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City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan Southwest Florida Regional ...

City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan Southwest Florida Regional ...

energy efficiency over

energy efficiency over the 2004 Florida Building Code (Stanton 2008). Still, modifications can be made to the design and construction of new and existing buildings to increase the energy efficiency and thus lower the monthly cost of operation. Possible modifications are listed below. Energy Efficiency Measures Cool Roofs and Green Roofs A cool roof is one that reflects the sun‘s heat and emits absorbed radiation back into the atmosphere. The roof literally stays cooler and reduces the amount of heat transferred to the building below, keeping the building a cooler and more constant temperature. A cool roof can significantly reduce cooling energy costs and increase the comfort level by reducing temperature fluctuations inside the home. Average energy savings range from 7% to 15% of total cooling costs. (Cool Roofs 2009) White tile provides excellent cooling related performance. Relative to a black asphalt shingle roof, a white tile roof produced a 76% reduction in overall summer ceiling heat flux (Parker et al. 1998). Green roofs (also known as garden roofs or vegetated roofs) use plants as roof covering. Though technically not highly reflective, green roofs do provide similar energy savings and urban heat island mitigation benefits as cool roofs. They also absorb water, reducing storm water runoff. Both cool roofs and green roofs extend roof life and reduce the amount of solid waste generated by reroofing (Cool Roofs 2009; Green Roofs 2009). HVAC Systems Cooling of building space creates a significant electrical demand for southwest Florida utilities. Efficiencies in cooling can be improved in a number of ways. Duct systems are often located in the attic space in Sun Belt homes with slab-on-grade foundations (Parker et al. 2002). Building owners should consider sealing all duct joints and seams and testing the system for leaks. If possible, air handlers and duct systems should be moved from unconditioned spaces to conditioned spaces. Previous research has shown that air handlers located in the attic space can increase space cooling by up to 30% (Parker 1998). Tests at the Florida Solar Energy Center have shown that, not only does the attic sometimes reach 135 o F in Florida's summers (Parker et al. 1998); heat transfer to the duct system can rob the air conditioner of up to a third of its cooling capacity during the hottest hours. Central air conditioners are rated according to their seasonal energy efficiency ratio (SEER). SEER indicates the relative amount of energy needed to provide a specific cooling output. Builders and home owners should evaluate the seasonal energy efficiency ratio of air conditioners. Manufacturers are required by the Federal government to build air conditioners to a minimum SEER of 13 (USDOE 2009). Additionally, if the condenser is shaded, the energy efficiency of the unit increases. Homeowners and builders should evaluate the refrigerants used in central air conditioners. CFCs, or chlorofluorocarbons, are known to deplete the ozone layer. Many air conditioning systems contain chemicals that either contribute to ozone depletion or have a high global warming potential. Air conditioners with these chemicals should not be installed in new building and a phase out schedule with a five year deadline for removal of these systems should be created for existing buildings (USGBC 2006). Air conditioners with these chemicals should be replaced with new systems that do not use Adaptation Plan Page 278

these gases. When old units are being removed, special care should be taken to prevent leakage of remnant gases out of the system. Other energy efficiency strategies such as increased attic insulation and more efficient windows also contribute to the overall energy efficiency of the HVAC unit. Attic Insulation One of the fastest and easiest things to do to increase the energy efficiency of a structure is to increase the amount of insulation installed in the attic space. Insulation installed in Florida homes generally rests directly on top of the ceiling. The amount of required attic insulation has steadily increased over the past 30 years (Fairey 2007). Attic insulation also has a tendency to resist heat less and less over time due to compression of the material from settling and from human activity in attics. It is important to evaluate leakage in the HVAC duct systems in the attic and potential structural hardening of the home prior to the installation of attic insulation. Once attic insulation has been installed, every attempt should be made to reduce the amount of human activity in the attic space as this activity will probably lead to compression of the insulation and a loss of insulating efficiency. Windows Windows in the U.S. consume 30 percent of building heating and cooling energy (Arasteh 2006). Many windows installed in homes today are single pane glass with a high solar heat gain coefficient or SHGC. The lower a window's solar heat gain coefficient, the less solar heat it transmits (Efficient Windows Collaborative 2009). New construction should utilize lower SHGC windows and retrofit projects may consider the replacement of only certain windows which are more prone to solar heat gain due to a lack of vegetative shading or the orientation of the structure relative to the sun‘s travel path. Other strategies to reduce heat gain from windows include strategic planting of vegetation and increasing structural overhangs or awnings to provide shading of window surfaces. The building owner should carefully evaluate plant characteristics prior to the selection and planting. Placement of the plant is also very important as some fire prone communities recommend clearing around structures to 30 feet. Structural shading can have a significant impact on the amount of solar radiation a window receives. In Florida "Cracker" homes, built at the turn of the century before air conditioning, wide porches and deep overhangs were considered essential to achieve comfort (Haase 1992). However, with the advent of air conditioning, many new homes have sacrificed overhangs in interest of first cost. New residences in modern developments often have practically no overhangs (Parker et al. 1998). Sealing the building envelope Selecting the appropriate windows and doors can reduce air leaks and promote energy efficiency. Weather stripping can also increase energy efficiency by reducing air leaks. Building owners should also seal all penetrations through the wall or ceiling where heat Adaptation Plan Page 279

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    City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan

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    Charlotte Harbor National Estuary P

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    Acknowledgements This project has b

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    Algal blooms ......................

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    Source: FDEP 2009..................

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    Table 32: Potential Coastal Storm S

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    ADAPTATION: Explicitly indicate in

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    Summary Conclusion ................

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    8. Availability of Insurance. The C

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    City of Punta Gorda Comprehensive P

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    The Current Climate of Southwest Fl

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    type of rainfall event that causes

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    Figure 2: The City of Punta Gorda i

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    Figure 3: USGS TOPO Map of the City

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    Figure 5: Existing Land Use of the

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    Figure 6:- The City of Punta Gorda

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    The asset inventory is a way to ass

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    CHNEP/SWFRPC team was to take the l

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    Each participant had to pick and di

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    Figure 7: The Adaptation Game board

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    would ―park‖ the label in the c

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    Description of Specific Implementat

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    2. Increasing the flexibility of vu

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    Prioritized Vulnerabilities and Ada

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    Increases in global surface tempera

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    Climate-related changes in freshwat

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    marsh may be overgrown by other spe

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    Figure 12: Wetlands and Uplands of

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    Changes to phenology of anadromous

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    Air temperature increases will affe

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    Changes in freshwater releases from

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    own pelican populations were reduce

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    irds with water depth niche partiti

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    protection and preservation activit

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    The Rapid Stabilization Case (of gr

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    Probability (%) 2025 2050 2075 2100

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    Figure 15: Sea level rise in three

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    The elevations analyzed (0.5, 1.0,

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    Figure 18: Acres of habitat or land

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    Figure 19: Acres of freshwater wetl

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    Habitat and Species Changes The Sea

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    Habitat Initial Condition Percent o

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    Figure 22: SLAMM Predictions of Hab

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    Figure 23: Habitat Structure 2000 S

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    weeds threaten to crowd out native

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    Table 7: Adaptations to Address Fis

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    Habitat protection/rete ntion Regul

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    Property, Shell Creek, Integrated H

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    Establish living shorelines Restore

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    Preserve, Charlotte Harbor and Myak

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    Do nothing Stop unchecked commercia

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    Figure 25: Seagrass coverage map fr

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    Figure 26: Baseline seagrass covera

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    Persistence maps were also created

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    Figure 30: Seagrass persistence in

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    Having determined the extent of the

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    Upon approval by the Management and

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    1993 Acres Gains/Losses (Acres) Gai

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    County;• Pansy Bayou, No Entry Zo

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    Vulnerability 2: Inadequate Water S

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    enforced except during extreme cond

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    Consider climate change in water su

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    demands Use of reclaimed water for

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    Identify alternative sources Charge

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    Require use of xeriscaping Inadequa

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    Table 14: Adaptations to Inadequate

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    where one plant is known to thrive,

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    Vulnerability 3: Flooding Hurricane

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    Figure 33: Atlantic hurricanes pass

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    Figure 34: Number of Structures in

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    Source: Charlotte County Property A

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    Figure 38: City of Punta Gorda Crit

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    Figures 40-42-35: Values for Critic

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    POTENTIAL MINIMUM COASTAL STORM SUR

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    Tropical storm effects on historic

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    Tropical storm effects on repetitiv

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    Figure 49: Potential Storm Surge Lo

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    Effects of a Category 1 storm on hi

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    Effects of a Category 1 storm on re

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    Category 2 Event Under the minimum

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    Effects of a Category 2 storm on to

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    Effects of a Category 2 storm on cr

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    Effects of a Category 3 storm on hi

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    Effects of a Category 3 storm on re

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    Category 4/5 Event For a Category 4

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    Effects of a Category 4/5 storm on

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    Effects of a Category 4 or 5 storm

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    ESTIMATED VALUES FOR STRUCTURES WIT

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    In most cases, the damage from any

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    POTENTIAL LOSSES FOR STRUCTURES OWN

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    Figure 75: Critical Facilities and

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    Figure 77: Future Land Use (2018) i

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    Complete downtown flooding study Fl

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    Land acquisition for retreat/reloca

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    Improve weather response plans Buil

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    ADAPTATION: Explicitly indicate in

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    that reduces these effects is compl

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    Sustainable protection of low energ

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    Managed retreat Managed retreat or

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    Figure 80: Rolling easement step 2

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    Figure 82: Rolling easement step 4

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    first because suitable land uses wi

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    project). Federal subsidies for sew

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    the system or would destroy marine

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    The State Comprehensive Plan, under

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    Approaches for maintaining shorelin

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    Breakwaters, bulkheads, residential

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    Additional Adaptations to Sea Level

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    In an example of rolling easements

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    Alternative Shoreline Less than tot

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    The following is a discussion on ho

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    One way for decision makers to more

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    example, if a community establishes

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  • Page 229 and 230: Growth Use coastal management in la
  • Page 231 and 232: planning Elevate land surfaces Esta
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  • Page 235 and 236: . The Land Development Regulations
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  • Page 267 and 268: Consider temperature when choosing
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  • Page 271 and 272: Additional insulation in buildings
  • Page 273 and 274: All measures to reduce local GHG em
  • Page 275 and 276: Redefine flood hazard zones Educati
  • Page 277: ADAPTATION: Promote green building
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  • Page 283 and 284: does not take into account the mill
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  • Page 287 and 288: effects of sea level rise on coasta
  • Page 289 and 290: During these months, grass, leaves,
  • Page 291 and 292: Limit development Fire Water Qualit
  • Page 293 and 294: ADAPTATION: Drought preparedness pl
  • Page 295 and 296: Vulnerability 10: Availability/Cost
  • Page 297 and 298: of Punta Gorda. The weak tornado do
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  • Page 303 and 304: hurricanes. This high risk designat
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  • Page 307 and 308: Synergistic Risks Many other stress
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  • Page 321 and 322: Adaptation Proximal Monitoring Phys
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  • Page 325 and 326: Boyd, P.W., and S.C. Doney. 2002. M
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    Intergovernmental Panel on Climate

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    Ogden, J.C. 1978b. Roseate spoonbil

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    Sallenger, A.H., C.W. Wright, and J

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    Comprehensive Southwest Florida/ Ch

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    Wilson, C. 1997. Hurricane Andrew

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    Please attend . . . Tuesday, June 2

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    More wind 2 Change in summer rain p

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    20) Please let us know of any other

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    Increase research & formulate actio

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    Replace shoreline armoring with liv

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    Strengthen rules that prevent the i

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    Use native plants in landscaping Re

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    Use LED standards in building Use f

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    Use pure science/proven information

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    Reduce impervious surface allowed C

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    Channel water from impervious to pe

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    Appendix IV. City of Punta Gorda Cr

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    Clinic Clinic Clinic 100 Madrid Blv

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    Hazardous Sites Hazardous Sites Haz

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    Sewer Lift Or Treatment Sewer Lift

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    Appendix V. Presentations Presentat

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    Slide 9 Slide 12 Director: Lisa B.

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    Slide 7 Slide 10 North Captiva Isla

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    Slide 19 Slide 22 Objective 2.4.2:

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    Slide 31 Slide 34 Slide 32 Slide 35

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    Agricultural water reuse Allocate a

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    consider climate change in water su

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    Develop heat-health action plans Hu

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    Growth management and land use plan

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    incorporate sea level rise into pla

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    maintain shorelines w/soft measures

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    Plan vertical accretion of wetlands

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    purchase upland development rights

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    Research possible asthma increase d

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    Values might change as to what cons

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    Adaptation Plan Page 399

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    Adaptation Plan Page 401

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    Adaptation Plan Page 403

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    Adaptation Plan Page 405

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    Adaptation Plan Page 407

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    Appendix VIII. September 3, 2009 Pu

Overview of Canal Maintenance Ordinances - City of Punta Gorda
Sewall construction and maintenance - City of Punta Gorda
Economic Conditions - Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council
2013 Workplan & Budget - Southwest Florida Regional Planning ...
workplan & budget - Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council
2007 Annual Report - Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council
Presented by - Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council
Legal & Regulatory - Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council
2013 BRIEFING BOOK - Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council
Storm Tide Atlas - Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council
Mangrove Grant Proposal - Southwest Florida Regional Planning ...
View the Adaptation Plan - Model Forest Policy Program
2012 FDOT Mitigation Plan - Southwest Florida Water Management ...
community plan southwest - Brimbank City Council
2013 FDOT Mitigation Plan - Southwest Florida Water Management ...
Planning to Adapt – a regional approach - Our South West
City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan - Climate Adaptation ...
The City of Punta Gorda, FL
The City of Punta Gorda Comprehensive Plan 2025 p
Joan LeBeau, Chief Planner, City of Punta Gorda
Certificate of Competency Application - City of Punta Gorda
to view the Infrastructure Element - City of Punta Gorda