RutgersModelUnitedNations 13 Iraq currently is plagued by rampant sectarian violence. Baghdad continues to see daily civilian deaths in the hundreds; hospitals, police stations, markets, schools are frequent targets. Basic tasks are now life threatening as snipers, car bombs, and improvised explosive devices menace the streets. While the United States continues to train the Iraqi military and police, more missions are delegated to Iraqi military and police. The United States military still maintains a very supportive role. Many American government leaders are calling for a withdrawal from Iraq, amid growing political tension and to low public approval ratings of war. However with no foreseeable cessation to the violence, it is unclear if the United States will be able to withdraw without sparking a civil war.
RutgersModelUnitedNations 14 Millennium Development Goals – Success and Failures The development of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by former Secretary-General Kofi Annan prompted a change in priorities for the UnitedNations. The UN, once concerned with the political representation and participation of people within government, now is focusing more on humanitarian missions. This change in focus leaves nations Millennium Development Goals: The eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) – which range from halving extreme poverty to halting the spread of HIV/AIDS and providing universal primary education, all by the target date of 2015 – form a blueprint agreed to by all the world’s countries and all the world’s leading development institutions. They have galvanized unprecedented efforts to meet the needs of the world’s poorest. 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger 2. Achieve universal primary education 3. Promote gender equality and empower women 4. Reduce child mortality 5. Improve maternal health 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases 7. Ensure environmental sustainability 8. Develop a global partnership for development without states left in a political limbo, forcing the acceptance of nations to submit to states. The UnitedNations must find a medium in which to recognize nations of people without spawning widespread civil war. In addition, the UnitedNations must determine at which point is a fight for independence legitimate and the UnitedNations should intervene. When ethnic, religious, and racial nations fight for political representation it often spawns a humanitarian crisis, as seen in Iraq and Chechnya. When these groups resort to terrorist actions in order to gain power, as seen through the actions of ETA, insurgents in Iraq, and Chechen separatists, they further exacerbate humanitarian crises by attacking civilian populations. The second Millennium Development Goal, achieving primary universal education, is one that must be achieved in the Kurdistan region, where a majority of Kurds is illiterate. Similarly, the first MDG, eliminating extreme hunger and poverty, must be addressed in Chechnya, a region plagued by economic hardships. The UnitedNations must adopt a stance on unrepresented nations if it wants to stave off future humanitarian crises, a key component in deriving of the MDGs. 30 30 “UN Millennium Development Goals.” UnitedNations. http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/