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City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan Southwest Florida Regional ...

City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan Southwest Florida Regional ...

Exotic Pests and

Exotic Pests and Diseases Florida‘s natural ecosystems are coming under increasing attack by invading exotic species which displace native species, thereby degrading the diversity of local flora and fauna. Florida has ecosystems unique in the lower 48 states, but has more nonnative species than any state other than Hawaii. Many of these species have become sufficiently abundant or otherwise destructive to be considered pests (UF IFAS). With its plant-friendly south temperate/subtropical climate and ongoing influx of human ―transplants,‖ Florida particularly suffers from the introduction and unchecked growth of exotic plants. Almost half (1,180) of the 3,834 plant species in Florida have arrived here since European occupation (UF IFAS). Because plants are the base of the food chain, exotic ―takeovers‖ can jeopardize plant dependent wildlife and the whole ecosystem. The Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council (FLEPPC) has identified 64 nonnative invasive species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities (1999 list). Plant pests include hydrilla (Hydrilla verticillata), old world climbing fern (Lygodium microphyllum), and melaleuca (UF IFAS). Agriculture, landscaping, and natural places in Charlotte County are susceptible to exotic pests and diseases. Significant pests affecting Florida‘s agriculture have included the Mediterranean fruit fly, the brown citrus aphid, plant-feeding snails, chrysanthemum white rust, the golden nematode, red ring disease of coconut, citrus canker, pine bark beetle, and the Asian gypsy moth. Aside from a loss of agricultural crops to pests and diseases, exotic pests have other costs associated with them. Significant public monies are spent in the attempt to control invasive species. Climate change is highly likely to increase the exotic pest plant problem. Many exotic species are from the tropical latitudes, so, as temperatures increase, their range is increased as well. Also, exotic species tend to be more efficient pioneers in disturbed areas than native species. In the wake of wildfires and floods, not to mention continuing development, more niches will be opened up to exotics. Because of its tropical climate, unique animal and plant life, and robust $6 billion agriculture industry, Florida is inherently susceptible to the introduction of foreign plant and animal pests and diseases. The state has been plagued by repeated outbreaks of exotic pests and diseases over the past few years. USDA and the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (FDACS) spent about $25 million to eradicate Mediterranean fruit fly (Medfly) outbreaks from Tampa and surrounding areas in 1997; efforts to eradicate bacterial citrus canker from Florida costs more than $10 million annually (USDA 2005). Medfly, citrus canker, and melaleuca are just a few examples of alien invasive species that have had a huge impact on Florida residents, growers, and the state's environment in recent years. Medfly is a devastating pest of more than 200 varieties of fruits, nuts, and vegetables. Citrus canker, a serious disease of most citrus, causes lesions on leaves, stems, and fruit, as well as premature fruit drop. In Florida, not only is there an abundance of commercial citrus crops to serve as hosts, but there is a plethora of backyard citrus, as well. Melaleuca and other noxious Adaptation Plan Page 88

weeds threaten to crowd out native Florida vegetation and deplete essential natural resources, including unique ecosystems such as the Everglades (USDA 2003). But these eradication expenses alone do not reflect the full impact on Florida growers. The full impact must include lost production areas and lost opportunities to market products in domestic and foreign markets because of quarantining. The costs of controlling and eradicating pest and disease outbreaks are ultimately borne by consumers in the form of higher grocery costs (USDA 2005). Following is a brief description of three recent outbreaks of citrus canker as tracked by the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. October 20, 2004, Eastern Charlotte County: Citrus canker was confirmed positive in a Hamlin orange grove located in Township 40S, Range 26E, and Section 12 in eastern Charlotte County, east of Highway 31, near the Desoto County line. An existing infection was widespread throughout the grove due to Hurricane Charley. Control action and a survey of the surrounding area was undertaken. October 20, 2004, Punta Gorda: Citrus canker was confirmed positive on two residential properties in Punta Gorda. Both trees were part of the USDA Sentinel Tree Survey Program. The trees were found to be infected and all were removed. One property was adjacent to a previously positive grove. The other property had three positive trees (a sour orange, lemon, and tangerine). October 12, 2004, Charlotte County: Two orange trees were confirmed for citrus canker in a commercial grove. This grove is located approximately 10 miles south of Punta Gorda. Both positive trees and a buffer area were destroyed. A control action of the exposed trees was undertaken. Animal disease organisms can live for months in meat and meat products, such as sausage and many types of canned hams sold abroad. Foot-and-mouth disease, African swine fever, and classical swine fever (hog cholera) are a few of the several livestock diseases that could cost billions of dollars to eradicate if introduced into U.S. livestock. These diseases are not currently present in the United States but are known to occur in many foreign countries from which travelers and importers bring meat products (USDA 2005). Charlotte County agriculture is as susceptible to exotic pests and disease as any other agricultural entity. Significant pests to affect Florida‘s agriculture have included the Mediterranean fly, the brown citrus aphid, plant feeding snails, pine bark beetle, chrysanthemum white rust, golden nematode, red ring disease of coconut, citrus canker, and Asian gypsy moth. In addition to Charlotte County‘s agriculture being at risk, the natural environment is threatened. The natural environment and its uniqueness is a tourism draw for Charlotte County. Invasive species can create a monoculture environment. As Charlotte County loses some of its native plant and wildlife species, the uniqueness of the area can decrease, which can ultimately lead to fewer ―nature‖ tourists and fewer tourism dollars. Adaptation Plan Page 89

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    City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan

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    Charlotte Harbor National Estuary P

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    Acknowledgements This project has b

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    Algal blooms ......................

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    Source: FDEP 2009..................

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    Table 32: Potential Coastal Storm S

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    ADAPTATION: Explicitly indicate in

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    Summary Conclusion ................

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    8. Availability of Insurance. The C

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    City of Punta Gorda Comprehensive P

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    The Current Climate of Southwest Fl

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    type of rainfall event that causes

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    Figure 2: The City of Punta Gorda i

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    Figure 3: USGS TOPO Map of the City

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    Figure 5: Existing Land Use of the

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    Figure 6:- The City of Punta Gorda

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    The asset inventory is a way to ass

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    CHNEP/SWFRPC team was to take the l

  • Page 37 and 38: Each participant had to pick and di
  • Page 39 and 40: Figure 7: The Adaptation Game board
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  • Page 43 and 44: Description of Specific Implementat
  • Page 45 and 46: 2. Increasing the flexibility of vu
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  • Page 53 and 54: marsh may be overgrown by other spe
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  • Page 57 and 58: Changes to phenology of anadromous
  • Page 59 and 60: Air temperature increases will affe
  • Page 61 and 62: Changes in freshwater releases from
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  • Page 69 and 70: The Rapid Stabilization Case (of gr
  • Page 71 and 72: Probability (%) 2025 2050 2075 2100
  • Page 73 and 74: Figure 15: Sea level rise in three
  • Page 75 and 76: The elevations analyzed (0.5, 1.0,
  • Page 77 and 78: Figure 18: Acres of habitat or land
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  • Page 81 and 82: Habitat and Species Changes The Sea
  • Page 83 and 84: Habitat Initial Condition Percent o
  • Page 85 and 86: Figure 22: SLAMM Predictions of Hab
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  • Page 91 and 92: Table 7: Adaptations to Address Fis
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  • Page 95 and 96: Property, Shell Creek, Integrated H
  • Page 97 and 98: Establish living shorelines Restore
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  • Page 105 and 106: Figure 26: Baseline seagrass covera
  • Page 107 and 108: Persistence maps were also created
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  • Page 111 and 112: Having determined the extent of the
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  • Page 115 and 116: 1993 Acres Gains/Losses (Acres) Gai
  • Page 117 and 118: County;• Pansy Bayou, No Entry Zo
  • Page 119 and 120: Vulnerability 2: Inadequate Water S
  • Page 121 and 122: enforced except during extreme cond
  • Page 123 and 124: Consider climate change in water su
  • Page 125 and 126: demands Use of reclaimed water for
  • Page 127 and 128: Identify alternative sources Charge
  • Page 129 and 130: Require use of xeriscaping Inadequa
  • Page 131 and 132: Table 14: Adaptations to Inadequate
  • Page 133 and 134: where one plant is known to thrive,
  • Page 135 and 136: Vulnerability 3: Flooding Hurricane
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    Figure 34: Number of Structures in

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    Source: Charlotte County Property A

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    Figure 38: City of Punta Gorda Crit

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    Figures 40-42-35: Values for Critic

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    POTENTIAL MINIMUM COASTAL STORM SUR

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    Tropical storm effects on historic

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    Tropical storm effects on repetitiv

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    Figure 49: Potential Storm Surge Lo

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    Effects of a Category 1 storm on hi

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    Effects of a Category 1 storm on re

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    Category 2 Event Under the minimum

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    Effects of a Category 2 storm on to

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    Effects of a Category 2 storm on cr

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    Effects of a Category 3 storm on hi

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    Effects of a Category 3 storm on re

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    Category 4/5 Event For a Category 4

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    Effects of a Category 4/5 storm on

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    Effects of a Category 4 or 5 storm

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    ESTIMATED VALUES FOR STRUCTURES WIT

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    In most cases, the damage from any

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    POTENTIAL LOSSES FOR STRUCTURES OWN

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    Figure 75: Critical Facilities and

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    Figure 77: Future Land Use (2018) i

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    Complete downtown flooding study Fl

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    Land acquisition for retreat/reloca

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    Improve weather response plans Buil

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    ADAPTATION: Explicitly indicate in

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    that reduces these effects is compl

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    Sustainable protection of low energ

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    Managed retreat Managed retreat or

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    Figure 80: Rolling easement step 2

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    Figure 82: Rolling easement step 4

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    first because suitable land uses wi

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    project). Federal subsidies for sew

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    the system or would destroy marine

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    The State Comprehensive Plan, under

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    Approaches for maintaining shorelin

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    Breakwaters, bulkheads, residential

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    Additional Adaptations to Sea Level

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    In an example of rolling easements

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    Alternative Shoreline Less than tot

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    The following is a discussion on ho

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    One way for decision makers to more

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    example, if a community establishes

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    Table 56: Adaptations to Address Un

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    Growth Use coastal management in la

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    planning Elevate land surfaces Esta

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    Table 57: Adaptations to Address Un

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    . The Land Development Regulations

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    intrusion economy conservation land

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    Proper consideration of hazardous m

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    Create regional sediment management

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    Control runoff through improved lan

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    PROVIDING RECOMMENDED EXEMPTIONS; P

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    approval. Non-compliant jurisdictio

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    Incorporating critical facilities i

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    State-Wide Approach for Identifying

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    No Shore Protection (light green) P

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    Table 62: Adaptations to address Ed

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    political schedules Change to energ

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    Use pure science/proven information

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    Provide rebates for installation of

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    Solve insurance problem to encourag

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    Obtain state/federal grants/loans N

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    Consider temperature when choosing

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    Implement land exchange programs Su

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    Additional insulation in buildings

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    All measures to reduce local GHG em

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    Redefine flood hazard zones Educati

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    ADAPTATION: Promote green building

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    these gases. When old units are bei

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    difficult to determine the amount o

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    does not take into account the mill

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    scientific disciplines, and should

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    effects of sea level rise on coasta

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    During these months, grass, leaves,

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    Limit development Fire Water Qualit

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    ADAPTATION: Drought preparedness pl

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    Vulnerability 10: Availability/Cost

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    of Punta Gorda. The weak tornado do

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    Figure 87: Number of Tornado Events

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    According to NOAA (2007), 60 signif

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    hurricanes. This high risk designat

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    Climate change may have a beneficia

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    Synergistic Risks Many other stress

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    $250,000 limit to NFIP, so either a

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    3) to restore oyster reefs, and 4)

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    design, building standards and land

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    Phase 1 (Monaco to Aqui Esta); Mult

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    explicit statements of how the indi

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    impeded implementation. More import

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    Adaptation Proximal Monitoring Phys

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    Explicitly indicating in the compre

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    Boyd, P.W., and S.C. Doney. 2002. M

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    Fields, P.A., J.B. Graham, R.H. Ros

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    Intergovernmental Panel on Climate

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    Ogden, J.C. 1978b. Roseate spoonbil

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    Sallenger, A.H., C.W. Wright, and J

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    Comprehensive Southwest Florida/ Ch

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    Wilson, C. 1997. Hurricane Andrew

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    Please attend . . . Tuesday, June 2

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    More wind 2 Change in summer rain p

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    20) Please let us know of any other

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    Increase research & formulate actio

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    Replace shoreline armoring with liv

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    Strengthen rules that prevent the i

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    Use native plants in landscaping Re

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    Use LED standards in building Use f

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    Use pure science/proven information

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    Reduce impervious surface allowed C

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    Channel water from impervious to pe

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    Appendix IV. City of Punta Gorda Cr

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    Clinic Clinic Clinic 100 Madrid Blv

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    Hazardous Sites Hazardous Sites Haz

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    Sewer Lift Or Treatment Sewer Lift

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    Appendix V. Presentations Presentat

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    Slide 9 Slide 12 Director: Lisa B.

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    Slide 7 Slide 10 North Captiva Isla

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    Slide 19 Slide 22 Objective 2.4.2:

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    Slide 31 Slide 34 Slide 32 Slide 35

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    Agricultural water reuse Allocate a

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    consider climate change in water su

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    Develop heat-health action plans Hu

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    Growth management and land use plan

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    incorporate sea level rise into pla

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    maintain shorelines w/soft measures

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    Plan vertical accretion of wetlands

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    purchase upland development rights

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    Research possible asthma increase d

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    Values might change as to what cons

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    Adaptation Plan Page 399

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    Adaptation Plan Page 401

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    Adaptation Plan Page 403

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    Adaptation Plan Page 405

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    Adaptation Plan Page 407

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    Appendix VIII. September 3, 2009 Pu

Overview of Canal Maintenance Ordinances - City of Punta Gorda
Sewall construction and maintenance - City of Punta Gorda
Economic Conditions - Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council
2013 Workplan & Budget - Southwest Florida Regional Planning ...
workplan & budget - Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council
2007 Annual Report - Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council
Presented by - Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council
Legal & Regulatory - Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council
2013 BRIEFING BOOK - Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council
Storm Tide Atlas - Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council
Mangrove Grant Proposal - Southwest Florida Regional Planning ...
View the Adaptation Plan - Model Forest Policy Program
community plan southwest - Brimbank City Council
2013 FDOT Mitigation Plan - Southwest Florida Water Management ...
2012 FDOT Mitigation Plan - Southwest Florida Water Management ...
Planning to Adapt – a regional approach - Our South West
City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan - Climate Adaptation ...
THE CITY OF PUNTA GORDA, FLORIDA
The City of Punta Gorda, FL
The City of Punta Gorda Comprehensive Plan 2025 p
WHR - City of Punta Gorda
Trabue Harborwalk - City of Punta Gorda
WHR - City of Punta Gorda
CAFR - City of Punta Gorda
Joan LeBeau, Chief Planner, City of Punta Gorda
Minutes - City of Punta Gorda
here - City of Punta Gorda
Certificate of Competency Application - City of Punta Gorda
(CRA) Annual Report - City of Punta Gorda
to view the Infrastructure Element - City of Punta Gorda