Rutgers Model United Nations - IDIA
Rutgers Model United Nations 17 crops cite dangers to the environment as major deterrents against the use of these crops, but proponents push the reduced herbicide and pesticide usage as a benefit of the crops. The stability of the ecosystem is critical to the future of the Earth and achieving the MDGs. Genetically modified crops that cannot pollinate cannot pass on the genetic traits to further generations, thus eliminating concerns of crop contamination. This inability to pollinate proves harmful to farmers, however, due to the increased costs associated with having to buy new seeds every year as opposed to only when switching to a new crop. Further research is required into the effects of genetically engineered foods on the entire ecosystem, including humans, before they can effectively endorse or condemn their use an international level.
Rutgers Model United Nations 18 Summary Genetically engineered foods provide both promise and concern to the states of the United Nations. While these foods may be capable of ending famine problems facing all states, any health risks associated with the consumption of genetically engineered foods could lead to even more problems in states with food security issues. Various states both support and oppose the use of GM foods, but there is no consensus. The United Nations needs to carefully consider the benefits and drawbacks of GM foods before making recommendations to its member states, keeping in mind the food security issues present throughout the world. GM foods offer several benefits over conventional foods, including elimination of allergens, inclusion of vaccines against harmful diseases, resistance to pesticides, herbicides, pests, and fungus, or just increasing the nutritional value of normal foods. These benefits, however, come with a price of uncertainty and possible health risks. If a food were to take a gene from another food or animal source, allergens from the donor source may transfer to the GM foods. Engineering a crop to create its own pesticide may be helpful to farmers and prevent the pollution associated with conventional pesticides, but these chemicals may find their way into both produce and meat products. Cooking foods thoroughly may eliminate dangers, but there are always risks associated with foods eaten undercooked or raw on a normal basis. The recent health concerns related to tainted spinach crops and hamburger patties is similar to what may come about through the widespread use of GM foods. Individual states must conduct further testing and development before the states of the United Nations can move forward with or abandon GM foods. With proper research, testing and clinical trials, GM foods may prove to be a beneficial food to the human diet, a detrimental substitute for natural foods, or something in between. While all states rely on fresh produce, fish and meat to sustain the dietary needs of its people, the developments made so far with GM foods is astounding. Genetic engineering may be the next step forward, but careful consideration must come first