIN SOUTHWEST FLORIDA; PROVIDING SPECIFIC RECOMMENDATIONS AND GUIDELINES TO BE CONSIDERED BY LOCAL GOVERNMENT JURISDICTIONS FOR THE REGULATION AND CONTROL OF FERTILIZER APPLICATION; PROVIDING RECOMMENDED DEFINITIONS; PROVIDING RECOMMENDATIONS RELATING TO TIMING OF FERTILIZER APPLICATION, CONTENT AND APPLICATION RATE, IMPERVIOUS SURFACES, BUFFER ZONES AND MECHANICAL APPLICATION; Adaptation Plan Page 244

PROVIDING RECOMMENDED EXEMPTIONS; PROVIDING RECOMMENDATIONS FOR LICENSING OF COMMERCIAL AND INSTITUTIONAL APPLICATORS; PROVIDING RECOMMENDATIONS FOR PUBLIC EDUCATION PROGRAMS; PROVIDING RECOMMENDATIONS RELATING TO THE RETAIL SALE OF FERTILIZER; PROVIDING RECOMMENDATIONS FOR APPEALS, ADMINISTRATIVE RELIEF AND PENALTIES; PROVIDING FOR AN EFFECTIVE DATE‖. SWFRPC Resolution #07-01 was adopted on March 15, 2007. Subsequently three Counties, including Charlotte County and 9 Municipalities have adopted a fertilizer resolution. In November of 2007 the Punta Gorda City Council considered an ordinance to limit the use of fertilizer by waterfront property owners. The City staff is drafted an ordinance that would limit when and what fertilizers could be used by property owners based on the Sarasota County and Charlotte County ordinances. The City of Punta Gorda did not implement the draft ordinance and opted to utilize an educational program, coordinating with SWFWMD and Charlotte Harbor Environmental Center, to provide information on fertilizer use. In 2009, the Florida legislature passed SB 494 that among other things encourages county and municipal governments to adopt and enforce the Model Ordinance for Florida-Friendly Fertilizer Use on Urban Landscapes or an equivalent requirement as a mechanism for protecting local surface water and groundwater quality. And SB2080 that among things promotes "Floridafriendly landscaping" by prohibiting deed restrictions or local government ordinances that would restrict a landowner's ability to use such landscaping, and requires the development of programs and ordinances to facilitate the use of this landscaping. The State Model Ordinance for Florida- Friendly Fertilizer Use on Urban Landscapes is less protective of water quality than the SWFRPC resolution or the local ordinances adopted by 12 local governments in southwest Florida. In order to implement the top water quality protection recommendation the City of Punta Gorda could adopt and implement a fertilizer protection ordnance based on the SWFRPC Resolution #07-01 (attached as Appendix AAA) or if it plans to be less protective the first State Model Ordinance for Florida-Friendly Fertilizer Use on Urban Landscapes (attached as Appendix BBB) Adaptation Plan Page 245

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    City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan

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    Charlotte Harbor National Estuary P

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    Acknowledgements This project has b

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    Algal blooms ......................

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    Source: FDEP 2009..................

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    Table 32: Potential Coastal Storm S

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    ADAPTATION: Explicitly indicate in

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    Summary Conclusion ................

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    8. Availability of Insurance. The C

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    City of Punta Gorda Comprehensive P

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    The Current Climate of Southwest Fl

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    type of rainfall event that causes

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    Figure 2: The City of Punta Gorda i

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    Figure 3: USGS TOPO Map of the City

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    Figure 5: Existing Land Use of the

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    Figure 6:- The City of Punta Gorda

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    The asset inventory is a way to ass

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    CHNEP/SWFRPC team was to take the l

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    Each participant had to pick and di

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    Figure 7: The Adaptation Game board

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    would ―park‖ the label in the c

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    Description of Specific Implementat

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    2. Increasing the flexibility of vu

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    Prioritized Vulnerabilities and Ada

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    Increases in global surface tempera

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    Climate-related changes in freshwat

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    marsh may be overgrown by other spe

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    Figure 12: Wetlands and Uplands of

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    Changes to phenology of anadromous

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    Air temperature increases will affe

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    Changes in freshwater releases from

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    own pelican populations were reduce

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    irds with water depth niche partiti

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    protection and preservation activit

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    The Rapid Stabilization Case (of gr

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    Probability (%) 2025 2050 2075 2100

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    Figure 15: Sea level rise in three

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    The elevations analyzed (0.5, 1.0,

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    Figure 18: Acres of habitat or land

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    Figure 19: Acres of freshwater wetl

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    Habitat and Species Changes The Sea

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    Habitat Initial Condition Percent o

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    Figure 22: SLAMM Predictions of Hab

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    Figure 23: Habitat Structure 2000 S

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    weeds threaten to crowd out native

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    Table 7: Adaptations to Address Fis

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    Habitat protection/rete ntion Regul

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    Property, Shell Creek, Integrated H

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    Establish living shorelines Restore

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    Preserve, Charlotte Harbor and Myak

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    Do nothing Stop unchecked commercia

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    Figure 25: Seagrass coverage map fr

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    Figure 26: Baseline seagrass covera

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    Persistence maps were also created

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    Figure 30: Seagrass persistence in

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    Having determined the extent of the

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    Upon approval by the Management and

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    1993 Acres Gains/Losses (Acres) Gai

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    County;• Pansy Bayou, No Entry Zo

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    Vulnerability 2: Inadequate Water S

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    enforced except during extreme cond

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    Consider climate change in water su

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    demands Use of reclaimed water for

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    Identify alternative sources Charge

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    Require use of xeriscaping Inadequa

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    Table 14: Adaptations to Inadequate

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    where one plant is known to thrive,

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    Vulnerability 3: Flooding Hurricane

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    Figure 33: Atlantic hurricanes pass

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    Figure 34: Number of Structures in

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    Source: Charlotte County Property A

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    Figure 38: City of Punta Gorda Crit

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    Figures 40-42-35: Values for Critic

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    POTENTIAL MINIMUM COASTAL STORM SUR

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    Tropical storm effects on historic

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    Tropical storm effects on repetitiv

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    Figure 49: Potential Storm Surge Lo

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    Effects of a Category 1 storm on hi

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    Effects of a Category 1 storm on re

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    Category 2 Event Under the minimum

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    Effects of a Category 2 storm on to

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    Effects of a Category 2 storm on cr

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    Effects of a Category 3 storm on hi

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    Effects of a Category 3 storm on re

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    Category 4/5 Event For a Category 4

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    Effects of a Category 4/5 storm on

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    Effects of a Category 4 or 5 storm

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    ESTIMATED VALUES FOR STRUCTURES WIT

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    In most cases, the damage from any

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    POTENTIAL LOSSES FOR STRUCTURES OWN

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    Figure 75: Critical Facilities and

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    Figure 77: Future Land Use (2018) i

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    Complete downtown flooding study Fl

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    Land acquisition for retreat/reloca

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    Improve weather response plans Buil

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    ADAPTATION: Explicitly indicate in

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    Vulnerability 10: Availability/Cost

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    of Punta Gorda. The weak tornado do

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    Figure 87: Number of Tornado Events

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    According to NOAA (2007), 60 signif

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    hurricanes. This high risk designat

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    Climate change may have a beneficia

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    Synergistic Risks Many other stress

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    $250,000 limit to NFIP, so either a

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    3) to restore oyster reefs, and 4)

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    design, building standards and land

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    Phase 1 (Monaco to Aqui Esta); Mult

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    explicit statements of how the indi

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    impeded implementation. More import

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    Adaptation Proximal Monitoring Phys

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    Explicitly indicating in the compre

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    Boyd, P.W., and S.C. Doney. 2002. M

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    Fields, P.A., J.B. Graham, R.H. Ros

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    Intergovernmental Panel on Climate

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    Ogden, J.C. 1978b. Roseate spoonbil

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    Sallenger, A.H., C.W. Wright, and J

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    Comprehensive Southwest Florida/ Ch

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    Wilson, C. 1997. Hurricane Andrew

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    Please attend . . . Tuesday, June 2

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    More wind 2 Change in summer rain p

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    20) Please let us know of any other

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    Increase research & formulate actio

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    Replace shoreline armoring with liv

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    Strengthen rules that prevent the i

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    Use native plants in landscaping Re

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    Use LED standards in building Use f

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    Use pure science/proven information

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    Reduce impervious surface allowed C

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    Channel water from impervious to pe

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    Appendix IV. City of Punta Gorda Cr

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    Clinic Clinic Clinic 100 Madrid Blv

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    Hazardous Sites Hazardous Sites Haz

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    Sewer Lift Or Treatment Sewer Lift

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    Appendix V. Presentations Presentat

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    Slide 9 Slide 12 Director: Lisa B.

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    Slide 7 Slide 10 North Captiva Isla

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    Slide 19 Slide 22 Objective 2.4.2:

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    Slide 31 Slide 34 Slide 32 Slide 35

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    Agricultural water reuse Allocate a

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    consider climate change in water su

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    Develop heat-health action plans Hu

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    Growth management and land use plan

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    incorporate sea level rise into pla

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    maintain shorelines w/soft measures

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    Plan vertical accretion of wetlands

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    purchase upland development rights

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    Research possible asthma increase d

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    Values might change as to what cons

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    Adaptation Plan Page 399

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    Adaptation Plan Page 401

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    Adaptation Plan Page 403

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    Adaptation Plan Page 405

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    Adaptation Plan Page 407

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    Appendix VIII. September 3, 2009 Pu

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Joan LeBeau, Chief Planner, City of Punta Gorda
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