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Genesee County Agricultural and Farmland Protection Plan

Genesee County Agricultural and Farmland Protection Plan

Genesee

Genesee County: Agricultural Development Plan DAIRY INDUSTRY TRENDS ‣ Annual per capita consumption of fluid milk declined from 31 gallons in 1970 to 24 gallons in 1996. ‣ Cheese consumption increased by more than 140 percent between 1970 and 1996, from 11 pounds to 28 pounds per person. ‣ Vertical integration in the dairy industry is creating market opportunities for valueadded products such as cheeses, ice cream, and other dairy products. ‣ An increasing trend of producers selling directly to retailers and consumers is accompanied by larger premiums for their products. ‣ USDA implemented a dairy forward contracting pilot program for milk marketed under the Federal milk marketing order August 1, 2000 through December 31, 2004. ‣ Strategic alliances among marketing firms are necessary to maintain efficiency and manage costs due to consolidation in the marketing sector. LIVESTOCK ‣ Graded, commingled feeder cattle sales allow the small producer to benefit from the price advantage of selling feeder cattle in larger, more uniform lots. ‣ The last few decades have seen the major cattle feeding areas follow packing facilities as they move west, with the exception of Pennsylvania. The feeder cattle producer ultimately pays the cost of transportation to the feedlot. ‣ Livestock producers may expect closer public scrutiny in the areas of water quality, animal well-being and nuisance ordinances due to growing population. ‣ Quality Assured feeder cattle programs are a successful alternative to commingled sales by offering buyers a certified value-added product. The value is added in the form of improved animal health program and more consistent genetic characteristics. ‣ Quality Assured feeder cattle bring additional premiums when compared to similar weights, breeds, and grades of cattle in other special graded sales. ‣ Opportunities exist in stocker cattle that are grown primarily on forages. The goal is to add pounds cheaply with forage. The major resource critical to the operation is an abundant source of high quality forage. Copyright©, 2001: Agricultural & Community Development Services, Inc, Columbia, MD 9

Genesee County: Agricultural Development Plan GRAIN & OILSEED ‣ The grain and oilseed sector is predicted to change more than any other sector in the next ten years due to changes in marketing, handling, and industry structure. ‣ The rate of new product introductions has increased with the baking industry, introducing approximately 1,000 new products annually. ‣ Consolidation has placed 65% of flour milling and 76% of soybean processing in the hands of the four largest firms. Over the last 15 years, this consolidation resulted in a 12% drop in the number of grain elevators. ‣ The grain market is adapting to the new and unique product requirements for specific grain qualities and traits by intermediate and end consumers. ‣ As identity preserved grain marketing grows, the system will change from a commodity system into a product system. ‣ The role of service firms is becoming more important as a link between seed company, farmer, handler, food manufacturer, and consumer. ‣ Opportunities for greater vertical integration are apparent at all levels of grain and oilseed marketing including a greater use of new generation cooperatives. NURSERY & GREENHOUSE ‣ Nursery and greenhouse production are two of the fastest growing agricultural sectors in Genesee County ( 78% and 44% respectively) and the State. ‣ Nursery production offers expanding market opportunities throughout the northeastern United States and Mid-Atlantic Region. ‣ Local growth trends for native and indigenous plants are expected to increase. As well, growth is expected to increase for herbs, bedding plants, and wetland plants. ‣ Genesee County leads neighboring jurisdictions in nursery/greenhouse development, but lags development in more urbanized areas of New York. ‣ Marketing nursery and greenhouse products is dominated by price-competitive large box retailers with expanding opportunity for niche/quality oriented retailers. ‣ Wholesaling is generally relationship driven and lacks a focused regional market presence. Copyright©, 2001: Agricultural & Community Development Services, Inc, Columbia, MD 10

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    Genesee County, New York Agricultur

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    Location Factors (maximum points =

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    Specialty Crops - A Few Crops Domin

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    Specialty Crops - Greenhouse Produc

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    Number of Firms 30 25 20 15 10 Grow

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    Genesee County Farming Sectors’ O

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    Farming Sector Employment for Genes

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    Farm Output Multipliers for Genesee

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    Expenditures by the Vegetable Farm

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    Appendix: IMPLAN Analysis and Resul

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    APPENDIX B: Project Contact List Ma

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    APPENDIX C: AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMEN

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    APPENDIX D: INDUSTRY PRACTICES •

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    Genesee County: Town of Byron Cost

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    Fire District 1 46,500.00 41,850.00

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    EMPLOYEES State Retirement 500.00 7

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    Town of Byron Revenues 2000 Revenue

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    APPENDIX C: SWOT ANALYSIS Stable La

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    Sweetland Road Sumner Road Orleans

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    Harlow Road Simonds Road Bethany Ce

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