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City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan Southwest Florida Regional ...

City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan Southwest Florida Regional ...

Decision Framework for

Decision Framework for Transportation Professionals to Use in Addressing the Impacts of Climate Change on Transportation Infrastructure 1. Assess how climate changes are likely to affect various part of the region and modes of transportation. 2. Inventory transportation infrastructure essential to maintaining network performance in light of climate change projections to determine whether, when, and where their impacts could be consequential. 3. Analyze adaptation options to assess the trade-offs between making the infrastructure more robust and the costs involved. Consider monitoring as an option. 4. Determine investment priorities, taking into consideration criticality of the infrastructure components as well as opportunities for multiple benefits (e.g., congestion relief, removal of evacuation of route bottlenecks). 5. Develop and implement a program of adaptation strategies for the near and longterms. 6. Periodically assess the effectiveness of adaptation strategies and repeat Steps 1 through 5. Table 63: Decision Framework for Transportation Professionals to Use in Addressing the Impacts of Climate Change on Transportation Infrastructure Source: Transportation Research Board 2008 Adopt Strategic, Risk-Based Approaches to Decision Making The significant costs of redesigning and retrofitting transportation infrastructure to adapt to the potential impacts of climate change suggest the need for more strategic, risk-based approaches to investment decisions. Transportation planners and engineers should incorporate more probabilistic investment analyses and design approaches that apply techniques for trading off the costs of making the infrastructure more robust against the economic costs of failure, and should communicate these trade-offs to policy makers who make investment decisions and authorize funding. One model is the California Seismic Retrofit Program, which uses a risk-based approach to analyze vulnerability to earthquakes and criticality of highway bridges to determine priorities for retrofitting and replacement (Transportation Research Board 2008). Improve Communication Transportation decision makers note that one of the most difficult aspects of addressing climate change is obtaining the relevant information in the form they need to plan and design. Transportation professionals often lack sufficiently detailed information about expected climate changes, and their timing, to take appropriate action. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT), the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), and other relevant agencies should work together to institute a process for better communication among transportation professionals, climate scientists, and those in other relevant Adaptation Plan Page 284

scientific disciplines, and should establish a clearinghouse for transportation-relevant climate change information. In addition, better decision support tools are needed to assist transportation decision makers. Ongoing and planned research at federal and state agencies, and universities that provides climate data and decision support tools should include the needs of transportation decision makers (Transportation Research Board 2008). Integrate Evacuation Planning and Emergency Response into Transportation Operations Projected increases in weather and climate extremes underscore the importance of emergency response plans in vulnerable locations and require that transportation providers work more closely with weather forecasters and emergency planners, and assume a greater role in evacuation planning and emergency response. Climate extremes, such as more intense storms and more intense precipitation, will require near-term operational responses from transportation providers and greater attention to emergency response in transportation operations and budgets. Transportation agencies and service providers should build on the experience in locations where transportation is well integrated into emergency response and evacuation plans (Transportation Research Board 2008). Develop and Implement Monitoring Technologies Monitoring transportation infrastructure conditions, particularly the impacts of weather and climate extremes, offers an alternative to preventive retrofitting or reconstruction of some facilities in advance of climate change. Greater use of sensors and other ―smart‖ technologies would enable infrastructure providers to receive advance warning of potential failure due to water levels and currents, wave action, winds, and temperatures exceeding what the infrastructure was designed to withstand. Federal and academic research programs should encourage the development and implementation of these technologies (Transportation Research Board 2008). Share Best Practices As the climate changes, many U.S. locations will experience new climate-induced weather patterns. The geographic extent of the United States—from Alaska to Florida and from Maine to Hawaii—and its diversity of weather and climate conditions can provide a laboratory for best practices and information sharing as the climate changes. Drawing on existing technology transfer mechanisms, relevant transportation professional and research organizations should develop a mechanism to encourage sharing of best practices to address the potential impacts of climate change (Transportation Research Board 2008). Reevaluate Design Standards Environmental factors are integral to transportation infrastructure design. However, engineers have not given much thought to whether current design standards are sufficient to accommodate climate change. Climate change projections indicate that today‘s 100-year precipitation event is likely to occur every 50 years or perhaps even every 20 years by the end of this century. Reevaluating, developing, and regularly updating design standards for transportation infrastructure to address the impacts of climate change will require a broad-based research and testing program and a substantial implementation effort. USDOT should take a leadership role along with professional organizations in the forefront of civil engineering practice across all modes to initiate immediately a federally funded, multiagency research program. The program Adaptation Plan Page 285

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    City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan

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    Charlotte Harbor National Estuary P

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    Acknowledgements This project has b

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    Algal blooms ......................

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    Source: FDEP 2009..................

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    Table 32: Potential Coastal Storm S

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    ADAPTATION: Explicitly indicate in

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    Summary Conclusion ................

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    8. Availability of Insurance. The C

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    City of Punta Gorda Comprehensive P

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    The Current Climate of Southwest Fl

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    type of rainfall event that causes

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    Figure 2: The City of Punta Gorda i

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    Figure 3: USGS TOPO Map of the City

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    Figure 5: Existing Land Use of the

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    Figure 6:- The City of Punta Gorda

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    The asset inventory is a way to ass

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    CHNEP/SWFRPC team was to take the l

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    Each participant had to pick and di

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    Figure 7: The Adaptation Game board

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    would ―park‖ the label in the c

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    Description of Specific Implementat

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    2. Increasing the flexibility of vu

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    Prioritized Vulnerabilities and Ada

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    Increases in global surface tempera

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    Climate-related changes in freshwat

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    marsh may be overgrown by other spe

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    Figure 12: Wetlands and Uplands of

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    Changes to phenology of anadromous

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    Air temperature increases will affe

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    Changes in freshwater releases from

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    own pelican populations were reduce

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    irds with water depth niche partiti

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    protection and preservation activit

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    The Rapid Stabilization Case (of gr

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    Probability (%) 2025 2050 2075 2100

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    Figure 15: Sea level rise in three

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    The elevations analyzed (0.5, 1.0,

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    Figure 18: Acres of habitat or land

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    Figure 19: Acres of freshwater wetl

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    Habitat and Species Changes The Sea

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    Habitat Initial Condition Percent o

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    Figure 22: SLAMM Predictions of Hab

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    Figure 23: Habitat Structure 2000 S

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    weeds threaten to crowd out native

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    Table 7: Adaptations to Address Fis

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    Habitat protection/rete ntion Regul

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    Property, Shell Creek, Integrated H

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    Establish living shorelines Restore

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    Preserve, Charlotte Harbor and Myak

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    Do nothing Stop unchecked commercia

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    Figure 25: Seagrass coverage map fr

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    Figure 26: Baseline seagrass covera

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    Persistence maps were also created

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    Figure 30: Seagrass persistence in

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    Having determined the extent of the

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    Upon approval by the Management and

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    1993 Acres Gains/Losses (Acres) Gai

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    County;• Pansy Bayou, No Entry Zo

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    Vulnerability 2: Inadequate Water S

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    enforced except during extreme cond

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    Consider climate change in water su

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    demands Use of reclaimed water for

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    Identify alternative sources Charge

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    Require use of xeriscaping Inadequa

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    Table 14: Adaptations to Inadequate

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    where one plant is known to thrive,

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    Vulnerability 3: Flooding Hurricane

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    Figure 33: Atlantic hurricanes pass

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    Figure 34: Number of Structures in

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    Source: Charlotte County Property A

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    Figure 38: City of Punta Gorda Crit

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    Figures 40-42-35: Values for Critic

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    POTENTIAL MINIMUM COASTAL STORM SUR

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    Tropical storm effects on historic

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    Tropical storm effects on repetitiv

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    Figure 49: Potential Storm Surge Lo

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    Effects of a Category 1 storm on hi

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    Effects of a Category 1 storm on re

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    Category 2 Event Under the minimum

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    Effects of a Category 2 storm on to

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    Effects of a Category 2 storm on cr

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    Effects of a Category 3 storm on hi

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    Effects of a Category 3 storm on re

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    Category 4/5 Event For a Category 4

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    Effects of a Category 4/5 storm on

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    Effects of a Category 4 or 5 storm

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    ESTIMATED VALUES FOR STRUCTURES WIT

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    In most cases, the damage from any

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    POTENTIAL LOSSES FOR STRUCTURES OWN

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    Figure 75: Critical Facilities and

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    Figure 77: Future Land Use (2018) i

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    Complete downtown flooding study Fl

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    Land acquisition for retreat/reloca

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    Improve weather response plans Buil

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    ADAPTATION: Explicitly indicate in

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    that reduces these effects is compl

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    Sustainable protection of low energ

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    Managed retreat Managed retreat or

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    Figure 80: Rolling easement step 2

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    Figure 82: Rolling easement step 4

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    first because suitable land uses wi

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    project). Federal subsidies for sew

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    the system or would destroy marine

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    The State Comprehensive Plan, under

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    Approaches for maintaining shorelin

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    Breakwaters, bulkheads, residential

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    Additional Adaptations to Sea Level

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    In an example of rolling easements

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    Alternative Shoreline Less than tot

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    The following is a discussion on ho

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    One way for decision makers to more

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    example, if a community establishes

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    Table 56: Adaptations to Address Un

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    Growth Use coastal management in la

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    planning Elevate land surfaces Esta

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  • Page 267 and 268: Consider temperature when choosing
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  • Page 273 and 274: All measures to reduce local GHG em
  • Page 275 and 276: Redefine flood hazard zones Educati
  • Page 277 and 278: ADAPTATION: Promote green building
  • Page 279 and 280: these gases. When old units are bei
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  • Page 289 and 290: During these months, grass, leaves,
  • Page 291 and 292: Limit development Fire Water Qualit
  • Page 293 and 294: ADAPTATION: Drought preparedness pl
  • Page 295 and 296: Vulnerability 10: Availability/Cost
  • Page 297 and 298: of Punta Gorda. The weak tornado do
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  • Page 325 and 326: Boyd, P.W., and S.C. Doney. 2002. M
  • Page 327 and 328: Fields, P.A., J.B. Graham, R.H. Ros
  • Page 329 and 330: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate
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    Comprehensive Southwest Florida/ Ch

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    Wilson, C. 1997. Hurricane Andrew

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    Please attend . . . Tuesday, June 2

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    More wind 2 Change in summer rain p

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    20) Please let us know of any other

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    Increase research & formulate actio

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    Replace shoreline armoring with liv

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    Strengthen rules that prevent the i

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    Use native plants in landscaping Re

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    Use LED standards in building Use f

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    Use pure science/proven information

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    Reduce impervious surface allowed C

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    Channel water from impervious to pe

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    Appendix IV. City of Punta Gorda Cr

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    Clinic Clinic Clinic 100 Madrid Blv

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    Hazardous Sites Hazardous Sites Haz

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    Sewer Lift Or Treatment Sewer Lift

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    Appendix V. Presentations Presentat

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    Slide 9 Slide 12 Director: Lisa B.

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    Slide 7 Slide 10 North Captiva Isla

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    Slide 19 Slide 22 Objective 2.4.2:

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    Slide 31 Slide 34 Slide 32 Slide 35

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    Agricultural water reuse Allocate a

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    consider climate change in water su

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    Develop heat-health action plans Hu

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    Growth management and land use plan

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    incorporate sea level rise into pla

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    maintain shorelines w/soft measures

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    Plan vertical accretion of wetlands

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    purchase upland development rights

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    Research possible asthma increase d

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    Values might change as to what cons

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    Adaptation Plan Page 399

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    Adaptation Plan Page 401

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    Adaptation Plan Page 403

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    Adaptation Plan Page 405

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    Adaptation Plan Page 407

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    Appendix VIII. September 3, 2009 Pu

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