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City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan Southwest Florida Regional ...

City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan Southwest Florida Regional ...

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Build ―deconstructable‖ buildings which can be taken apart and easily moved to higher ground, such as Rinker Hall at the University of Florida. Modify stormwater conveyance systems and control elevations to be relative to sea level instead of being required at a set elevation. Make sure fill is used in a way to reduce the run off onto adjacent properties in order to prevent erosion. Implement adaptations for wind risks: shuttering of windows or installation of windows with impact glass; bracing of garage doors; roof- or truss-to-wall and wall-to-floor hurricane hardening measures including the installation of gussets, addition of straps, cross bracing gable end chords; requiring complete tear offs for roofs to evaluate the deck nailing; and determining if the integrity of vinyl and aluminum soffits are appropriate for the wind risk the region faces. Consider increased fire risk in vegetative choices and placement and consider the fire risks associated with roofing materials and other potentially flammable building material choices. Asphalt shingles, the most common roofing material choice in Florida, are more flammable than other non petroleum based roofing materials. Adaptations for Transportation Infrastructure Climate change will affect transportation primarily through increases in several types of weather and climate extremes. Climate warming over the next 50 to 100 years will be manifested by increases in very hot days and heat waves, increases in average temperatures, rising sea levels coupled with storm surges and land subsidence, more frequent intense precipitation events, and increases in the intensity of strong hurricanes. The impacts will vary by mode of transportation and region, but they will be widespread and costly in both human and economic terms and will require significant changes in the planning, design, construction, operation, and maintenance of transportation systems (Transportation Research Board 2008). Transportation professionals should acknowledge the challenges posed by climate change and incorporate current scientific knowledge into the planning, design, construction, operation, and maintenance of transportation systems. Every mode of transportation and every part of the southwest Florida region will be affected as climate change poses new and often unfamiliar challenges to infrastructure providers (Transportation Research Board 2008). ―Special Report 290: Potential Impacts of Climate Change on U.S. Transportation‖—the report of a study conducted by a committee of experts under the auspices of the Transportation Research Board and the Division on Earth and Life Studies of the National Research Council— makes the case that focusing on the problem now should help avoid costly future investments and disruptions to operations (Transportation Research Board 2008). One response to the threat of inundated transportation infrastructure is simply to elevate it to keep pace with the sea level rise. While elevation may be less expensive than letting rising waters wash out entire highways, it is expensive. One estimate put the average cost of elevating roads at $2 million per mile (Dean 2007b). Over 2,400 miles of existing highway and other major roads in the entire state of Florida are at risk of inundation from 27 inches of sea level rise. The cost of elevating just these roads sums to over $4.8 billion. This estimated total of road miles Adaptation Plan Page 282

does not take into account the millions of miles of city streets in Florida‘s vulnerable areas that would need to be elevated, nor does it consider the many additional miles and lanes of roads that will likely be built as Florida‘s population doubles over the next 50 years. Elevating roads, however, may cause other problems. Streets are typically built lower than surrounding residential and commercial property so that water from the land can drain into the street. Elevating the roads can prevent this drainage and put flooding back onto the adjacent lands. In such cases, it becomes necessary to raise surrounding land along with the street, so that relative engineered heights are preserved (Titus 2002). The past several decades of historical regional climate patterns commonly used by transportation planners to guide their operations and investments may no longer be a reliable guide for future plans. In particular, future climate will include new classes (in terms of magnitude and frequency) of weather and climate extremes, such as record rainfall and record heat waves, not experienced in modern times (Transportation Research Board 2008). Decisions transportation professionals make today, particularly those related to the design and retrofitting of existing transportation infrastructure or the location and design of new infrastructure, will affect how well the system adapts to climate change far into the future (Transportation Research Board 2008). Inventory Critical Infrastructure Potentially, the greatest impact of climate change on southwest Florida‘s transportation system will be flooding of coastal roads, bridge approaches and causeways because of a rise in sea level coupled with storm surge and exacerbated in some locations by land subsidence. The vulnerability of transportation infrastructure to climate change, however, will extend well beyond coastal areas. Railways, transit systems, and airport runways may also be flooded by interior precipitation-driven floods. Therefore, federal, state, and local governments, in collaboration with owners and operators of infrastructure such as ports, airports, and private railroad and pipeline companies, should inventory critical transportation infrastructure to identify whether, when, and where projected climate changes in particular regions might be consequential (Transportation Research Board 2008). Incorporate Climate Change into Investment Decisions Public authorities and officials at various governmental levels, and executives of private companies are making short- and long-term investment decisions every day that have implications for how the transportation system will respond to climate change in the near- and long-terms. Transportation decision makers have an opportunity now to prepare for projected climate changes. State and local governments and private infrastructure providers should incorporate climate change into their long-term capital improvement plans, facility designs, maintenance practices, operations, and emergency response plans. Table 63 lays out a six step approach for determining appropriate investment priorities (Transportation Research Board 2008). Adaptation Plan Page 283

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    City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan

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    Charlotte Harbor National Estuary P

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    Acknowledgements This project has b

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    Algal blooms ......................

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    Source: FDEP 2009..................

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    Table 32: Potential Coastal Storm S

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    ADAPTATION: Explicitly indicate in

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    Summary Conclusion ................

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    8. Availability of Insurance. The C

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    City of Punta Gorda Comprehensive P

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    The Current Climate of Southwest Fl

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    type of rainfall event that causes

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    Figure 2: The City of Punta Gorda i

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    Figure 3: USGS TOPO Map of the City

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    Figure 5: Existing Land Use of the

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    Figure 6:- The City of Punta Gorda

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    The asset inventory is a way to ass

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    CHNEP/SWFRPC team was to take the l

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    Each participant had to pick and di

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    Figure 7: The Adaptation Game board

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    would ―park‖ the label in the c

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    Description of Specific Implementat

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    2. Increasing the flexibility of vu

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    Prioritized Vulnerabilities and Ada

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    Increases in global surface tempera

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    Climate-related changes in freshwat

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    marsh may be overgrown by other spe

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    Figure 12: Wetlands and Uplands of

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    Changes to phenology of anadromous

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    Air temperature increases will affe

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    Changes in freshwater releases from

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    own pelican populations were reduce

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    irds with water depth niche partiti

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    protection and preservation activit

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    The Rapid Stabilization Case (of gr

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    Probability (%) 2025 2050 2075 2100

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    Figure 15: Sea level rise in three

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    The elevations analyzed (0.5, 1.0,

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    Figure 18: Acres of habitat or land

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    Figure 19: Acres of freshwater wetl

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    Habitat and Species Changes The Sea

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    Habitat Initial Condition Percent o

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    Figure 22: SLAMM Predictions of Hab

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    Figure 23: Habitat Structure 2000 S

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    weeds threaten to crowd out native

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    Table 7: Adaptations to Address Fis

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    Habitat protection/rete ntion Regul

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    Property, Shell Creek, Integrated H

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    Establish living shorelines Restore

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    Preserve, Charlotte Harbor and Myak

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    Do nothing Stop unchecked commercia

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    Figure 25: Seagrass coverage map fr

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    Figure 26: Baseline seagrass covera

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    Persistence maps were also created

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    Figure 30: Seagrass persistence in

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    Having determined the extent of the

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    Upon approval by the Management and

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    1993 Acres Gains/Losses (Acres) Gai

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    County;• Pansy Bayou, No Entry Zo

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    Vulnerability 2: Inadequate Water S

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    enforced except during extreme cond

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    Consider climate change in water su

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    demands Use of reclaimed water for

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    Identify alternative sources Charge

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    Require use of xeriscaping Inadequa

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    Table 14: Adaptations to Inadequate

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    where one plant is known to thrive,

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    Vulnerability 3: Flooding Hurricane

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    Figure 33: Atlantic hurricanes pass

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    Figure 34: Number of Structures in

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    Source: Charlotte County Property A

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    Figure 38: City of Punta Gorda Crit

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    Figures 40-42-35: Values for Critic

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    POTENTIAL MINIMUM COASTAL STORM SUR

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    Tropical storm effects on historic

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    Tropical storm effects on repetitiv

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    Figure 49: Potential Storm Surge Lo

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    Effects of a Category 1 storm on hi

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    Effects of a Category 1 storm on re

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    Category 2 Event Under the minimum

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    Effects of a Category 2 storm on to

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    Effects of a Category 2 storm on cr

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    Effects of a Category 3 storm on hi

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    Effects of a Category 3 storm on re

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    Category 4/5 Event For a Category 4

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    Effects of a Category 4/5 storm on

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    Effects of a Category 4 or 5 storm

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    ESTIMATED VALUES FOR STRUCTURES WIT

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    In most cases, the damage from any

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    POTENTIAL LOSSES FOR STRUCTURES OWN

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    Figure 75: Critical Facilities and

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    Figure 77: Future Land Use (2018) i

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    Complete downtown flooding study Fl

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    Land acquisition for retreat/reloca

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    Improve weather response plans Buil

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    ADAPTATION: Explicitly indicate in

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    that reduces these effects is compl

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    Sustainable protection of low energ

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    Managed retreat Managed retreat or

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    Figure 80: Rolling easement step 2

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    Figure 82: Rolling easement step 4

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    first because suitable land uses wi

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    project). Federal subsidies for sew

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    the system or would destroy marine

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    The State Comprehensive Plan, under

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    Approaches for maintaining shorelin

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    Breakwaters, bulkheads, residential

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    Additional Adaptations to Sea Level

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    In an example of rolling easements

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    Alternative Shoreline Less than tot

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    The following is a discussion on ho

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    One way for decision makers to more

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    example, if a community establishes

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    Table 56: Adaptations to Address Un

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    Growth Use coastal management in la

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  • Page 235 and 236: . The Land Development Regulations
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  • Page 239 and 240: Proper consideration of hazardous m
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  • Page 247 and 248: approval. Non-compliant jurisdictio
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  • Page 251 and 252: State-Wide Approach for Identifying
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  • Page 267 and 268: Consider temperature when choosing
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  • Page 271 and 272: Additional insulation in buildings
  • Page 273 and 274: All measures to reduce local GHG em
  • Page 275 and 276: Redefine flood hazard zones Educati
  • Page 277 and 278: ADAPTATION: Promote green building
  • Page 279 and 280: these gases. When old units are bei
  • Page 281: difficult to determine the amount o
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  • Page 289 and 290: During these months, grass, leaves,
  • Page 291 and 292: Limit development Fire Water Qualit
  • Page 293 and 294: ADAPTATION: Drought preparedness pl
  • Page 295 and 296: Vulnerability 10: Availability/Cost
  • Page 297 and 298: of Punta Gorda. The weak tornado do
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  • Page 307 and 308: Synergistic Risks Many other stress
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  • Page 321 and 322: Adaptation Proximal Monitoring Phys
  • Page 323 and 324: Explicitly indicating in the compre
  • Page 325 and 326: Boyd, P.W., and S.C. Doney. 2002. M
  • Page 327 and 328: Fields, P.A., J.B. Graham, R.H. Ros
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    Sallenger, A.H., C.W. Wright, and J

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    Comprehensive Southwest Florida/ Ch

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    Wilson, C. 1997. Hurricane Andrew

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    Please attend . . . Tuesday, June 2

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    More wind 2 Change in summer rain p

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    20) Please let us know of any other

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    Increase research & formulate actio

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    Replace shoreline armoring with liv

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    Strengthen rules that prevent the i

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    Use native plants in landscaping Re

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    Use LED standards in building Use f

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    Use pure science/proven information

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    Reduce impervious surface allowed C

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    Channel water from impervious to pe

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    Appendix IV. City of Punta Gorda Cr

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    Clinic Clinic Clinic 100 Madrid Blv

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    Hazardous Sites Hazardous Sites Haz

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    Sewer Lift Or Treatment Sewer Lift

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    Appendix V. Presentations Presentat

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    Slide 9 Slide 12 Director: Lisa B.

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    Slide 7 Slide 10 North Captiva Isla

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    Slide 19 Slide 22 Objective 2.4.2:

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    Slide 31 Slide 34 Slide 32 Slide 35

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    Agricultural water reuse Allocate a

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    consider climate change in water su

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    Develop heat-health action plans Hu

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    Growth management and land use plan

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    incorporate sea level rise into pla

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    maintain shorelines w/soft measures

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    Plan vertical accretion of wetlands

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    purchase upland development rights

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    Research possible asthma increase d

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    Values might change as to what cons

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    Adaptation Plan Page 399

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    Adaptation Plan Page 401

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    Adaptation Plan Page 403

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    Adaptation Plan Page 405

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    Adaptation Plan Page 407

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    Appendix VIII. September 3, 2009 Pu

Sewall construction and maintenance - City of Punta Gorda
Overview of Canal Maintenance Ordinances - City of Punta Gorda
2007 Annual Report - Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council
Legal & Regulatory - Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council
Economic Conditions - Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council
2013 Workplan & Budget - Southwest Florida Regional Planning ...
workplan & budget - Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council
2012 FDOT Mitigation Plan - Southwest Florida Water Management ...
Storm Tide Atlas - Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council
Mangrove Grant Proposal - Southwest Florida Regional Planning ...
community plan southwest - Brimbank City Council
Presented by - Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council
2013 FDOT Mitigation Plan - Southwest Florida Water Management ...
Planning to Adapt – a regional approach - Our South West
2013 BRIEFING BOOK - Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council
View the Adaptation Plan - Model Forest Policy Program
City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan - Climate Adaptation ...
THE CITY OF PUNTA GORDA, FLORIDA
The City of Punta Gorda, FL
The City of Punta Gorda Comprehensive Plan 2025 p
WHR - City of Punta Gorda
WHR - City of Punta Gorda
Trabue Harborwalk - City of Punta Gorda
here - City of Punta Gorda
Minutes - City of Punta Gorda
Joan LeBeau, Chief Planner, City of Punta Gorda
CAFR - City of Punta Gorda
(CRA) Annual Report - City of Punta Gorda
to view the Infrastructure Element - City of Punta Gorda
Chapter 26 - City of Punta Gorda